Cyclones Over Jupiter’s Poles

•March 9, 2018 • Comments Off on Cyclones Over Jupiter’s Poles

Fig. 1. Symmetric cyclones above Jupiter’s South Pole (credit NASA / SWRI / JPL / ASI / INAF / IAPS)

Four articles based on NASA Juno data have been  published in the March 8 Issue of the journal Nature. The first, (Figure 1) focuses on a JIRAM (Infrared) image showing five symmetric cyclones around a central one at the South pole of Jupiter. The area covered  corresponds to previous polar images with the visible-light JuncoCam in which the polar regions were blue. The JIRAM image is essentially a mosaic of many images of warm air circulating above the south polar ocean. Similar images of the north pole show eight such cyclones.

Although the origin of the multiple zonal flows cannot be explained in the currently accepted ‘gas giant’ hypothesis without resorting to shallow-water simulations (which require a solid surface below), the authors suggest that low latitude random, turbulent flows produce the familiar, continuous, multiple zonal wind bands which extend between +/- 70 degrees latitude and that these then somehow  transition to become the circum-polar cyclones.  However, they add the caveat: “The manner in which the cyclones persist without merging and the process by which they evolve to their current configurations are unknown.”

Cyclic Catastrophism

Cyclic catastrophism explains that the vertical motion of the cyclones is due to the continual heating of the polar regions by ~1027 helions/sec, (3He++) with energies of 4.98 MeV, which also produce the auroral ovals and melt the Methane Gas Hydrate surface, producing the polar oceans. The synchronized rotations of the five symmetrical cyclones are driven by the angular momentum of the zones and belts of high density particles which circulate between latitudes of +/- 70 degrees, the ultimate power of which is the continuous fusion reaction located at 22 ° South Latitude.

Non-zero Odd Gravity Harmonics

The other three papers in this issue of Nature attempt to explain why the Juno gravity data shows non-zero odd gravitational harmonics J3, J5, J7 and J9. These imply that the mass of Jupiter from pole to pole deviates at a number of latitudes from the shape of a gaseous planet. Because these deviations appear similar to the variations in the longitudinal wind bands, the authors claim that the atmospheric flows are sufficiently dense to cause the gravitational varitations with Latitude. Therefore they are 3,000 km deep and contain 1% of the mass of Jupiter.

Another paper in this group states: “We find that the deep interior of the planet rotates nearly as a rigid body, with differential rotation decreasing by at least an order of magnitude compared to the atmosphere. … This depth corresponds to the point at which the electric conductivity becomes large and magnetic drag should suppress differential rotation.” This is the old ‘gas giant’ idea of a hydrogen/helium interior that is so compressed that the hydrogen becomes conductive and electric currents within it form a dynamo, thereby producing Jupiter’s magnetic field in its interior. However, this conductive hydrogen would be governed by hydrostatic pressure increasing the density with depth, which is this is not consistent with the measured gravity of the deep interior.

Cyclic Catastrophism

Cyclic Catastrophism addresses the global odd gravitation harmonics completely differently. As explained in a previous post, the on-going fusion reaction is continuously releasing heavy elements distributed homogeneously throughout Jupiter, which form particulate aerosols in the hot rising vortex and are invisibly sprayed out of the Great Red Spot, forming form the visible, colored clouds which extend over the mid-latitudes.

These dust clouds settle to Jupiter’s surface as fast as they are produced.  The three current papers discussed above assume that the suspended mass of these particles, circulating in the multiple zonal winds are the cause of the non-zero gravity harmonics.  However, the amount of material suspended in the atmosphere is only a minuscule fraction of the amount which has already settled to the surface since 1935, (after which date mass was no longer was being ejected from Jupiter), and is influencing the non-zero odd gravitational harmonics. Since the fusion reaction was releasing and ejecting mass up until 1935, nothing in the atmosphere today is primordial.

Since the surface of Jupiter between +/- 70 ° latitude is obscured by atmospheric dust, the surface terrain is still a mystery, so it is not possible to say whether it is solid methane gas hydrate, with structure over which the atmospheric dust is spread, or is covered with a layer of muddy water formed by the falling dust, because Methane Gas Hydrate is primarily 90% water, a larger mass of water is being released than that of the atmospheric dust.

As discussed in a previous post, Cyclic Catastrophism suggests that a few extensive craters (> 100,000 km2), partially water-filled palimpsests, from the birth of Mars, Earth and Venus, and the resulting 6,000-year plumes, are producing anomalies in the odd gravity harmonics. This is particularly true in the case of the Venus palimpsest, since the fusion reaction, centered at 22 ° South Latitude, 50,000-km east of the Great Red Spot, means that PJ 7 would have passed over it, greatly influencing J3 (N-S) harmonic.  Hopefully, an extended mission will identify these permanent palimpsests, which in the current ‘gas giant’ hypothesis are considered snapshots of atmospheric flows.

For a complete paper on Jupiter, see:







Cyclic Catastrophism vs Big Bang (Updated)

•February 27, 2018 • Comments Off on Cyclic Catastrophism vs Big Bang (Updated)

Fig. 1 CMB ‘temperature anisotropies’ showing the concentration of hotter area just below the ecliptic (white line) due to the Jupiter plume, discussed below.

