Hot ‘Gas Giants’? Updated w/video

•September 17, 2016 • Comments Off on Hot ‘Gas Giants’? Updated w/video

A paper titled “Temperature changes and energy inputs in giant planet atmospheres: what are we learning from He3+ (Oct. 2012) states in its Conclusion: “Short-term variations in the temperatures of all three planets [Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus] appear to result from changes within the thermosphere itself, either within the lower hydrocarbon-rich auroral regions on Jupiter or even directly at the peak He3+ emission, as we have now measured at Saturn. These dramatic changes in temperature are one potential source for the elevated equatorial temperatures measured in all the giant planets.”

Artist's impression of Jupiter's GRS heating the upper atmosphere. Researchers from Boston University’s (BU) Center for Space Physics report today in Nature that Jupiter’s Great Red Spot may provide the mysterious source of energy required to heat the planet’s upper atmosphere to the unusually high values observed. Sunlight reaching Earth efficiently heats the terrestrial atmosphere at altitudes well above the surface—even at 400 miles high, for example, where the International Space Station orbits. Jupiter is over five times more distant from the Sun, and yet its upper atmosphere has temperatures, on average, comparable to those found at Earth. The sources of the non-solar energy responsible for this extra heating have remained elusive to scientists studying processes in the outer solar system.

Fig. 1 Artist’s impression of Jupiter’s GRS heating the upper atmosphere by acoustic waves.

The temperatures in the upper atmospheres of Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus were measured by studying the hyperfine spectra of the He3+, but the authors attribute the temperature fluctuations to auroras, extreme ultraviolet radiation from the Sun, the magnetosphere and some remain admittedly “unexplained”. There is no attempt to explain the origin of the massive numbers of Helium ions that would be have to be present in the upper atmospheres of these planets in order to measure their spectra at such great distances.   In the standard model Jupiter is believed to comprise 90% hydrogen and 10% helium, with the helium concentrated deep in the interior because it is heavier. Apparently, they believe that the helium ions are coming up from this deep helium reservoir, but explaining why it is all ionized is impossible.

More recently (April, 2016) a group of authors headed by Boston University astrophysicists have revealed that the temperature 800 kilometers above the Great Red Spot, normally considered to be at the surface of Jupiter, is hotter than the hottest lava on the surface of the Earth,  1,300 °C. (2,400 °F.)!  The authors suggest that this very high temperature, is due to acoustic waves are heating the air.

 Cyclic Catastrophism

Cyclic Catastrophism explains that the high temperature is due to a continuous blizzard of high velocity helium ions (He3+) swirling upward from  a nuclear fusion reaction on the surface of the solid methane gas hydrate planet (p + d  ->   He3+ +  γ) and exiting the surface through the Great Red Spot (Fig. 1).

Based on observations in ancient texts of a number of cultures, Cyclic Catastrophism posits that only 6,000 years ago an enormous fusion explosion was triggered by an impact on Jupiter from which proto-Venus and the proto-Galilean moons were born. This same impact also ‘lit up’ Jupiter (Fig.2), triggering a steady-state nuclear fusion in the crater that has slowly declined, but still burns to this day, producing the Great Red Spot through which massive amounts of helium ions ( He3+ ) rise, its temperature excess and the multiple zonal wind bands, more correctly, vortices. Billions of He3+ , which are stable ions, comprise Jupiter’s inner radiation belt. As shown in Figure 2, a plume of hot flames from this blazing nuclear furnace originally extended two million km from the planet, to the orbit of Callisto, sweeping around with Jupiter’s rotation every 8 or 9 hours, and ‘painting’ the Galilean moons producing their striking differences.

Fig. 3 Juno's peacock suggested Jupiter's hot glowing plume.

Fig. 3 Juno’s peacock suggested Jupiter’s hot glowing plume.

