ALMA Images Reveal Origin of Giant Planets

•January 17, 2019 • Comments Off on ALMA Images Reveal Origin of Giant Planets

Fig. 1 ALMA images reveal many giant planets forming in orbits of protoplanetary systems.

1. Introduction
The solar system comprises two fundamentally different types of planets: giant and terrestrial. At present, the origin of these two classes of planets are not understood. The recent Atacama Large Millimeter/sub-millimeter Array (ALMA) images of more than twenty young star systems provide information suggesting the origin and composition of giant planets. At the temperatures of these systems (<50 K) planets form from the same particles of ice that are being imaged.

Solid Methane gas hydrate (MGH) forms naturally at the extremely low temperatures in the outer reaches of Large Dark Nebulae. In MGH, a clathrate, twelve or more water molecules form rigid cage-like, structures. Most of these physically encapsulate a methane molecule, but larger cages can envelope a wide range of ‘foreign’ molecules or atoms, maximizing the mass of particles incorporated. The nominal composition of pure MGH is (CH4)8(H2O)46, with an average density of 0.9 g/cm3. Tests have shown that MGH is two orders of magnitude stronger than water ice at 208 K and the difference increases with decreasing temperature. The strength is further enhanced in highly deuterated MGH.

2. Giant Planet Formation
Millimeter studies of Large Dark Nebulae (LDN 1689N, 134, 154, 1544)1 report a 1010 enhancement of deuterium fractionation in the form of ND3 and D3 molecules in their colder outer reaches (20 K). Surfaces of dust particles in dark nebulae act as catalysts for the formation of simple molecules, H2 (D2) which then combine forming ices, primarily H2O, HDO, D2O, encapsulating the heavy elements in the form of dust or nanoparticles. Accretion continues at the next stage by the formation of deuterated MGH. By this symbiotic process, clathrate giant planets accrete the complete heavy element abundances in nascent stellar systems increasing their average densities to ~ 1.33 g/cm3.

Young star systems revealed in the ALMA images are natural progressions of LDNs as they contract, and their intrinsic angular momentum becomes manifest. As observed in the LDNs, high concentrations of deuterium are present in the cold outer reaches of protoplanetary systems where giant planets form prior to the initiation of nuclear fusion in the proto-star. Increasing gravitational pressure during accretion compensates for later increases in temperature (Fig. 1). Cold hydration makes possible the incorporation of the noble gases, argon, krypton, and xenon which have been detected in Jupiter by the Galileo atmospheric probe.

As observed in the ALMA images, the giant planets alone comprise the nascent star system. The MGH composition of giants suggests that they are ~ 85% water. Therefore, the giant planets in the solar system comprise 275 earth-masses of water. All the icy satellites and rings orbiting the giant planets are due to impacts which ejected material, primarily water into the surrounding space and releasing methane in their atmospheres.

Magnetic Field

Fig. 2. Fusion reaction energy flowing to GRS. Reflected energy from NEB.

A powerful recent impact at 22º S. Lat. on Jupiter produced a slowly declining fusion reaction, p + d => 3He++ + 4.98 MeV, on its surface consuming the tightly bound deuterium, which is therefore not detected. 1031/s fast doubly charged helion fusion products (17,800 km/s) produce the excess luminosity, the multiple zonal wind vortices are constrained by Coriolis effect and the solid surface, and exit the atmosphere through the Great Red Spot. Given the angular momentum of Jupiter, they orbit prograde at 1.08 RJ generating Jupiter’s powerful exterior magnetosphere, currently interpreted as an “inner radiation belt”.2

Fig. 3. Helion stream (yellow) which produces Jupiter’s magnetic field. Vortical streams (blue) deflected to the poles, form auroral ovals.

Two powerful vortical streams are deflected by the existing magnetic field to the poles, producing the constant auroral ovals. The north-south asymmetries of the magnetic field and atmospherics are due to the location of the energy source at the Great Red Spot, at 22º S Lat. No magnetic field is generated in the solid MGH interior of Jupiter, but iron and nickel dispersed in dust particles act as a weak permanent magnet, its field induced by the exterior magnetic field.

Atmosphere
The heavy elements, released from the MGH by the fusion heating, react to form high temperature compounds, cooling as they rise more slowly through the GRS vortex forming solid particulate aerosols, such as CS which forms tiny red crystals, producing the color of Jupiter’s red spot and clouds. These particles fall to the surface of Jupiter beneath the cloud-tops as rapidly as they are released. As a result, the clouds cover only ~ 60 degrees of latitude centered on the GRS. Some of these particles are carried within the polar vortices and cause spurious emissions within the constant auroral ovals.

Gravity
The heavy element aerosols have been collecting on the surface beneath the clouds since the fusion reaction was reduced to solely proton deuterium (1935). Its distribution is affected by the surface wind. This is currently being interpreted as a deep atmospheric signal, but as Juno coverage increases is being understood to be static.

Fig. 4. The blue oceans at both poles of Jupiter.thern exposure of Jupiter’s surface extends to lower latitudes tha the Southern.

6. Polar Oceans
Poleward of the cloud-covered ~ 60º centered on the GRS, the blue oceans of melted surface MGH are visible. The polar regions are warmed by the polar vortices of high energy helions which form the auroral ovals. The depth of this water layer will determine whether future astronauts will require boots or boats.

3. Terrestrial Planets
The ALMA images have stimulated papers suggesting that the images will provide information on the accretion of the terrestrial planets. However, the primary message of the ALMA data suggested herein is that the giant planets are solid, highly deuterated, methane gas hydrate bodies with a full complement of the known solar system element abundances, in the form of its average density 1.33 as compared to pure MGH with a density of 0.9 g/cm3. Most significant, the most abundant elements, hydrogen and oxygen, are in the form of H2O.

The proposed ongoing fusion reaction implies that a highly energetic (geologically) recent impact has demonstrated the suitability, even the probability, that an impact created a new terrestrial planet. The only terrestrial planet which is hotter and less well understood than Jupiter is Venus, or is it proto-Venus?

Fig. 5. Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impacts on Jupiter

The impacts of the larger fragments of Shoemaker-Levy 9 ‘comet’ produced ‘main events’ delayed by 10 minutes, which were never adequately interpreted. These delays were the time that the mushroom clouds from the fusion explosions on the surface took to rise to the cloud-tops, becoming visible. The complete abundance of elements, high deuterium and water content of the giant ice planets are ideal sources for producing terrestrial planets. Impacts on these giants instantaneously compress and heat the deuterated surface producing powerful fusion explosions exponentially increasing the energy of the impacts. Heavy elements blasted into the inner solar system by these impacts quickly collapse releasing gravitational and recombination radiation forming a hot, near-spherical molten core/mantle of a terrestrial proto-planet, which has no inherent spin. This radiation pressure disburses the lighter elements throughout the inner solar system, producing equinoctial lights, which eventually become captured by the extant planets and the new planet when it cools.3 The rampaging, molten proto-planet interacts with extant terrestrial planets to circularize is orbit, potentially changing others.

