The Cosmic Origin of the Rig Veda

•July 8, 2019 • Comments Off on The Cosmic Origin of the Rig Veda

I am happy to announce my new book, the culmination of 20 years of continuous study of ancient texts, titled “The Cosmic Origin of the RigVeda”. The RigVeda is the oldest book in the world and the most sacred book of the Hindu religion. Although translated into all languages its subject matter has remained a mystery until today. My interest is not one of linguistics, but what the Rig Veda reveals about the creation of the Earth. Its 1,028 hymns voice fears of thunderbolts, meteorite ‘falls’ and world-wide earthquakes (the Biblical raash), at the same time offering praise for deluges, clouds of red soil and Soma (manna in the Bible, haoma, ambrosia) the first intoxicating dew, containing live sprouts which brought all current vegetative life to the Earth between 3687 and 687 BC, (leaving no time for evolution). It tells of ninety-nine thirty-year cycles of captures (kalpas) and releases (pralayas) of Indra in a geostationary orbit above Mt. Kailas the incremental tidal drag of which produced cratons which raised the continents and moved them to their current positions in only 3,000 years. Seismology has only recently become sufficiently sensitive to detect the incremental nature of the cratons, and uniformitarian geologists imagine they are billions of years old. Granite, miraculously produced by this process is found nowhere else in the solar System. The motion of the continents validates many aspects of Alfred Wegener’s Drift of the Continents and shows why folding of the lithosphere was radially focused above. Mt. Kailas.

The location of the Aryan people in the Punjab is proven by a huge tidal bulge, the samudra, a confluence of marine waters, centered on Mt. Kailas to the East, which forced them to become a seafaring people. Its formation comprised horizon-to-horizon tidal waves of saltwater drawn eastward from the Atlantic, emptying the Mediterranean and Red seas at the beginning of each kalpa, which returned westward at each release. The eastward floods across Mesopotamia and the world-wide earthquakes at each capture of Indra forced every city along the way to excavate tells and build pyramids and ziggurats to keep their people from being carried away. This was true also for cultures in Central America because of flows of the Gulf of Mexico to the antipode of the samudra in the South Pacific. These ninety-nine episodes of marine incursions gradually diminished the value of agricultural land across Mesopotamia and some cultures ceased to exist. The sudden flooding at each capture drew the Red Sea across the Arabian peninsula killing many large animals and burying them in the Arabian gulf producing the largest oilfields in the world.

The samudra occupied a vast area, completely isolating the Indian continent and prevented all intercourse of the Aryans with the Dravidian culture on the continent leaving the entire area strewn with animal carcasses during the pralayas, (Siwalik deposits). The astronomical dates provide a definite constraint on the origin of the Hindu culture to after 600 BC. A map of the samudra somehow survived as an illustration in a book titled “H. G. Well’s Pocket History of the World”.

Fig 1.  Mars northern hemisphere with island covered with the maelstrom in the northern ocean

Fig. 2. The circumpunct

Fig. 3 Valles Marineris

Fig. 4. The Eye of Ra hieroglyph, showing the solid core exiting through the Valles Marineris

The ‘gods’ addressed in the RigVeda have never been understood until now, primarily due to the current stable solar system in which we live. However, probes of Mars, Venus and Mercury all reveal features described in the ancient texts, such as the iconic 3 km-high island at the north pole of Mars formed by the expansion of the ‘world egg’ in the Oceanus Borealis (northern ocean) and the Valles Marineris which bears a strong resemblance to the eye of Horus. Mars remained stationary in the heavens during each kalpa, then left the Earth, providing R & R for both bodies only to become recaptured ninety-nine times. The island was the Egyptian duat and the Biblical raqia, stated in

Genesis 1:6 … Let there be a firmament (raqia) in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters above (on Mars) from the waters below (on Earth).

