Jupiter’s UV Aurora (Updates)

•December 30, 2017 • Comments Off on Jupiter’s UV Aurora (Updates)

Fig. 1 Yellow is main stream of helions which produce the magnetic field of Jupiter. Blue are the vortical streams deflected to the poles.

As discussed in a recent post, Jupiter is a solid, highly deuterated, Methane Gas Hydrate (clathrate) body, density of 1.33 g/cm3 incorporating the full complement of known solar system elements. The terrestrial planets were each formed by unique impacts on Jupiter, the most recent of which was proto-Venus, which currently comprises only the heavy elements which will become the mantle and core of the planet. This impact left behind a continuous fusion reaction at the point of impact on Jupiter, which has slowly declined over the past 6,000 years to a single reaction, usually written.

                                             p + d -> 3He+ + γ                                                                      (1)

As reasoned in a previous post and below, the author maintains this is not the correct form of the reaction, which should be written:

                                                    p + d -> 3He++  + 4.98 MeV                                                                     (2)

Fig. 2. Unique disk-shaped magnetic field generated by circling helions

Fig. 3. JIRAM IR image of Southern Aurora

The energy produced by this aneutronic reaction is solely in the kinetic energy of 1032 helions per second, 4.98 MeV, with velocities of 17,800 km/s on the MGH surface of Jupiter, 50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot.  These nucleons swirl in a vortex, due to the Coriolis effect (proportional to their velocity and the rapid rotation of Jupiter), producing the Great Red Spot where they exit the atmosphere (Figure 1). A compact vortex of these doubly charged helions circles Jupiter prograde (yellow in Figure 1), generating the unusual magnetodisk magnetic field of Jupiter (Figure 2). The magnetic field is powerful because it is produced in space, not shielded within the planet,as on Earth.The circulating helions are lost to space as fast as they are produced after circling Jupiter a few times (~60 seconds). Due to their high concentration, most have no chance of encountering electrons during this period.

The Energetic Particle Instruments on Ulysses, Cassini, and the Galileo orbiter detected ‘storms’ of high energy, electrically charged ‘dust particles’ at great distances from Jupiter. Juno encountered these same high energy particles on its way to Jupiter,  when their impacts on the solar panels splashed glowing secondary particles through the field of view of the star telescopes used for measuring the orientation of the magnetometer. These observations suggest that the helions (3He++) lost were dispersed through the enormous clouds of electrons in the outer reaches of the Jupiter system, where they captured electrons, becoming the stable 3He+. Although close to Jupiter, the Galileo atmospheric probe identified large numbers of high energy helium ions, 3He+, “of unknown origin” because the helions captured electrons and were slowed down as they passed through the massive atmospheric heat shield, which had not yet been ejected, thereby becoming identifiable.were detected

Fig.4 UV images of North and South auroral ovals.

Directly above the GRS two helion vortices penetrate the circulating cloud and become captured helically in the magnetic field (blue in Figure 1). These impact the north and south polar regions. The high velocities (17,800 km/s) of the 4.98 MeV helions (3He++) ensure powerful impacts in the atmosphere, producing the deep auroral ovals. The depth to which these ions penetrate the atmosphere is illustrated in the JIRAM images taken in the H3 band (Figure 3). However, the most energetic radiation from the auroral ovals, is in the Ultra Violet, evidenced by years of images by the Hubble space telescope. The Juno UltraViolet Imaging Spectrometer, encompassing the H II bands (Lyman, Werner, and Rydberg) and H Ly  α bands, produced the images in Figure 4 and measured the auroral power at 3 – 5 Tw (Terrawatts).

Some of the heavy elements released by the heat of the fusion reaction are carried within the rising vortex as ions with much lesser velocities. The impacts of these produce the intermittent brightenings that are observed interior to the UV ovals. The ovals are ‘permanent’ because the fusion reaction is continuous. The southern auroral oval is more circular than the northern one because the ion path from the GRS, at 22 º S. Lat., is shorter. As shown in Figure 1, the vortical streams move prograde in longitude as they flow to the poles due to the angular momentum imparted to them by the rotation of Jupiter.  Because to two vortices travel different distances, the longitude offsets of the north and south auroral ovals are slightly different. The distortion of the northern oval in NASA videos reveals that it moves with the rotation of Jupiter because the geographical reference longitudes added are from System III, which is defined by the location of the Great Red Spot. This gives the impression that the magnetic field is generated in the interior, but it is not.

