Tidal Force in Geology
As the Moon orbits the Earth, the gravitational force which determines its orbit is calculated assuming that the total mass of both bodies is concentrated at their centers. However, because the gravitational force is exactly proportional to the inverse square of the distance from it (1/R^2), the force of the Moon on the Earth is slightly greater on the near side than at the center. This results in two very slight tidal bulges, not only in the oceans, but also in the solid Earth, which move continuously around the planet as it rotates. Why two? Because just as the gravitational force on the near side is stronger than on the center of the Earth, the force on the far side is less than at the center, allowing an outward bulge there. Thus the tidal force is due to the differences in the gravitational force at different distances.
These forces on the solid Earth result in elastic, not permanent bulges. But during the period of cyclic catastrophism, beginning with the Younger Dryas period, large bodies passed so close to the Earth that their tidal force exceeded the elastic limit of the Earth’s crust, resulting in the uplifting of the massive Tibetan-Himalayan complex – a permanent tidal bulge. Between 3700 and 700 BC, Mars, still containing its solid core (now called Mercury) repeatedly (100 times) became captured in an obit very close to the Earth (only 44,000 km center to center) for fifteen years and was subsequently released into a planetary orbit for a comparable period.
When captured, Mars became tidally locked to Tibetan-Himalayan complex. This linkage forced Mars and Earth to revolve around one another exactly once per day, slowing the rotation so that there were only 360 days per year. During each encounter, Mars appeared stationary above the Earth, 500 times the size of the Moon, in a geostationary orbit. For obvious reasons, this enormous presence in the heavens was the primary deity in all ancient cultures (e.g. Indra, Vishnu, Argo, Horus, Nergal, Baal). Perhaps even more amazing was the fact that this massive body, when it became tidally bound above Mt. Kailas in Tibet, forced the spin axis of the rigid outer shell of the Earth to move to Hudson Bay in one day, vastly changing the positions of all heavenly bodies. The tidal force of Mars quickly drew all the oceans on the near side of the Earth toward the Himalayas, emptying the Mediterranean and Red Seas and leaving kilometer-thick deposits of sea-level animals at an elevation of 5,000 feet. Indeed, the proximity of this enormous planet, for a total of 1,500 years, resulted in or modified every geological feature on Earth.
One good example of its tidal force is the geologically recent rifting of the Middle East faults. Geologists have studied them for half a century and are no closer to understanding them than their early counterparts. In fact, the most coherent analysis was published back in 1969 by I. G. Gass & I. L. Gibson of the University of Leeds:
“The rifts which trisect the Middle East originated as zones of crustal attenuation during the formation of the Afro-Arabian dome. Subsequently, the style of deformation changed to one of horizontal displacement, the widening rifts being floored by new oceanic crust. This separation was due to the movement of all crustal plates at different rates in the same, north-easterly direction.” [my emphasis]
Although the authors correctly analysed the movement of the plates, they unfortunately did not understand the origin of the force involved. This movement was due to the long term tidal force of Mars, stationary above Tibet. All three plates were drawn toward the northeast, but due to the differences in the gravitational forces at greater distances (the tidal force) they were, at the same time, drawn apart.
There are numerous other geological features that resulted from those encounters, but geologists are unaware of the encounters and as a result have been struggling with a myriad of apparent ‘mysteries’ for centuries. Because of the magnitudes of these features, they assign great ages to them, typically 5 million years, consistent with the gradualism paradigm which dominates current day geology. Examples are: the origin of the Tibetan-Himalayan complex; the liquid rock underlying most of Tibet; the horizontally bedded Siwalik deposits surrounding the Tibetan-Himalayan complex; the so-called Messinian Salinity Crisis due to many complete evaporations of the Mediterranean Sea; the continuing isostatic rebound of the Hudson Bay area due to the recent glacier centered there; the equal ‘steps’ in the volcanic Deccan Traps and the floodbed rythmite sedimentary deposits in the northeast US; the origin of all the water on the Earth; and indeed the cosmogony of the entire solar system.