Jupiter & Saturn – Gas Giants?

•February 5, 2018 • Comments Off on Jupiter & Saturn – Gas Giants?

Fig. 1. The band of Jupiter’s atmosphere wrapped around its equator, increases its apparent equatorial diameter.

In addition to their low densities, planetary scientists believe Jupiter and Saturn are ‘gas giants’ because of their oblatness. However, cyclic catastrophism explains their high oblatnesses in the context of their highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate composition (MGH). Oblatness O = (equatorial diameter (DE) – polar diameter (DP))/ (equatorial diameter (DE)). The oblatenesses of the outer planets are:

Jupiter =  0.06487,  Saturn  =  0.09796,  Uranus =  0.02293,  Neptune = 0.01708,  Pluto =  0.0000

The difference between the high oblateness of Jupiter and Saturn versus Uranus, Neptune and Pluto has resulted in planetary scientists deciding that the former are ‘gas giants’ and the other three ‘ice giants’. However, they are all ice giants – methane gas hydrate (MGH) is a form of ice which forms in the presence of ample methane.  The impact on Jupiter 6,000 years BP is what made both Jupiter and Saturn appear to be gaseous.

Jupiter

Fig. 2 IR image of Jupiter
with Great Red Spot on the left and the fusion source on the right.

A fusion reaction, in which protons and deuterons fuse to produce bare nuclei of a light isotope of  helium, called a helion, with a kinetic energy of 5 MeV (expressed as  p + d  → 3He+++ 4.98 MeV), marked by the Great Red Spot 50,000 km to the west, is continuously forming the visible atmosphere of Jupiter. The local heat of the fusion reaction is releasing the full range of the known elements enclosed in the clathrate MGH. Planetary scientists have only identified a few, such as nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, which they believe are from comets that impacted Jupiter. Why are the normal elements not seen? Because they form high-temperature compounds in the hot vortex of 1032 helions/second rising to the Great Red Spot, which we do not usually find in Earth-like conditions. As the vortex rises and cools these compounds condense and crystallize forming solid particulate aerosols, which are carried upward within the vortex formed by the helions and sprayed out into the upper atmosphere, consistent with the Galileo atmospheric probe findings that the atmosphere above the cloud-tops is denser and warmer than ‘expected’. One such compound is CS (carbon sulfide) which forms tiny red crystals, causes the red tints and colors the GRS. These aerosols form the tinted clouds we see, Jupiter’s Jujitsu Belt, which cannot be identified by spectroscopy. ‘Gas giant’ scientists claim that the clouds are forms of ammonia snow.

This visible atmosphere is continuously being manufactured by the ongoing fusion reaction and the released aerosols are continuously settling to the surface. JunoCam has revealed that these clouds only extend as far north and south to ~70 degrees latitude, probably because they are kept aloft partially by the centrifugal force of Jupiter’s rapid rotation. Poleward of this limit, JunoCam reveals the true solid surface of Jupiter, with cyclones revolving about low pressure centers, as on Earth, accentuated by the much greater Coriolis effect on Jupiter. This rotation is opposite from that of the Great Red Spot, which is not a storm. Since the fusion reaction was stronger in the past, a strip of desert-like terrain covered with atmospheric particles can be seen just poleward of the Jiu Jitsu belt. Also, because the fusion reaction, the origin of the tinted aerosol atmosphere, the Great Red Spot, is at 22 degrees South Latitude, the atmosphere extends further south than north (Figure 3.), and the south pole area is probably warmer than the north.

Saturn

Fig. 3. ‘Comet’ 67P, is actually a ‘Juno asteroid’ many millions of which are present throughout the solar system, the largest is Pluto.

