The Geophysics of Mars’ Captures and Releases

•December 7, 2018 • Comments Off on The Geophysics of Mars’ Captures and Releases

Capture

Fig. 1 Orbits of Earth, Mars and proto-Venus between Mars’ geostationary encounters  showing capture and release points.

Mars was originally in a Venus-like orbit providing plenty of sunlight, oceans and was full of life. Proto-Venus was created by an explosive impact on Jupiter and raged into the inner solar system with excess kinetic energy. It exchanged orbital energy with Mars, bringing Mars into an orbit that intersected that of the Earth (Figure 1). Mars approached Earth (Nov.1) on the night side when Mt. Kailas (31° N Lat.), the gravitational focus of the Himalayas, was 36 ° above the ecliptic. The Himalayas, which acted as a handle of the entire lithosphere, became tidally linked to Mars, forcing the lithosphere of the Earth to rotate more slowly with Mt. Kailas remaining in the ecliptic plane for each 14.4-year encounter.  In this configuration angular momentum and kinetic energy were conserved.

Fig. 2. Lithospere motion relative to mantle. (Differential Rotation … Ricardi et al JGR May 1991)

Evidence of this recent rotation of the lithosphere is shown in Figure 2. The slowing of the lithosphere was the reason all ancient cultures had two calendars, of 360 and 365.25 days per year. During each encounter the rapid motion of the lithosphere relative to the mantle (24 km/hr) continuously supplied silicate lava up into the continents where they were shallow. The crystallization of this material, during the 15.6-year intervals between encounters, as  layers of granite, formed the plutons, which although homogeneous are now known to be layered. Ninety-nine encounters in 3,000 years supplied all of the granite which raised the continents between 3687 and 687 BC. The tidal drag of Mars also created the subduction zones on the western continental coasts and their associated mountains ranges, e.g. Rockies and Andes and drew North and South America westward opening up the continental divide in the mid Atlantic and creating the Pacific “ring of fire”. The remaining signs of subduction and lithosphere motion are merely the aftermath of these geologically recent events. (Figure 3)

Fig. 3. Subduction zones along west coast of N & S American Continents

Mars

The lithosphere of Mars also revolved independently during each capture period. The mass anomaly, Tharsis Bulge, on its equator was forced to remain equidistant from the Earth (think about it) resulting in the north pole of Mars lithosphere remaining oriented toward the Earth. All the water in Mars’ northern hemisphere was drawn toward the north pole (outflow channels) at each capture by tidal effect of the Earth. The same tidal effect more slowly melted and

Fig 4 Mars northern island covered with last maelstrom, surrounded by sedimentary deposits from the northern ocean.

drew up lava (the world egg) which formed an island at Mars north pole, identified in Genesis as the raqia (Figure 4). The continuous tidal effect then formed a unique hardened vertical lava tube column, resembling a Banyan tree 2,000 km high which became the most propitiated deity in every culture in the world, called Osiris, Atlas, Brahma, Zeus, Yggdrasil and “the column of smoke and fire” in the Bible. Convulsions often shattered the column spreading scoria over the

Fig. 5 Viking 2 site, 48 N Lat. surrounded by scoria from collapsed lava column at north pole.

northern third of Mars (Figure 5). As on Earth, the relative motion of the lithosphere and the interior provided unlimited lava for hundreds of volcanoes in Mars northern hemisphere which blasted rocks, soil, saline water, atmosphere, and vegetation to the Earth when alignments with the Moon or with the Moon and Sun combined caused convulsions within Mars. This explains the fact that the northern third of Mars is now 7 km below the datum. Moon alignments occurred potentially every fifteen days when the inclined orbit of the Moon crossed the ecliptic. This rock, soil, water, atmosphere and vegetation (as manna, Soma, haoma) now covers the entire Earth.

Releases

As a result of transferring orbital energy to Mars, Venus, then in its eccentric interior orbit (Figure 1) reached aphelion and inferior conjunction every 30 years on the vernal equinox of the fourteenth year of each capture period. Mars’ alignment with Venus, in addition to the Moon and Sun, caused enormous convulsions shattering the hardened lava column and exposing the large volcanic vent in the northern island which fed the great column. The indirect tidal forces of the three combined to raise the northern ocean above the island, which then cascaded into the deep vent as a whirlpool or maelstrom (Figure 5) and flashed to steam. The pressure opened the 4,000-km long fault, called the Valles Marineris, and forced the solid iron core out, which at first was called the “eye of Ra”, but it continued out as an independent body Hathor, one third of the mass of the ancient Mars. The core’s ejection, to the east, reduced the velocity of the outer shell of Mars which started to drift to the west leaving Earth orbit. The solid core, also called Sarama (RgVeda), Hermes (Greek), Mercury (Roman) and The Sun Star in Hebrew Tanach, zoomed low around the Earth to the East in a slingshot maneuver, “killing men in the desert”, caught up to the shell in eight days and reentered the gap before it attained its holding orbit (Figure 1). Each complete cycle, capture and release, occurred ninety-nine times.