Big Bang advocates act as if their pet theory of the creation of the universe is proven. Do not be deceived by the genius bravado in popular, scientific publications or even the Nobel prize.  Cyclic Catastrophism provides an easily understandable explanation of the cosmic microwave background or cmb (small letters are appropriate), which explains the creation of our solar system, not of the universe.


Cmb in a nutshell

Fig. 2 Angular power spectrum of Plank CMB map

The CMB data, collected by two precise satellites, of the microwave radiation imagined to be from 380,000-years after the big bang, over the entire sky, is shown in Figure 1. The tiny splotches across the entire sky were then measured and their diameters and amplitudes were plotted as a ‘power spectrum’ shown in Figure 2. Boasting of a knowledge of physics at that time, the resulting hills and valleys in Fig. 2 were then magically interpreted as physical properties of the entire universe –  its age, ‘shape’, composition – even the amounts of (undefined) dark matter at its inception.

The big bang hypothesis predicts that all hydrogen, deuterium and helium in the universe was created within a few minutes after the big bang, but after searching for the last twenty years, astronomers have failed to observe these quantities. It also claims that no hydrogen, deuterium or helium has been created or destroyed since that time (premises refuted in the latest CC papers on Jupiter where 3He is being created and on Venus where deuterium was created 6,000 years BP).

In order to explain the cmb microwave radiation being received on Earth from all directions, an impossible sudden inflation of the universe has been proposed which occurred between 10−36 and 10−33 seconds after the big bang, but this is pure speculation with no physical basis. Another serious problem with the cmb, which hypothetically originated 14 billion years ago, are the three ways it is aligned with our solar system, dubbed “the axis of evil” by skeptics.  As discussed previously, the probabilities that all of the alignments with the solar system could occur is estimated at 0.008% !

Perhaps the most damming attribute of the measured cmb has resulted from the European Planck satellite survey, intended to provide more accurate data than the decade old WMAP (Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Survey). The Planck survey confirmed all the questionable alignments with the solar system, BUT the power of all the Plank measurements was 2% less than those of WMAP, a fact confirmed only after exhaustive analysis. As a result of this finding, an even more exhaustive study, the final analysis includes a simply stated condemnation of the cmb on page 11 of which was “This indicates that the two experiments [WMAP and Planck] infer significantly different sets of \lcdm\ parameters.” where lcdm is Lambda Cold Dark Matter, the name for the hypothesis on which the parameters of the early universe are interpreted from the power spectrum. This condemnation of the cmg is based on the fact that the anisotropies measured by WMAP and Planck are completely different, i.e. have significantly changed in the ten years between the two missions, which is impossible since a one-degree sized anisotropy in a true cmg would be hundreds of light-years in diameter.

Cyclic Catastrophism

Based on the myths of a number of cultures, the CC scenario posits that Jupiter and Saturn are solid, highly deuterated methane gas hydrate bodies, with the full abundances of the known solar system elements, formed in cold Large Dark Nebulae (e.g. LDN1689). The power of impacts on Jupiter were exponentially increased by the uniform concentration of deuterium and as a result, produced the terrestrial planets. As explained in a previous post and a detailed paper, proto-Venus was created by such an impact only 6,000 years ago.

Fig. 3 Jupiter plume (Juno) extending from 22 degrees South Latitude

This impact also initiated a steady-state fusion reaction on the surface of Jupiter, resulting in a wide plume of flaming radioactive plasma originally extending into space two million km from the impact site at 22o South latitude. This slowly declining plume was visible from Earth for more than five thousand years as shown in Figure 3. It was imagined to be Zeus’ aegis, a divine shield, because it rotated from west to east disappearing twice in each rotation due to Jupiter’s rapid rotation every eight or nine hours. Aegis, literally means a ‘violent windstorm’, indicating that the ancient peoples understood the true physical nature of the plasma plume. In Roman myth, the expansion of Jupiter’s incandescent atmosphere was interpreted as his drawing a ‘veil of clouds’ around himself to hide his mischief, but Juno, his wife, was able to peer through the clouds to reveal his suspected misadventures. This obviously referred to the plume.
The longevity of the plume, present today as the Great Red Spot (GRS). confirms the great enhancement of D/H in the giant planets of our solar system. The important point is that the plume blazed into the solar system from Jupiter at the current latitude of the Great Red Spot (22 degrees South Lat.), for approximately 540 orbits in the last 6,000 years.

Fig. 4. Estimated history of Jupiter plume. Note the plume blast is directed below the ecliptic plane, defined by the orbits of Jupiter’s moons.

Figure 4. gives an estimate of the slow decline of the hot fusion plume relative to the orbits of the Galilean moons. More recent corroboration is provided by Figure 5, which is an illustration from a 9th century AD Arabic epistle describing comets in terms of their resemblances to the planets at that date. Script within the upper left drawing “one with a forelock”, to its right “Long Bearded”, and to its left “With the temperament of Jupiter”. At the date of the drawing the plume still extended beyond Io, explaining its current high temperature.