A slowly declining fusion reaction in the crater of the enormous impact explosion on Jupiter 6,000 years ago has ejected an uncountable number of bodies into all parts of the solar system. Many millions of these comprise the main asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt, the Jupiter trojans and the Kreutz sungrazers. These were formed from a hot fusion plume on Jupiter in a weightless environment and condense into low density bodies., one example of which is ‘comet’ 67 P Churyumov Gerasiamento.  They are are not comets, but asteroids, comprising the complete abundance of solar system elements which, because they are moving with similar velocities and directions, ‘splat’ and adhere forming larger bodies, as observed in 67P.

Fig. 4. NASA Cassini probe imaged ‘spokes’ showing new material still being blasted from Saturn into the rings.

Since Saturn is the closest massive planet to Jupiter, it has been bombarded with thousands of these asteroids in the last 6,000 years. The solid body of Saturn also comprises highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate so these impacts on its surface produced fusion explosions similar to those produced by the impacts of the larger Shoemaker-Levy 9 fragments on Jupiter, although modern science does not yet realize that fusion explosions were involved (REF). These blast material into the air, primarily water, increasing the thickness of the atmosphere, and into space, adding to the rings to this day. Scientists, judging Saturn’s diameter by the cloud-tops, calculate its oblateness using the enormously expanded equatorial diameter, andcalculate a a very low density of Saturn, (δ=0.7), much less than MGH (δ=0.9), because they believe it is a gaseous planet.

Images of Saturn captured by the Cassini probe (Figure 4), actually show shadows of new material recently blasted into space by the impacts of Jupiter asteroids on its surface. Most of the mass blasted from the surface is slowed by the thick atmosphere and inflates it even further, giving it the highest oblateness of all the planets in the solar system.

 

 

Amazing – Jupiter’s Polar Oceans

•January 31, 2018 • Comments Off on Amazing – Jupiter’s Polar Oceans

The Juno chief scientist, Scott Bolton, described his amazement when the first images of Jupiter’s polar regions by JunoCam were released. “I couldn’t believe it, the poles are blue !” Given the previous posts here on the Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) makeup of the giant planets and the role of a (almost) hidden fusion reaction, the reason for this becomes obvious. The vortex of 1028/s high energy (4.98 MeV) helions which produce the auroral ovals and the heavy elements within the vortex which produce the poleward flashes, warm the

Fig.2. JIRAM IR image of Southern Aurora showing the heat and penetration of the vortex of helions in Jupiter’s southern auroral oval.

polar areas, or ‘polar caps’, as indicated by IR images of the south pole as shown in Figure 2. Since MGH is mostly water, (CH4)4(H2O )23 , the heat ‘melts’ the top layer, releasing the methane and leaving water on the surface. As a result, Jupiter’s polar zones are covered with the largest oceans in the solar system, a fact beautifully revealed by the simplest instrument on-board, JunoCam. Moreover, since Jupiter incorporates the familiar abundances of the elements on Earth, this ocean is saline just like ours. The depth of this ocean is will have to wait until a probe can be landed on Jupiter – one that floats.

Astronauts will eventually land on Jupiter. Although it is massive, its large radius results in a g-force on its surface only 2.6 times that on the Earth. However, as long as the fusion reaction continues on Jupiter, the surface temperature and pressure in its equatorial and tropical zones will be high due to the massive numbers of hot crystalline particles suspended in the atmosphere, similar to the atmosphere of Venus, due to the S8 and CS suspended in its lower atmosphere. Also, the helion radiation at the poles of Jupiter is presently too great for manned exploration.

However, the fusion reaction driving the entire system is declining and when it is extinguished, signaled by the disappearance of the Great Red Spot, all these barriers to astronauts will quickly disappear. The bloated atmosphere between ~70 degree latitudes, will settle to the surface, reducing the temperature and pressure and the polar radiation will immediately cease. The only problem after that will be Jupiter will begin to cool down, so the astronauts will have to get there fast while the surfing is still good.

Scott Bolton has already given up trying to interpret the Juno data in terms of the consensus ‘gas giant’ hypothesis and is proposing an entire billion dollar fleet of new probes to swarm the planet to collect more data in the next 50 years. But this is not necessary, because the answers are all right here and more formally in my scientific papers.