Fig. 6 Venus and Mercury cavorting in a 5th century BC

Solid Core Became Mercury

At the end of the last encounter, 687 BC, the solid core was deflected by Venus so did not reunite with the shell. The shell contracted to become the present diminutive planet we currently waste billions to ‘explore’. The solid core, now called Mercury, interacted with Venus for several centuries (Figure 6) and then settled into  their current orbits, where planetary scientists believe(and teach) they have been for 4.6 billion years! In the Bible the planets involved were termed sinning angels and although He used them to perform this greatest miracle, were sentenced by Jehovah, not to Hell as told for Lucifer (Venus) in Isaiah 14:15, but as stated in the the Greek Septuagint, to tartarus, places of restraint, that is, their current orbits, no longer a threat to the Earth.

The time has come to remember this miracle.

Isaiah 65:17 (KJV)  For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.

 

Insight into Mars

•December 4, 2018 • Comments Off on Insight into Mars

Fig. 1. Egyptian drawing of the solid iron core ready for ejection from Mars through what they called the ‘double doors’, the Valles Marineris.

Mars was full of beautiful life forms as recently as 3687 BC and was in a Venus-like orbit with ample sunlight. At that date it was deflected by proto-Venus into an orbit crossing that of the Earth. From this orbit It was repeatedly captured in a geostationary orbit of the Earth for 14.4-years and released for 15.6-years on the vernal equinox by the alignments of Venus, Moon and Sun. This 30-year cycle was repeated ninety-nine times. During this Vedic period all the life resources of Mars were blasted to the Earth by convulsions when it passed through alignments with the Moon or the Sun and Moon combined.

Mars escaped this orbit each time when the solid iron core was ejected. It zoomed around the Earth to the East in a slingshot maneuver and caught up to the shell of the planet which drifted west over the Middle East with a gaping hole  and caught up to it in eight days and reentered. The solid core exited and reentered through the Valles Marineris. At the last encounter the solid core was deflected by proto-Venus and did not recombine with the outer shell, which then collapsed in on itself and is now the diminutive Mars,only a shell of its former self, and entered its current distant orbit only 2,700-years ago. The solid core interacted with (still) proto-Venus and the two, currently called Venus and Mercury, settled into their current orbits.

As a result, the vegetation, rock, soil, salt, atmosphere, oceans on Mars in 3687 BC were completely blasted to the Earth, leaving Mars a desolate place. The search for microscopic life and the idea of terra-forming Mars are ludicrous. The Valles Marineris will surely show signs of the tens of ninety-nine ejections and reentries, extending from the surface deep into the liquid core. Due to over ten thousand convulsions there will be much more heat coming out of Mars than expected. Unfortunately, evolutionist academia wants you to believe the entire solar system is 4.6 billion years old, so they continue to interpret all data from the planets in these terms. That is why they cannot interpret Pioneer Venus and Juno data.

Fig. 2 Valles Marineris as seen when priori-Mars orbited Earth

Fig. 3. The Eye of Ra hieroglyph, An obvious image of Valles Marineris with the core exiting

In the Pepi I Meryre (“beloved of Ra”) funerary epic the Valles Marineris was termed the “double doors” and states specifically that it took eight days for the core (Hathor) to close the distance and recombine with the shell. This was observed by ninety-nine generations of mankind. The Egyptians celebrated these releases with the Sed Festivals, every 30 years. The passing of the shell over the Middle East at each release was the origin of the Jewish Passover, which is celebrated at the vernal equinox for eight days. The Vedic Aryans celebrated a nine-nights festival and the Persian new year Nowroz, (nine nights) is also celebrated at the vernal equinox.

There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.