4. Conclusion
ALMA images reveal twenty icy young stellar systems, <50 K, each with several giant planets. LDN studies suggest the giant planets comprise highly deuterated MGH known to form naturally at these temperatures. This suggests a re-interpretation of Galileo and Juno mission data will provide a basic understanding of the giant planets.

References
1 .E.Roueff. Interstellar deuterated ammonia: from NH3 to ND3, (2005), DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20052724.
2 P. Kollmann et al. A heavy ion and proton radiation belt inside of Jupiter’s rings, Geophysical Research Letters, 16June, 2017, p.5259 5268.
3 L. A. Frank J. B. Sigwarth, Atmospheric holes: Instrumental and geophysical effects, JGR, 1Jan 1999.

History of Grand Canyon

•January 10, 2019 • Comments Off on History of Grand Canyon

Cyclic Catastrophism

Fig. 1. Orbits of Earth, Mars and proto-Venus between Mars’ geostationary captures encounters geostationary encounters showing capture and release points.

In preparation for the re-surfacing of the Earth, the lithosphere was inverted four times without changing its rotation rate. These inversions caused the oceans to rush across the continents, covering them with up to four layers of ocean-bottom material, the boundaries between which are currently called Mid Lithosphere Discontinuities, These ensured the complete destruction of the former reptilian flora and fauna dominated by the dinosaurs.. They also thickened  and reduced the viscosity of the asthenosphere by heating it.

The living planet Mars, with its core Mercury in a Venus-like orbit, was  then sheparded by the still molten proto-Venus into an orbit that intersected that of the Earth (Figure 1).

Fig. 2. Lithospere motion relative to mantle. (Differential Rotation … Ricardi et al JGR May 1991)

Mars then became captured in a geostationary orbit above Mt. Kailas 44,400 km from the Earth (center to center). Mars’ moment, thereby attached to the lithosphere, forced it to rotate independently of the mantle with Mt. Kailas (31 ° N Lat.) remaining in the ecliptic plane, forcing a marathon 14.4-year tropical temperature on the Himalayas (Figure 2). This motion also forced a point in Central North America (Canada) 59° Lat. into a 14.4-year marathon of sunless winter, resulting in the accumulation of estimated 9,000 ft Laurentine glacier, which completely covered northern North America as far south as Wisconsin. Then due to a close inferior conjunction and aphelion of proto-Venus, Mars was released into its intersecting orbit (Figure 1) for 15.6 years.  This 30-year cycle was repeated ninety-nine times

During these capture periods, convulsions within Mars, induced by alignments with the Moon or the Sun and Moon combined, blasted the atmosphere, oceans, soil, rocks and vegetation (as living sprouts, manna) to the Earth. This material formed many layers of wet soil and rocks in ninety-nine rhythmic horizontally bedded layers of sedimentary rocks that covered the continents of the Earth, including the area of the Grand Canyon and floods from the melting Lauurentine glacier formed the Colorado river and the rhythmics of Walla Walla, separated by “less than forty varves (years)” in Washington State. During the same periods the tidal drag of Mars  caused the entire lithosphere of the Earth to revolve 24 km/h westward relative to the mantle as a unit, thus all ancient cultures had calendars of 360  and 365.25 days/year . The silicate material at the top of the mantle acted as a bearing and its ample silicate lava flowed up into the continents where they were shallow.

During each release period, the silicate lava which had intruded beneath the continents cooled and crystallized expanding as low density granite causing an uplifting of the continents , these cratons, although homogeneous, have recently been found to have been emplaced incrementally. During these 15.6-year periods the Laurentine glacier, returned to normal seasons, melted and the massive discharge of water flowed across what is now known as the USA, found its way to the sea. In the farthest northwest these flows caused the Scablands of J. Harlen Bretz  when the glacial damns were breached. Farther to the East, the melting glacier sent flows across the originally low-lying western states which found their way to what is now called the Colorado River.

Therefore each cycle accumulated an additional layer of wet, soft sedimentary rock which was raised at the same pace due to the formation of subsurface granite and in locations like the grand canyon were just as quickly was eroded away by rivers during the subsequent 15.6 years. Ninety-nine of these cycles built the mountain ranges, continents, canyons and provided the millions of species of flora and fauna which constitute our beautiful new world. Since the solid material from Mars was primarily soil and water, the Earth is covered by many sedimentary layers except where granite cratons rose through them, exclusively in the continents of the Earth, The

Fig.3 The North American Craton

North American craton remains hidden below the surface.

Repositoning of the Continents

Mars’ geostationary position above the Himalayas forced the lithosphere to rotate 31 degrees so that the Himalayas remained in the ecliptic plane, slowing the motion of the entire lithosphere by 24 km/h relative to the asthenosphere and creating a temporary equator during each capture period, evidence of which is just becoming recognized as screwed hot-spots in the oceans of the world. Mars tidally drew together the greater Eurasian continent toward the Himalayas, including India, the Arabian plate, even Australia.  This caused the opening of the East African and Red Sea faults, the continental collision of the Arabian peninsula with the Eurasian continent, forming the Zagros mountains and folding from the alps increasing toward the Himalayas.  Mars direct tidal force on the northern part of the North American continent and its indirect tidal effect on rest of the continents moved it northwest away from the Eurasian continent, while Mars’ indirect effect effect on the South American continent moved westward. These motions opened up the entire Atlantic Ocean in only 3,000 years from 3687 and 687 BC, created the strong subduction zones on their west coasts and combined with the direct westward motion on the greater Eurasian continent, created the Pacific “Ring of Fire. The subduction of the American continents produced the Rockies, North and South American Cordilleras and the Basin and Range Provence on the west coast.

Zircon (U-Pb) Dating

Based on the ancient myths of RgVeda, Egypt, Celts, Greeks and clues in the Bible, these ninety-nine 30-year geostationary encounters with Mars took place between 3700 and 687 BC. Otherwise they could not have been observed and ancient texts composed about them.  Because the Earth is covered by sedimentary rock from hundreds of volcanoes on Mars the suspiciously ubiquitous zircons give a wide range of ages, all characteristic of the more ancient Mars, not of the Earth.