There is no such thing as consensus science. If it’s consensus, it isn’t science. If it’s science, it isn’t consensus. Period.”
― Michael Crichton

1 Cor 2:6-7 We do, however, speak a message of wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom of this age or the rules of this age, who are coming to nought. No, we speak of God’s secret wisdom that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began. 

Jupiter’s Jiu Jitsu Belt

•January 17, 2018 • Comments Off on Jupiter’s Jiu Jitsu Belt

Fig. 1. Jupiter south pole mosaic revealing the true surface of the planet and the clouds which form a wide belt at lower latitudes.

JunoCam has revealed an amazing feature of Jupiter’s atmosphere, easily visible now to the whole world, but unrecognized by planetary scientists, who have the very unscientific habit of deciding what the probes will reveal before they receive the first data. As explained in many previous posts, Juno data is clearly indicating that Jupiter is a solid, low density  (d = 1.33 g/cm3) planet, slightly more dense than pure methane gas hydrate (MGH) (d= 0.9 g/cm3), due to the encapsulated heavy elements. Before Juno sent back its first data, all we had seen were the colored, banded clouds. Surprisingly, the simplest instrument, JunoCam, included primarily to add to the popularity of the mission, giving the ‘citizen scientists’ a chance to participate, has produced the most profound view, which proves the MGH concept.

All ancient texts describe the creation of Venus from the head of Jupiter. This dates a huge impact on Jupiter at approximately 6,000-years BP (ago), but demonstrates how the other terrestrial planets, including the Earth were produced, and reveals that the full range of elements we have on Earth came from Jupiter. MGH is a known clathrate, which physically encloses all kinds of foreign particles in cages of twelve or more water molecules. In keeping with the known abundances of the elements, H > O > C, the nominal composition of MGH is (CH4)4(H2O )23 , with lesser numbers of all the other elements. In complete contrast, scientists today believe Jupiter is 90% hydrogen and 10% helium, hoping that more oxygen (water) is somehow hidden deep in a dense core, which Juno gravity measurements have proven, does not exist.

Fig. 2. The expanded incandescent Jupiter and the plume, known as Juno in Roman myth.

The Venus impact triggered a flaming nuclear fusion reaction on the surface of Jupiter, because the MGH formed in a very cold (50 K) dark nebula, many of which are known to have very large amounts of heavy hydrogen (deuterium). The fusing of deuterium with protons exponentially increased the energy of the impact – that is the only way terrestrial planets could have formed. This impact left behind on the surface of Jupiter a visible, radioactive plume, called Juno in Roman myth, originally shooting out as far as Callisto and rotating every eight hours with Jupiter (Figure 2). In myth Juno was said to be peering through the veil with which Jupiter had surrounded himself. The plume has gradually declined but the fusion reaction, p + d -> 3He++, still burns on the solid surface some 700 km below the cloud-tops, producing 1030/second of these 4.98 MeV helions (3He++), which form an expanding vortex due to the Coriolis effect, that exits through the Great Red Spot and, as explained in previous posts, heats the planet, drives the multiple, zonal wind bands and creates the magnetic field of Jupiter.

But, to the point of this epistle, the fusion reaction is continuously forming the visible atmosphere of Jupiter. The local heat of the fusion reaction releases the full range of the known elements enclosed in the clathrate MGH. Planetary scientists have only identified a few, such as nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, which they believe are from comets that impacted Jupiter. Why are the normal elements not seen? Because they form high-temperature compounds in the hot vortex which we do not usually find in Earth-like conditions. As the vortex rises and cools these compounds condense, and crystallize forming solid particulate aerosols, which are carried upward within the vortex formed by the helions and sprayed out into the upper atmosphere, consistent with early findings that the atmosphere above the cloud-tops is denser and warmer than ‘expected’. One such compound is CS (carbon sulfide) which causes the red tints and colors the GRS. These aerosols form the tinted clouds we see, Jupiter’s Jujitsu Belt, which cannot be identified by spectroscopy. ‘Gas giant’ scientists want to believe the clouds are forms of ammonia snow.