The Cosmic Origin of the RgVeda

•November 24, 2018 • Comments Off on The Cosmic Origin of the RgVeda

The RgVeda, correctly interpreted, describes cosmic encounters which destroyed the serpentine, dinosaur-dominated Earth then rained down a new crust filled with modern life forms from Mars to terraform the Earth in a short 3,000 years while our forebears looked on in wonder. Venus (as Agni) destroyed the dinosaur world, The life-forms we accept, including all mammals, flowering plants and fruit trees were transferred from Mars (Indra), and the 30-year cyclic repetitions of the encounters were made possible by eight day appearances of Mercury (Sarama), thus the Passover celebration of eight days. The cosmic events were far more powerful than any imagined by modern geologists, planetary scientists or even science fiction writers.

Modern science has been completely fooled by the present quiescent state of the solar system, leading to the unproven, indeed unproveable illusion that nothing has changed for  billions of years. The truth is that nothing visible in the solar system today is older than 6,000 years. All features on the surface of Mars are the detritus of 3,000 years of convulsions completed only 2,600-years BP. Mercury, Venus, the asteroid belt, and the Galilean moons were not present 6,000 years ago.  Astronomers teach condescendingly that clear evidence of water flowing on Mars is billions of years old. They fail to comprehend that these features would all have been obliterated by meteorite impacts in even one million years.

Below is the Table of Contents of “The Cosmic Origin of the RgVeda” by John Ackerman, which explains, for the first time in the history of the world, the meaning of the RgVeda. Including 42 Figures. The book has been offered to Penguin Random House India, which responded with an automated message that the ‘review’ will require six months from the Sept.7, 2018 submission date. The world has been waiting 2,705 years since the end of the Vedic Period, so a few more months does not seem such a long time. I will probably self-publish rather than waiting til then.

The Cosmic Origin of the RgVeda
© John Ackerman
Sept. 7, 2018

Introduction

1 Aditi & Agni
The Birth of Aditi
Sons of Aditi
Conflicts of Agni and Indra

2 The Minor Adityas
Ashvins and Ushas

3 Varuna
Varuna, King of Rta
Many Eyed
Mitra-Varuna

4 Indra
Indra – an Ugly Child
Indra’s Planetary Orbit
The Capture of Indra
Effects of the Earth on Mars
Sura versus Asura
The World Egg
Circum-Polar Stars
The Vedic Calendar
The Seven Holy Rishis
Agni’s Transfer to Indra
Indra’s Convulsions
Rāhu
Indra Releasing the Waters
Jyotisha
Vyatipata1
The Maruts
The Bones of Dadhyanc
Parjanya.
Indra’s Bow
Vayu
Rudra
Yama-Yami
Fear and Cynicism

5 Soma

6 Samudra-Apas
Samudra
Aryan Seafarers
Messinian Salinity Crisis
Siwalik Deposits
Origin of Himalayan Rivers
The Apas and Purisha
Purisha.

7 Prajapati – Agni – Brahmā
Narayana
The World Egg
The Four Heads of Brahmā
Seven Holy Rishis
Prajapati’s Sacrifices
Purusha Suktam
The Origin of the Varnas?
The Shamans Upside-Down Tree
Purusha and Viraj
The Navel in Myth
A Day and Night of Brahmā
Purusha – Heaven Supporting Pillar
Yugas
Length Of Kalpas

8 Siva
The Face of Siva

9 Vishnu
The Avataras of Vishnu
Churning of the Sea of Milk
Vishnu’s Three Great Strides
Dissolutions of the Universe

10 Saramā
The Cosmic View
Saramā’s Origin
The Paņis
Confirmation in Greek Myth
Vŗişhâkapi
Saramᾱ’s Fate
The End of Brahma’s Life

11 Geological Evidence
Deccan Traps
Global Orogony
Subduction of Oceanic Plates
Mid-Atlantic Ridge
No Ice Ages
Geomagnetic Field

Appendix A. The Surya Siddhanta

Additional Evidence for Cyclic Catastrophism

•November 5, 2018 • Comments Off on Additional Evidence for Cyclic Catastrophism

Fig. 1. Motion of lithosphere during kalpas detected. (Differential rotation between lithosphere & mantle: Yanick Ricard, Carlo Doglioni, Roberto Sabadini)
.