This entire resurfacing (terraforming) of the Earth was cotemporaneous with the Biblical period from Genesis to the time of Isaiah, 687 BC, who wrote:

Isaiah 65:17 For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.

Not only is the evidence present around the world in agreement with the myths, but the caveat in this verse holds true, since academics are completely blind to both the changes in the heavens and the Earth. This period is currently called the Cenezoic and dated by evolutionists, who need the great span of time, in all departments at 66 Ma. Of course, this is because the magnitude of the world resurfacing is incomprehensible to them.

 

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Ultima Thule – Just Another 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko from Jupiter

•January 7, 2019 • Comments Off on Ultima Thule – Just Another 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko from Jupiter

An article in Nature News Reports another ‘snow-Man’ asteroid – the most distant body in the Solar System, in the Kuiper Belt. New Horizon scientists claim that it was created 4.6 billion years ago.

Asteroids

As explained in a previous post, Millions of 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenkos, these asteroids were all created from a slowly declining, blazing fusion reaction ‘left behind’ on the surface of Jupiter from the impact out of which Venus, more correctly proto-Venus, was born, 6000-years BP. The reaction continues to this day heating up the atmosphere of the giant Jupiter and producing the Great Red Spot. Along with Pluto, 67P and the new MU69 are

Fig. Juno asteroid 67P –

Fig. 2. Juno asteroid Ultima Thule MU69, is  ~31 X 19 km , eight times the size of 67P C-G of 67P.

the first three of millions of bodies produced from Jupiter’s blazing plume that have been observed close-up. The rest make up the entire Main Asteroid belt, the Kreutz Sungrazers that cause sunspots, and millions that orbit in the L4 and L5 Lagrange points of Jupiter.

Fig. 3 Jupiter plume (Juno) extending from 22 degrees South Latitude

Mythology

This fusion reaction, which blazed for almost 6,000 years, was observed by over one-hundred and fifty generations of human beings, and was therefore given names in all ancient cultures. The Greeks called it the aegis (shield) of Zeus (Jupiter), because it could be seen moving from left to right as Jupiter rotated, as if in battle. The impact on Jupiter caused the entire atmosphere to expand and glow an order of magnitude larger than normal. In Roman myth, this was described as Jupiter surrounding himself with a cloak to mask his affair with Io. But the blaze, which extended 2 million kilometers out into space from the impact site was imagined to be his wife Juno who was peering through the cloak to observe his infidelities (Figure 3). In the RgVeda, the blazing plume was described as ‘left behind’ from the explosion out of which Aditi (proto-Venus) was born, and imagined to be an elephant mrtnnda, which was seen swinging his trunk from side to side,also due to Jupiter’s rotation..

Physics

The blazing hot gases expanded, cooled and condensed forming solid particles which, because they were all moving in similar directions, splatted and stuck together at different scales forming larger bodies, exactly the shapes of the asteroids. Jupiter’s fast rotation, every 9 hours (~ 42,000 km/h at 22 ° S Lat.) flung the asteroids to all parts of the solar system and when added to its orbital velocity deep into the outer system. Because the blaze was directed south of the ecliptic plane, the hypothetical CMB is found to be hotter in that portion of the solar system.

There are more things in the world than are dreamed of in your philosophy, Horatio.   William Shakespeare

NASA Interpretations of Juno Data, Dec. 2018

•January 3, 2019 • Comments Off on NASA Interpretations of Juno Data, Dec. 2018

A summary of the featured talk on Juno’s latest (lack of) results at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union by David J. Stevenson:

Fig. 1. Unique disk-shaped magnetic field gererated by circling helions

“Gravity field, magnetic field and microwave brightness temperatures are three key global observations by the Juno spacecraft that inform us about what lies beneath the clouds, all the way to the center of Jupiter. Gravity … has indicated that Jupiter has an increasing concentration of elements heavier than hydrogen and helium towards the center, but not localized as in old ideas of a central core, telling us about the formation and evolution of the planet. Gravity has also told us that the winds we see in the atmosphere extend down several thousand kilometers, neither shallow in the sense of being confined to the weather layer, nor deep in the sense of extending significantly into the metallic hydrogen region. But remarkably, the pattern of the winds in the atmosphere is largely preserved at depth, an important constraint on dynamical theories for their origin. The magnetic field is incompletely mapped but already shows some striking features that have no counterpart in any other planet thus far: localized regions of high flux and a marked hemispheric difference in field structure north and south. The microwave observations show that the ammonia is non-uniformly distributed to hundreds of kilometers below the ammonia or presumed water clouds, a surprising result with implications for the nature of convective processes and the water abundance. These results challenge us to connect these three pieces: inferences on the depth of the winds may impact our interpretation of the magnetic field since meter/sec winds interact with the field in regions outward from the dynamo, and implications for water abundance from the microwaves may influence our interpretations of how the planet formed. Success of the Juno mission is measured in many ways, including instrument performance, but it is reinforced by the ways in which the results have surprised and challenged us.”

Cyclic Catastrophism (bold below)

Many posts on this site can be accessed through the search window, (i.e. select Jupiter or Juno) but the salient fact are recounted here.

A. The gas giant hypothesis on which all current research is conducted, is the primary problem since gas giants form at <50 K..

B. The gravity data is showing that Jupiter has an “increasing concentration of elements down several thousand kilometers, neither shallow  … nor deep. but not localized as in old ideas of a central core.”

This is because the Methane Gas Hydrate structure is low density and rigid.

C “Gravity is also telling us that the winds we see in the atmosphere extend down to several thousand kilometers, neither shallow in the sense of being confined to the weather layer, nor deep in the sense of extending significantly into the metallic hydrogen region. But remarkably, the pattern of the winds in the atmosphere is largely preserved at depth, an important constraint on dynamical theories for their origin.”

The fundamental problem here is more profound. It is the assumption that the magnetic field, the dynamo, is generated in the interior, which is not possible if the planet is solid. Cyclic Catastrophism proposes that a fusion reaction p + d ⇒ 3He++ + 4.98 MeV, left over from a recent 6,000-year old impact, of closely bound protons and deuterium in the methane gas hydrate, are producing 1030 invisible, doubly-charged helions per second which exit the atmosphere through the Great Red Spot, and given the angular momentum of the fast spinning planet, orbit prograde at 1.08 RJ, producing an appropriately shaped powerful magnetosphere and the external magnetic field (Figure 1.). This stream of ions is currently interpreted as the inner radiation belt and is avoided, not the least because, the JEDI ion instrument cannot measure the flight time of the helions thru the 6-cm instrument.  