Fig. 3. The Northern exposure of Jupiter’s surface extends to lower latitudes than the Southern.

This visible atmosphere is continuously being manufactured by the ongoing fusion reaction and the released aerosols are continuously settling to the surface. JunoCam has revealed that these clouds only extend as far north and south to ~70 degrees latitude, probably because they are kept aloft partially by the centrifugal force of Jupiter’s rapid rotation. Poleward of this limit, JunoCam reveals the true solid surface of Jupiter, with cyclones revolving about low pressure centers, as on Earth, accentuated by the much greater Coriolis effect on Jupiter. This rotation is opposite from that of the Great Red Spot, which is not a storm. Since the fusion reaction was stronger in the past, a strip of desert-like terrain covered with atmospheric particles can be seen just poleward of the Jiu Jitsu belt. Also, because the fusion reaction, the origin of the tinted aerosol atmosphere, the Great Red Spot, is at 22 degrees South Latitude, the atmosphere extends further south than north (Figure 3.), and the south pole area is probably warmer than the north.

1 Cor 1:27-29 KJV  But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the mighty: and base things of the world and things that are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: That no flesh should glory in His presence. [so that none may boast before Him]. 

Jupiter’s UV Aurora

•December 30, 2017 • Comments Off on Jupiter’s UV Aurora

Fig. 2 Yellow is main stream of helions which produce the magnetic field of Jupiter. Blue are the vortical streams deflected to the poles.

As discussed in a recent post, Jupiter is a solid, highly deuterated, Methane Gas Hydrate (clathrate) body, density of 1.33 g/cm3 incorporating the full complement of known solar system elements. The terrestrial planets were each formed by unique impacts on Jupiter, the most recent of which was proto-Venus, which currently comprises only the heavy elements which will become the mantle and core of the planet. This impact left behind a continuous fusion reaction at the point of impact on Jupiter, which has slowly declined over the past 6,000 years to a single reaction, usually written.

                                             p + d -> 3He+ + γ                                                                      (1)

As reasoned in a previous post and below, the author maintains this is not the correct form of the reaction, which should be written:

                                                    p + d -> 3He++                                                                       (2)

Fig. 2. JIRAM IR image of Southern Aurora

The energy produced by this aneutronic reaction is solely in the kinetic energy of 1032 helions per second, 4.98 MeV, with velocities of 17,800 km/s on the MGH surface of Jupiter, 50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot.  These nucleons swirl in a vortex, due to the Coriolis effect (proportional to their velocity and the rapid rotation of Jupiter), exit the atmosphere via the Great Red Spot and circulate prograde (yellow in Figure 1) around the planet. This circulation of doubly charged helions generates the unusual magnetodisk magnetic field of Jupiter. The field is powerful because it is produced in space, not shielded within the planet.

The circulating helions are lost to space as fast as they are produced  after circling Jupiter a few times (~60 seconds). Due to their high concentration, most have no chance of encountering electrons during this period. The Energetic Particle Instruments on Ulysses, Cassini, and the Galileo orbiter detected ‘storms’ of high energy, electrically charged ‘dust particles’ at great distances from Jupiter. Juno encountered these same high energy particles on its way to Jupiter,  when their impacts on the solar panels splashed glowing secondary particles through the field of view of the star telescopes used for measuring the orientation of the magnetometer. These observations suggest that the helions (3He++) lost were dispersed through the enormous clouds of electrons in the outer reaches of the Jupiter system, where they became the stable 3He+. Although close to Jupiter, the Galileo atmospheric probe identified large numbers of high energy helium ions, 3He+, “of unknown origin” because the helions captured electrons and were slowed down as they passed through the massive atmospheric heat shield, which had not yet been ejected, thereby becoming identifiable.were detected

Fig.3 UV images of North and South auroral ovals.