Fig. 5 A 9th century AD drawing of the planets, with Jupiter and plume at upper left. (courtesy of Princeton University Library)

Telescopic observations of the transits of the GRS made since 1910 are plotted in Figure 6. This well-known plot is currently interpreted as a record of the GRS westward longitudinal drift, assuming Jupiter rotated at its current rate, determined in 1964. In the context of the Cyclic Catastrophism scenario, a more powerful series of fusion reactions were producing the plume up to 1935, sufficiently powerful to eject mass directly into space. Therefore, the transits of the GRS up to that date were a measure of the monotonic slowing of the rotation of Jupiter. In 1935 the fusion reaction diminished to the present one, so the resulting increase in rotation rate was due to the settling of the atmosphere and the resulting eastward movement of the GRS due to the decreasing path from the surface to the cloud-tops. In recent years the GRS has remained close to the known rotation rate, determined by the fluctuations in Jupiters magnetic field.

Despite the powerful impact explosion from which proto-Venus was created, the energy from the plume is the most significant factor in the cmg anisotropy analysis because of its 6,000-year extent and its recent occurrence. The ‘axis of evil’ quadropole and octapole vectors show more power (heat) just below the ecliptic plane, exactly the region into which the plume was blasting for the last 6,000 years (See Figures 1, 3 and 4). Rather than providing evidence of the big bang, the WMAP and Planck data provide clear proof of the Cyclic Catastrophism scenario. In addition, the the decline and recent cessation of Jupiter’s plume guarantees that the measured anisotropies will change shape and decrease in power even more rapidly in the near future. A fact that will be emphasized by increasing changes in future surveys.

Figure 6.  Record of Jupiter’s Slowing Rotation due to continuous mass ejections below the ecliptic plane.

The solutions of the great questions of mankind lie not in general relativity. Rather they are in a form easily accessible in your local library, in the Mythology section. This knowledge has remained in every public library in the world for centuries because of mankind’s deep subconscious belief that it contains the truth about our ancient past. Contrary to popular belief, the CC scenario, gleaned from the myths of a number of cultures, complements the Judeo-Christian Bible, explaining the cosmic events through which the Lord intervened to reform the Earth as a unique place for Adam (mankind). The creation of proto-Venus provided the energy needed to destroy the dinosaurs, prepared the Earth and Mars and manipulated the orbits of all the terrestrial planets to resurface the Earth for mankind. This all took place during Biblical times, since 4000 BC.

In biblical times, the planets were worshiped as the deities Baal and Asteroth by the cultures neighboring the Jews, but the Lord Jehovah forbid the worship of these cosmic bodies, because he wanted Israel, his adopted people, to acknowledge His sovereignty. Jehovah did not change the Earth by ‘magic’. He used the kinetic energy of proto-Venus and the far deeper knowledge of His physical laws, which mankind has been allowed to glimpse as those of Newton and Maxwell, to manipulate the orbits of the planets so that the Earth, the oceans, atmosphere and the life-forms on it would be completely changed. All other religions which originated before 687 BC were based upon the worship of the planets or the features visible on their surfaces during that period.

Academia – The Antichrist

Evolutionist academia has resisted and condemned this belief in every discipline, substituting instead the uniformitarian ideas of Charles Lyell, Charles Darwin, Noam Chomsky and Carl Sagan, which claim the Earth is an insignificant ‘blue dot’ and that Homo Sapiens Sapiens descended from primates 100,000 years BP. But the inception of mankind was accomplished by providing the Word, a conceptual language, enabling the sudden explosion of great cultures in Bronze Age II. Consensus academicians claim knowledge of millions, even billions of years. Because of its blatant boasting, the highly publicized big bang hypothesis is the perfect example for proving the true world view.

1 Corinthians 1:27-30 (KJV)
But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: That no flesh should glory in his presence.

1 Corinthians 3:18-19 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you seemeth to be wise in this world, let him become a fool, that he may be wise. For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.


Sunspots not from Solar Interior (Updated)

•February 10, 2018 • Comments Off on Sunspots not from Solar Interior (Updated)

Fig. 1. A sunspot caused by the impact of a Kreutz sungrazing asteroid, 2000 C cooler than the photosphere. Umbra, containing water and iron is moving inward at 3,000 km/hr.

Until about 20 years ago, helio-scientists believed sunspots were caused by some mysterious magnetic process within the Sun that has periods of about eleven years, because they could not conceive of a regular rain of bodies crashing into the Sun. Then SOHO, STEREO and other Sun-staring satellites observed over 3,000 such bodies, called Kreutz sungrazers, all in the same unique orbit, every one of which disappeared into the Sun.  These are referred to as ‘comets’, because when they get close to the Sun, they leave trails, but none have been observed in the vicinity of the Earth. Although comets are imagined to comprise solely water, no such bodies have ever been observed close-up. When approached by probes, every one of them has displayed a solid core. Comets are merely ‘leaking’ asteroids. Despite the observations of over 3,000 of these bodies disappearing into the Sun, hundreds of papers are being written attempting to explain the magnetic process within the Sun which creates the sunspots. Based on the number of these sungrazers being continually imaged, thousands of these asteroids are passing above and below the ecliptic where the Earth is located and are not revealing themselves.