This wide flaming plume could be seen from the Earth extending from the glowing swollen atmosphere of Jupiter for thousands of years. It was called the aegis of Zeus, (the Greek name for Jupiter) and interpreted as his shield wielded in battle because it moved back and forth due to Jupiter’s rapid rotation. Aegis literally means ‘terrible storm’, implying the ancient peoples could see its actual form. The plume was also called HeraZeus‘ wife and interestingly was Jupiter’s wife Juno in Roman myth, both of which were said to be covered with ‘goat skins’, used in combat. Appropriately, Juno is often shown with a peacock (Figure 3), because it was reminiscent of flaring plume on Jupiter. In the Rg Veda, the plume was described as the part “left behind” when Aditi (proto-Venus) was created and was described as an elephant (head), Mrtaanda, which “kept appearing and disappearing”, also due to Jupiter’s rotation. Proto-Venus’ Vedic name was descriptive of its early rampaging throughout the solar system, literally ‘diti means bounded, but in Sanskrit (as in English) prefix ‘a‘ negates the meaning, therefore Aditi meant ‘unbounded’.

In addition to the creation of proto-Venus and the Galilean moons, the Jupiter plume material condensed and froze into innumerable  black, low density bodies with the full range of elements inherited from Jupiter, many of which stuck together (splatted) due to their similar velocities, forming larger asteroids, an example of which is ‘comet’ 67P Churyumov Gerasimenko. These bodies were blasted into all reaches of the solar system by the velocity of the plume supplemented by the spin and orbital velocities of Jupiter. The original impact, therefore the plume was at 22 ° South Latitude, combined with Jupiter’s obliquity and inclination, these bodies were ejected into orbits with inclinations up to 25 degrees resulting in the main asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt, the Oort cloud and millions more into the inner solar system, such as the Kreutz sungrazers, thousands of which have been observed by Sun staring probes like SOHO in the last decade. The inclinations of those ejected into the inner solar system cause them to arc below and above the plane of the solar system, sparing the Earth from their impacts.

During the last 6,000 years, a number of large bodies from the Jupiter plume have impacted Saturn resulting in nuclear explosions on its highly deuterated methane gas hydrate surface, inflating its atmosphere (d=0.687) and ejecting water which has formed its many satellites and rings. In recent decades several ‘spots’ have been observed in its atmosphere thought to be ‘storms’ in the ‘gas giant’ hypothesis, which are actually mushroom clouds reaching the cloud-tops, from nuclear impacts. Also, shadows of ejected material regularly appear on its rings. Plume bodies have also impacted Uranus and Neptune and triggered nuclear fusions on their surfaces, explaining one of many unanswered questions about the giant planets – their hot upper atmospheres and the continual presence of methane and He3+.

All of these ‘mysterious’ observations and many more, are the result of the enormous impact explosion on Jupiter 6,000 years ago observed by every creature on Earth.

Prov. 25:2  It is the glory of God to conceal [these] things; but the glory of kings is to search [them] out.

The monster which attacked Mars

•August 24, 2016 • Comments Off on The monster which attacked Mars
Fig. 1 Svarbhānu attacking Mars (mandala)

Fig. 1 Svarbhānu attacking Mars (mandala)

In Hindu myth, Rāhu and Ketu are imagined to represent demons which cause eclipses of the ‘Moon’.  In astronomy these points are the nodes of the orbit of the Moon. They were mythologically imagined to be the head (Rāhu) and body (Ketu) of the Rg Vedic Svarbhānu, a demon which tried to attack or eat Indra, as depicted at the top of Figure 1.
Cyclic Catastrophism explains that during each kalpa, when Mars was in its geostationary orbit, above Mt. Kailas, it passed through phases of illumination, similar to the Moon, every day.  It approached full illumination around midnight because it orbited close to the ecliptic plane.  Due to its great size and proximity to the Earth it would pass, at least partially, through the shadow of the Earth at approximately 11;15 PM as seen in the Aryan lands, what is now the Punjab. At these times the Earth’s atmosphere would refract the red light and scatter the blue, resulting in a partial eclipse with a reddening of a portion of Mars.  The serpent aspect was likely due to cloud formations on the limb of the Earth which produced striations and variations in the shadow. When passing through exact alignments Mars would be

Fig.2 Ouroboros eclipse of Mars.

Fig.2 Ouroboros eclipse of Mars.

completely eclipsed, producing an ouroboros, as shown in Figure 2. Normally Mars would be partially eclipsed. These alignments of the Earth with Mars may also have produced rumblings within the Earth, adding to the notion that this was a monster. Interestingly, the Figure 1 shows the Moon in the background at the approximate scale it was seen in Vedic times, about 1/11 the size of Mars, proving that it was not the Moon that was being attacked, but Mars.