As explained in a number of previous posts, Mars orbited the Earth repeatedly for a total of 1,500 years in a geostationary orbit 35,000 km above Mt. Kailas in the Transhimalayas. During these encounters all of Mars’ crust, oceans, soils, atmosphere and biosphere were blasted to the Earth when alignments of the Earth-Mars pair with the Moon, and the Sun and Moon combined, occurred. The gravity of each planet on the other forced the lithosphere of the other to be reoriented. Geologists today have no idea that the entire lithosphere of a complete terrestrial planet can rotate independently from the mantle, even orthogonal to its axis, although there is a conceptual term for this, Tidal Drag. This same design, known today as dual axis spin stabilized, is used on all communications satellites.

The lithosphere of the Earth rotated so that Mt. Kailas, sacred to every eastern religion, remained in the ecliptic plane where Mars orbited. Figure 1 gives modern-day evidence of this recent, unique rotation. Geologists avoid this finding, since they have no explanation. Interestingly, there were no seasonal changes anywhere on the Earth during those encounters which, based on Greenland ice cores, were mistakenly interpreted as an ice age during the entire period, from 3687 to 687 BC.

Fig. 2 Caldera of Olympus Mons, where lava flows tilted toward Mars’ north pole have been measured.

Due to the massive Tharsis Bulge on its equator, the lithosphere of Mars continued to rotate (conservation of angular momentum) but became oriented so that its north pole remained oriented toward the Earth during each encounter. Therefore it was described in mythologies as a rotating wheel, churn or mill (See Hamlet’s Mill). Although ample evidence of this orientation is present on Mars in the form of (a) outflow channels flowing toward the north pole; (b) Oceanus Borealis, the Northern Ocean;  (c) the unique plateau at its north pole, which stands 3 km above the surrounding terrain, and (d) the fact that the entire northern third of Mars is 7 km below the datum, because during the geostationary encounters transient alignments with the Moon, particularly at eclipses, blasted rocks from hundreds of volcanoes in Mars Northern hemisphere.

Now New evidence has been published in the planetary journal Icarus. The strong gravitational field of the more massive, nearby Earth significantly influenced the field at the largest volcanoes on Mars equator, oriented normal to the Earth’s field, Olympus and Ascraeus Montes. The cited paper reports that the lava in the calderas of these mountains and other features near the equator are mysteriously ’tilted’ toward Mars’ north pole.

 To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old problems from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real advance in science. Albert Einstein

More Internal Heat from Jupiter

•October 30, 2018 • Comments Off on More Internal Heat from Jupiter

Fig. 1. Surface fusion reaction flowing to GRS is producing Jupiter’s internal heat.

A recent (41 page) paper published in Nature Communications, titled “Less absorbed solar energy and more internal heat for Jupiter” by Liming Li et al. goes to great effort to determine accurately the energy budget of Jupiter. A more accurate value is hoped to determine the source of Jupiter’s internal heat – a problem never solved due to the assumption it is a gas giant comprising 90% H2 and 10% helium.

The currently accepted hypotheses are (a) that the helium is suspended in the hydrogen and slowly ‘raining’ to a lower potential energy level. A very similar hypothesis is that Jupiter, after 4.6 billion years is still settling into its final form. However, the gravity measurements by Juno over 16 science passes show no such settling, indeed they have surprised the experts showing the mass is distributed more evenly than imagined. Quoting from the paper:

“Jupiter’s internal heat is estimated to be 7.485 ± 0.163 W m−2 by assuming energy equilibrium for Jupiter, which is 37.5 ± 8.8% larger than 5.444 ± 0.425 W m−2 from the previous best estimate. Furthermore, the new measurements suggest that the ratio of the emitted thermal power over the absorbed solar power is 2.132 ± 0.051, which is also significantly larger than 1.668 ± 0.085 from the previous estimate.”

Simply put, Jupiter’s internal heat radiation is significantly greater than that being absorbed from the Sun.

The authors add: “The significant increase in Jupiter’s internal heat found from our analyses necessitates a re-examination of three decades of models of the thermal evolution of the planet. Models of Jupiter that have included both its secular cooling and the implied depletion of helium into the deep interior have always produced an internal heat higher than the previous best evaluation from Pioneer/Voyager. With the new updated value of internal heat, the current evolutionary theories and models of Jupiter should be revisited.”

Fig. 2. Helion vortex produces Jupiter’s constant auroral ovals with power of 5 Terawatts.

As accurate as the methods appear, they are based completely on Cassini measurements from the ecliptic plane, i.e. no views of the polar areas are included. I note this because studies of the auroral ovals by Juno JIRAM have measured constant UV radiation at the level of 5 Terrawatts from each pole, where a Tw = 1012 watts (Figure 2).