The > 3,000 Kreutz sungrazers are unique in ways that were not known until  2014, when the Rosetta mission approached and orbited ‘comet’ 67P C-G. Although this body emitted a few streaks of gas, it was never visible from Earth, except by powerful telescopes and thousands more are circulating unobserved. The belief that it was just water ice, because of its low density 0.5 g/cm3, the popular image of icy ‘comets’, was disproven when Rosetta’s 200 lb. lander  Philae, equipped with spikes that were supposed to penetrate the ice and become locked on the surface, failed to penetrate and Philae bounced off the surface and was lost. This is the same tough stuff that comprises all asteroids. Rosetta images of 67P belie its low reflected radiance, only 4% of the incident light. The brightness of the Kreutz tails as they approach the Sun are used to estimate their mass, assuming they are pure water ice, and when they become invisible the ‘comet’ is imagined to have been consumed before impact. But they all have the same composition as 67P, which is obviously much tougher than water ice. That assumption leads to estimates  of their diameters of several meters. However, 67P, was measured to be about 4 km in diameter. Images acquired by Rosetta show only a few thin streams of vapor – nothing like what would produce a large tail.

Another pertinent factor about the 3,000+ Kreutz sungrazers is that not a single one survived their close encounters with the Sun. This is well illustrated by a NASA video constructed using data from several Sun staring satellites. Despite this, astronomers claim that these ‘comets’ are not the cause of sunspots, because of their estimated size.  Attempts to explain their origin as the result of the break-up of large comets thousands of years ago are futile, since all the fragments would be placed in different orbits. The 3,000 Kreutz sungrazers in exactly the same orbit dismisses this argument.

Cyclic Catastrophism

Infra-Red Jupiter
The Great Red Spot on the left and fusion reaction on the right

CC explains the origin of all asteroids, except those that pass close to the Earth, as having been formed from an enormous plasma plume at the site of an impact 6,000 years ago, out of which the still-hot proto-Venus was born. The site of the impact is still present on Jupiter, 50,000 km east of the great Red Spot. Because the impact was at 22 degrees S Lat. all of the material ejected in this plume went into inclined orbits. Thus all the asteroids that formed from it are the ones still in inclined orbits.

Fig. 2. ‘Comet’ 67P described as a Jupiter family asteroid, which impact the surface of the Sun causing sunspots.

Because the plume was originally hot gas, the ejected material cooled and stuck together, condensed and froze in weightlessness, forming bodies of very low density. The fact that these impacts are the mechanism for the creation of the terrestrial planets, e.g. Venus, proves that Jupiter contains the known element abundances on the Earth and so do the asteroids ejected. As the material was blasted out into space the smaller pieces, all moving in the same general directions, splatted and stuck to one another, producing the textures seen in images of 67P (Figure 2.). Also important in the context of the sunspots, these bodies formed while still within the powerful magnetic field of Jupiter and became permanently magnetized.

Because of the rapid rotation of Jupiter, every eight or nine hours, the plume shot material throughout the entire solar system for almost 6,000 years. A conservative estimate of one asteroid per hour over only 5,000 years would be (5000 years x 24 x 365) gives ~44 million asteroids, but the splatting into larger sizes, like Pluto, and many impacts on the outer planets, which changed their obliquities,  has decreased the number.  The rapid rotation of Jupiter, the velocity of the ejection, plus the orbital velocity of Jupiter, when combined, was sufficient to eject bodies into the outer solar system, many bombarding Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto, but when the rotation of the plume site was opposed to the orbital velocity, the asteroids were directed into the inner solar system. At one such moment in each rotation, three per Earth day for 5,000 years (5.5 million), a potential Kreutz sungrazer was launched. Fortunately, they were launched well south of the ecliptic, passing ‘below’ the Earth (ecliptic) on the way to the Sun and ‘above’ the Earth on their return. This explains the unique inclinations of the Kreutz sungrazers, between  144 and 139 degrees. The velocity imparted by the fast rotation of Jupiter when the plume was directed toward the Sun ejected the sungrazers into retrograde orbits, but general relativistic effects undoubtedly have had a strong effect on their orbits because of their proximity to the Sun.

Fig. 3. The ‘butterfly’sunspot cycle, top

As their original orbits have decayed they continuously approach the Sun. The 11 year periodicity of the sunspots matches the orbital period of Jupiter, meaning that the orbits of the many potential sungrazers are offset from the Sun due to the eccentricity and inclination of Jupiter’s orbit. The butterfly diagram (Figure 3.), in which each period begins at high latitudes and progresses toward the equator shows the influence of the Jupiter’s inclination throughout its orbit and the 22 S lat. from which they were launched. The symmetry in north and south impacts is due to the perihelion point being close to the ecliptic. Approaching sungrazers hit in the south latitudes of the Sun while those which pass through perihelion cross the ecliptic and hit at comparable north latitudes.

Fig. 4. Sunspots show the impacting asteroids are breaking up.

The primary reason for the current interpretation of the sunspots as coming from within the Sun is the result of the sunspots being magnetically polarized, based on the spectrum of iron in their umbras.  This is due to the fact that the sungrazers became permanently magnetized when they formed from the gaseous plume near Jupiter. Thus, as they approach the Sun they become oriented opposite to its existing magnetic field. This is why the magnetic field of the Sun becomes reversed at the maximum, because the opposing flux of the incident asteroids overcomes the existing field. This shows that the magnetic field of the Sun is only a superficial aspect, observed at solar minimums, will disappear when the sungrazers peter out.A recent paper reveals that despite the variability of the intensity of sunspots from cycle to cycle, the solar radiation between cycles has remained unchanged over the last ten cycles.