The Origin of the UltraViolet Auroras

The vortical flow of ~ 1028 /s  helions impacting around each of Jupiter’s poles, with velocities as high as 17,800 km/sec, produces a 3He++ Ly α UV continuum with an edge at 228 Å, produced by the capture of electrons by the helions as they enter the atmosphere.  This edge is at much shorter wavelengths than the hydrogen Ly α UV, the edge of which is at 700 Å.  This higher energy UV radiation from Jupiter’s aurora was detected in 1989, but interpreted as Doppler (blue) shifted H Ly α. [Clark et al., Doppler Shifted H Ly α Emission from Jupiter’s Aurora, GRL v. 16, N. 6, 1989.] The auroral UV radiation on Jupiter is currently thought to be from methane, because methane absorption bands obscure some of the radiation, but methane is not its origin.

Clear Blue Water at the poles

Fig. 5. The blue oceans at both poles of Jupiter resulting from the helion bombardment melting the top layer of the MGH that comprise the body of the Jupiter.

The energy incident on the polar regions has penetrated so deeply that it has melted the Methane Gas Hydrate surface of the planet in both north and south polar areas. When MGH is heated, the methane, which is physically encapsulated by twelve or more water molecules, is released and the water remains. The JunoCam has revealed the blue water covering both polar areas for the entire world to see – except for the Juno scientists who are so comitted to the ‘gas giant’ assumption that they are not able to comprehend what they are seeing. We can now travel to Jupiter but will need to take boats.

 

This day before dawn, I ascended a hill and looked at the crowded heaven. And I said to my spirit ‘When we become the enfolders of these orbs, and the pleasure and knowledge of everything in them, shall we be filled and satisfied then? And my spirit said ‘No, we level that lift to pass and continue beyond.’                                            Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass

How Much Helium on Jupiter?

•September 17, 2018 • Comments Off on How Much Helium on Jupiter?

Jupiter has been thought to comprise 90% hydrogen and 10% helium since 1930 due to the detection of spectra of methane and ammonia by Rupert Wildt. His model comprised a solid core of rock and metal surrounded by a layer of ice and a thick gaseous envelope. Based on the elements thought to have been created at the big bang, the composition the gaseous envelope has been proposed to be similar. The Galileo atmospheric probe was designed to measure the mole fraction, used for gases, and the mass fraction of helium, because this was thought to provide information supporting the idea that all hydrogen and helium was created at the big bang, and since it has not, is now claimed to provide information on the way in which planets are formed.

Surprizingly, the instrument designed to determine the mole fraction, called the Helium Abundance Detector (HAD) measured only the index of refraction of samples of atmospheric gases captured in a cell compared with a similar reference cell.  This is stated in the paper published about the measurement   “Helium in Jupiter’s atmosphere: Results from the Galileo probe Helium Interferometer Experiment”, by U. von Zahn, D. M. Hunten and G. Lehmacher.

“Among the seven scientific probe instruments was our HAD instrument. Its approach to measure accurately the Jovian He2 ratio was based on the following considerations: more than 99.5% of the Jovian atmosphere consists of hydrogen and helium. Hence, to a first approximation, we can consider this atmosphere to be a binary gas mixture, for which the mole fraction qHe of helium can be derived from the ratio of refractive indices.”

Note the word “considerations” to disguise its harsher meaning “assumptions”. The instrument was designed based on the assumption that Jupiter is comprised of hydrogen and helium!

An obvious problem with this is apparent in color photographs of Jupiter, which is covered with clouds of various colors, the elements of which they are comprised have never been identified spectroscopically. This means that they are crystalline or dust. If so, they are denser than hydrogen and helium and are falling to the surface as fast as they are produced.

Moreover, cyclic catastrophism claims that the elements comprising them are continuously being released from the Methane Gas Hydrate and that process has continued for thousands of years. The presence of these heavy elements has a major impact on the Helium mole fraction , qHE and the Helium mass fraction Y, below.. The following are the results quoted in the same paper:

“In calculating the HAD results, we presume that the abundance ratio He/H2 is constant throughout the pressure range under study. The value of the measured helium abundance can be expressed numerically in various ways.  These are shown in (7)-(10).