‘Gas giant’ advocates will respond by publishing numerous papers, tinkering with their models of Jupiter’s interior, called the equation of state of a hydrogen/helium mixture, which has never been successfully determined. This has never been a high priority issue, because every scientist in the world is sure that Jupiter is a gas giant, as suggested by Rupert Wildt in 1930. That’s progress!

Cyclic Catastrophism
As posited in many articles on this site, (e.g. enter “Jupiter” in the Search window), Jupiter (also Saturn) is a solid, low density, highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) body which, since it is a clathrate, physically encapsulates all the elements in their known solar system abundances. The clathrate structure is (CH4)4(H2O)23. The highly deuterated state of Jupiter means that a lot of the H is actually D. Note that Jupiter is 80% water.
As a result, impacts on Jupiter trigger very powerful nuclear fusion explosions, out of which terrestrial planets were born. Smaller impacts such as the larger

Fig. 3 S-L 9 Mushroom cloud radiation were brighter than the total energy of Jupiter

Shoemaker-Levy 9 fragments also produced fusion bomb explosions when they hit the surfaces, the ‘main events’ of which were delayed 6 minutes because it took that long for the mushroom clouds to reach the cloud-tops (Figure 3).

The last big impact explosion occurred 6,000 years BP and produced proto-Venus. A continuous fusion burning created on Jupiter’s surface by that impact (Figure 1) has slowly declined over the last 6,000 years but is still producing Jupiter’s unexplained high internal heat, multiple wind bands and magnetic field. The fusion products are 1032 helions (3He++)/sec, each with an energy of 4.98 MeV, they are invisible but form the vortex seen as the Great Red Spot due to Coriolis effect, through which all the heavy elements being released from the MGH flow out into the upper atmosphere, forming the colored clouds which NASA scientists have not yet identified. That is why both Venus and Jupiter are hot. The energy from that impact currently being reflected back from space is what the Nobel geniuses tell us is radiation from the creation of the universe.

1 Corinthians 1:27-29 (KJV)
But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are:That no flesh should glory in his presence.

I too am not a bit tamed, I too am untranslatable,
I sound my barbaric yawp over the roofs of the world.”
― Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass

Proto-Venus Reformed the Solar System

•October 14, 2018 • Comments Off on Proto-Venus Reformed the Solar System

Fig. 1. Venus and Mercury ‘cavorting’ circa 4th Century BC

As discussed in the previous post proto-Venus first raged throughout the inner solar system less than 6000-years ago, which at that date comprised only a dinosaur-laden Earth and Mars in an interior orbit full of life as we know it today. Although the interaction of Venus with Mars prior to the 3,000-year Vedic Period, was described in myth as Indra (Mars) smashing the foot of Agni (incandescent Venus), its encounter with Mercury at the end of the Vedic Period was characterized as a more intimate one. It was even recorded as a piece of art (Figure 1). Two posts (2013),  post1 and  post2 , explained the clues left behind by Venus on Mercury.

In both instances, Venus left behind significant crime scene evidence, cosmic DNA. As discussed in the last installment, it took the form of the Medusae Fossae Formation on Mars but in the case of Mercury the same ‘DNA’ was deposited. However, because Mercury was super hot and dry, Venus’ hot sulfurous basalt deposit had only the magnetic field of Mercury with which to interact.

After ninety-nine captures and releases of Mars in its familiar geostationary orbit of the Earth, when the transfer of all its life-forms, crust, oceans, heavy elements, atmosphere and vegetation to the Earth was complete (687 BC), Mars’ solid core left the planet for the last time. It did not have a chance to zoom around the Earth and catch up to Mars as on the last ninety-nine encounters because it was attracted to Venus. Some romantics might believe it was due to her great beauty, but not to spoil the story it was her rta (gravitational attraction in the RgVeda). The two of them ‘cavorted’ for a couple of hundred years, eventually tiring and settling into their current orbits.

Fig. 2 Mercury’s north pole region with 1000 km basalt rise in foreground radar image is the deposit from proto-Venus.