The same island seen centered on Mars, during the Vedic Period, was the origin of the ‘lost’ circumpunct symbol found in the texts of every ancient culture and Dan Brown’s books. Amazingly, that island remains covered to this day by a huge mythical maelstrom (whirlpool) the size of Texas which overflowed the island and cascaded into the core of Mars through the “navel of the world” at its north pole, flashing into steam, ejecting its solid core at the end of each kalpa (encounter). The same island was Atlantis, told to have been covered by the ocean. Note that these most significant features are not discussed in ‘scientific’ literature because they cannot be explained.

The 3,000-year period of cyclic cosmic resurfacing of the Earth, the Vedic Period, ended in 687 BC but spanned a greater time than the current solar system configuration. The multiple ‘deities’ in the Rig Veda were based upon three huge bodies close above the Earth, as a result not eligible for the term “planet”. The ancient texts have rightfully become recognized as ‘Traditional Cosmology’ because, unlike the “inflation” cosmology touted by the ‘great minds’ of the modern era, they represent the observations of every soul on Earth in the Vedic Period, (3687 to 687 BC). The Vedic hymns reveal many aspects of the heavenly bodies which puzzled them, questioning how Indra (Mars) remained stationary in the heavens, while all others rose in the East and set in the West.

Quoting from the Rig Veda RV (IV. XIV. 5.) How is it that, unbound and unsupported he falleth not, although directed downward? By what self-power moves he? Who hath seen it?

Since all of the soil on Earth today was blasted from hundreds of volcanoes in the northern hemisphere of Mars, 700 million years older than the Earth, the ubiquitous zircons in sedimentary rock and soil used to date deposits actually give the age of the planet from which they were blasted, not the age of the Earth. This has led to the estimated age of objects deposited in the new-fallen crust, the Cenezoic era, to be 66 million years thick, whereas it is less than 6,000 years old. The Earth was not formed by meteorites. All meteorites on Earth came from Mars and the differences in their isotopic ratios, currently believed to establish their origins from ‘asteroids’, are merely due to the explosive activity on that planet during the 3,000-year Vedic Period.

The currently accepted idea that the entire solar system is 4.6 billion years old, is due to the scattering of the Mars rocks, the ages calculated from the zircons blasted from Mars, meteorites and a rapid-fire stream, ambhamsi in the RigVeda, of fourteen large incandescent bodies ejected from the huge vent at the north pole of Mars in rapid succession which impacted the near side of the Moon forming the maria. This was described in Egyptian myths as Isis (the Moon) collecting the fourteen pieces of Osiris body and placing a monument at each site. The calculated ages of the maria differ because each body came from deeper, (hotter) in Mars and so differing amounts of Argon were lost during their short flights.

The most ancient of the traditional cosmologies, recorded by Plato telling of “four suns” by an Egyptian priest is “remembered” in the myths of a number of Amerind cultures, proving the strength of their verbal transmission of ancient times is still strong. Seemingly simple expressions in the Rig Veda such as “Mt. Kailas was Indra’s Home on Earth” reveal profound facts about how a huge body was captured in a geostationary orbit. Also the commonality of the “world egg” in many ancient texts reveals that every culture on Earth observed the same cosmic events in the heavens. No planet in the solar system today appears the same or is in the orbit it was in during the Vedic Period.

Geologists have much to learn about the Earth from traditional cosmologies like the Rig Veda, which explain the recently measured motion of the lithosphere as a unit (Carlo Doglioni) and the recent displacing of the continents, verifying and complementing Alfred Wegener’s theory of Continental Drift.

The book “The Cosmic Origin of the RigVeda” by John Ackerman is available HERE

Consequences of Great Red Spot Death

•June 1, 2019 • Comments Off on Consequences of Great Red Spot Death

A new article on space.com suggests the demise of the Great Red Spot.

Fig. 1. Fusion reaction energy flowing to GRS. Reflected energy from NEB.