These eclipses were interpreted similarly in most ancient cultures.  It was the origin of the Egyptian deity, the Apep Dragon, imagined to attack Horus (Ra) every night. The Egyptian myth gives specific details which verify the origin of the phenomenon, stating that the shadow would first appear on the left side of the planet, by stating that the serpent was hiding in wait in the western mountain,

Fig. 3 Egyptian Temple

Fig. 3 Egyptian Temple

Bakhu, one of the two imaginary ‘mountains’ thought to support Mars in its stationary position in the sky. These two imaginary mountains in the sky were the inspiration of the shapes of the entrances of all Egyptian temples (Fig. 3). This emphasizes that each culture saw Mars (Indra or Horus) in a unique direction but stationary in the heavens – a phenomenom never experienced in modern times. Also that each saw the eclipses at different times of (their) days.

The Exodus

•August 17, 2016 • Comments Off on The Exodus

The Passover

Based on interpretations of the Rg Veda, Egyptian, Greek, and Roman myth plus the Bible, Cyclic Catastrophism claims that Mars was captured in the same geostationary orbit above Mt. Kailas, and released one hundred times. Each capture lasted ~14.4 years and each release ~15.6 years. Therefore each cycle took ~30 years.  These astronomical cycles governed most human ceremonial activities and archaeologically are noted by two calendars in every ancient culture, 360 and 365.25 days per year. The slower  rotation taking place due to the mass moment of Mars in geostationary orbit. The capture period was called the ‘inundation’ in Egypt because tidal effect of Mars drew the clear Nile waters into Eastern Egypt for the entire 14.4 years, increasing the production of crops. Modern day Egyptologists interpret the ‘inundation’ as referring to the yearly increase in the Nile flow.

The most spectacular event in each cycle was the release of the worn-out Mars from its geostationary orbit. This occurred on the vernal equinox of the fourteenth year of its capture at which date proto-Venus’ orbit attained inferior conjunction relative to the Earth-Mars pair. At the same time the Moon and Sun were closely aligned. Based on the anticipation of this event the Egyptians scheduled the elaborate Heb Sed Festivals, or Festival of the tail, constructing special structures and preparing numerous feasts, primarily to celebrate the pharaohs 30-year reign.  The ‘tail’ referred to the comet-like tail of proto-Venus. Originally, each pharaoh’s reign was ideally associated with a 30-year cycle of capture and release of Mars and at the end of the festival he was sacrificed and mummified in preparation for:i(a) his ritual ascent to the duat on Mars; (b) proceeding through its interior (amenta); and (c) mounting the solid iron core (Hathor) which then was blasted from Mars like a spaceship imagined to carry him ‘to the gods’ (see post).

The solid iron core first appeared through the Valles Marineris as the ‘eye of Horus’ but then exited Mars, zoomed low around the Earth to the East, boosting its speed while the outer shell of Mars, with a huge 4000 km wide flaming hole,  drifted to the west, passing over the Middle East. Egyptian myth tells that it took eight days for the solid core to catch up to the outer shell as it drifted away from the Earth.  This ‘passing over’ was the origin of the Jewish pesach, or passover festival which is still celebrated for eight days by Chasidic jews. It is also celebrated in the Rg Veda as the festival of ‘nine nights’.

The Exodus

Understanding the Exodus requires a little more information. Upon each capture of Mars in its geostationary orbit above Mt. Kailas, in the TransHimalayas, its tidal effect drew waters form all across the Eastern Hemisphere toward the Himalayas to an altitude of 5,000 meters, surrounding the highest Himalayas. This caused a day of flooding across Northern Egypt and in the Levant as the Mediterranean and Red Seas  were emptied.  This 30-year flood was the reason that the Egyptians built the pyramids and the other cultures in the Levant lived on tells. Therefore 14.4 years later, at each release of Mars, there was no water in the Red Sea, thus it was referred to as the wilderness in the Bible. This had happened some seventy-five times before the Exodus and everyone in the area knew the physical events that occurred each time. At the same time, the Egyptians were celebrating the Heb Sed festival, so it was the perfect time for the Jews to cross the ‘Red Sea’ wilderness.  The outer shell of Mars with the flaming 4,000 km gap in the side was the “pillar of cloud” in the day and the “pillar of fire” at night that guided Moses and the Jews, which was at first before them and as it continued to drift to the West moved between them and the pursuing Egyptian army.