The reason that the “pattern of the winds in the atmosphere is largely preserved at depth” is because the heat of the fusion reaction is releasing the full abundance of heavy elements in the clathrate MGH which combine to form high temperature compounds, such as CS. These crystallize as they rise and cool in the GRS vortex and flow out into the upper atmosphere as particulate aersols, causing the colored clouds we observe, but which Juno instruments cannot identify, so they are currently imagined to be ammonia ice. These heavy particles have been falling to the surface and accumulating beneath the clouds since ~ 1935, accumulating on the solid surface, producing the broader gravitational signals interpreted as due to the wind “at depth”.

Fig. 2.  (a) ‘Striking’ upward magnetic features in Jupiter northern hemisphere  (b) less complex downward field in southern hemisphere. .

 

D. The “striking features in the magnetic field” are due to swirling of some of the helions flowing toward the north pole which, because they have much farther to go from the GRS at 22 degrees South Latitude, are deflected by the turbulence of the clouds in the northern hemisphere.

E. The microwave observations (MWR) are currently interpreted based on the gas giant hypothesis. Thus, the longer wavelengths are

Fig. 3 MWR misinterpretation of surface heat as ammonia deep in planet due to lower frequency IR

assumed to originate from deeper in the planet. However, radiometers measure only heat, not ammonia.  In the solid methane gas hydrate hypothesis, the solid surface of Jupiter confines the circulation of a jet stream heated by the fusion reaction above the surface of the planet, which lies 700-800 km below the cloud tops. But the IR data is still interpreted as if the longer wavelengths are coming from ammonia clouds deeper in the planet. (Figure 3.).

Fig. 4. Toroidal surface winds showing eastward equatorial jet stream bordered on the north by the Coriolis force becoming vertical at the equator.

Fig. 5. IR, Vis. MWR showing location of MWR ‘ammonia signal’ in clear North Equatorial Belt and raised clouds just south of it at the equator in middle image

F. The multiple zonal wind bands are actually horizontal Coriolis vortices (zones) constrained below by the solid surface of the planet. The primary vortex, driven by the fusion, spawns adjacent bands spinning in opposite senses where they come in contact (belts). The significance of Coriolis is demonstrated by the cloudless north equatorial belt (Figure 5 left image), which lacks any circulating vortex because the Coriolis effect becomes vertical at the equator, preventing the spawning of a cloud vortex from the south, where the energy source (GRS) is. The radiation coming up through this gap in the clouds, currently interpreted as a signal associated with ammonia, is from the hot primary vortex (yellow in Figure 4) which travels north beneath the clouds and is reflected upward by the clouds north of the gap, as shown in Figure 5 right image. The raised clouds along the equator, are visible along the equator in the middle, visible light images (Figure 4.) and are also indicated by a lower measured velocity dip (shown elsewhere) along the equator.

 

Confusing Climate Disasters with Planetary Encounters

•January 1, 2019 • Comments Off on Confusing Climate Disasters with Planetary Encounters

Figure 1. Dendro correction for 14C dating vs date

Climate scientists are predicting dire consequences based on data from what is imagined to be early in the fictitious Cenezoic era. Quoting from Wikipedia:

“The data indicates that a The Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM), was a time period with more than 8 °C warmer global average temperature than today. This climate event began at the time boundary of the Paleogene between the Paleocene and Eocene geological epochs.[1] The exact age and duration of the event is uncertain, perhaps 55.5 million years ago. An associated period of massive carbon injection into the atmosphere has been estimated to have lasted no longer than 20,000 years. The entire warm period lasted for about 200,000 years. Global temperatures increased by 5–8 °C.[3] The carbon dioxide was likely released in two pulses, the first lasting less than 2,000 years. Such a repeated carbon release is in line with current global warming. A main difference is that during the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum, the planet was essentially ice-free.[4] However, the amount of released carbon, according to a recent study, suggests a modest 0.2 gigatonnes per year (at peaks 0.58 gigatonnes); humans today add about 10 gigatonnes per year.”

Fig. 2 Path scorched by proto-Venus from Sahara to Himalayas

Cyclic Catastrophism

Based on ancient texts (RgVeda, Egyptian, Greek and Biblical) cyclic catastrophism posits that the events currently ascribed to the Cenezoic era, actually took place in the last 6,000 years. The incorrect dating is due to the entire sedimentary crust of the Earth having been blasted from hundreds of volcanoes on Mars between 3687 and 687 BC along with oceans. Therefore the ubiquitous zircons across the world give wide ranges of U-Pb dates from Mars, which is 700 million years older than Earth.  The initial event of this Vedic Period is well documented in ancient texts: as Phaethon scorching the Earth in Greek myth; as Agni , the blazing form of Aditi in the RgVeda and the immediate aftermath in Genesis 1:2 “And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep”.The resulting desiccation path of proto-Venus across Africa and on to the HImalayas is the single most prominent feature on the face of the Earth today (Figure 2). The continuity of the scorched zone across the continents proves there has been no relative motion of Africa and Eurasia since.

The two close passes of the newly created, molten, out-gassing proto-Venus left behind the iridium spike signaling the K-T extinction, inverted the spin axis of the lithosphere twice within a few centuries, causing the oceans of the world to flow across the continents depositing two tens-of-km thick layers of ocean-bottom material seen today as Mid-Lithosphere Discontinuities (MLD). These released the two pulses of benthic CO2 from deep in the ocean bemoaned above and in many climate disaster posts as a predicted consequence of the present “global warming”. They also explain why there was no arctic ice during the PETM.

After these encounters, Proto-Venus gravitationally displaced the living planet Mars, full of vegetation, oceans, atmosphere, from its interior orbit, similar to that of Venus today, into an orbit that intersected that of the Earth.

Fig. 3 Orbits of Earth, Mars and proto-Venus between Mars’ geostationary encounters geostationary encounters showing capture and release points.

From this orbit Mars was captured in a geostationary orbit of the Earth for 14.4 years  and released  to the orbit shown for 15.6 years ninety-nine times during which all of its crust, atmosphere, soil, oceans were blasted to the Earth, completely covering the continents. These encounters also changed the atmosphere as shown in Figure 1, and the cycles created the granitic mountains and separated the continents to their current positions.

All mammalian life, flowering plants, fruit trees, were introduced early in the Vedic period, 3687, along with Homo Sapiens Sapiens who witnessed and composed the chants that became myths. None of these ‘evolved’ from lower forms. There was no time for evolution.

Isaiah 45:12  I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.

Origin of Giant Planets

•December 24, 2018 • Comments Off on Origin of Giant Planets

 

Fig. 1 Atacama images reveal many giant planets forming in orbits of proto-stars.