The Great Red Spot is not a “storm” on a ‘gas giant’ as we have been told for seventy years. It is the exhaust from a localized fusion reaction in the impact crater from which the new planet proto-Venus was ejected 6,000 years ago. As related in another post, the giant planets form as Methane Gas Hydrate  bodies in the freezing conditions of Large Dark (dusty) Nebula which are known to harbor high abundances of deuterium crucial to the subsequent  production of terrestrial planets. The fusion reaction is P + D -> 3He++  + 4.9 MeV,  the fusion of a deuteron with a proton, which creates a very unusual particle called a helion, which is a very light doubly charged ion. Believe it or not, this reaction on the solid surface of Jupiter about 50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot is producing 1030 helions per second all moving at the same velocity 17,800 km/sec!  Due to the high velocity and rapid spin of Jupiter, the helions spiral upward lagging behind the rotation of Jupiter, defining the limits of the Great Red Spot and then join their mates circling Jupiter invisibly prograde and generating Jupiter’s enormous disk-shaped magnetosphere while others spiral as a vortex into the poles, producing the ‘permanent’  auroral ovals . They are also the source of the extra heat of Jupiter, greater than the of energy it receives from the Sun.

This is all completely unknown to modern science, which ‘believes’ Jupiter is a gas giant, the GRS is just a storm, and that the orbiting particles, which their instruments cannot measure due to their high velocities, are merely an annoying mirroring inner radiation belt. The vortex formed by the helions acts as a chimmney through which the full range of known elements being released by the heat of the fusion reaction. Since they are released in the hot zone around the reaction, they form high temperature compounds, one of which is CS, which as they rise through the helion vortex cool and crystallize forming solid particulate aerosols which escape into the upper atmosphere producing the colors we see (CS produces tiny red crystals). These cannot be identified by spectroscopy and as a result modern science has no idea of the abundance of all the elements in Jupiter. The particulate aerosols circle the planet a few times then fall to the surface as fast as new ones are released. Scientists see the equatorial bulge produced by these particles and believe that this is the normal oblateness of a gaseous planet.

The explanation above is meant to give the reader an idea of the enormous changes that will occur when the fusion reaction finally burns out. The Juno scientists and all others around the world expect that the disappearance of the Great Red Spot will be a “Ho Hum” event, but they will receive an enormous surprise. The temperature of Jupiter will immediately plunge, the largest magnetic field in the solar system will disappear, the clouds will settle to the surface covered with many kilometers of the particulate material in the middle latitudes. Even more surprising and more slowly will the ‘consensus community’ realize that the terrestrial planets were each produced, as was Venus 6,000 years ago, by explosive impacts on Jupiter or one of the other solid giants.

1 Corinthians 1:19-20 (KJV)
For it is written, I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the understanding of the prudent.  Where is the wise? where is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made foolish the wisdom of this world?

Mars & Mercury in Irish Myth

•May 31, 2019 • Comments Off on Mars & Mercury in Irish Myth

As explained in many posts on this site, Mars repeatedly orbited the Earth, stationary in the heavens above the Himalayas for 14.4 years and then left for 15.6 years. This happened 100 times!  It rotated slowly like a great wheel. All of the life on it was slowly blasted to the earth when it passed through alignments with the Moon or with the Sun and Moon combined. This all occurred between 3687 and 687 BC, not millions of years ago. So most myths in every country concern this deity. In Irish myth Mars was called Dagda, thought to be derived from “the good God”. Because all forms of life, in the form of Soma, or manna which contained living sprouts, minerals, red soil, water, salt rained down he was said to have a cauldron.

The way in which Mars escaped its orbit each time was close encounters of other bodies (Venus) caused Mars solid iron core to come out through what is now called the Valles Marineris, which zoomed around the Earth to the east in a slingshot maneuver causing the outer shell to be released to the west. But each time the solid iron core gradually caught up to the outer shell and reentered. There was a reason for this, having to do with the raising and moving the continents of the Earth. (enter continents in the search box). This catching up took 8 days (nine nights) and is celebrated in many cultures without knowing the story. i. e. the passover celebration of the Jews.