Sunspots are not clean and well defined (Figure 4). Each one is surrounded by many smaller spots due to particles which broke off as it entered the thicker solar atmosphere. Also the axis of circulation of the magnetic field-generating particles is several tens of degrees away from the actual rotation of the Sun proving they do not originate from within the Sun.

The obvious effects of the sungrazer impacts are: that the material in the umbras of sunspots is known to be moving downward into the Sun at 3,000 km/hr and large amounts of both water and iron are detectable within them and nowhere else in the photosphere, the bright surface of the Sun.

The impacts of the non-volatile materials within each sungrazer splashes solar surface material just as any other impacts, resulting in the solar flares, some of which reach as far as the Earth. Although these pose some problems to modern technology, they also supply heat to the Earth as evidenced by the ‘little ice age’ which resulted from dearths of sunspots known as the Spörer Minimum (1450–1540) and the Maunder Minimum (1645–1715). Also unknown to modern science, the pulses of incoming positive and negative charged particles spiral into the magnetic poles in opposite senses, therefore their effects of pumping up the magnetic field of the Earth are additive.

Also unknown to modern science, the magnetic field of the Earth originates from high pressure, superconducting layers of  FeH in the solid core, not in putative swirling dynamo currents in the mantle. This is corroborated by the magnetic field of Mercury, the former solid core of Mars, which despite its great age, has no solid core or magnetic field.

If you are unaware, you are unaware of being unaware
Leon Festinger  Theory of Cognitive Dissonance  1957

Jupiter & Saturn – Gas Giants?

•February 5, 2018 • Comments Off on Jupiter & Saturn – Gas Giants?

Fig. 1. The band of Jupiter’s atmosphere wrapped around its equator, increases its apparent equatorial diameter.

In addition to their low densities, planetary scientists believe Jupiter and Saturn are ‘gas giants’ because of their oblatness. However, cyclic catastrophism explains their high oblatnesses in the context of their highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate composition (MGH). Oblatness O = (equatorial diameter (DE) – polar diameter (DP))/ (equatorial diameter (DE)). The oblatenesses of the outer planets are:

Jupiter =  0.06487,  Saturn  =  0.09796,  Uranus =  0.02293,  Neptune = 0.01708,  Pluto =  0.0000

The difference between the high oblateness of Jupiter and Saturn versus Uranus, Neptune and Pluto has resulted in planetary scientists deciding that the former are ‘gas giants’ and the other three ‘ice giants’. However, they are all ice giants – methane gas hydrate (MGH) is a form of ice which forms in the presence of ample methane.  The impact on Jupiter 6,000 years BP is what made both Jupiter and Saturn appear to be gaseous.


Fig. 2 IR image of Jupiter
with Great Red Spot on the left and the fusion source on the right.

A fusion reaction, in which protons and deuterons fuse to produce bare nuclei of a light isotope of  helium, called a helion, with a kinetic energy of 5 MeV (expressed as  p + d  → 3He+++ 4.98 MeV), marked by the Great Red Spot 50,000 km to the west, is continuously forming the visible atmosphere of Jupiter. The local heat of the fusion reaction is releasing the full range of the known elements enclosed in the clathrate MGH. Planetary scientists have only identified a few, such as nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, which they believe are from comets that impacted Jupiter. Why are the normal elements not identified? Because they form high-temperature compounds in the hot vortex of 1032 helions/second rising to the Great Red Spot, which we do not usually find in Earth-like conditions. As the vortex rises and cools these compounds condense and crystallize forming solid particulate aerosols, which are carried upward within the vortex formed by the helions and sprayed out into the upper atmosphere, consistent with the Galileo atmospheric probe findings that the atmosphere above the cloud-tops is denser and warmer than ‘expected’. One such compound is CS (carbon sulfide) which forms tiny red crystals, causes the red tints and colors the GRS. These aerosols form the tinted clouds we see, Jupiter’s Jujitsu Belt, which cannot be identified by spectroscopy. ‘Gas giant’ scientists claim that the clouds ‘may be’ forms of ammonia snow.

This visible atmosphere is continuously being manufactured by the ongoing fusion reaction and the released aerosols are continuously settling to the surface. JunoCam has revealed that these clouds only extend as far north and south to ~70 degrees latitude, probably because they are kept aloft partially by the centrifugal force of Jupiter’s rapid rotation. Poleward of these limits, JunoCam reveals the true solid surface of Jupiter, with cyclones revolving about low pressure centers, as on Earth, accentuated by the much greater Coriolis effect on Jupiter. This rotation is opposite from that of the Great Red Spot, which is not a storm. Since the fusion reaction was stronger in the past, a strip of desert-like terrain covered with atmospheric particles can be seen just poleward of the Jiu Jitsu belt. Also, because the fusion reaction, the origin of the tinted aerosol atmosphere, the Great Red Spot, is at 22 degrees South Latitude, the atmosphere extends further south than north (Figure 3.), and the south pole area is probably warmer than the north.