The helium mole fraction qHe, also mixing ratio (equal to the ratio of He atom number density over total atom and molecule number densities), is
qHe = N(He) / (N(H2)+ N(He)+ N(heavy  elements)) = 0.1359 +/- 0.0027   ”

Here we note that the number density of heavy elements at Jupiter is so small that its rigorous inclusion in the calculation of qHe does not affect the value given above. The same cannot be said of the contribution of the mass of heavy elements in calculating Y (see below).

Abundance ratio R of helium (He) relative to hydrogen (H2) (equal to the ratio of He atom number density over H2 molecule number density) is

R = N(He) / N(H2) = 0.157+/- 0 .003

The ratio of helium mass density over the sum of helium and hydrogen mass densities is

m(He) / (m (H2) + m (He)) = 0.238 +/- 0 .005

The helium mass fraction Y (equal to the helium mass densitover the total mass density) is

Y = m (He) /(m ( H2 )+ m ( He ) + m (heavy elements)) = 0.005                 ”

 

Unidentified Radiation from Jupiter

•September 14, 2018 • Comments Off on Unidentified Radiation from Jupiter

Fig. 1. Fusion reaction flowing to GRS. Reflected energy from NEB.

As explained in previous posts and my latest paper on Jupiter, a powerful fusion reaction on the surface of Jupiter, just below the clouds 50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot, is responsible for all the observed features on the giant planet. The decline in the radiation, which has lasted 6,000 years, is evident in the observable shrinking of the Great Red Spot. The reaction is currently producing an energy equal to the amount of sunlight illuminating Jupiter but the source of this “excess luminescence” remains a mystery to the entire astronomical community.

This should not be the case, since Jupiter is radiating a spectrum never before observed. The reaction, D + P ->  3He++ + 4.98MeV, is currently producing 1030 Helions per second. In laboratory experiments the 3He++ immediately capture one electron becoming 3He+, which is a stable ion often used radioastronomical studies of Large Dark Nebulae as extremely low signals called ‘spin flips’, transitions between ground states. This radiation has never been observed from a single source, only as tiny peaks at wavelengths of 3.46 cm collected over long integration times.

Fig. 2 Jupiter’s UV auroral Ovals and Galilean Satellite footprints

Fig. 3 Helion streams which produce Jupiter’s magnetic field. Blue are the vortical streams deflected to the poles.

The radiation from the electron capture by  3He++  particles has never been observed in laboratory reactions because these particles immediately capture an electrom, resulting in stable 3He+ particles leading to the common incorrect notation  D + P ->  3He+ + γ.  However, because of the massive numbers of these particles being produced on Jupiter and beamed by the strong Coriolis effect on Jupiter, only the outer particles in the vortices reentering the atmosphere at the poles capture electrons forming the far UV radiation at the auroral ovals and some are captured in the fluxtubes of the Galilean moons forming their ‘footprints’. However, the same radiation is coming from larger numbers of 3He++ particles in the primary (yellow) beam, currently known as the inner radiation belt, when they escape into the surrounding space where Jupiter’s electron belts dominate and emit the same spectrum from a diffuse space surrounding Jupiter.

This Logos holds always but humans always prove unable to understand it, both before hearing it and when they have first heard it. For though all things come to be in accordance with this Logos, humans are like the inexperienced when they experience such words and deeds as I set out, distinguishing each in accordance with its nature and saying how it is. But other people fail to notice what they do when awake, just as they forget what they do while asleep.  Heraclitus

Jupiter Dynamo?

•September 10, 2018 • Comments Off on Jupiter Dynamo?