When the solid iron core of Mars exited the planet, it looped close to the Earth moving East. Although it was not as massive as the outer shell of Mars it zoomed much closer to the Earth, therefore half of the water in the 5,000 meter high tidal bulge around the Himalayas flowed east and the other half flowed west with the outer shell. The Lord told Moses exactly when to cross the wilderness, and after they did the waters coming back to the emptied Mediterranean and Red Seas converged in the Red Sea drowning the pursuing Egyptian Army and preventing any pursuit for the next 15.6 years.

The Date of the Exodus

The exact date of the Exodus and the name of the Egyptian pharaoh at the time,  has never been proven, but cyclic catastrophism may help resolve the date. Assuming simplistically each complete cycle took 30-years, but based on the Vishnu Purana, which states that “the seven holy rishis lived 3030 years” gives 30.3-years per cycle. Given that the last (the one-hundredth) cycle ended in 687 BC, the Exodus had to have been a multiple of 30.3 years earlier than 687. Assuming this occurred 25 cycles prior to 687 produces a date of 1444.5 which is very close to the popular date 1446.

Interpretation of Arabic Epistle

•August 11, 2016 • Comments Off on Interpretation of Arabic Epistle

The three pages below translate the arabic script on the drawing.

 

Drawing as it appeared in Clube and Napier book "Coherent Catastrophism"

Drawing as it appeared in Clube and Napier book “Coherent Catastrophism”

Rowson2Rowson3

Rowson1

Hot Helium Ions from Great Red Spot

•August 7, 2016 • Comments Off on Hot Helium Ions from Great Red Spot

A new paper published in Nature :

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature18940.html on 27, July

Fig. 1 Temperature as a function of Jupiter Latitude

Fig. 1 Temperature as a function of Jupiter Latitude

confirms the cyclic catastrophism hypothesis (1, 2, 3,) that a blazing storm of hot helium ions is continuously rushing upward from the Great Red Spot.  The article measures the heating of the upper atmosphere of Jupiter at some 700 C above that over the rest of the planet at exactly the latitude of the Great Red Spot, 20 º South Latitude (Figure 1).  The authors of the paper suggest that the rising gases from the GRS cause ‘acoustic waves’ when they collide with the particles normally orbiting Jupiter, which increases the temperature. However, the authors determined the high temperature from the hyperfine spectrum of the ‘mysterious’ ³He+, helium ions

Fig. 2 Hyperfine structure used in temperature measurement.

Fig. 2 Hyperfine structure used in temperature measurement.

which obviously dominate all other spectra.

Articles on every popular science URL touted the news about the high temperature above the GRS, but seem to have suppressed the most important fact that the temperature was determined from the helium ion spectra which is clearly shown in Figure 2 from the same paper.  As discussed in several previous posts, cyclic catastrophism has explained in great detail the origin of the helium ions on Jupiter and their high temperatures. This paper in Nature essentially confirms the cyclic catastrophism view that Jupiter (also Saturn, Uranus & Neptune) are solid, highly deuterated, methane gas hydrate planets, not ‘gas giants’.

Prov 25:2 It is the glory of God to conceal a thing: but the honor of kings is to search out a matter.

Mars the Egyptian Horus

•July 24, 2016 • Comments Off on Mars the Egyptian Horus

Cyclic Catastrophism

Fig.1. Tharsis region on Mars called the Face of Horus

Fig.1. Tharsis region on Mars called the Face of Horus

In the cyclic catastrophism scenario, the living planet Mars was repeatedly captured in a geostationary orbit above Mt. Kailas for 14.4 years and released into a holding obit for 15.6 years. This 30-year cycle was repeated one hundred times between 3687 and 687 BC and is the subject of all ancient myths during this period. The rocks, soil, oceans, minerals, atmosphere, flora and fauna that were blasted from this planet were the origin of all life on Earth today. Its tidal drag on the lithosphere relative to the mantle changed the shapes, buoyancy, and location of the continents in 3,000 years.

