How Solar Systems Form (The Whole Shebang)

•May 17, 2020 • Comments Off on How Solar Systems Form (The Whole Shebang)

ALMA images of cold systems with giant planets already in place

Giant Planets

Solar systems form in dark nebulae which contain all of the elements formed from the death of more ancient systems. Radio astronomers have shown that enormous fractionation of D/H has taken place in the outer reaches of these systems. The surfaces of cold dust grains act as catalysts for this fractionation, as high as 1010 greater than values found on Earth. The normally high concentrations of CH4 guarantees the accretion of highly deuterated methane gas hydrate giant planets, clathrates known to physically encapsulate all foreign bodies, molecules and elements in cage-like webs of more than 12 water molecules, H2O, D2O, or HDO. The methane gas hydrate giant planets become stabilized by the increasing pressure as they grow.

The Only Accretion

Thus the only accretion in the formation of the solar system creates the icy outer planets.  The fact that they form in the cold reaches of solar nebulae was illustrated in images of twenty systems acquired by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, ALMA, which is the most complex astronomical observatory ever built on Earth. In the solar nebulae shown, the giant planets are already formed well before the central star even ignites. Notice that the abundances of the elements in MGH, nominally  (CH4)4(H2O)23  are  H 62, O 23 and C 4, similar to those on Earth, whereas neither oxygen or carbon would be present if they were “gas giants.” Note the absolute dominance of water which Juno scientists have announced is less than 1% on Jupiter!

Terrestrial Planets

The highly deuterated icy giant planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune contain all of the elements in the proportions found on Earth, encapsulated in their clathrate structure.  Terrestrial planets are formed by separate impacts on the giant planets, the methane gas hydrate of which contains roughly equal numbers of protons and deuterons. These could not be more closely packed fuel for a nuclear fusion reaction.  The fusion of a proton and a deuteron are known to be primary in the solar fusion cycle.   P + D  ->  3He++ + 4.9 Mev  produces 39.5 % of the Sun’s energy.  A large impact into any of the giant planets triggers this fusion reaction instantaneously blasting the mass for an entire new terrestrial planet into the inner solar system.  A small version of this reaction was the cause of the Shoemaker-Levy 9 particles that hit the surface of Jupiter producing ‘mushroom’ clouds that carried the spectra of the many Jupiter heavy elements to the top of the atmosphere six minutes after the impact.

Why is Jupiter Different?

The only reason that Jupiter appears different than the other giants, is that proto-Venus was just produced by such an explosive impact ~6,000 years ago. This lit up Jupiter to ten times its normal brightness and left behind a continuous fusion reaction on the surface of Jupiter. This reaction produced a blazing plume that shot 2 million km into space that could be seen on Earth moving left and right every nine hours and lasted for 4000 years, called Juno in Roman myth, Zeus’s aegis (shield) being moved back and forth as in combat and in the Rig Veda as Mrtanda, an elephant swinging his trunk left and right.

The Great Red Spot

The Great Red Spot is now being produced by the above fusion reaction which has slowly declined over the last 6,000 years. Its longeivity demonstrates the enormous fractionation of deuterium on Jupiter. During this period fusion reaction has ejected all the “asteroids” spread throughout the solar system by the combination of its orbital and rotational velocities. Evidence lies in the ~ 10,000 in its L4 and L5 points and the expanded atmosphere of Saturn, the result of many Jupiter asteroid impacts in the last 6,000 years, currently identified as “storms”. The reaction continues to burn today beneath the clouds ~ 50,000 km east of the GRS.  Its current single, invisible, nuclear product, ~ 1030 helions (3He++ ) per second with identical velocities, 17,800 km/sec, are the source of Jupiter’s temperature excess and due to their prograde rotation, currently imagined as the “inner radiation belt” are the source of Jupiter’s powerful magnetic field and permanent auroral ovals..

These helions are all forced by the Coriolis effect to form a rising, expanding funnel-like atmospheric corridor through which the full range of elements, being physically released from the MGH by the heat in the vicinity of the fusion reaction, react with one another forming high temperature compounds. As they rise and cool they form particulate aerosols, such as CS (which forms tiny red crystals) that are released into the upper atmosphere forming the familiar colored clouds of Jupiter. Because they are solid particles they emit no spectral radiation by which they can be identified, therefore entire range of the common elements on Jupiter have never been recognized. Frustrated NASA scientists interpret the clouds as “frozen ammonia.”

