Mars Close to Earth 3067 to 687 BC
Ancient texts tell of ‘sky gods’ that ruled the world. Prior to 4000 BC there were only two terrestrial planets, a swollen Mars in an orbit similar to that of Venus today and the Earth. Both were full of life. Mars’ life forms were the same as ours today, but Earth’s life was reptilian, dominated by dinosaurs, a dead-end for intelligent life. Through a sequence of astronomical events, involving the creation of Venus via an impact on Jupiter and its destruction of all life on Earth, Mars was repeatedly placed in a geostationary orbit, only 44,400 km from the center of the Earth. In this position, above Mt. Kailas, it wrenched the entire lithosphere of the Earth as a entity, loose from the interior, forming a weak layer, the asthenosphere, which allowed the entire lithosphere to rotate about a new axis in central Canada, enabling Mt. Kailas (31° N latitude) to revolve in the plane of the solar system, not around the direction of Polaris. In this orbit, Mars was subjected to enormous tidal stresses every time the Moon or worse yet, the Sun and Moon combined, passed behind it and hundreds of volcanoes on its surface blasted all of its vital resources: rock, soil, minerals, ocean, atmosphere, vegetation (as manna) to the Earth. Animal life was carried here by arcs, pictured in most cultures as disk-shaped. This took place between 3687 and 687 BC, exactly in coincidence with the Biblical timeline.
The primary purpose of this post is to give an idea of how Mars appeared in the heavens during that period. Just as the lithosphere of the Earth was affected by the close presence of Mars, the lithosphere of Mars was forced to spin about an axis which remained pointed toward the Earth due to an enormous uplifted mass, still identifiable as the Tharsis Bulge, although it has settled considerably since 687 BC, when it left the Earth to enter its current orbit. As a result, Mars appeared as a spinning wheel covered with star-like points of light – its volcanoes. Although all the space probes sent to Mars have not begun to reveal its recent history, they have sent many images back to the Earth which corroborate the ancient texts. Mars was slightly larger during the close encounters because it still had its solid iron core, but the ejection and loss of the core, which became the planet Mercury, was the means by which it was released from the Earth into its current freezing orbit. The size of Mars depicted in Figure 1 was calculated by mathematically putting Mercury back inside Mars and calculating its orbit based on their combined mass.
The constellation Orion is shown as a reference for the size of the ‘heavier’ Mars, but even that is not sufficient, because although the average person can identify Orion in the heavens, it is harder to ‘remember’ its vast extent in the sky. So with Figure 1 in mind or in hand please go outside on a winter night and be amazed at the view the Vedic (Aryans) enjoyed. Because of its enormity, many of the features that were present on Mars were familiar to ancient peoples: the sacred island at its north pole; the northern ocean surrounding it; hundreds of volcanoes on land and in the ocean, identified as asterisms (nakshatras in the Rg Veda) just as today we group stars into constellations, also callled the circum-polar ‘stars’ due to the planet’s rotation; green vegetation on the land beyond the northern ocean; the more prominent Tharsis Bulge on its equator distorted the circular shape so much that Indra (Mars in the Vedas) was described as an ‘ugly child’ when it first appraoched the Earth and as the dog-star in Egyptian hieroglyphs, also Anubis. It was Arianrhod, a humped silver wheel in Celtic myth, Canopus or Suhail el-wezn in Arabic cultures.
The remnent of the northern island is still quite prominant, although it became more extensive during each visit to the Earth. The northern polar ice-cap exactly corroborates the mechanism by which Mars escaped its geostationary orbit. All of the convulsions during each visit (the Vedic kalpa) gradually enlarged the volcanic vent exactly at the north pole from which a multiplicity of hardened lava tubes arose (Purusha in the Vedas). On the vernal equinox of the forteenth year of each kalpa, the combined indirect tidal force of the Sun, Moon and Venus at its closest approach, caused a stream of enormous bodies from deep within the planet to shoot through the north-pole vent, collapsing the lava column. This was considered the sacrifice of Purusha, and the vent was called the ‘navel of the sacrifice’ (Vedic rtásya nabhi). The same tidal effect caused the northern ocean to rise above the northern island and flow into the exposed vent, cascading into the core of Mars and flashing to steam, expelling the solid iron core through the side of the planet, the Valles Marineris, thereby releasing the outer portion of the planet to drift away from the Earth. The north pole ice-cap is an exact record of the last such event which ejected Mercury into its current orbit, showing the water rising 3 km above the surrounding terrain to the top of the island and retaining the whirlpool flow down into the vent. The rush of the water up the sides of the island obvviously reduced its extent (Figure 2), but the evidence could not be clearer.
Considering Mars’ enormous size, imagine the reaction of every person on Earth who observed it in different part of their sky, when it remained fixed in the heavens, day and night, never moving while the rest of the heavens, the Sun, Moon and stars moved across the sky, albeit in different directions than when Mars left this orbit and the lithosphere of the Earth reverted to its normal rotation. In addition to Mars’ spinning like a humped wheel, it passed through complete phases of solar illumination, like the Moon, but once per day.
What an exciting time in which to live – much more engrossing than man-made satellites, i-phones and TV.
If no use is made of the labors of past ages, the world must remain always in the infancy of knowledge. Marcus Tulius Cicero