Just above the GRS some of the helions penetrate the circulating cloud and become captured helically in the magnetic field (blue in Figure 1). These comprise two powerful vortices which impact at the poles. The high velocities (17,800 km/s) of the 4.98 MeV helions nucleons ensure powerful impacts in the atmosphere, producing the deep auroral ovals. The depth to which these ions penetrate the atmosphere is illustrated in the JIRAM images taken in the H3 band (Figure 2). However, the most energetic radiation from the auroral ovals, is in the Ultra Violet, evidenced by many analyses by the Hubble space telescope. The Juno UltraViolet Imaging Spectrometer, encompassing the H II bands (Lyman, Werner, and Rydberg) and H Ly  α bands, produced the image in Figure 4 and measured the auroral power at 3 – 5 Tw (Terrawatts).  Some of the heavy elements released by the heat of the fusion reaction are carried within the rising vortex as ions with much lesser velocities. The impacts of these produce the intermittent brightenings that are observed interior to the UV ovals.

The Origin of the UltraViolet Auroras

The vortical flow of ~ 1028 /s  helions impacting around Jupiter’s poles, with velocities as high as 17,800 km/sec, produces a Ly α UV continuum with an edge at 228 Å, produced by the capture of electrons as they enter the atmosphere.  This edge is at much shorter wavelengths than the hydrogen Ly α UV, the edge of which is at 700 Å.  This higher energy UV radiation from Jupiter’s aurora was detected in 1989, but interpreted as Doppler (blue) shifted H Ly α. [Clark et al., Doppler Shifted H Ly α Emission from Jupiter’s Aurora, GRL v. 16, N. 6, 1989.] The auroral UV radiation on Jupiter is currently thought to be from methane, because methane absorption bands obscure some of the radiation, but methane is not its origin.

The ovals are ‘permanent’ because the fusion reaction is continuous. The southern auroral oval is more circular than the northern one because the ion path from the GRS, at 22 º S. Lat., is shorter. As shown in Figure 1, the vortical streams move prograde in longitude as they flow to the poles due to the angular momentum imparted to them by the rotation of Jupiter.  As a result, the longitude offsets of the north and south auroral ovals are slightly different. The distortion of the northern oval in NASA videos reveals that it moves with the rotation of Jupiter because the geographical reference longitudes added are from System III, which is defined by the location of the Great Red Spot. This gives the impression that the magnetic field is generated in the interior, but it is not.

Note: The radiation due to the capture of electrons by 3He++  is incorrectly attributed to a γ emission in the common form of the nuclear reaction (1).

This day before dawn, I ascended a hill and looked at the crowded heaven. And I said to my spirit ‘When we become the enfolders of these orbs, and the pleasure and knowledge of everything in them, shall we be filled and satisfied then? And my spirit said ‘No, we level that lift to pass and continue beyond.’                                            Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass

Saturn;s Young Rings

•December 22, 2017 • Comments Off on Saturn;s Young Rings

Fig. 1. Fireball from impact triggered fusion explosion

An article at Nature.com titled “Saturn’s Young Rings” (20 December 2017) , touts a presentation at the Fall Meeting of the AGU, based on the gravitational effect of the rings measured by analyses of the Cassini probe orbits. The researchers claim that this force is not strong enough to retain the rings. Using the data they calculate that the rings are young, only 100 to 200 million years old!

Although the rings are known to be primairily water ice, modern academia has not advanced an acceptable origin of all this ice, since the current hypothesis is that Jupiter and Saturn are 90% hydrogen and 10% helium. The leading hypothesis is that two comets, or a comet and a satellite collided inside the Roche limit and the pieces ended up forming the rings. No concern is offered as to the similarity in the sizes of the ice particles or their even distribution.