Dunes on Jupiter

Adding to the mystery, this particulate matter being released by the heat of the fusion reaction has been continuously settling to the solid surface of Jupiter in streaks where the swirling horizontal “multiple zonal” vortical winds, constrained by the solid surface, are weaker, forming desert-like dunes but only in the middle latitudes, giving the impression that Jupiter is oblate but concentrated to the south because the GRS is at 21 degrees South Latitude. These ‘dunes’ are being sensed by the gravity system on the NASA Juno probe and because they are spread out over the surface and slowly shift position, as do dunes on Earth, are interpreted as features beneath the surface in the imagined high pressure conductive hydrogen layer.

Landing or Splashing Down On Jupiter?

The solid makeup of Jupiter means that a probe could land on Jupiter in the middle latitudes still covered with clouds, scoop up some particles and record their spectra, and even send (or bring) a few pounds back to Earth, from a LEM-like landing craft with abuilt-in launch pad, showing that all the elements are present in the same abundances as on Earth. At higher latitudes, where the top layer of the methane gas hydrate has been melted by the flux of helions forming the permanent auroral ovals, forming hopefully shallow blue oceans already seen in visible light images, allowing the same landing craft, There will be plenty of dune-dust in the water.

NASA Planning

They are planning to send a spacecraft to Jupiter to get a close look at asteroids in the L4 points. What a waste! they are all the same as  Cheryumov-Gerasiemento and UltimateThule. What did we learn from them? Use this mission to land on Jupiter

Jupiter and Venus Papers

•October 3, 2020 • Comments Off on Jupiter and Venus Papers

Jupiter helion belts exiting through the Great Red Spot

After 30 years of sending probes to these planets, ‘scientists’ have not learned a thing. Not because the data is bad but because it is interpreted incorrectly.  In fact, there is now sufficient information to understand both planets completely. For anyone interested this information is available here free of charge, not for more billions of dollars needed for more probes that will take another decade, and still not be correctly interpreted.

It is truly a shame that thousands of intelligent curious men and women enter PhD courses in astrophysics and planetary science and end up in university departments resembling corporations where the department heads dictate their lives for twenty more years and tell them what they are allowed to think about and what they allowed to say. No original ideas are allowed. The planets are all the same age. Giant planets are hydrogen and helium, and all have been in their current orbits for 4.6 billion years. This is consensus science, a waste of a lifetime.

The recent history of the solar system is more exciting than the best science fiction writer has ever dreamed. The orbits and surface features of Mars, Venus, Mercury even Jupiter do not even resemble those 6,000 years ago. I’m writing that book now. Considerable basic information is present in my last book, the first to reveal the meaning of the oldest book in the world, written by people who watched the same planets in the heavens close above the Earth and praised them as gods, “The Cosmic Origin of the Rig Veda”  The title is a little scary but there is no foreign language, no equations, just new applications of well defined concepts.

Papers on Jupiter and Venus, (no equations)

Jupiter   http://www.firmament-chaos.com/jupiterpaper.pdf

Venus    http://www.firmament-chaos.com/papers/Venus-Paper-2018.pdf

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter contradicts planetary science

•August 20, 2020 • Comments Off on Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter contradicts planetary science

Fig 1 MRO image of a new crater

MRO is good at  finding new craters. Such “fresh” craters can be identified by the new-looking ejecta blanket of rocky debris around them. Many more of these can be seen on Mars due to the planet’s very thin atmosphere, which doesn’t burn up larger meteors as easily as Earth’s atmosphere. More of them therefore actually impact the planet. MRO has found over 800 new impact craters so far during its mission. The one pictured in Fig. 1 is about 98 feet (30 meters) across. The impact was strong enough to throw ejecta as far as 9.3 miles (15 km).

Fig. 2 Clear outflow channels currently claimed to be Billion of years old.

The only problem is, we are used to seeing images like the outflow channels in Fig. 2, claimed by Mars ‘experts’ to be billions of years old. If the  Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has discovered 800 new ones in the 15 years it has orbited Mars, then in 1 billion years Mars would have received 368 such impacts on every square kilometer of the planet and the flow features would be barely detectable. Note that in the images there are a number of impacts, but there are no impacts on the flow features.