When the core exited Mars, it had a powerful magnetic field, which has declined considerably in the last 2,300 years because the solid state superconductors within it needed to be under super-high pressure. (see Death of the Dynamo). But Venus’ basalt deposit near Mercury’s north pole became highly magnetized as it approached, cooled and hardened. MESSENGER imaged the deposit (Figure 2) and its magnetic field instruments discovered that the deposit has a much stronger field than the declining field in the interior of the core, now known as Mercury. The cited paper cannot explain the fact that the magnetic field of the deposit is opposite the internal magnetic field of Mercury. This was due to the gaseous form of the deposit cooling and forming miniature dipoles in space before contacting the surface. These became oriented opposite to the field of the planet before landing on the surface, that is, with their north poles oriented toward Mercury’s south, since opposite poles attract.

Fig. 3.  Mercurian Grid in Mariner 10 image 1973

At the time of its final ejection of the solid iron core from Mars, Mercury was covered with a sulfur-iron surface from the mantle which adhered to it. This surface layer contained many parallel grooves scratched across its surface by the rigid rocks on the north and south edges of the Valles Marineris from which it exited (Figure 3), but had yet no impact craters on its surface. This was seen from Earth and expressed in Greek myth which stated that Hermes (Mercury) invented the Lyre. The many craters now visible on Mercury formed by rocks blasted from Mars during its encounters with the Earth, which missed the Earth and have been falling toward the Sun for the last  6 to 2.6 millennia.

Venus final state is expressed in Isaiah 14:12-17 

“How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell (tartarus, a place of restraint in the Septuagint)), to the sides of the pit. They that see thee shall narrowly look upon thee, and consider thee, saying, Is this the body that made the earth to tremble, that did shake kingdoms; That made the world as a wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof; that opened not the house of his prisoners?”

Update of a Venus deposit on Mars

•October 9, 2018 • Comments Off on Update of a Venus deposit on Mars

Fig. 1 Extent of Medusae Fossae Formation & S/Cl color-coded from cited paper.

A recent post (July 13th) discussed an interesting ‘deposit’ on Mars’ surface and cited a published paper giving details. A new paper, “The Medusae Fossae Formation as the single largest source of dust on Mars” by Lujendra Ojha et al., (referencing 70 papers) concludes as stated, that this single ‘formation’ is the origin of most of the dust on Mars surface to this day. The analysis is simplified by the enormous extent of the deposit, its obvious erosion by wind (yardangs) and the unique ratio of sulfur to chlorine (S/Cl) in the deposit which is measurably present over the entire surface of the planet. The authors state:

“The estimated size of the deposit, prior to its global distribution, is estimated at  5 × 106 km2. The current mean thickness of the MFF exceeds 600 m. A comparable mean thickness between 100 and 600 m over the eroded areas would imply an eroded volume exceeding 3 × 105–1.8 × 106 km3. If distributed globally, this eroded volume of the MFF would be equivalent to a 2–12 m global layer of dust.”

Fig. 2. The MFF proximity to the Tharsis Bulge. Also from the cited paper

The low density and transparency to radar have led to the conclusion that it is similar to tephra, usually formed when hot liquid lava shoots from the Earth and comes in contact with water. However, there is no evidence of active volcanism and the wide extent of the MFF is not characteristic of volcanic activity. Analysis of deposits close to large volcanoes do not show the characteristic S/Cl ratio of the MFF and its distribution across the entire surface of Mars.

Cyclic Catastrophism, based on the ancient myths of diverse cultures, particularly the oldest, the RgVeda, explained in my earlier post, proto-Venus gravitationally deflected Mars from its ancient orbit, similar to Venus’ today, to an orbit which intersected that of the Earth. When both were visible as worlds, proto-Venus, which was an incandescent liquid planet at 10,000 K, was drawn into a droplet shape, with the pointed end extending toward Mars. This white-hot sulfurous liquid material struck the living surface of Mars covered with oceanic waters. The sulfur was the liqiud rocky-iron surface of proto-Venus which is outgassing sulfur to this day and the chlorine was from the salty water on the surface of Mars. The explosion was witnessed by every culture on Earth and recorded in their myths.

This same event raised the Tharsis Bulge on Mars as evidenced by their proximity in Figure 2. The Bulge was an important factor in the process of transferring life from Mars to the Earth in the next 3,000-years because it forced the lithosphere of Mars to rotate with Tharsis remaining on its equator and thereby its north pole facing the Earth during each geostationary orbit, called a kalpa in the RgVeda. and the tekhi-Horus periods or inundations in Egypt. These events occurred after 4000 BC, before the Bible was composed.

The authors of the cited paper do not give an origin of the MFF, but mired in the geology of Charles Lyell and the uniformitarianism of James Hutton, do suggest it is 500 million years old.