Fig. 1 (a) Jupiter magnetic Field (b) Downward continued field, Moore, K. M. et al

A recent paper in Nature Communications “A complex dynamo inferred from the hemispheric dichotomy of Jupiters magnetic field”, Moore, K. M. et al. begins by stating that Jupiter’s magnetic field is generated by a dynamo in its interior, but adds  “we find that Jupiter’s magnetic field is different from all other known planetary magnetic fields”. The authors claim that although Jupiter’s magnetic field is primarily a dipole the magnetic field in the northern hemisphere (Figure 1 a) displays more of a “non-dipole field” than in the southern hemisphere “with most of the flux emerging from the ‘dynamo’ region in a narrow band in the northern hemisphere, some of which “returns through an intense isolated patch near the equator”. The authors calculate the fields in Figure 1b stating it is the field at 90% of the radius of the planet, that is, 7,000 km below the surface. However, this ‘downward continuation’ of the currently measured field at high elevations assumes there are no field sources between the satellite orbit and the surface of the planet, which is not true on Jupiter.

Fig. 2 Juno orbits

One reason there is more detail in the northern hemisphere is that Juno’s first pass (PJ1) was closer to the north (35,000-km) than the south pole (70,000-km) and due to the precession of the orbit (Figure 2) the perijove (closest point in each orbit) is now (9/7/2018) at 16.6° N Lat. The elevations of the orbit above the poles has been too great to detect the particles which produce the powerful auroral ovals.

Cyclic Catastrophism

As explained in a number of posts on this site, the magnetic fields of the giant planets are completely different from the Earth’s. Jupiter’s magnetic field is generated by a powerful stream (1032/s) of low mass, doubly charged ions called helions ( 3Ne++) circling Jupiter prograde at 17,800 km/s (yellow in Figure 3). The external magnetic field of Jupiter is sixty times more powerful than the field of the Earth because the particles generating it are in space, not shielded by the solid planet. The particles are continuously being generated by a ‘fusion furnace’ at the center of a 6,000-year old impact crater on the surface of Jupiter some 50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot fusing vast amounts of deuterium and protons (D + P -> 3Ne++ + 4.98 MeV) that comprise the solid Methane Gas Hydrate planet.

Fig. 3. Helion streams which produce Jupiter’s magnetic field are yellow. Blue are the vortical streams deflected to the poles which produce the auroral ovals.

The helions’ high velocities and the rapid revolution of Jupiter combine to form a helion vortex which exits the atmosphere forming the Great Red Spot. The stream then combines with the powerful stream of helions circling the planet near the equator, currently believed to be a dangerous nuisance called the ‘Inner Radiation Belt’. The belt was originally thought to comprise electrons, but the Juno JEDI instrument has found that it comprises positive ions. JEDI was not able to identify the helions or determine the direction of their motion because their velocity is too high, therefore NASA scientists assume the particles in the ‘radiation belt’ are ‘mirroring’, travelling both prograde and retrograde as in radiation belts of the Earth.

Above the Great Red Spot, two streams of helions are deflected toward the north and south poles where their powerful impacts produce the constant auroral ovals (blue in Figure 3).

Fig. 4. Turbulence at northern edge of GRS deflects some of the helion flow.

A previous presentation by John Connerney of NASA provided a video of the same magnetic field as the cited paper, which also includes the cloud features on Jupiter. Comparison of the video with Figure 4. shows that the anomalous magnetic field described in the cited article as magnetiic flux  “returns through an intense isolated patch near the equator” is due to the deflection of the counter-clockwise helion motion at the northern edge of the Great Red Spot by an eastward jet stream which produces the turbulence on the northwest . . THis comparison shows that the north edge of the Great Red Spot collides with the eastward jet stream, resulting in a large zone of turbulence to its northwest. This causes a clockwise swirling of the helions at that point, sensed by the MAG instrument as a reversed magnetic field. The main counter-clockwise stream of invisible helions goes upward and impacts the inner belt above the Great Red Spot.

The reduction of the diameter and intensity of the Great Red Spot over the lifetime of the Juno mission 800-days is evidence of the decrease in the power of the fusion reaction and can more accurately be determined by a decline in the strength of Jupiter’s magnetic field during that period. If NASA compares the total magnetic field data from the first Juno pass with the most recent values they will find this decrease and will have to add this to the long list of unexplained observations..