Fig. 3. ‘Comet’ 67P, is actually a ‘Juno asteroid’ many millions of which are present throughout the solar system, the largest is Pluto.

A slowly declining fusion reaction in the crater of the enormous impact explosion on Jupiter 6,000 years ago has ejected an uncountable number of bodies into all parts of the solar system. Many millions of these comprise the main asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt, the Jupiter trojans and the Kreutz sungrazers. These were formed from a hot fusion plume on Jupiter in a weightless environment and condense into low density bodies, one example of which is ‘comet’ 67 P Churyumov Gerasiamento.  They are are not comets, but asteroids, comprising the complete abundance of solar system elements which, because they were all outward from the plume with similar velocities and directions, ‘splatted’ and adhered forming larger bodies, as observed in 67P.

Fig. 4. NASA Cassini probe imaged ‘spokes’ showing new material still being blasted from Saturn into the rings.

Since Saturn is the closest massive planet to Jupiter, it has been bombarded with thousands of these asteroids in the last 6,000 years. The solid body of Saturn also comprises highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate so these impacts on its surface produce secondary fusion explosions similar to those produced by the impacts of the larger Shoemaker-Levy 9 fragments on Jupiter, although modern science does not yet realize that fusion explosions were involved (REF). These blast material into the air, primarily water, increasing the thickness of the atmosphere, and into space, adding to the rings to this day. Scientists, judging Saturn’s diameter by the cloud-tops, calculate its oblateness using the enormously expanded equatorial diameter, and calculate a very low density, (δ=0.7), much less than MGH (δ=0.9), resulting in its classification as a gaseous planet.

Images of Saturn captured by the Cassini probe (Figure 4), actually show shadows of new material recently blasted into space by the impacts of Jupiter asteroids on its surface. Most of the mass blasted from the surface is slowed by the thick atmosphere and inflates it even further, giving it the highest oblateness of all the planets in the solar system.

Many impacts of large asteroids from Jupiter also are the cause of the large obliquities (degrees) of the giant planets, the angle of their spin axes relative to the perpendicular to the ecliptic plane, while that of Jupiter is minimal.
Jupiter 3.1, Saturn 26.7, Uranus 97.8, Neptune 28.3, Pluto 122.5.



Amazing – Jupiter’s Polar Oceans

•January 31, 2018 • Comments Off on Amazing – Jupiter’s Polar Oceans

The Juno chief scientist, Scott Bolton, described his amazement when the first images of Jupiter’s polar regions by JunoCam were released. “I couldn’t believe it, the poles are blue !” Given the previous posts here on the Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) makeup of the giant planets and the role of a (almost) hidden fusion reaction, the reason for this becomes obvious. The vortex of 1028/s high energy (4.98 MeV) helions which produce the auroral ovals and the heavy elements within the vortex which produce the poleward flashes, warm the

Fig.2. JIRAM IR image of Southern Aurora showing the heat and penetration of the vortex of helions in Jupiter’s southern auroral oval.

polar areas, or ‘polar caps’, as indicated by IR images of the south pole as shown in Figure 2. Since MGH is mostly water, (CH4)4(H2O )23 , the heat ‘melts’ the top layer, releasing the methane and leaving water on the surface. As a result, Jupiter’s polar zones are covered with the largest oceans in the solar system, a fact beautifully revealed by the simplest instrument on-board, JunoCam. Moreover, since Jupiter incorporates the familiar abundances of the elements on Earth, this ocean is saline just like ours. The depth of this ocean will have to wait until a probe can be landed on Jupiter – one that floats.

Astronauts will eventually land on Jupiter. Although it is massive, its large radius results in a g-force on its surface only 2.6 times that on the Earth. However, as long as the fusion reaction continues on Jupiter, the surface temperature and pressure in its equatorial and tropical zones will be high due to the massive numbers of hot crystalline particles suspended in the atmosphere, similar to the atmosphere of Venus, due to the S8 and CS suspended in its lower atmosphere. Also, the helion radiation at the poles of Jupiter is presently too great for manned exploration.

However, the fusion reaction driving the entire system is declining and when it is extinguished, signaled by the disappearance of the Great Red Spot, all these barriers to astronauts will quickly disappear. The bloated atmosphere between ~70 degree latitudes, will settle to the surface, reducing the temperature and pressure and the polar radiation will immediately cease. The only problem after that will be Jupiter will begin to cool down, so the astronauts will have to get there fast while the surfing is still good.

Scott Bolton has already given up trying to interpret the Juno data in terms of the consensus ‘gas giant’ hypothesis and is proposing an entire billion dollar fleet of new probes to swarm the planet to collect more data in the next 50 years. But this is not necessary, because the answers are all right here and more formally in my scientific papers.

There is no such thing as consensus science. If it’s consensus, it isn’t science. If it’s science, it isn’t consensus. Period.”
― Michael Crichton

1 Cor 2:6-7 We do, however, speak a message of wisdom among the mature, but not the wisdom of this age or the rules of this age, who are coming to nought. No, we speak of God’s secret wisdom that has been hidden and that God destined for our glory before time began. 