The solar system comprises two fundamentally different types of planets: giants and terrestrials. At present the origin of these two types of planets are not understood. The recent Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) images of more than twenty very young star systems provide the information to determine the origin and composition of giant planets. At the temperatures of these systems (< 50 K) planets can only form from ices.

Methane gas hydrate (MGH) forms naturally at the extremely low temperatures (< 50 K) in the outer reaches of Large Dark Nebulae. In MGH, a clathrate, a dozen or more water molecules form rigid cage-like, Type I, structures. Each cage physically encapsulates a methane molecule but can envelope many other foreign molecules or atoms. Type II cages contain larger atoms or molecules, including Ar, Kr and Xe. The two types are intermixed, maximizing the mass of foreign particles physically, but not chemically, incorporated. The nominal composition of pure MGH is (CH4)8(H2O)46, with an average density of 0.9 g/cm3. Tests have shown that MGH is two orders of magnitude stronger than water ice at 208 K and the difference increases with decreasing temperature.i This strength is further enhanced in highly deuterated MGH.

Giant Planet Formation
Millimeter studies of Large Dark Nebulae (LDN 1689N, 134, 154, 1544)ii report a 1010 enhancement of deuterium fractionation in the form of ND3 and D3 molecules in their colder outer reaches (20 K). Surfaces of dust particles in dark nebulae act as catalysts for the formation of simple molecules, which then combine forming ices, primarily H2O, HDO, D2O, encapsulating the heavy elements in the form of dust or nanoparticles.iii Accretion continues at the next stage by the formation of deuterated MGH. High deuterium fractionation increases its stability. By this symbiotic process, clathrate giant planets accrete the complete heavy element abundances in nascent stellar systems increasing their average densities to ~ 1.33.

Young star systems revealed in the ALMA images are the natural progression of LDNs as they contract and their inherent angular momentum is realized. As observed in the LDNs, high concentrations of deuterium are present in the cold outer reaches of each system where giant planets form before nuclear fusion of deuterium and protons begins in the proto-star. Increasing internal pressure during accretion compensates for later increases in temperature (Fig. 1). Cold hydration makes possible the incorporation of the noble gases, argon, krypton, and xenon as have been detected in Jupiter by the Galileo atmospheric probe.

As observed in the ALMA images, the giant planets alone comprise the nascent star system. The MGH composition of giants suggests that they are ~ 85% water. Therefore, the giant planets in the solar system comprise 275 earth-masses of water, explaining that all the icy satellites and rings orbiting the giant planets are due to impacts which ejected material, primarily water into the surrounding space.
The author maintains that Juno data is revealing Jupiter is a solid, frozen methane gas hydrate (MGH) planet which incorporates the known solar system element abundances. Its excess luminosity, multiple wind bands and powerful magnetic field are driven by the fusion of deuterium and protons at impact sites on its surface, for example, the larger Shoemaker-Levy 9 fragments. Impacts of asteroids on their MGH surfaces release methane found in the atmospheres of all giant planets.

Terrestrial Planet Formation
The low density, solid composition, full abundance of elements, high deuterium and water content of the giant planets are ideal sources for producing terrestrial planets. Impacts on these giants instantaneously compress and heat the deuterated surface producing powerful fusion explosions which exponentially increase the energy of the impacts. The heavy elements blasted into the inner solar system by impacts quickly collapse releasing gravitational radiation combined with recombination radiation forming a near-spherical molten core/mantle of the future terrestrial proto-planet, which has no inherent spin. This powerful radiation pressure disburses the more plentiful, lighter elements into the inner solar system. They gradually become captured by the extant terrestrial planets and the new planet when it cools. The natural abundances of the elements in the clathrate giant planets form the lithosphere, crust, atmosphere and oceans of the terrestrial planet.

Evidence of such a recent impact on Jupiter is present in its excess luminosity and multiple zonal wind bands, due to a slowly declining fusion reaction p +D -> 3He++ + 4.98 MeV on its surface, the primary product of which, fast (17,800 km/sec) helions, delineate the Great Red Spot due to the powerful Coriolis effect on the rapidly rotating planet. The heavy elements released from the MGH by the localized heat of the surface fusion have not been identified because they react to form high temperature compounds, such as CS, proximal to the fusion, but cool as they rise through the GRS vortex continuously forming solid particulate aerosols, the source of Jupiter’s colorful clouds, but fall to the surface below the cloud-tops as rapidly as they are released.v

References
i. W.B.Durham, S.H.Kirby, L.A.Stern, and W.Zhang. The strength and rheology of methane clathrate hydrate. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2003,108, 2182.
ii .E.Roueff. Interstellar deuterated ammonia: from NH3 to ND3, (2005), DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20052724
iii L.Zhang. Platinum-based nanocages with subnanometer-thick walls and well-defined, controllable facets, Science, 24 July 2015, vol. 349, p. 379, 412.
iv N.J.Habing. Disappearance of stellar debris disks around main-sequence stars after 400 million years, Nature 401, 456-458 (30 September 1999).
v http://firmament-chaos.com/pdf/Juno%20-%20Evidence%20of%20a%20Solid%20Jupiter.pdf

Origin of Giant Planets

•December 20, 2018 • Comments Off on Origin of Giant Planets

Fig. 1 Atacama images reveal giant planets forming cold in orbits of numerous proto-stars.

New results from Atacama show that giant planets form cold in their planetary nebulae before fusion begins in their star. I have explained this years ago. Quoting from my paper  “Evidence for a Solid Jupiter” – February 2018. (See below) As explained in the same paper and in many posts at cycliccatastrophism.org the terrestrial planets are formed by later impacts on the giant planets. As explained in another paper, Venus – A young Earth, The most recent, proto-Venus was formed by an impact on Jupiter 6,000-years BP. These papers are always rejected by the academic ‘experts’ and cannot even by placed on ArXive.

1. Introduction
Juno data is revealing that Jupiter is a solid, frozen, highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) planet which incorporates the known solar system element abundances. The only hydrogen and helium present in its atmosphere today is that which has been released from the MGH surface in the last 6,000 years. MGH began forming at extremely low temperatures (< 50 K) in the outer reaches of a Large Dark Nebula in the presence of ample methane. The pressure of the accreting planet served to increase its stability. Laboratory analyses of terrestrial MGH reveals that a dozen or more water molecules form rigid cage-like Type I structures. Each cage typically encapsulates a methane molecule but can contain other foreign molecules or atoms. Type II cages
are larger and can contain larger atoms or molecules, including Ar, Kr and Xe at very low
temperatures. The two types are usually intermixed. The nominal laboratory composition of MGH is (CH4)8(H2O)46, with an average density of 0.9 g/cm^3,
usually with 13C slightly enhanced. Tests have shown that MGH is two orders of magnitude stronger than water ice at 208 K, and the difference increases with decreasing temperature.1 This strength is further enhanced in highly deuterated MGH.