 

Saturn’s North Pole Hexagon

•September 7, 2018 • Comments Off on Saturn’s North Pole Hexagon

Fig. 1 Hexagon clouds at Saturn’s north pole

A new article in Nature Communications Sept.3, 2018 reports that the famous hexagon cloud extends 300 km above the surrounding cloud-tops. The hexagon resembles one seen lower in the atmosphere by Cassini. Former Cassini scientists state: “The edges of this newly-found vortex appear to be hexagonal, precisely matching a famous and bizarre hexagonal cloud pattern we see deeper down in Saturn’s atmosphere. … … understanding how and why Saturn’s north polar vortex has assumed a hexagonal shape will shed light on how phenomena deeper down in an atmosphere can influence the environment high up above, something that is of particular interest to scientists trying to figure out how energy is transported around in planetary atmospheres.”

However, referring to an earlier post on Jupiter’s cyclones, hexagons on Saturn do not seem that unique. The northern edges of Jupiter’s cyclones define polygons with different numbers of sides surrounding both the north and south poles. As explained in numerous previous posts, both Jupiter and Saturn are solid, low density, highly deuterated methane gas hydrate (MGH) planets, which means that impacts on their surfaces cause fusion explosions which can continue to burn for a long time – on Jupiter the one producing all of its features has been burning for 6,000 years. That same fusion reaction on Jupiter blazed material into space for the first 5,000+ years which formed all the near-Earth asteroids we see today. Unfortunately for Saturn, it has been the prime target for hundreds of such bodies, which still impact it to this day.

The ongoing bombardment of these bodies impacting Saturn has blasted enormous amounts of water into its rings and atmosphere. Although the solid portion of both are the same composition, their average densities, using the cloud-top radii are Jupiter 1,330. and Saturn 687 kg/m^3. This difference is due to the expanded atmosphere of Saturn which is still being ‘fed’ by ongoing impact fusion furnaces burning its excess deuterium. Similar cyclones imaged in Jupiter’s polar regions are circulating deep in Saturn’s atmosphere, but they increase in diameter as they rise into the much larger diameter atmosphere. The most northern edges form the edges of the famous hexagon at Saturn’s north pole and their higher velocities result in its slight elevation, which is only a tiny fraction of their altitude above the surface. The following quote can be applied to the Jupiter/Saturn couple.

Couples are things whole and not whole, what is drawn together and what is drawn asunder, the harmonious and discordant. The one is made up of all things, and all things issue from the one.        Heraclitus Fr. 10

New Mars Mission

•August 30, 2018 • Comments Off on New Mars Mission

A new mission, INSIGHT, has been launched and will land on Mars in November. Its instruments are focused on the interior, via measuring heat flow from the interior and monitoring passive seismic signals. A question being addressed is to find the origin of the Tharsis Bulge. Instead of waiting for the first data, the mission overview announces that all the rocky planets are older than 4 billion years. The heat flow instrument is designed to be pounded 16 feet into the surface, but at different depths it emits heat pulses and records the resulting temperature of the soil and the decay rate to determine the thermal conductivity of of that layer. Although the landing site is thousands of km from the Tharsis Bulge, they claim that the heat flow instrument extending a mere 16 feet will “provide clues” to the heat source that raised Olympus Mons which is three times the elevation of Mt. Everest. For thirty years dozens of probes have studied Mars, Venus, Mercury and Jupiter ‘providing clues’ but have not determined the origin or makeup of any of them. The true origin and makeup of these bodies are all explained on this website.

Around 4000 BC proto-Venus made close passes to both the Earth and Mars, raising enormous anomalous masses on these planets: the Tibetan-Himalayan Complex and the Tharsis Bulge respectively. These huge anomalous masses in the lithospheres cannot be generated by processes in the interior of an isolated body. The uplifted masses were used as ‘handles’ allowing close approaches of other planets to control the motion of their entire lithospheres as a unit, completely independent of the planets mantle and core. The most extreme example of this was the repeated capture and release of Mars in a geostationary orbit of the Earth, which produced the beautiful granite mountains which expanded the continents of the Earth and blasted the full complement of life on Mars to cover the Earth.

Once this process was completed, in 687 BC, the solid iron core of Mars, called Hathor (Egypt), Sarama (RigVeda), Hermes (Greek) and Mercury (Roman), exited Mars for the last time and became the planet Mercury. Scientists have found that Mars has no solid core and no magnetic field, and that Mercury is a solid chunk of iron with a magnetic field but being stuck with the assumption that the solar system has been in its current configuration for 4.6 billion years, will continue to look for ‘clues’ to the origin of these for another thirty years.