Early images of Mercury showed parallel set of gouges and namedthem the MercurianGrid

Fig. 2 Early images of Mercury showed sets of parallel gouges named the Mercurian Grid

Greek myth called the solid iron core Hermes, and credit him with “inventing the lyre”, a stringed instrument, because as it came out of the Valles Marineris the rocks scratched a number of parallel lines on its surface. Obviously the Irish myth is describing how the Harp always returned to the Dagda is description of the same event, seen by one hundred generations of mankind. This whole Vedic Period ended when the core was deflected by Venus and the two went into the inner solar system,while the outer shell collapsed in on itself and drifted into the outer solar system. So Dagda’s  Harp became the planet Mercury. I think I’ll have me a Guiness now.

The Young Continents

•April 19, 2019 • Comments Off on The Young Continents

Fig. 1 The Atlantic Ocean, created during the Vedic Period .is only 2,700 years old.

The continents of the Earth comprise primarily granite. It is the most abundant basement rock that underlies the relatively thin sedimentary veneer of the continents. It is a familiar rock to everyone on Earth due to its light color and texture. It is found only in the continents of the Earth, not in the oceanic crust, or on the continents of any other planets in the solar system, all of which comprise basalt. It is classified as an Intrusive/Plutonic-Igneous rock thought to form when magma rises in large cratons through layers beneath the earth but solidifies while underground. The ascent and emplacement of large volumes of granite within the upper continental crust is admittedly a mystery to geologists because no one has ever actually observed its formation.

The naturally radioactive elements potassium, uranium and thorium are concentrated in granite intrusions, but are not present in the rock matrix itself. They are instead segregated into accessory mineral phases that are dominated by the more abundant zirconium and cerium. In fact, most radiometric dating of uranium (U->Pb) in granitic rocks use zircon crystals which have fallen from the atmosphere, sometimes referred to as ‘zircon dating’. Based upon these measurements, geologists believe that much of it was intruded during the Precambrian age, 4.6 billion years ago (the point at which the Earth began to form) to the beginning of the Cambrian Period, 541 million years ago.

Cyclic Catastrophism

Cyclic catastrophism claims that the masses of the continents and their locations on the Earth today were established during the Vedic Period, between 3687 and 687 BC! As discussed in many posts on this site, this was accomplished by one hundred captures (14.4-years) and releases (15.6-years) of the super-planet Mars, full of life, which at that date included Mercury, its solid iron core, in a geostationary orbit, 44,400 km above the Himalayas. 

At each capture, Mars became tidally bound to the Himalayas which acted as the ‘handle’ of the entire lithosphere, the outer shell of the Earth. Due to the mass of Mars, the combined Mars/lithosphere system rotated slower, and at a 30° angle relative to the mantle. This 24 km/h “tidal drag” meant that a large volume of rhyolite magma comprising the asthenosphere intruded into the continents where they were thinner.. Each time Mars escaped for 15.6 years, the intruded lava cooled, crystallized, and expanded as silicate granite crystals forming the cratons which raised the continents one layer at a time. 

During the same capture periods, alignments of Mars with the Moon and the Sun and Moon combined caused great convulsions within Mars which blasted water, soil, minerals, atmosphere and vegetable sprouts, as manna, or Soma, from hundreds of volcanoes to the Earth. These formed the new crust of the Earth in the form of the soil and sedimentary rocks which settled on the surfaces of the continents as they grew from below due to the formation of granite. This is a confirmation of  Alfred Wegener’s Continental Drift theory, which became ‘watered down’ to ‘plate tectonics’ by geologists because they could not imagine what force could move the continents.

The same captures of the massive Mars above Mt. Kailas, Indra’s Home on Earth in the Rig Veda, tidally attracted the North and South American continents westward, resulting in the Mid-Atlantic Rise, a progressive bulge that extends the entire latitude of the Atlantic Ocean, with the ridge resting on the highest point. This bulge is the result of upward convective flows of the asthenosphere filling the gap created by Mars’opening up the Atlantic Ocean.

The much greater motion of the North and South American tectonic plates is revealed by the more pronounced subduction effects manifested as accretionary orogenic ‘terranes’ along the Alaskan, Northern Canadian, North American Basin and Range province, the Baha Peninsula and South American Cordillera subduction zones caused by compressional, accordion-like folding. Geologists, unaware of the forces exerted by Mars during the Vedic Period, are at a loss to explain all subduction zones of the continents and date the origin of subduction in the Triassic, over 200 million years before the present but the ancient texts explain that all of these changes in the world occurred during Biblical times up to the time of Isaiah.