The axis of rotation of the lithosphere of the orbiting Mars, marked by a ’pillar’  at its north pole (Osiris in Egyptian myth) remained oriented toward Mt. Kailas in the TransHimalayas during each encounter. As a result, the Egyptians were able to see several significant features on its equator as it rotated daily. By far the most prominent was a massive uplifted ‘continent’ about the size of North America on Mars, currently called the Tharsis Bulge. This bulge includes five very large volcanoes and a great 4,000 km rift called Valles Marineris.  It was formed by the tidal force of proto-Venus during their close encounters prior to Mars’ first capture by the Earth. During the the entire period it was raised much higher, having settled isostatically in the last 2,700 years. This greatly enlarged bulge was tidally forced to remain on the limb of the rotating planet when it orbited the Earth, its asymmetrical shape leading to the epithet ‘the dog star’ – nothing to do with Sirius as currently thought.

Face of Horus

When viewed from Egypt, the Tharsis Bulge was imagined to be a large ‘face’ on Mars, which the Egyptians originally interpreted as the face of a lion, as suggested by the form of the sphinx, the Egyptian name for which was ‘Horus Am Akhet”, (Horus on the Horizon) toward which it apparently stared, day and night. Later dynasties interpreted the same feature as ‘The Face of Horus’, the most common Egyptian name for the planet. This understanding reveals many ‘mysteries’ in the ancient Egyptian texts. The feature as photographed by space probes orbiting Mars (Figure 1) color-coded to show relative elevations, is outlined by the author to clarify the discussion. Because Egypt was not directly beneath the orbiting planet, the ‘face’, on its equator, was visible on a daily basis due to the planet’s rotation about its axis. Horus’ eyes were the outer two of the three aligned volcanoes, Arsia and Ascraeus Mons. Horus’ pronounced nose or ‘beak’ was formed in the gray area, as indicated by the concentric series of closely spaced, almost circular faults, now collapsed. This pronounced beak-like feature and Mars’ stationary position in the sky led to one hieroglyph for Horus, which is simply a standing falcon.

Fig. 1 Mars Tharsis Bulge and Valles Marineris in bas relief from Akhenaton's reign

Fig. 2 Mars Tharsis Bulge and Valles Marineris in bas relief from Akhenaton’s reign

Figure 2, a magnified portion of a stone relief of Akhenaten as a Sphinx worshiping the Aten, currently in the Kestner Museum in Hanover, Germany, depicts the Tharsis Bulge on Mars at its center, which was the Egyptian ‘Face of Horus’. The three aligned volcanos are present with Olympus Mons above and the Valles Marineris cutting into the ‘mouth’.  This 3,000 -year old relief proves unequivocally the close proximity of Mars to the Earth in ancient times. (The triangular reticles in the image are obviously artifacts.) During the geostationary encounters, Mars was larger because it still had its solid iron core (Mercury) so the Tharsis Bulge seems smaller in comparison to the overall planet in this relief. It was inset as a way of showing it was stationary in the heavens and the standing falcon announces ‘Horus’. The rays extending down toward the Earth terminate as leaves, thereby depicting life being imparted to the Earth. Thus the Egyptians understood that this was the primary role of Mars. in spite of its many convulsions.