2. Giant Planet Formation
Infrared studies of proto-stars and Large Dark Nebulae (LDN 1689N) report a 1010 enhancement of deuterium fractionation in the form of ND3 and D3 molecules in their cold outer reaches (20 K). Recent events suggest that the giant planets in the solar system formed in such a dusty, highly deuterated Large Dark Nebula when ices of volatile molecules (H2O, NH3, CO2 and CH4) formed on small dust grains or nanoparticles.
3 Accretion continued at the next stage by the formation of methane Gas Hydrate (MGH av. density = 0.9) enhanced by high deuterium fractionation. By this symbiotic process, Jupiter accreted all the heavy elements in their known abundances in the nascent solar system resulting in its average density of 1.33.

Juno – Evidence of a Solid Jupiter 2 / 22 J Ackerman
Due to their large orbital radii and periods, the giant planets formed slowly, therefore cold, over long-time spans, typically millions of years.1 They began to form in the cold outer reaches of the LDN before the proto-star at the center of rotation began fusing its deuterium and protons. Increasing internal pressure during accretion compensated for slight increases in temperature. Cold hydration made possible the incorporation of the noble gases argon, krypton,
and xenon which have been detected by the Galileo atmospheric probe.

The most abundant volatile molecules not accreted in Jupiter formed Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, which also comprise Methane Gas Hydrates. Primordial hydrogen and helium not captured in gas hydrates escaped from the solar system in a
few million years as observed in very young systems. The giant planets alone made up the original solar system. The MGH hypothesis suggests that Jupiter and Saturn together comprise >275 Earth masses of water. Therefore, all the icy satellites and rings around the giant planets are due to impacts which ejected material, primarily water into the surrounding space.”

The previous post explains that the rings of Saturn were formed by impacts of bodies blasted from Jupiter, which in turn caused caused fusion explosions on Saturn.

To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old problems from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real advance in science. A. Einstein

NASA – Saturn Loosing Rings?

•December 18, 2018 • Comments Off on NASA – Saturn Loosing Rings?

Fig. 1. Enhanced colors of Saturn’s rings, showing the variety of elements in Methane Gas Hydrate clathrate

 

Science Daily reports a new paper being published in Icarus ($$$) by James O’Donoghue et al. estimating that Saturn’s rings will be gone in a mere 100 million years. Academics are inured with these vast time spans, while ancient texts from all cultures reveal that every planet in the solar system was changed, beginning in the Younger Dryas, with the capture of the Moon, and ending in 687 BC, when the terrestrial planets entered their current orbits. The impact of

Fig. 2 Jupiter plume (Juno) extending from 22 degrees South Latitude

the planet (Metis in Greek mythology) on Jupiter, was what really got things moving, because in addition to the creation of proto-Venus, this impact left behind a long-term fusion furnace at the impact site (22 ° S Lat) which continues to this day producing the Great Red Spot and driving the excess luminosity, zonal wind bands, powerful magnetic field and continually release the particulate aerosols which produce Jupiter colored clouds and settle to its surface.

That fusion blaze originally produced the Galilean moons and added material to them for over five thousand years. But most of the material expanded and cooled forming small condensations moving at similar velocities splatted and stuck together forming millions of 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko asteroids, flinging them in all directions due to Jupiter’s fast rotation, slowing it to its current 9.9 hour rate. These currently comprise the main asteroid belt, the Kreutz sungrazers, which produce sunspots and the millions of bodies orbiting Jupiter’s L4 and L5 nodes.

Saturn’s Rings

Fig. 3.  Saturn ‘storm’ imaged by Cassini

Fig. 4. NASA Cassini probe imaged ‘spokes’ showing material  being blasted from Saturn into the rings.

Unfortunately, Saturn was just the poor (solid highly deuterated methane gas hydrate) guy next-door to the big bully Jupiter and was continually bombarded with these 67Ps, each of which caused fusion explosions on Saturn’s surface, just as Shoemaker-Levy -9 did on Jupiter. The gases ejected by these impacts for the last 6,000 years have expanded the atmosphere giving Saturn’s apparently low density, whereas it is really the same composition as Jupiter. The larger, more frequent impacts formed the rings of Saturn, beginning 6,000 years BP, but continue to contribute mass to this day, because many 67P s are still invisibly zooming in orbits of the Sun. The impacts on Saturn are occasionally seen by Earth telescopes when their ‘mushroom’ clouds appear at the cloud tops and the ejected material has recently been observed as shadows or impacts on the rings. The falling ring material will become part of the atmosphere.

Solar System

The Earth was completely re-formed and mankind created amid recent solar system chaos.  The state of everything in the solar system we observe today is a result of cyclic catastrophism.  No feature on any planet is older than 6,000 years, indeed Mercury, (Sarama, Hathor, Hermes) was first revealed and Venus born about 3687 BC. Uranus and Neptune have been bombarded during this period by Jupiter, resulting in their current atmospheres. The astronomical ages imagined and enforced by academia are needed to allow for evolution, which never occurred on Earth.

“Strange is our situation here upon this earth. Each of us comes for a short visit, not knowing why, yet sometimes seeming to a divine purpose.” – Albert Einstein

 

The True Origin of the Cosmic Microwave Background

•December 18, 2018 • Comments Off on The True Origin of the Cosmic Microwave Background

The Wisdom in Myth

The Great Red Spot

In Greek myth Zeus turned his wife Metis into a fly and swallowed her. This gave him such a terrible headache that he had Hephaestus, the handyman or blacksmith deity, split open his head and the incandescent PallasAthene (proto-Venus) was born in “full battle dress”. Roman myth adopted the Greek version, naming proto-Venus Minerva. Egyptian myth initially named proto-Venus Osiris. In the RgVeda, Aditi was born from Dauspitar, the heaven father, the brightest planet high in the heaven, by his maya or secret power. All myths of this impact have in common the statement that ‘the Earth cried out.’ Both the Metis and the maya version of this myth are consistent with a cold planet-sized body impacting Jupiter, since a body the size of a terrestrial planet would have been difficult to see from the Earth.