Fig. 3. Larger scale of flow features

In the Cyclic Catastrophism scenario, the subject of this blog site, the floods revealed in these images occurred no longer than 4,000 years ago and were witnessed by everyone on Earth at the time.

 “To be ignorant of what occurred before you were born is to remain always a child. For what is the worth of human life, unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?”
― Marcus Tullius Cicero

 

Ancient Myths Explain Solar Neutrino Shortage

•February 22, 2020 • Comments Off on Ancient Myths Explain Solar Neutrino Shortage

The desperation of modern science to prove old hypotheses about the origin of the solar system is exemplified by the efforts to explain the neutrino “deficit” of the Sun. This led to hypotheses that there were muon and tau neutrinos that might be changing their stripes while flying from the Sun to the Earth and to expenditures of many millions of dollars placing neutrino sensors deep in the Earth. See Solar neutrino problem Wiki Enclyclodedia.

Ancient Texts

Ancient cultures as dispersed as RigVeda, Egyptian, Greek have myths of how Venus was born from an impact on Jupiter 6,000 years ago. This is how all the terrestrial planets were formed. The explosive reaction is the result of the high concentration of deuterium in Jupiter’s solid methane gas hydrate. Impacts on Jupiter compress and momentarily raise the temperature to millions of degrees K and the same fusions as in the Sun explode.  The impact left behind on the surface of Jupiter a gradually declining two million mile  plume which swept around coating the Galilean moons for 5000 years, which could be seen from the Earth, leading to many myths because of Jupiters 9 -hour rotation period, which led to the impression of an elephant Mrtanda, swinging his trunk back and forth in the RigVeda and to Zeus’ shield moving back and forth in combat.

The fusion reaction is still burning beneath the clouds about 50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot at 21 degrees S Lat. but because of Jupiter’s rapid rotation and the velocity of the fusion products Coriolis forms a vortex which reaches the top of the atmosphere as the GRS.  The boundary of the GRS comprises the fusion products, fast helions, moving at 178,000 km/sec, while all the elements in their normal abundances, are being released (MGH is a clathrate) by the heat in the vicinity of the reaction, spiral up through the vortex and crystallize as particulate aerosols which form Jupiters colored clouds. The fusion products are 3He++ helions with 4.9 MeV each and are moving prograde around the planet at 178,000 km/sec, producing the magnetic field of Jupiter and the temperature excess. This stream of particles moves too fast to be measured by the JEDI instrument on Juno, so they are currently are assumed to be a mirrored cloud of ions – an inner radiation belt – something to be avoided. This 6,000 year old fusion reaction indicates the enormous amount of deuterium in Jupiter.

Original Jupiter plume (Juno) extending from 22 degrees South Latitude

Jupiter Jet drawing in 1200 AD Arabic doc.

ALMA images of cold systems with giant planets already in place before the stars ignite, implying both have the same high deuterium co

Both the Sun and giant planets formed in large dark (dusty) nebula before the fusion in the central star ignited, (see twenty images from ALMA). So both the giant planets and the stars in these systems have the same composition, that is, a very large (1010) enhancement of deuterium fractionation. Therefore our Sun had a comparable concentration of deuterium as Jupiter. But astrophysicists calculate the expected neutrino flux from the Sun on the assumption that all fusion reactions begin with the Proton + Proton reaction below, which is the one that produces neutrinos (ve).

Solar fusion reactions

The next reaction in the chain is the one now taking place on Jupiter, 2H + p, which works at lower temperature. This is an extremely interesting reaction because it produces no harmful radiation and a large electrical energy since the helions are fast and doubly charged, pure electricity. Laboratories around the world have tried to produce it without success.  The energy produced in the Sun begins with the fusion of a proton with a deuterium nuclei and therefore are producing less neutrinos..
The ancient texts are telling us about the enormous concentration of deuterium in Jupiter AND IN THE SUN. This explains why the calculated neutrino flux from the Sun is less than calculated. QED

1 Cor 2:6-7 We do however speak a message of wisdom among the mature,but not the wisdom of this age or the rules of this age, who are coming to nought. No we speak of God’s secret wisdom that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began.