 

Isaiah 65:17 (KJV)  For behold I create a new heaven and a new earth: the former shall not be remembered or come to mind.

Job 38:4-7  (KJV)  Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding. Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the line upon it? Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof; When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Mercury – A Perfect Sphere

•March 23, 2019 • Comments Off on Mercury – A Perfect Sphere

Mercury – A Perfect Sphere

Fig.  1. Venus and Mercury cavorting in 5th Century bas releif

A paper entitled “The low-degree shape of Mercury” by M.E. Perry et al. in Geophysical Research Letteres V 42, Is 17 reveals data from the MESSENGER probe concerning the remarkably spherical geoid and figure (shape) of the closest planet to the Sun. Additional information was gained from 378 occultations of MESSENGER radio signals when in the southern hemisphere of Mercury, demonstrating considerable interest of the scientific community in the subject.

The numbers as stated in the abstract are:

“Mercury’s mean radius is 2439.36 ± 0.02 km, and there is a 0.14 km (140 meters) offset between the planet’s centers of mass and figure. Mercury is oblate, with a polar radius 1.65 km less than the mean equatorial radius. The difference between the semimajor and semiminor equatorial axes is 1.25 km, with the long axis oriented 15° west of Mercury’s dynamically defined principal axis. Mercury’s geoid is also oblate and elongated, but it deviates from a sphere by a factor of 10 less than Mercury’s shape, implying compensation of elevation variations on a global scale.”

The last phrase is a weak attempt to explain the shape of Mercury in terms applied to the other terrestrial planets, but this data proves that Mercury is a perfect sphere of the same material, Iron and Nickel which crystallized within Mars for the first 4.6 billion years of its life.

The Recent History of Mercury

Mercury is in the myths of every ancient culture because it’s ejection resulted in the one hundred escapes of Mars from it’s geostationary orbits above Mt. Kailas, the spiritual epicenter of Hindu, Buddhist, Jain and Bon religions.sacred in all eastern . These 30-year cycles blasted the entirety of life forms formerly on Mars to the Earth and produced the stable continents of the Earth in only 3,000 years.. The solid core of Mars was spectacularly blasted out through the Valles Marineris one hundred times between 3687 and 687 BC, zoomed around the Earth to the East so low that Egyptian texts state it “killed men in the desert” in the first astronomical “slingshot” maneuver, allowing it to catch up to the shell of Mars as it drifted away from the Earth to the West.

The releases of Mars always occurred on the vernal equinox of the 14th year of each capture due to the alignment of the Sun, Moon and Venus on those dates. Those spectacular events are etched in the memory of the world. Egyptian funerary texts of Pepi I tell that it required eight days after the ejection of the core for it to catch up to the shell.

The Jews described the drifting of Mars over the Middle East at each release as Pesach, the “Passover of G-d”, which is celebrated on the vernal equinox. The Seder, Passover Festival, lasts for eight days. Perhaps in remembrance of the exiting of the core, a single day “Fast of the Firstborn” is observed on the day before Pesach.

In the RigVeda, the eight-day pursuit of Indra (the shell of Mars) by Saramā (the solid core) is described as a race between Indra being drawn by his two “bay coursers”, the Martian moons Phobos and Diemos, but because the Aryans, who were hiding in caves, did not view the solid core exiting Mars at the date of these compositions the incandescent Sarama was described as Surya. which was the incandescent solid core of Mars, Saramā. in RV(I, LXI 15-16)

This space extravaganza, every 30-years, was observed by the first one hundred generations of human beings. The core could be seen slowly converging with the planetary shell of Mars during the eight days after it exited. In the RigVeda this period was the celebrated as the “festival of nine nights”, navaratri, beginning on the spring equinox. The corresponding Indo-Iranian noroz (nine-day) festival marks the first day of their year on the spring equinox in their calendar. It is the belief of the Persians that nowruz marked the ‘first day’ when the universe started its motion. In a limited sense this is true, since the final encounter of Mars with the Earth ended on the vernal equinox of 687 BC when Saramᾱ was deflected by proto-Venus, preventing its return to Mars, and the two, Mercury and Venus, interacted for several centuries until they settled into their current orbits (Figure 1). During the same period, Mars contracted and drifted to its present freezing orbit. Astrophysicists are mystified by the absence of a solid core in such an ancient planet.