Jupiter’s Jiu Jitsu Belt

•January 17, 2018 • Comments Off on Jupiter’s Jiu Jitsu Belt

Fig. 1. Jupiter south pole mosaic revealing the true surface of the planet and the clouds which form a wide belt at lower latitudes.

JunoCam has revealed an amazing feature of Jupiter’s atmosphere, easily visible now to the whole world, but unrecognized by planetary scientists, who have the very unscientific habit of deciding what the probes will reveal before they receive the first data. As explained in many previous posts, Juno data is clearly indicating that Jupiter is a solid, low density  (d = 1.33 g/cm3) planet, slightly more dense than pure methane gas hydrate (MGH) (d= 0.9 g/cm3), due to the encapsulated heavy elements. Before Juno sent back its first data, all we had seen were the colored, banded clouds. Surprisingly, the simplest instrument, JunoCam, included primarily to add to the popularity of the mission, giving the ‘citizen scientists’ a chance to participate, has produced the most profound view, which proves the MGH concept.

All ancient texts describe the creation of Venus from the head of Jupiter. This dates a huge impact on Jupiter at approximately 6,000-years BP (ago), but demonstrates how the other terrestrial planets, including the Earth were produced, and reveals that the full range of elements we have on Earth came from Jupiter. MGH is a known clathrate, which physically encloses all kinds of foreign particles in cages of twelve or more water molecules. In keeping with the known abundances of the elements, H > O > C, the nominal composition of MGH is (CH4)4(H2O )23 , with lesser numbers of all the other elements. In complete contrast, scientists today believe Jupiter is 90% hydrogen and 10% helium, hoping that more oxygen (water) is somehow hidden deep in a dense core, which Juno gravity measurements have proven, does not exist.

Fig. 2. The expanded incandescent Jupiter and the plume, known as Juno in Roman myth.

The Venus impact triggered a flaming nuclear fusion reaction on the surface of Jupiter, because the MGH formed in a very cold (50 K) dark nebula, many of which are known to have very large amounts of heavy hydrogen (deuterium). The fusing of deuterium with protons exponentially increased the energy of the impact – that is the only way terrestrial planets could have formed. This impact left behind on the surface of Jupiter a visible, radioactive plume, called Juno in Roman myth, originally shooting out as far as Callisto and rotating every eight hours with Jupiter (Figure 2). In myth Juno was said to be peering through the veil with which Jupiter had surrounded himself. The plume has gradually declined but the fusion reaction, p + d -> 3He++, still burns on the solid surface some 700 km below the cloud-tops, producing 1030/second of these 4.98 MeV helions (3He++), which form an expanding vortex due to the Coriolis effect, that exits through the Great Red Spot and, as explained in previous posts, heats the planet, drives the multiple, zonal wind bands and creates the magnetic field of Jupiter.

But, to the point of this epistle, the fusion reaction is continuously forming the visible atmosphere of Jupiter. The local heat of the fusion reaction releases the full range of the known elements enclosed in the clathrate MGH. Planetary scientists have only identified a few, such as nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, which they believe are from comets that impacted Jupiter. Why are the normal elements not seen? Because they form high-temperature compounds in the hot vortex which we do not usually find in Earth-like conditions. As the vortex rises and cools these compounds condense, and crystallize forming solid particulate aerosols, which are carried upward within the vortex formed by the helions and sprayed out into the upper atmosphere, consistent with early findings that the atmosphere above the cloud-tops is denser and warmer than ‘expected’. One such compound is CS (carbon sulfide) which causes the red tints and colors the GRS. These aerosols form the tinted clouds we see, Jupiter’s Jujitsu Belt, which cannot be identified by spectroscopy. ‘Gas giant’ scientists want to believe the clouds are forms of ammonia snow.

Fig. 3. The Northern exposure of Jupiter’s surface extends to lower latitudes than the Southern.

This visible atmosphere is continuously being manufactured by the ongoing fusion reaction and the released aerosols are continuously settling to the surface. JunoCam has revealed that these clouds only extend as far north and south to ~70 degrees latitude, probably because they are kept aloft partially by the centrifugal force of Jupiter’s rapid rotation. Poleward of this limit, JunoCam reveals the true solid surface of Jupiter, with cyclones revolving about low pressure centers, as on Earth, accentuated by the much greater Coriolis effect on Jupiter. This rotation is opposite from that of the Great Red Spot, which is not a storm. Since the fusion reaction was stronger in the past, a strip of desert-like terrain covered with atmospheric particles can be seen just poleward of the Jiu Jitsu belt. Also, because the fusion reaction, the origin of the tinted aerosol atmosphere, the Great Red Spot, is at 22 degrees South Latitude, the atmosphere extends further south than north (Figure 3.), and the south pole area is probably warmer than the north.

1 Cor 1:27-29 KJV  But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the mighty: and base things of the world and things that are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are: That no flesh should glory in His presence. [so that none may boast before Him]. 

Jupiter’s UV Aurora

•December 30, 2017 • Comments Off on Jupiter’s UV Aurora

Fig. 2 Yellow is main stream of helions which produce the magnetic field of Jupiter. Blue are the vortical streams deflected to the poles.