Aditi (Aditi meaning Un–bounded), rampaged throughout the inner solar system having many battles with Indra (Mars). In the RgVeda proto-Venus was given different names depending on the circumstances of the moment: in daylight along side the Sun, Surya (Sun maiden); in the night sky, Pusan, guardian of the traveler; when approaching Earth and scorching a wide path from the Sahara to the Himalayas, Agni (fire); and after a thin crust formed, Mitra/Varuna. The combined aspects of the rampaging proto-Venus were described as the Adityas, ”sons’ of Aditi”, but the RgVeda adds a caveat “the wise man knows what is one is called by manifold names”. In Mesopotamia, proto-Venus was Inana/Ištar (Sumarian/Akkadian).

Jupiter plume (Juno) extending from 22 degrees South Latitude

The impact on Jupiter triggered a fusion plume which extended 2 million miles, as far as Callisto, called Juno, Jupiter’s wife in Roman myth. The plume was the aegis (shield) of Zeus (Jupiter). It was so big and bright that it could be seen from the Earth. It was likened to a shield because Jupiter revolved every 9 hours, moving the shield from left to right as if in combat. Arab drawings of Jupiter from 800 AD still showed it with a plume, meaning that the nuclear fuel lasted 4,000 years, indeed it still burns creating the Great Red Spot. The trio of Jupiter, Minerva (proto-Venus) and Juno (the plume) were called the “Capitoline Trio” from which we get the term the Capitol.

Physical Evidence
Approximately six thousand years (~4000 BC) after the first two inversions of the Earth’s lithosphere in the Younger Dryas, an enormous impact on Jupiter, probably the planet-sized body from which Earth had captured the Moon during the Younger Dryas, produced an incandescent plasma cloud at least a thousand times the size of the giant planet itself which rebounded into the inner solar system, contracted, becoming the star-like proto-Venus. That impact explosion was observed by all ancient cultures and is part of their mythologies. The reason that the impact was observed by all cultures is stated in all of the above myths, which claim that “the Earth cried out”, alerting everyone to search the sky. Although no sound could have propagated across more than 500 million km to the Earth, gravitational impulses also travel at the speed of light through empty space, thereby revealing the great power of the impact event. In this case it was due to the mass of proto-Venus being instantly blasted from Jupiter into the inner solar system.

The CMB
A small amount of heat from this impact explosion which blasted proto-Venus from Jupiter into the inner solar system, is currently being re-radiated back to the Earth isotropically from galactic dust particles, requiring no inflation. This is a confirmation that this event occurred in the solar system. In addition, several alignments of the radiation field with the solar system, facetiously named ‘the axis of evil’, are directed close to the plane of the ecliptic and the warmer zone south of the ecliptic corresponds to the impact site on Jupiter, the Great Red Spot at 22 degrees south latitude, from which the plume has been emitting hot gases for 6,000 years. The proposed solar system event also offers an explanation of the “cold spot” found in the radiation field measured by Planck and WMAP. It would be due to the Sun absorbing a circular patch of the blasted energy.

A 2% decrease in the CMB power in the ten years between the WMAP and Planck measurements, consistent with a local foreground event, have been suppressed by academia. Despite the obvious problems, cosmologists now claim that this “big bang” has replaced God.

ALMA images of cold systems with giant planets

Proto-Venus’ birth, 6,000 BP, described consistently in all major myths, confutes eight major tenets of academic science. The Truth is (a) Jupiter and the other giant planets are highly deuterated, solid (ice), methane gas hydrate (MGH) which is 80% water; (b) Giant planets are already formed in the 20 star systems recently imaged by ATACAMA ALMA where deuterium is known to be concentrated, temperatures are 50 K and the stars have not yet ignited. (c) each terrestrial planet was formed by similar impacts on Jupiter at quite different dates based on the ages of native rocks, Mars 4.6 Ba (billion years) and Earth 3.9 Ba; (d) because MGH is a clathrate, Jupiter physically encapsulates the full range of known element abundances in the solar system, indeed, these abundances originated from Jupiter; (e) proto-Venus is a hot, molten body comprising only the heavy elements which will become its core and mantle; (f) the more abundant lighter elements, primarily water, having been scattered throughout the inner solar system are visible as the Zodiacal Light; (g) this water has been observed in the form of hundreds of fluffy comets falling into our atmosphere every day by UV cameras on the NASA Polar satellite (h) The giant planets alone formed the solar system, the age of which cannot be determined.

Most scientific disciplines allow the verification of experiments and their conclusions. Unfortunately, this is not possible in planetary science where the conclusions precede the data. Other views are not permitted, even by members of science departments.

Any readers in India: I would like to send you several copies of my book “The Cosmic Origin of the RigVeda” free. If interested, send complete post address to

angiras@firmament-chaos.com

 

A couple of interesting Einstein quotes:

“I stand before quantum mechanics with admiration and suspicion,” and to Born (December 4, 1926) Einstein had said, “Quantum mechanics demands serious
attention. But an inner voice tells me that this is not the true Jacob.. The theory accomplishes a lot, but it does not bring us closer to the secrets of the Old One. In any case, I am convinced that He does not play dice.””

Einstein On Epistomology of Science (annotated)

Concepts that have proven useful in ordering things easily achieve such an authority over us that we forget their earthly origins and accept them as unalterable givens. Thus they come to be stamped as “necessities of thought,” “a priori givens,” etc. The path of scientific advance is often made impassable for a long time through such errors. For that reason, it is by no means an idle game if we become practiced in analyzing the long commonplace concepts [gas giants, solar system 4.6 years old] and exhibiting those circumstances upon which their justification and usefulness depend, how they have grown up, individually, out of the givens of experience. By this means, their all-too-great authority will be broken. They will be removed if they cannot be properly legitimated, corrected if their correlation with given things be far too superfluous, replaced by others if a new system can be established that we prefer for whatever reason. (Einstein 1916, 102)

 

The New Solar System

•December 7, 2018 • Comments Off on The New Solar System

Captures of Mars

Fig. 1 Orbits of Earth, Mars and proto-Venus between Mars’ geostationary encounters  showing capture and release points.

6,000 years ago Mars was in a Venus-like orbit with plenty of sunlight, oceans and was full of life. Proto-Venus was created by an explosive impact on Jupiter and raged into the inner solar system with excess kinetic energy. It exchanged orbital energy with Mars, bringing Mars into an orbit that intersected that of the Earth (Figure 1). Mars approached Earth (Nov.1) on the night side when Mt. Kailas (31° N Lat.), the gravitational focus of the Himalayas, was 36 ° above the ecliptic. The Himalayas, which acted as a handle of the entire lithosphere, became tidally linked to Mars, forcing the lithosphere of the Earth to rotate more slowly with Mt. Kailas remaining in the ecliptic plane and Mars directly above in a geostationary orbit for each 14.4-year encounter.  This is how captures occurred with angular momentum and kinetic energy conserved. They were restored to Mars at each release of 15.6 years, allowing a total of ninety-nine cycles of 30- years.