Granite – The Signature Rocks of the Continents

•January 31, 2020 • Comments Off on Granite – The Signature Rocks of the Continents

Deccan Traps
The most significant strati graphic feature on Earth for understanding orogony and granite are the Deccan Traps on the coast of southern India, a virtual time-machine covering 3687 to 687 BC. The lower-most layer contains the ‘iridium spike’ indicating the Cretaceous–Paleogene (K–Pg) or K-T, the date of proto-Venus’ first close pass to the Earth as recorded in the Greek myth of Phaethon. The Deccan comprise one-hundred ~ 20-meter thick ‘steps’ or layers of lava drawn to the surface from the upper mantle (asthenosphere) by the tidal effect of Mars during each 14.4-year kalpa (Rig Veda) or inundation (Egyptian). The periods between the kalpas were 15.6 years, resulting in cycles of 30 years.
The geological significance of the Deccan lies in the large volume of rock, 264,000 cubic miles, the distinct “separations” of the layers and their horizontal bedding – none of which geologists can explain. Attempts to date the actual rocks have failed, as stated in one paper: “Because zircon is rare in basaltic rocks, our sampling strategy targeted volcanic air-fall deposits between basalt flows.”

These properties of the Deccan Traps are a clue to the cyclic emplacement of cratons which comprise all of the continents of the Earth.
Due to the fact that all the “separation air-falls” were blasted from volcanoes extending from deep in Mars, which is much more ancient than Earth, and that the most ancient zircon dates were in them were selected, geologists have concluded that the Deccan Traps formed between 66 and ending at 65 million years BP. However, traditional cosmologies of ancient cultures combined with the Bible reveal that the K-T extinction took place within the dates attributed to the age of the Bible itself, between 3687 and 687 BC.

Formation of the Continents
During the Vedic Period, the tidal drag of the geostationary Mars, slowed the entire lithosphere, causing it to move westward at 24-km/hr, at an angle of 31̊ relative to the asthenosphere, the liquid layer of rock at the top of the mantle. The layered Deccan rock is basalt, a low silica volcanic rock, while the asthenosphere is a high silica content mineral, rhyolite. The difference in the composition of the Deccan and the asthenosphere from which it originated was due to the dissolving of much of the silicate as the lava rose through the Indian Ocean and its rapid cooling and crystallization.

Layered Cratons
The motion of the lithosphere relative to the mantle during each 14.4-year kalpa supplied massive volumes of silicate rhyolite, lava from the asthenosphere, which intruded unseen beneath all the continents. These deposits cooled slowly during each 15.6-year pralaya in the absence of water and the expansion of the low density (silicate) produced granite crystals double the volume deposited in the Deccan Traps. The resulting beautiful granitic rocks formed in this process are the signature rock of the continents, found only on the Earth and not on any other planets.
Consistent with this origin, recent, advanced seismic measurements are revealing that although the cratons comprising the continents are homogeneous, they formed incrementally, in layers, contemporaneous with the Deccan Trap layers. Thus, one reason that Mars was miraculously released and recaptured one hundred times during the resurfacing of the Earth, was to allow the granite crystals to form, expand and raise the continents that are unique to the Earth, providing more beautiful land where life could propagate.

Job 38 Reveals the Joy of the Sons of God when they saw that their plan for raising the continents was working.

Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said,

2 Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?

3 Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.

4 Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.

5 Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it?

6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;

7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

8 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

9 When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,

10 And brake up for it my decreed place, and set bars and doors,

11 And said, Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further: and here shall thy proud waves be stayed?

The Shedding of Jupiters Red Flakes

•November 26, 2019 • Comments Off on The Shedding of Jupiters Red Flakes

Jupiter – Red Spot Flaking Away

In response to an Atlantic Article “A paper: “The Shedding of Jupiters Red Flakes Does Not Mean It Is Dying” Is being presented at a meeting of the American Physical Society