As discussed in a recent post, Jupiter is a solid, highly deuterated, Methane Gas Hydrate (clathrate) body, density of 1.33 g/cm3 incorporating the full complement of known solar system elements. The terrestrial planets were each formed by unique impacts on Jupiter, the most recent of which was proto-Venus, which currently comprises only the heavy elements which will become the mantle and core of the planet. This impact left behind a continuous fusion reaction at the point of impact on Jupiter, which has slowly declined over the past 6,000 years to a single reaction, usually written.

                                             p + d -> 3He+ + γ                                                                      (1)

As reasoned in a previous post and below, the author maintains this is not the correct form of the reaction, which should be written:

                                                    p + d -> 3He++                                                                       (2)

Fig. 2. JIRAM IR image of Southern Aurora

The energy produced by this aneutronic reaction is solely in the kinetic energy of 1032 helions per second, 4.98 MeV, with velocities of 17,800 km/s on the MGH surface of Jupiter, 50,000 km east of the Great Red Spot.  These nucleons swirl in a vortex, due to the Coriolis effect (proportional to their velocity and the rapid rotation of Jupiter), exit the atmosphere via the Great Red Spot and circulate prograde (yellow in Figure 1) around the planet. This circulation of doubly charged helions generates the unusual magnetodisk magnetic field of Jupiter. The field is powerful because it is produced in space, not shielded within the planet.

The circulating helions are lost to space as fast as they are produced  after circling Jupiter a few times (~60 seconds). Due to their high concentration, most have no chance of encountering electrons during this period. The Energetic Particle Instruments on Ulysses, Cassini, and the Galileo orbiter detected ‘storms’ of high energy, electrically charged ‘dust particles’ at great distances from Jupiter. Juno encountered these same high energy particles on its way to Jupiter,  when their impacts on the solar panels splashed glowing secondary particles through the field of view of the star telescopes used for measuring the orientation of the magnetometer. These observations suggest that the helions (3He++) lost were dispersed through the enormous clouds of electrons in the outer reaches of the Jupiter system, where they became the stable 3He+. Although close to Jupiter, the Galileo atmospheric probe identified large numbers of high energy helium ions, 3He+, “of unknown origin” because the helions captured electrons and were slowed down as they passed through the massive atmospheric heat shield, which had not yet been ejected, thereby becoming identifiable.were detected

Fig.3 UV images of North and South auroral ovals.

Just above the GRS some of the helions penetrate the circulating cloud and become captured helically in the magnetic field (blue in Figure 1). These comprise two powerful vortices which impact at the poles. The high velocities (17,800 km/s) of the 4.98 MeV helions nucleons ensure powerful impacts in the atmosphere, producing the deep auroral ovals. The depth to which these ions penetrate the atmosphere is illustrated in the JIRAM images taken in the H3 band (Figure 2). However, the most energetic radiation from the auroral ovals, is in the Ultra Violet, evidenced by many analyses by the Hubble space telescope. The Juno UltraViolet Imaging Spectrometer, encompassing the H II bands (Lyman, Werner, and Rydberg) and H Ly  α bands, produced the image in Figure 4 and measured the auroral power at 3 – 5 Tw (Terrawatts).  Some of the heavy elements released by the heat of the fusion reaction are carried within the rising vortex as ions with much lesser velocities. The impacts of these produce the intermittent brightenings that are observed interior to the UV ovals.

The Origin of the UltraViolet Auroras

The vortical flow of ~ 1028 /s  helions impacting around Jupiter’s poles, with velocities as high as 17,800 km/sec, produces a Ly α UV continuum with an edge at 228 Å, produced by the capture of electrons as they enter the atmosphere.  This edge is at much shorter wavelengths than the hydrogen Ly α UV, the edge of which is at 700 Å.  This higher energy UV radiation from Jupiter’s aurora was detected in 1989, but interpreted as Doppler (blue) shifted H Ly α. [Clark et al., Doppler Shifted H Ly α Emission from Jupiter’s Aurora, GRL v. 16, N. 6, 1989.] The auroral UV radiation on Jupiter is currently thought to be from methane, because methane absorption bands obscure some of the radiation, but methane is not its origin.

The ovals are ‘permanent’ because the fusion reaction is continuous. The southern auroral oval is more circular than the northern one because the ion path from the GRS, at 22 º S. Lat., is shorter. As shown in Figure 1, the vortical streams move prograde in longitude as they flow to the poles due to the angular momentum imparted to them by the rotation of Jupiter.  As a result, the longitude offsets of the north and south auroral ovals are slightly different. The distortion of the northern oval in NASA videos reveals that it moves with the rotation of Jupiter because the geographical reference longitudes added are from System III, which is defined by the location of the Great Red Spot. This gives the impression that the magnetic field is generated in the interior, but it is not.

Note: The radiation due to the capture of electrons by 3He++  is incorrectly attributed to a γ emission in the common form of the nuclear reaction (1).

This day before dawn, I ascended a hill and looked at the crowded heaven. And I said to my spirit ‘When we become the enfolders of these orbs, and the pleasure and knowledge of everything in them, shall we be filled and satisfied then? And my spirit said ‘No, we level that lift to pass and continue beyond.’                                            Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grass