Only at this date was the solar system, with which we are familiar, established. In stark contrast to all ancient texts, planetary scientists currently believe the solar system has been in its current form for 4.5 billion years because innumerable rocks blasted from Mars during its geostationary orbits, 35,000 km above Mt. Kailas, are spread across the entire solar system.

Sumo: Ancient Ritual of Mars

•February 19, 2019 • Comments Off on Sumo: Ancient Ritual of Mars

An article in academia.edu explores possible connections between Sumo wrestling and ancient Japanese mythology by Sf. R. Careaga titled “Sumo: Ancient Ritual to the Thunder God” has many aspects which correspond to the cyclic catastrophism scenario. I have always hoped for more communication with the Japanese culture. The language barrier has greatly limited access to this blog site. Amazingly this article is from a Japanese scholar in Kentucky.  The author attempts to link the mythology to Patton’s Saturn theory but I believe cyclic catastrophism gives the best explanation.. 

Fig. 1 Mars Northern Island 3 km above surrounding terrain

1. The ceremony is performed upon the center single step pyramid platform, the Dohyo, which is made of Earth. This corresponds with the island at the north pole of Mars which remained facing the Earth during each geostationary orbit, called the raqia or firmament in Genesis 1:6-8  And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven.

2. The Dohyo is ringed with rice balls that signify bounty and plenty which was the vegetative life that existed on Mars as recently as 4,ooo- years ago. It was completely blasted to the Earth by hundreds of volcanoes between 3687 and 687 BC. 

Fig. 2 The four heads of Brahma which rose up in the center of the northern Island of Mars

3. At each cardinal direction an offset in the ring represents the four heads of Brahma (RgVeda) and Osiris (Egyptian). These same features seen from the Norse aspect were pictured as four long-necked stags reaching for the highest branches of the “tree of life”.

4. Above the Dohyo is a hanging roof, but in the past it was an actual pillared roof above the platform. This represents the Earth when Mars was in a geostationary orbit above Mt. Kailas, known as “Indra’s (Mars) Home on Earth”. Because of this orbit the two planets remained stationary relative to one another.  Consequently the RgVeda wonders “what great carpenter built this invisible structure of the two worlds”.

5. Buried in the Dohyo are salt, kelp, dried squid and chestnuts which symbolize the minerals and different life forms blasted to the Earth during the Vedic Period. 

Fig. 3 Brahma, with four ‘heads’ extending from northern island on Mars down toward the Earth.

6. The wrestlers have paper lightning bolts tied in their hair, symbolizing the tree of life, also known as Agni with the flaming hair, that rose up in the center of the northern island.

Fig. 4 Sumo wrestlers posing in shapes of thunderbolt glyphs carved in rocks early in the Vedic Period

7. The combatants wear a tsuna, a loin cloth with five white lightning bolts and pose to simulate the thunderbolts recorded by early humans. They  stomp their feet to simulate the accompanying thunder.

Fig. 5. Electrical discharges effected both Earth and Mars Mars blasted hot glowing rocks to Earth, causing discharge of ionosphere at impact.

Cyclic Catastrophism

Fig. 5. Lightning covered the sky

Only cyclic catastrophism can explain these massive electrical discharges. Some of the large, incandescent iron meteorites blasted from Martian volcanoes, known as “Thor’s Hammer” in Norse myth, and vaijra in the RgVeda, created an ionized path between the ionospheres and the surface of the Earth and then back to Mars, through which the entire ionospheres discharged.  The resulting lightning spread across the entire sky and their shapes were simulated in ancient rock carvings.