The abstract begins with “During 2019 the Great Red Spot (GRS) of Jupiter repeatedly shed large (100,000 km2) chunks of itself as red flakes.” Then devolves into a discussion of theoretical fluid dynamics, the authors’s specialty. It ends with “Thus, our explanation of the of recent Red Flakes is that area
between the PV boundary of the GRS and its last closed streamline has shrunk.”
As explained in several previous posts , the Great Red Spot comprises solid particulate compounds of every known element (the red crystals are CS) which form deep in the vortex, cool, crystallize and flow into space through the GRS forming the visible clouds which are continuously falling to the surface and as new ones are released. They are being released by the heat from a fusion reaction in a crater in the solid highly deuterated methane gas hydrate surface of Jupiter, which is 80% water, also a clathrate. The vortex is bounded by 1030 /sec high velocity helions 3He++ controlled by Coriolis from a fusion of deuterium and protons at 17,800 km/s which circle the planet and are currently thought to be the “inner radiation belt” because they are too fast for the JEDI to detect. The orbiting helions produce the high magnetic field, the equatorial hump in the magnetosphere and temperature excess. The reaction is slowing down and when it fizzles out, everything about Jupiter will abruptly change. The shedding of 100,000 km2 implies that CS is falling back to the surface from within the vortex, suggesting the weakening of the reaction. It is not just a quirk in fluid mechanics that the author of the cited paper is dealing with, but a major change in the origin of the solar system.

Jupiter An Example

•October 18, 2019 • Comments Off on Jupiter An Example

Fig. 1 Bright patches glow in Jupiter’s ultraviolet aurora observed by the Hubble Space Telescope. Credit: Sarah Badman (Lancaster University), NASA, ESA

Jupiter is an example of the current depth of knowledge of the planets in academia. The composition of the most obvious, visible feature, the varied colored clouds that surround the planet remains unknown. The darker ones have been classified as ‘bands’ and the lighter as ‘zones’, but after thirty years of probes no elements have been measured. The gravity system has not found the heavy solid core which attracted all of that gas. Neither has any scientist produced the high pressure electrically conductive hydrogen state thought to compose the interior. The cause of the permanent auroral ovals has never been measured descending to the poles nor has the excess temperature or the equatorial ‘lump’ in the magnetosphere. The composition of the “inner radiation belt” has not been identified, merely evaded. Lighter clouds are assumed to be frozen ammonia, because they cannot be identified, but this is just a guess. This is reminiscent of the ‘classification’ of giant planets as gaseous. Articles keep telling us how much we are learning about Jupiter, i.e. the data is piling up but its time to look at it from a new perspective.

Tiamat & Absu

•September 28, 2019 • Comments Off on Tiamat & Absu

Fig. 1 Mars geostationary above the Himalayas with Agni extending down toward the Earth from the firmament.

As explained in my new book, “The Cosmic Origin of the Rig Veda”, Mars became captured in a geostationary orbit above Mt. Kailas one hundred times in a cyclic process designed to transfer all of its life to the Earth. The same process was repeated at each capture so one hundred generations of mankind witnessed the same sequence. Different cultures interpret the same features in slightly different stories, but the common origin makes it possibles to see the planet as it actually appeared.

As Mars approached, it could be seen to have green land areas and lakes. The Egyptians called Mars (Horus) “the Great green”. Those lakes were the fresh water aspect on Mars. But when it entered its geostationary orbit, the gravity of the Earth drew all the water in the northern hemisphere toward Mars’ north pole which remained facing the Earth, (in order that the Tharsis anomaly on the equator would remain equidistant from the Earth), covering the side facing the Earth. This was the source of the ‘peaceful’ merging of salt Tiamat and fresh water story.

Fig. 2. Nun, Nut, Tiamat the Northern Ocean with volcanoes stretched over Geb (Mars)

The more chaotic version was that the same tidal effect of the Earth caused hundreds of volcanoes to erupt across the northern hemisphere facing the Earth which rose right up thru the ocean.  As a result, Tiamat and the Egyptian version Nut are shown stretching over Mars (not the Earth) covered with ‘stars’, called the circum-polar stars in the RigVeda due to Mars slow counter clockwise about its north pole facing the Earth  More slowly rock beneath the ocean facing the Earth was melted and a glowing sphere of magma expanded, which could be seen in the waters, called the “world egg”.

When it broke the surface, it formed an island, called the firmament, raqia, in the Bible.  The lava flow continued upward from the center of the island becoming manifest as a hardened lava column Absu apparently penetrating Tiamat (see Figure 1) which eventually extended to thousands of km down toward the Earth. However, it was also imagined to be a female feature Asherah in Canaanite texts. It was called Brahm, the extender, in the RigVeda, also Purusha the male aspect of Prajapati, the creator, leading to Brahma in the later Hindu Trimurti. In fact, the tidal covering of Mars in the RigVeda was attributed to Prajapati “cloving his bladder”.