Based on the fragments of his writing, Heraclitus, who lived perhaps a century after the Vedic Period, tried to explain the planetary encounters to the Greeks told in the overly complex myths of Homer and Hesiod, but was labelled a heretic in those times, because the Greek hierarchy had adopted a standard model, just as modern science has. Some of his quotes are given below.

 

“Whoever cannot seek the unforeseen sees nothing, for the known way is an impasse.”

“Stupidity is doomed, therefore, to cringe at every syllable of wisdom.”

“Even what those with the greatest reputation for knowing it all, claim to understand and defend, are but opinions.”

“Give me one man from among ten thousand if he is the best”
― Heraclitus, Fragments

Megadroughts and Collapse From Early Agriculture

•August 25, 2018 • Comments Off on Megadroughts and Collapse From Early Agriculture

“Megadrought and Collapse From Early Agriculture to Angkor”, Edited by Harvey Weiss, from Oxford University Press, opines that severe drought caused the collapse of civilizations throughout the Levant in three chapters:

2. 6600-6000 cal BP Abrupt Climate Change and Neolithic Dispersal from West Asia,by Bernard Weninger and Lee Clare
3. 4.2 ka BP Megadrought and the Akkadian Collapse, by Harvey Weiss
4. 3.2 ka BP Megadrought and the Late Bronze Age Collapse, by Daniel Kaniewski and Elise Van Campo

Clues to the actual cause of these collapses is quite evident. They are present in the forms of pyramids, tells and ziggurats throughout these areas. These massive structures, each requiring millions of man-hours, were not constructed so that the people could get ‘closer to the gods’, as currently assumed by ‘scholars’. They acted as ‘lifeboats’ constructed so that thousands of people would not be carried far from their homelands by floods every fifteen years.

These floods did not just rise up from an accumulation of water, they were sudden, massive and forceful flows, as evidenced by the great mass, height and stable shapes of the structures. The Egyptians initially tried building large ships to survive the floods, a few were discovered by archaeologists anchored by huge rocks in the desert at Abydos, but the Egyptians found that the ships were carried across the Red Sea and stranded when the waters continued eastward leaving the Mediterranean and Red Seas as empty wildernesses and the ships high and dry.

The floods alternated from west to east. Mars was captured in a geostationary orbit 35,000 km above the Himalayas, ninety-nine times between 3687 and 587 BC. Its tidal drag slowed the rotation of the entire lithosphere by 24 km/hr relative to the asthenosphere (mantle) and caused powerful eastward flows from the eastern Atlantic, Mediterranean and Red Seas across the entire Eurasian continent, forming a tidal bulge 5,000 m high surrounding the Himalayas. This emptied the Mediterranean and Red Seas for 14.4-years (see Messinean Salinity Crisis). Each time Mars was released, the water flowed back it its normal levels creating slightly weaker westward flow. In the Biblical story of the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt, the Red Sea was first described as the wilderness. After the Jews crossed, the westward return flow, refilled the Red Sea as the Egyptian army pursued them. The eastward flows also flooded western Africa and remained trapped by the elevation along the coast, causing the poor agricultural yields there to this day.

Saltwater Caused Collapse of Agriculture

The flows lasted less than a week and damaged poorly built structures, but the primary collapse of agriculture resulted from the repeated deposition of seawater across the land. This same east and west flooding left clues across the entire Eurasian continent now thought to be evidence of ancient Tethys, and Paratethys Oceans, because of the presence of saltwater organisms, imagined to have separated ancient supercontinents, Rodina and Laurasia.

The enormous effects of a planet, the mass of Mars plus Mercury, 35,000 km above the Himalaya, tidally linked to the lithosphere, created the plutons which shaped the continents and their locations between 3687 and 687 BC – events currently thought to have happened in the Archaean age 2.5 and 3.8 billion years BP.