 

 

The human compulsion to find absolute truths, however noble, too often cumulates in tyranny of the mind, or worse. Only an extreme skepticism toward science – and an open mindedness toward other modes of knowledge and ways of life, however alien – can help us avoid this danger.
Paul Feyerabend

ALMA Images Reveal Origin of Giant Planets

•January 17, 2019 • Comments Off on ALMA Images Reveal Origin of Giant Planets

Fig. 1 ALMA images reveal many giant planets forming in orbits of protoplanetary systems.

1. Introduction
The solar system comprises two fundamentally different types of planets: giant and terrestrial. At present, the origin of these two classes of planets are not understood. The recent Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) images of more than twenty young star systems provide information suggesting the origin and composition of giant planets. At the temperatures of these systems (<50 K) planets form from the same particles of ice that are being imaged.

Solid Methane gas hydrate (MGH) forms naturally at the extremely low temperatures in the outer reaches of Large Dark Nebulae. In MGH, a clathrate, twelve or more water molecules form rigid cage-like, structures. Most of these physically encapsulate a methane molecule, but larger cages can envelope a wide range of ‘foreign’ molecules or atoms, maximizing the mass of particles incorporated. The nominal composition of pure MGH is (CH4)8(H2O)46, with an average density of 0.9 g/cm3. Tests have shown that MGH is two orders of magnitude stronger than water ice at 208 K and the difference increases with decreasing temperature. The strength is further enhanced in highly deuterated MGH.

2. Giant Planet Formation
Millimeter studies of Large Dark Nebulae (LDN 1689N, 134, 154, 1544)1 report a 1010 enhancement of deuterium fractionation in the form of ND3 and D3 molecules in their colder outer reaches (20 K). Surfaces of dust particles in dark nebulae act as catalysts for the formation of simple molecules, H2 (D2) which then combine forming ices, primarily H2O, HDO, D2O, encapsulating the heavy elements in the form of dust or nanoparticles. Accretion continues at the next stage by the formation of deuterated MGH. By this symbiotic process, clathrate giant planets accrete the complete heavy element abundances in nascent stellar systems increasing their average densities to ~ 1.33 g/cm3.

Young star systems revealed in the ALMA images are natural progressions of LDNs as they contract, and their intrinsic angular momentum becomes manifest. As observed in the LDNs, high concentrations of deuterium are present in the cold outer reaches of protoplanetary systems where giant planets form prior to the initiation of nuclear fusion in the proto-star. Increasing gravitational pressure during accretion compensates for later increases in temperature (Fig. 1). Cold hydration makes possible the incorporation of the noble gases, argon, krypton, and xenon which have been detected in Jupiter by the Galileo atmospheric probe.

As observed in the ALMA images, the giant planets alone comprise the nascent star system. The MGH composition of giants suggests that they are ~ 85% water. Therefore, the giant planets in the solar system comprise 275 earth-masses of water. All the icy satellites and rings orbiting the giant planets are due to impacts which ejected material, primarily water into the surrounding space and releasing methane in their atmospheres.

Magnetic Field

Fig. 2. Fusion reaction energy flowing to GRS. Reflected energy from NEB.

A powerful recent impact at 22º S. Lat. on Jupiter produced a slowly declining fusion reaction, p + d => 3He++ + 4.98 MeV, on its surface consuming the tightly bound deuterium, which is therefore not detected. 1031/s fast doubly charged helion fusion products (17,800 km/s) produce the excess luminosity, the multiple zonal wind vortices are constrained by Coriolis effect and the solid surface, and exit the atmosphere through the Great Red Spot. Given the angular momentum of Jupiter, they orbit prograde at 1.08 RJ generating Jupiter’s powerful exterior magnetosphere, currently interpreted as an “inner radiation belt”.2

Fig. 3. Helion stream (yellow) which produces Jupiter’s magnetic field. Vortical streams (blue) deflected to the poles, form auroral ovals.