The column became the dominant feature (god) for all cultures because it had flaming hair and was believed in the RigVeda to communicate all of the Soma smoke from their sacrificial fires to the other gods. This was Marduk in Mesopotamian texts, Yggdrasil , in Norse myth, Osiris in Egyptian myth,.the upside-down tree of the Shamans, the axis mundi. Large convulsions within Mars would sometimes collapse the ‘tree’ but it would reform. When Isis, the moon passed through alignments with Mars convulsions would blast meteorites, soil, water, Soma, intoxicating deposits containing sprouts of plants found on the ground every morning around the world. The largest convulsions would shatter the tree and shoot rapid fire streams of glowing large bodies from deep in Mars, such as the fourteen that struck the near side of the Moon forming the maria.

“To be ignorant of what occurred before you were born is to remain always a child. For what is the worth of human life, unless it is woven into the life of our ancestors by the records of history?”
― Marcus Tullius Cicero

The Unique Shape of Mars

•September 12, 2019 • Comments Off on The Unique Shape of Mars

Fig. 1 Obvious dichotomy between northern third and southern two thirds of Mars.

An article from the Lunar and Planetary Institute 1996 titled The Shape of Mars and the Topographic Signature of the Hemispheric Dichotomy reveals the unique shape that can only be explained by Cyclic Catastrophism.  “The surface of Mars is distinctly different in the northern and southern hemispheres. The south is old and heavily cratered whereas the north is younger and lightly cratered.” The obvious hemispheric dichotomy is characterized by a geologic boundary that is expressed as knobby and fretted terrains and detached plateaus. “The formation of the dichotomy has been attributed to internal processes such as postaccretional core formation, among others.  The lack of gravity anomalies along the boundary may indicate thick crust beneath the southern highlands and thinner crust beneath the northern highlands.” These result in the center of the reference ellipsoid (COF) being offset from Mars Center of Mass (COM) by 3081 +/- 60 meters along the Z axis and the south pole is 6 km farther from the COM than is the north pole.

The authors are amazed that “The obvious hemispheric dichotomy (Figure 1) characterized by a geologic boundary expressed as knobby and fretted terrains and detached plateaus.” does not show up in their improved macroscopic gravity and accurate symmetric figure measurements. One suggested solution, postaccretional core formation is closest to the truth, except that Mars has no core.

Cyclic Catastrophism explains why the planet is so close to a perfect shape. Mars was captured in a geostationary orbit for 14.4 years and then escaped for 15.6 years between 3687 and 687 BC. Each escape involved the ejection of its solid iron core which zoomed around the Earth and caught up to the gapeing shell and re-entered eight days later, while everyone on Earth watched.  But at the conclusion of the 100th encounter the solid core was deflected by Venus and did not return to Mars, so Mars contracted with its molten interior in the last 2,500 years, forming the near-perfect shape of the planet which perfectly balanced the masses on the surface. Of course the solid iron core of Mars became the solid iron planet Mercury, with a smattering of sulfur from the mantle of Mars on its surface. All of the craters now on its surface were ejected from Mars back when it orbited the Earth.

 

The Cosmic Origin of the RigVeda available as ebook

•August 16, 2019 • Comments Off on The Cosmic Origin of the RigVeda available as ebook

The ebook edition of The Cosmic Origin of the Rigveda is now available at the following URLs:

Amazon Store URL – https://www.amazon.com/dp/B07WHDGB86

BN Store URL – https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-cosmic-origin-of-the-rigveda-john-ackerman/1132924175?ean=2940161275351

Apple Store URL – https://books.apple.com/us/book/id1476240672

Kobo Store URL – https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/the-cosmic-origin-of-the-rigveda

The ebook edition of The Cosmic Origin of the Rigveda was also cleared for sale on OverDrive. Kobo uploads books to OverDrive every Sunday; 2-4 weeks after that, it becomes available for purchase to libraries and schools that have an OverDrive account.

You can check whether your local libraries have access to OverDrive here: https://www.overdrive.com/libraries