Cyclic Catastrophism

The new hypothesis presented herein contends that the entire solar system we observe, and experience today, was completely reformed in the last 6,000 years – including Saturn’s rings. The most fundamental aspect of this work is based on the hypothesis that Saturn and Jupiter are solid,  highly deuterated, methane gas hydrate bodies, which comprise about 80% water, meaning that together the two giant planets comprise 300 Earth-masses of water. When small bodies like Shoemaker-Levy 9 impact Saturn they produce fusion explosions which eject surface material – some heavy elements but primarily water into space which freezes to form the rings and that this has been occurring for the last 6,000 years. Evidence for such impacts has been visible in the last few decades, in the form of ‘white spots’ >10,000 km wide, which appear suddenly at the top of the clouds and become swept completely around the planet for months at the top of Saturn’s atmosphere (Figure 1), interpreted in the current paradigm as ‘large storms‘.

In fact, thousands of these impacts triggering fusion explosions have pounded Saturn in the last 6,000 years. The impacts have also resulted in the temperature excess and the apparent diameter of the planet, due to the mass of material blasted from the surface which has remained in the atmosphere. Saturn’s total mass is only 0.3 that of Jupiter, since its composition is the same as Jupiter’s, this gives an idea of how much its atmosphere is expanded, resulting in an average density only half that of Jupiter.

Fig. 2. NASA Cassini probe imaged ‘spokes’ showing new material still being blasted from Saturn into the rings.

Even stronger evidence for the effect of these impacts is visible in Cassini images of Saturn’s rings. These show shadows or impacts on the rings due to material recently blasted from the planet. ESA has recently revealed the true nature of the impacting bodies (67P Churymov-Gerasiemento), many millions of which have been ejected by the large fusion plume on Jupiter in this same 6,000 years. Several millions of these Jupiter family asteroids, the Trojans, are currently orbiting in the Lagrange L4 and L5 points of the Sun-Jupiter system. Many more are in eccentric orbits arcing below and above the plane of the ecliptic.

“Hurrah for positive science! Long live exact demonstration …  This is the geologist, this works with a scalpel, and this is a mathematician.  Gentlemen, to you the first honors always!  Your facts are useful, and yet they are not my dwelling, I but enter by them to an area of my dwelling.” 

Walt Whitman

Image of Constant Fusion on Jupiter

•December 3, 2017 • Comments Off on Image of Constant Fusion on Jupiter

Fig. 1. Fusion reaction flowing to GRS below clouds. Reflected energy from NEB.

The primary evidence that Jupiter is a solid, highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) planet, lies in its high temperature, multiple zonal ‘wind bands’ (vortices) and powerful magneodisk-shaped magnetic field, all of which are driven by a continuous nuclear fusion reaction on the MGH surface located  ~50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot. Depending on the positions and densities of the clouds, a number of IR images give clear pictures of the fusion reaction and its flow to the Great Red Spot, as in Figure 1.

This fusion of deuterium and protons was triggered by the impact, 6,000-years BP, out of which proto-Venus was born. The hot expanded Jupiter and the plume which shot 2 million km into space, rotating left-to-right every 9-10 hours, were observed by all human cultures for 5,000 years, and called Juno by the Romans. The confirmation of Jupiter’s high deuteration is proven by the slow, 6,000-year decline of the reaction, now the lowest temperature fusion possible, confined by the high atmospheric pressure at the surface, some 700 km beneath the cloud-tops.