Fig. 2. Lithosphere motion relative to mantle. (Differential Rotation … Ricardi et al JGR May 1991)

Evidence of this geologically recent rotation of the lithosphere is shown in Figure 2. The tidal drag of Mars slowed the rotation of the lithosphere. The reason all ancient cultures had two calendars, of 360 and 365.25 days per year. During each encounter the slower motion of the lithosphere relative to the mantle (24 km/hr) continuously supplied silicate lava (rhyolite) up into the continents where they were shallow. The crystallization of this material, during the 15.6-year intervals between encounters, formed layers of granite, comprising the plutons, which although homogeneous are now known to be layered. Ninety-nine encounters in 3,000 years produced all of the granite which raised the continents between 3687 and 687 BC. The tidal drag of Mars also created the subduction zones on the western continental coasts and their associated mountains ranges, e.g. Rockies and Andes and drew North and South America westward opening up the continental divide in the mid Atlantic and creating the Pacific “ring of fire”. The remaining signs of subduction and lithosphere motion are merely the aftermath of these geologically recent events. (Figure 3)

Fig. 3. Subduction zones along west coast of N & S American Continents

Mars During Geostationary orbits

The lithosphere of Mars also revolved independently of its mantle during each geostationary capture period. The mass anomaly, Tharsis Bulge, on its equator was forced to remain equidistant from the Earth (conservation of angular momentum) resulting in the north pole of Mars’ lithosphere remaining oriented toward the Earth. All the water in Mars’ northern hemisphere was drawn toward the north pole (outflow channels) at each capture by tidal effect of the Earth. The same tidal effect more slowly melted and

Fig 4 Mars northern island covered with last maelstrom, surrounded by sedimentary deposits from the northern ocean.

drew up lava (the world egg) within the ocean which grew to form an island, still present at Mars north pole (Figure 4), identified in Genesis as the raqia . The continuous tidal effect then formed a unique hardened vertical lava tube column, resembling a Banyan tree 2,000 km high which became the most propitiated deity in every culture in the world, called Agni, Osiris, Atlas, Brahma, Zeus, Yggdrasil and “the column of smoke and fire” in the Bible. Convulsions often shattered the column spreading scoria over the

Fig. 5 Viking 2 site, 48 N Lat. surrounded by scoria from collapsed lava column at north pole.

northern third of Mars (Figure 5). As on Earth, the motion of the lithosphere relative to the interior provided unlimited lava for hundreds of volcanoes in Mars northern hemisphere which blasted rocks, soil, saline water, atmosphere, and vegetation to the Earth when alignments with the Moon or with the Moon and Sun combined, caused convulsions within Mars. This explains the fact that the northern third of Mars is now 7 km below the datum. Moon alignments occurred potentially every fifteen days when the inclined orbit of the Moon crossed the ecliptic. This rock, soil ( & zircons), water, atmosphere and vegetation (as manna, Soma, haoma) now covers the entire Earth.

Releases of Mars

Venus, in its eccentric interior orbit (Figure 1) reached aphelion and inferior conjunction every 30 years on the vernal equinox of the fourteenth year of each capture period. The alignment of Venus with Moon and Sun, caused enormous convulsions shattering the hardened lava column and exposing the large volcanic vent in the northern island which fed the great column. The indirect tidal forces of the three combined to raise the northern ocean above the island, which then cascaded into the deep vent as a whirlpool or maelstrom (Figure 5) and flashed to steam. The pressure opened the 4,000-km long fault, called the Valles Marineris, forcing the solid iron core out, first as the “eye of Ra”, but it continued out as an independent body Hathor, one third the mass of the ancient Mars. The core’s ejection, to the east, reduced the orbital velocity of the outer shell of Mars which started to drift to the west leaving its geostationary orbit. The solid core, also called Sarama (RgVeda), Hermes (Greek), Mercury (Roman) and The Sun Star in Hebrew Tanakh, zoomed low around the Earth to the East in a slingshot maneuver, “killing men in the desert”, caught up to the shell in eight days and reentered the gap before Mars attained its holding orbit (Figure 1). Each complete cycle, capture and release, occurred ninety-nine times. These spectacular releases were observed by everyone on Earth and are celebrated by every culture in the world as eight day or nine night festivals beginning on the vernal equinox.

Fig. 6 Venus and Mercury cavorting in a 5th century BC

Solid Core Became Mercury

At the end of the last encounter, 687 BC, the solid core was deflected by Venus so did not reunite with the shell. The shell contracted to become the present diminutive devastated planet Mars which we currently waste billions to ‘explore’. The solid core, now called Mercury, interacted with Venus for several centuries (Figure 6) and then both settled into their current orbits, where planetary scientists believe (and teach) they have been for 4.6 billion years! In the Bible the planets involved were termed sinning angels and although He used them to perform this greatest miracle, were sentenced by Jehovah, not to Hell as told for Lucifer (Venus) in Isaiah 14:15, but as stated in the the Greek Septuagint, to tartarus, places of restraint, that is, their current orbits, no longer a threat to the Earth.

Summary

  • Venus is a proto-planet comprising only the heavy elements that will become its core and mantle. Sulfur is jetting from millions of small domes,  crystallizing to form the lower cloud layer. Sulfur dominates the lower atmosphere, in the form of CS, which was mistaken for CO2 in Pioneer Venus data because they have the same molecular weight
  • Mars is the collapsed outer shell of a planet that was full of life 6,000 years ago, all of which was blasted to the Earth and completely covers the Earth.
  • Zircons found everywhere on Earth were blasted from Mars and are a measure of the ages of Mars which is 700 million years older than Earth
  • Mars tidal drag produced all of the granite on Earth, raised the continents and moved them to their current positions between 3687 and 687 BC
  • Mercury is the former solid core of the original living planet Mars. Its craters are due to impact of rocks blasted from Mars falling toward the Sun
  • Lithospheres with raised mass anomalies rotate independently of their mantles due to the tidal drag of a nearby planets.
  • Jupiter is a solid highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) planet with the full complement of known element abundances. Explosive impacts on its surface produce the terrestrial planets. The fact that MGH is 80% water explains the origin of water on Earth except that blasted to Earth from Mars.

Enter your favorite planet in the search box and discover more than is in all your textbooks – And its all Free 

Isaiah 65:17 (KJV)  For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.