Horus the Child

Fig. 3 Egyptian statue of Horus the Child

Fig. 3 Egyptian statue of Horus the Child

The Egyptians had a unique and popular epithet for Horus, ‘Heru P Kart’ (Horus the Child) based on the features observed on Mars. The features on which this epithet were based are clearly exhibited in an ancient Egyptian statue of Horus the Child (Figure 3), leaving no doubt that they originated from the features on Mars. Horus is extending a finger on his left hand into his mouth. His head is shaved except for a child’s knot on the left side of his head and he has a Ureaus deity extending from the crown on his forehead. A comparison of the statue of Figure 3 with the photograph of the Tharsis Bulge on Mars (Figure 1) leaves no doubt that the ‘Face of Horus’ feature on Mars inspired this unique epithet for Horus. His ‘finger’ is the western end of the Valles Marineris, which extends into the ‘mouth’ of the figure from its left. He was imagined to be a child because he kept his finger in his mouth. The notion that children’s head should be shaved, except for a ‘side-lock of youth’, obviously originated from the volcano Alba Patera, an unusually flat but wide feature extending thousands of kilometers on Mars. All surface features on Mars were very clear during the encounters because the planet appeared some 530 times the area of the full moon and as it orbited with the Earth and rotated about its axis, shadows revealed every nuance of vertical relief. Additional proof derives from the presence of the Ureaus (snake-like deity originating in the underworld (the Amenta) on the child’s royal crown, which corresponds to the location of Olympus Mons, the largest volcano in the solar system, in the forehead of the ‘Face of Horus’.  This continually erupted during encounters shooting a large, wavering plume high into the air as illustrated  by the author. This epithet for Horus has been passed down through the last 2,700 years with no real understanding of its origin. Finally, it becomes obvious from the surface feature on Mars.

Job 37:23 Touching the Almighty, we cannot find him out: he is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict.

Jupiter Rules Saturn

•July 19, 2016 • Comments Off on Jupiter Rules Saturn
Fig. 1. NASA Cassini probe imaged 'spokes' showing new material still being blasted from Saturn into the rings.

Fig. 1. NASA Cassini probe imaged ‘spokes’ showing new material still being blasted from impacts on Saturn into the rings.

As already noted by Galileo and Cassini missions, there are few similarities between Jupiter and Saturn, the greatest differences being in their magnetic fields. Their greatest similarity lies in their (as yet unknown) composition – both are are solid, frozen, highly deuterated methane gas hydrate bodies (MGH), not ‘gas giants’. As such, the two planets comprise almost 300 earth masses of water! The average density of Jupiter (δ=1.33) is the result of water-ice forming on dust grains at the snow-line, the slow, cold accretion in the presence of abundant methane, thereby incorporating all of the heavy elements in the nascent solar system. The low density of Saturn, relatively pure MGH (δ=0.9), is the result of the bombardment of bodies from Jupiter in the last 6,000 years which have greatly expanded its atmosphere (δ=0.7) and produced its extensive ring system. Sufficiently large impacts on the highly deuterated MGH surface of Saturn result in fusion explosions which are currently interpreted as ‘storms’ based on the ‘gas giant’ hypothesis. These produce H and OH ions and carbon from CH4, primary constituents of MGH and blast the water which continually produces changes in the rings (Figure 1).

Fig.2. Jupiter's Inner Radiation Belt (red & yellow.

Fig.2. Jupiter’s Inner Radiation Belt (red & yellow)

A slowly declining fusion reaction in the crater of an enormous impact explosion on Jupiter 6,000 years ago has ejected an uncountable number of bodies into all parts of the solar system, but has now declined to the lowest temperature fusion reaction. The kinetic energy of the stable ³He+ ions produced in this reaction (d + p → ³He+  + γ) result in the ‘temperature excess’, multiple ‘wind bands’ (surface vortexes) and the enormous magnetic field of Jupiter. The field is generated by the ³He+ (10^30/s), which emanates from the fusion reaction, rises in a hot vortex which is

Fig. 3 Massive numbers of He ions blasting at high velocities toward the west.

Fig. 3 Massive numbers of He ions blasting at high velocities toward the west.

swept westward by the rapid rotation of Jupiter to the East and exits above the cloud-tops through the Great Red Spot at 22º South Latatude (Figure 2). The high velocities imparted by the fusion reaction and the westward orientation of the GRS vortex (Figure 3) result in the inner radiation belt (a blizzard) of pure ³He+, orbiting Jupiter to the West. Amazingly, although ³He+ is an ion, it is known to be stable, and the great number orbiting Jupiter are the origin of the enormous Jovian magnetic field, often described as the largest ‘structure’ in the solar system.
Currently the magnetic field of Jupiter is believed to be produced in the interior of Jupiter, driven by the rapid rotation of the planet to the East. So it should be quite surprising to the ‘gas giant’ devotees when the JEDI energetic particle detector senses a blizzard of ³He+ ions coming from the opposite direction of Jupiter’s rotation. This, combined with data from the Juno MWR and gravity experiments should validate the new cyclic catastrophism view.