                                    p + d -> 3He++ 

As discussed previously the energy from this reaction is the kinetic energy of light, fast (17,800 km/s), 3He++, helium nuclei, nick-named helions. These form a hot, counter-clockwise, vortex (Coriolis effect), which rises lagging Jupiter’s rapid eastward rotation, 41,780

Fig. 2.  Yellow is main stream of helions which produce the magnetic field of Jupiter. Blue are the vortical streams deflected to the poles producing the auroral ovals.

km/hr, appearing as the Great Red Spot (Figure 1). The reaction produces 1032/s of these unique particles, all of which have the same high energy. They exit the GRS and, given the rotational velocity of Jupiter, circle to the east (prograde), forming what is currently known only as the ‘inner radiation belt’ – thought to be composed of ‘mirroring’ ions (moving prograde and retrograde), the origin of which are currently unknown. This monoenergetic, circling stream of doubly positively charged high speed particles (yellow in Fig. 2) constitutes an electric current that produces the powerful, unique magnetodisk of Jupiter. The helions are invisible, but produce cyclotron/synchrotron radiation currently attributed to electrons. Portions of the stream exiting the GRS are deflected to the poles, forming the constant auroral ovals (blue Fig. 2). The Juno JEDI ion instrument has been powered down near the inner radiation belt (yellow) to protect the instrument, minimizing the chance of identifying the particles.

Any intelligent fool can make things bigger and more complex… It takes a touch of genius – and a lot of courage to move in the opposite direction.   Einstein

Solar System Cosmogony

•November 28, 2017 • Comments Off on Solar System Cosmogony

Solar System Formation

It is an accepted idea among astronomers, that solar systems may be born in cold Large Dark Nebulae (LDN), but this view has not been applied to our system.  This is indeed the origin of our solar system, which comprises the complement of element abundances in the LDM. Radio astronomy has detected  the most plentiful elements and molecules, composed of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and greatly enhanced fractions of deuterium in some LDNs. Heavy elements, formed by previous generations of stars are present in the form of ‘dust’ particles, which make the LDNs dark. At temperatures below 50 K, the surfaces of the tiny dust grains, or nano particles, ~ 10 μm or less, provide the catalyst for atoms to form molecules, which completely coat them. At these low temperatures, the most plentiful elements, H > O > C naturally form highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrates (MGH), the nominal composition of which, (CH4)4(H2O)23, matches their abundances in our solar system. MGH crystallizes naturally in the low temperatures of LDNs, made more stable due to the enhanced deuterium levels. MGH is a known clathrate, in which twelve or more water molecules form cages which physically encapsulate all manner of ‘foreign’ (dust) particles. Because the heavy elements are already coated with ice, the formation of MGH provides the means for accretion of the dust particles  – a problem which is never adequately addressed in the currently accepted, Laplace et al., models of accretion of the terrestrial planets. As the elements, close to the rotational center of the LDN, contract to form the proto-star, the giant planets, which comprise the nascent solar system are already forming. This is the only ‘accretion’ that takes place in a solar system.

Terrestrial Planet Formation

The terrestrial planets are formed, perhaps billions of years later, when a body from the local galaxy passes through the system and impacts one of the giant planets, in our system Jupiter. Due to their highly deuterated, densely packed solid MGH composition, the impact compresses and heats the local MGH initiating an enormous fusion explosion, producing a plasma cloud which rebounds into the inner solar system containing the known abundances of the elements and, over time, contracts, soldifies and forms a new terrestrial planet. In this paradigm, each terrestrial planet is formed by a unique explosive impact, that is, each has a unique age. Based on the currently accepted paradigm of planetary science, unifromitarionism, the terrestrial planets are all the same age, 4.6 billion years. If this were true we would have no additional information.

Venus

However, we do have lots of information on this process, in the current states of both Jupiter and Venus. Proto-Venus was born of such an explosive impact on Jupiter only 6,000 years BP (Before the Present). Dozens of probes have visited both Jupiter and Venus and provided volumes data consistent with this recent explosive impact, but the meaning has been obscured by the current uniformitarian assumption, that the terrestrial planets are all 4.6 billion years old. The fact that Venus has a surface temperature of 864 degrees F, hot enough to melt lead and zinc, is rotating counter to its orbital motion and the rotation has decreased by 6 minutes in the last 30 years and has no magnetic field proves it is a molten sphere of heavy elements. Only the heaviest elements have condesnsed, forming what will become its mantle. All the lighter elements blasted from Jupiter 6,000 years ago are still floating in the inner solar system and will only settle to the surface after it cools. In fact, that material, called “inter stellar material”, 60 tons of which is falling to Earth every day is also what causes the zodiacal light and 65,000 house-sized comets falling to Earth every day. My Venus paper explains the data collected to date, including its bimodal atmosphere, the lowest 50 km of which is dominated by sulfur jetting from over a million small domes imaged by Magellan, directly to 50 km where it forms a unique 2-km thick lower cloud layer comprised of three types of sulfur crystals. This, and not carbon dioxide, is the origin of the high surface pressure of 92 atmospheres.

