Ancient Calendars

Fig. 1 Orbits of Earth, Mars and proto-Venus between Mars’ geostationary encounters geostationary encounters showing capture and release points.

As explained in a previous post, hundreds of volcanoes blazed on Mars’ surface during each 14.4 year period, a kalpa in the Rig Veda, when it remained in a geostationary orbit above Mt.Kailas. During the periods between kalpas, 15.6 years, Mars remained in an orbit which crossed that of the Earth, from which it was recaptured on Nov. 1st, as shown in Figure 1. The differences in the length of the capture and release periods were because the captures and releases occurred at the two different dates where their orbits crossed, Nov.1st  and the vernal equinox respectively. During each kalpa, Mars became tidally locked to the Tibetan-Himalayan complex, therefore to the entire lithosphere, and its added mass-moment slowed the rotation of the entire lithosphere relative to the mantle. This is known technically as ‘tidal drag’. As a result, the years during each kalpa were only 360 days long, while they reverted to 365.25 days when Mars was released.

As a result of this repeated pattern, every culture maintained two calendars, one with 365.25 and the other with 360 days per year, the Egyptians and even the Mesoamerican cultures, the Aztec and Mayan. This ubiquitous feature presents an impossible ‘coincidence’, which is only explainable as a result of cosmic events. Failing to understand the implications, anthropologists believe that both calendars were used at the same time, that the 365.25 days per year referred to a ‘solar year’ and the 360 days per year to a lunar or sacred year and that both calendars were used year round. If a society has a yearly calendar of 365.25 years, what use would be a lunar calendar? It would become out of phase with the seasons, contradicting  the primary function of calendars in ancient times, to determine agricultural dates.

The currently accepted explanation of Egyptian religion is:

“In Egypt the ‘civil calendar’ was established at some early date in or before the Old Kingdom, and is currently thought to  be based upon astronomical observations of the star Sirius, the reappearance of which closely corresponded to the average onset of the Nile flood through the 5th and 4th millennium.”

This idea has been used to explain the calendars of Egypt and other Mideastern cultures. None of these cultures worshiped the star Sirius. The Egyptians called Mars ‘the dog star’ because it was misshapen due to the Tharsis Bulge, in fact, pictographs of Anubis are a characature of Mars. The names we use today, such as Sirius, were transferred from ancient cosmic objects to stars or constellations, once Mars, Venus and Mercury left the vicinity of the Earth. What the ancient Egyptian texts were describing was that when Mars, the dog-star,  became captured over the Mt. Kailas, an inundation ensued. This was a feature that lasted throughout every capture period, not the yearly inundation experienced in modern times. When Mars was captured, its tidal attraction drew the clear waters of the Nile over all of Eastern Egypt, greatly increasing the amount of arable land. As a result, each 14.4 year kalpa in Egypt was called an inundation, also a ‘Horus tekki‘ period, because it began with the appearance of Horus (Mars).

The Aztec calendar (Figure 2) is well-known. The circle has 360 ‘days’. with five ‘bad days’ arranged in and around the center, which when added to the 360, give 365.  This gave two calendars in one. The Mayan calendar, as currently interpreted by a few scholars, is much more difficult. It has two major periods, 260 days, broken up into 20 periods, each with 13 days, and 365 days broken up into 18 periods of 20 days. No one has ever solved the reasoning for these numbers. One simple possibility is that they used the Moon during both the capture and release periods and the documents are merely stating that during the kalpas the lunar period was 13 days while in the period between kalpas, the lunar period was 20 days. This difference in the lunar period would be due to the fact that during each kalpa the Moon was revolving about the center of mass of the Earth and Mars combined, while between kalpas it was revolving about the Earth alone.

These examples illustrate the futility of the current assumption of uniformitarianism in understanding anything about the solar system.

The mind is not a vessel to be filled. It is a fire to be lighted.  Plutarch

Reading, after a certain age, diverts the mind too much from its creative pursuits. Any man who reads too much and uses his own brain too little falls into lazy habits of thinking.  Einstein

Hurrah for positive science! long live exact demonstration! Fetch stonecrop mixt with cedar and branches of lilac,
This is the lexicographer, this the chemist, this made a grammar of the old cartouches,
These mariners put the ship through dangerous unknown seas. This is the geologist, … and this is a mathematician.
Gentlemen, to you the first honors always! Your facts are useful, and yet they are not my dwelling,
I but enter by them to an area of my dwelling.   Walt Whitman


~ by Angiras on August 26, 2017.

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