Two powerful vortical streams are deflected by the existing magnetic field to the poles, producing the constant auroral ovals. The north-south asymmetries of the magnetic field and atmospherics are due to the location of the energy source at the Great Red Spot, at 22º S Lat. No magnetic field is generated in the solid MGH interior of Jupiter, but iron and nickel dispersed in dust particles act as a weak permanent magnet, its field induced by the exterior magnetic field.

Atmosphere
The heavy elements, released from the MGH by the fusion heating, react to form high temperature compounds, cooling as they rise more slowly through the GRS vortex forming solid particulate aerosols, such as CS which forms tiny red crystals, producing the color of Jupiter’s red spot and clouds. These particles fall to the surface of Jupiter beneath the cloud-tops as rapidly as they are released. As a result, the clouds cover only ~ 60 degrees of latitude centered on the GRS. Some of these particles are carried within the polar vortices and cause spurious emissions within the constant auroral ovals.

Gravity
The heavy element aerosols have been collecting on the surface beneath the clouds since the fusion reaction was reduced to solely proton deuterium (1935). Its distribution is affected by the surface wind. This is currently being interpreted as a deep atmospheric signal, but as Juno coverage increases is being understood to be static.

Fig. 4. The blue oceans at both poles of Jupiter.thern exposure of Jupiter’s surface extends to lower latitudes tha the Southern.

6. Polar Oceans
Poleward of the cloud-covered ~ 60º centered on the GRS, the blue oceans of melted surface MGH are visible. The polar regions are warmed by the polar vortices of high energy helions which form the auroral ovals. The depth of this water layer will determine whether future astronauts will require boots or boats.

3. Terrestrial Planets
The ALMA images have stimulated papers suggesting that the images will provide information on the accretion of the terrestrial planets. However, the primary message of the ALMA data suggested herein is that the giant planets are solid, highly deuterated, methane gas hydrate bodies with a full complement of the known solar system element abundances, in the form of its average density 1.33 as compared to pure MGH with a density of 0.9 g/cm3. Most significant, the most abundant elements, hydrogen and oxygen, are in the form of H2O.

The proposed ongoing fusion reaction implies that a highly energetic (geologically) recent impact has demonstrated the suitability, even the probability, that an impact created a new terrestrial planet. The only terrestrial planet which is hotter and less well understood than Jupiter is Venus, or is it proto-Venus?

Fig. 5. Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impacts on Jupiter

The impacts of the larger fragments of Shoemaker-Levy 9 ‘comet’ produced ‘main events’ delayed by 10 minutes, which were never adequately interpreted. These delays were the time that the mushroom clouds from the fusion explosions on the surface took to rise to the cloud-tops, becoming visible. The complete abundance of elements, high deuterium and water content of the giant ice planets are ideal sources for producing terrestrial planets. Impacts on these giants instantaneously compress and heat the deuterated surface producing powerful fusion explosions exponentially increasing the energy of the impacts. Heavy elements blasted into the inner solar system by these impacts quickly collapse releasing gravitational and recombination radiation forming a hot, near-spherical molten core/mantle of a terrestrial proto-planet, which has no inherent spin. This radiation pressure disburses the lighter elements throughout the inner solar system, producing equinoctial lights, which eventually become captured by the extant planets and the new planet when it cools.3 The rampaging, molten proto-planet interacts with extant terrestrial planets to circularize is orbit, potentially changing others.

4. Conclusion
ALMA images reveal twenty icy young stellar systems, <50 K, each with several giant planets. LDN studies suggest the giant planets comprise highly deuterated MGH known to form naturally at these temperatures. This suggests a re-interpretation of Galileo and Juno mission data will provide a basic understanding of the giant planets.

References
1 .E.Roueff. Interstellar deuterated ammonia: from NH3 to ND3, (2005), DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20052724.
2 P. Kollmann et al. A heavy ion and proton radiation belt inside of Jupiter’s rings, Geophysical Research Letters, 16June, 2017, p.5259 5268.
3 L. A. Frank J. B. Sigwarth, Atmospheric holes: Instrumental and geophysical effects, JGR, 1Jan 1999.