A similar article “Why Did the Mayan Civilization Collapse? ” by By Joseph Stromberg on Smithsonian.com, comes to the same conclusion as the book cited above. The same cosmic events account for this collapse. The indirect tidal force of Mars caused flows toward the antipode of Mt. Kailas in the south Pacific (31° S Lat., 99° W Lon.), Carribean Sea waters flowed across central America, as evidenced by the many more pyramids constructed by the Mayan culture.

Though this Word is true evermore, yet men are as unable to understand it when they hear it for the first time as before they have heard it at all. For, though all things come to pass in accordance with this Word, men seem as if they had no experience of them, when they make trial of words and deeds such as I set forth, dividing each thing according to its kind and showing how it is what it is. But other men know not what they are doing when awake, even as they forget what they do in sleep.          Heraclitus

 

Origin of Mid-Lithosphere Discontinuities

•August 17, 2018 • Comments Off on Origin of Mid-Lithosphere Discontinuities
  1. During the Younger Dryas, the entire lithosphere of the Earth was inverted 180 degrees without changing its rotation and then returned by two close passes of a large body acting on the Himalaya, and the Moon was captured marking the beginning of the Holocene. These inversions of the lithosphere heated the asthenosphere and caused the oceans of the Earth to flow across the continents, covering them with salty ocean-bottom material that began the destruction of the serpentine dinosaur life.
  2. 6,000-years BP proto-Venus, was born from an impact on Jupiter, a solid, highly deuterated, low density methane gas hydrate giant planet.
  3. Proto-Venus, called A-diti (un-bounded) in the RigVeda, rampaged through the solar system, ejected Mars, a beautiful planet, 600 million years older than the Earth and full of life, from its ancient Venus-like orbit into an orbit that intersected that of the Earth.
  4. Close passes of the incandescent proto-Venus overturned the lithosphere of the Earth two more times, by tidal impulses on the Himalaya, scorching the Earth from the Sahara to the  Himalaya, leaving the iridium layer and destroying all remaining dinosaur life, further deepening and heating the asthenosphere and covering the Earth with two more layers of ocean-bottom material.
  5. Mars then became captured in a geostationary orbit 35,000-km above Mt. Kailas “Indra’s Home on Earth”, the focus of the raised Tibetan-Himalayan anomaly, for 14.4-years at a time and was then released for 15.6-years. This 30-year cycle (a day and a night of Brahma) was repeated 99 times, during which period all the life-forms on Mars were blasted to the Earth each time Mars passed through alignments with the Moon or the Sun and Moon combined. This material covered the Earth with 50-km or more of sedimentary rocks, soil, 150-m of water and live sprouts in manna, Soma and Haoma. The physical differences between this layer and the sea-bottom layers below are the source of strong Lithosphere Discontinuities MLD,resulting in large Poisson ratios.
  6. Although Mt. Kailas is located at 31 N Latitude, the tidal drag of Mars forced the entire lithosphere to rotate with Kailas remaining in the ecliptic plane, and slowed its rotation to 360 days per year, using the heated and thickened asthenosphere as a bearing and a source of rhyolite for continent building.
  7. During each 14.4-year kalpa, Mars raised each 20-m layer of the Deccan traps from the asthenosphere, but because the silicates in the asthenospheric rhyolite dissolved in the ocean, the Traps are composed of basalt. The tidal drag of Mars slowed the rotation of the lithosphere relative to the mantle (by 24 mph) and the ample rhyolite flowed as plutons up into the continents, layer by layer, wherever they were low (for example what are now recognized as the Tethys and Paratethys oceans), and given the time between the kalpas, the rhyolite cooled slowly, forming the low density granite found only in the continents of the Earth.
  8. The plutons, although homgeneous, have recently been found to have been produced incrementally, just as the Deccan Traps and at the same times..
  9. The tidal drag of Mars moved the continents westward, creating subduction zones on the west coasts of the Eurasian and African continents. The ebb and flow of the Atlantic, Med (Messinean salinity crisis) and Red sea to and from the tidal bulge surrounding the Himalaya (samudra in the RigVeda) created a seaway, currently imagined to be evidence of an ancient Tethys Sea that separated  super continents Gondwana and Laurasia.
  10. The horizontal gravitational attraction of Mars, 6.6 earth-radii above the Himalaya, on the North and South American continents drew them westward opening up the mid-Atlantic rift and causing the Pacific ring of fire.