Jupiter

The Juno mission has now made 10 science passes close to Jupiter, revealing an near homogenous distribution of mass throughout, as predicted by the Methane Gas Hydrate composition. Four  anomalies of mass and magnetic field  have been detected on the surface, which are the result of the impacts out of which the existing planets, Mars, Earth, Venus and perhaps the Moon, were created. The recent impact, 6,000 BP, left behind a slowly declining fusion reaction on Jupiter’s surface, the products of which exit the cloud-tops as the Great Red Spot. This impact also produced the Galilean moons evidenced by their inverse mass to orbital radius relationship. The fusion reaction is producing 1030 helium nuclei (~10 MeV) per second, the kinetic energy of which is warming the entire planet, generating the multiple zonal vortices and releasing the heavy element particles encapsulated in the MGH, which comprise the visible clouds. The high energy helium nuclei are circling the planet, generating its unique, powerful, magnetodisk due to their double electrical charge, which has made it impossible for the JEDI energetic particle detector to identify them. The circulating helium nuclei are currently recognized only as the ‘inner radiation belt’, imagined as something to be avoided, but have not ben identified by any Juno instruments.

No Big Bang

The impact explosion out of which proto-Venus was born has profound consequences for Big Bang cosmology. The ancient texts of every culture tell that the explosion caused the entire Earth to cry out. Therefore the entire Earth was the sensor which detected the gravitational impulse due to the instantaneous blasting of the Venus mass more than fifty million miles. The radiation from the explosion is speeding outward in all directions isotropically, except in the shadow of Jupiter, leaving a cold spot. As this radiation procedes, small amounts are reflected back toward the Earth by dust in the Milky Way galaxy. This reflected radiation is still being received and cosmologists claim it is radiation from the Big Bang. despite established alignments with our solar system, known as the ‘axis of evil‘, and the large-scale anomalies of the microwave sky. These same alignments first detected by WMAP, have been confirmed by Planck to have a number of highly improbable alignments with the plane and direction of motion (kinetic vector) of our solar system and multipole alignments, with a likelihood or combined probability < 0.008%. Furthermore, the  foreground nature of the observed radiation has been corroborated by the finding that the magnitude of the Planck radiation, measured ~10 years after WMAP, over the entire sky is several percent less than the WMAP, which could not be the case if it were from the big bang. Conversely, the recent radiation from the birth of Venus would be expected to decline rapidly. Any future measurements will confirm this unequivably. Cosmologists ignore these negating factors and continue to expound about the big bang, the evidence for which is non-existent. The primordial isotope ratios found in the Cytherian atmosphere, the high concentration of deuterium and the small amount of 40Ar (= 36Ar) compared to that on Earth are the result of the high temperature of the explosive impact which created a pure plasma, out of which primordial isotopes formed. This means that many ‘Little Bangs’ have  created deuterium and it is not the product of the ‘Big Bang’. This could be proven unequivocally by the detection of 26Al in Venus’ atmosphere, a primordial element with a half-life 7.17×105 years.

The Future of Planetary Science?

The failure to understand both Venus and Jupiter is already leading to discussions of additional billion-dollar probes most likely ten years in the future. These will waste the careers of the next generation of aspiring planetary scientists if they remain suffocated by the uniformitarian paradigm.

Job 38:3-7

Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding. Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?