The Granite Bomb (Update)
The Mystery of Granite
Granite is a familiar rock to everyone on Earth, not nesessarily by name, but by its light color and texture. Granite weathers to form sand and clay, and is therefore indispensable to life on Earth. It is unique in that it is not found on the surface of the other terrestrial planets, Mercury, Venus or Mars, which have basalt surfaces.
Surprisingly, granite is found only on the continents – the seafloor is basalt. This provides a clue to its origin. Granite is classified as an Intrusive/Plutonic-Igneous rock thought to form when magma rises in large plutons through layers beneath the earth but solidifies while underground. As a result, its formation has never actually been observed. Under a microscope, the mineral grains of igneous rocks tend to display an interlocking texture that represents the growth of minerals from a melt. It is classified as a felsic rock, which are most easily identified because the minerals comprising it are rich in light-colored minerals (quartz, alkali feldspar, and some plagioclase feldspar). They are compositionally rich in Si, Na, Al, and K and poor in Fe and Mg. (Figure 1). One would expect mineralogists and geologists to understand the origin of granite, but that is not the case because no one has ever actually observed its formation.
The naturally radioactive elements potassium, uranium and thorium are concentrated in granite intrusions, but are not present in the rock matrix itself supposedly because of their large ionic radius and high valency. They are instead segregated into accessory mineral phases that are dominated by the more abundant zirconium and cerium. In fact, most radiometric dating using uranium in granitic rocks is done on zircon crystals, sometimes referred to as ‘zircon dating’. Zircons are believed to ‘reject’ the element lead during crystallization, allowing the assumption that the lead found in each crystal is exclusively from the radioactive decay of Uranium originally in it. The inclusion of such an ‘exclusive’ crystal implies that it formed from the melt, and therefore its age would be the age of the asthenosphere, i.e. the Earth’s mantle.
About 6,000 years BP proto-Venus made two close passes to the Earth, first melting subsurface rock and uplifting mountains along its path from the Sahara to the Himalayas, resulting in the Alpine Orogony, and then exerting a tidal impulse on the Tibetan-Himalayan Complex which inverted the entire lithosphere of the Earth as a single unit. Two such overturnings certainly resulted in an extinction, primarily by causing the oceans of the world to flow across the continents at a thousand km per hour. Two earlier overturnings events had occurred, delineating the Younger Dryas (12,800 and 11,500 years BP) initiating the Holocene era. Ancient texts suggest that this period involved cosmic encounters which resulted in the capture of the Moon, which is stated in the Torah as the “pairing of the Sun and the Moon”, implying their similar angular radii, which was an important factor in causing convulsions within Mars when its geostationary encounters began in ~3017 BC. The possibility of such a movement of the entire lithosphere has never been imagined, certainly never published in geophysical literature, although it was implied in ancient texts, such as Plato’s dialogs, Timaeus and Critias and in Isaiah 38.8, which relates both a capture and 14.4 years later a release of Mars. The out-gassing of proto-Venus on its first encounter covered the Earth with the iridium layer, found around the world, which marks the demise of the reptilian world of the dinosaurs.
Granite in Cyclic Catastrophism
Within several centuries proto-Venus impelled and accompanied the living planet Mars from its ancient orbit, similar to Venus’ current orbit, to one which intersected the orbit of the Earth, thus beginning the cyclic capture and release of Mars in a geostationary orbit tidally linked to the Himalays directly above Mt. Kailas, Indra’s ‘Home on Earth’. During each capture period (14.4 years, a manvantara in the Rg Veda) some of its atmosphere, oceans, flora and fauna were transferred to the Earth. The Vedic Period comprised one hundred encounters with the release periods of 15.6 years between, during which Mars occupied the orbit shown in Figure 3.
Geostationary orbit over Mt. Kailas (31 degrees N), the focus of Himalan gravity, could only be accomplished by the reorientation of the lithosphere to a temporary equator during each 14.4 year encounter. This called into play the independent rotation of the lithosphere as a unit, established previously by proto-Venus, in which the low viscosity asthenosphere, some 80 km below the surface, acted as a bearing, allowing the lithosphere an independent direction and velocity relative to the interior of the Earth. This motion, about a temporary axis in Central Canada, continually subjected the continents to frictional stretching, compression and fresh magma, allowing low viscosity plutons of magma from the asthenosphere to intrude easily into or on to the continents. The hot radioactive elements K, U, and Th along with their compatible elements (paragraph 1) flowed up into plutons and crystallized slowly (not in the geological sense) partially due to the wider latitudinal heat resulting from the lithospheric motion. The enormous changing supply of magma allowed the plutons to rise so that their tops are now weathering and forming new land. As a result, the continents are warm. Similar codated intrusives rising from the oceanic rifts and spreading out on the sea bottom would have immediately cooled and therefore no granite would have formed. This would also explain the depletion of the radioactive elements that are currently being extruded (NMORBs) from the mid-ocean rifts, because the top, hot layer of the granitc elements are now used up.
The most obvious feature on the Earth which recorded these encounters is the Deccan Traps, each of the equally thick layers of which corresponds to a single geostationary with Mars. Its tidal force reduced the pressure on the subsurface rocks, further melting them and drew them to the surface. The latitudinal shift of the lithosphere placed them at 30° S latitude, leading to the notion that they are 65 million years old. The vast amount of rocks and soil from Mars that covered the Earth during the same 3,000 years leads also to ancient dates of zircons which were blasted from Martian volcanoes. Because the entire composition of the Earth changed during the Vedic period, the argon dating, which depends critically on the existing amount in the atmosphere, it has proved impossible to obtain dates for the Deccan basalts. Most amazingly, the incorrect dating has led to the belief that the Cenezoic comprises 66 million years, when in truth it comprises 6,000 years, as corroborated by the fact that the iridium spike appears in the lowest layer of the Deccan Traps.
Comparison with Proto-Venus
The enrichment of K-U -Th in the basalts that comprise the crust of proto-Venus today is evidence both of the young age of Venus and the current depleted condition of the modern N-MORB s on Earth. In cyclic catastrophism Venus is still proto-Venus. The materials which will comprise its mantle are all that has been able to settle on the planet because of the high temperature due to the enormous explosion from which it formed only 6,000 BP. The elements which will form its oceans, crust and biosphere are still orbiting invisibly in the inner solar system, awaiting its cooling. See Venus paper.
Deposits from Proto-Venus
The presence of K-U-Th in the outer layer of proto-Venus measured by the Soviet landers means that 6,000 years ago, when it was a flaming, out-gassing liquid sphere passing very close to the Earth, it left considerable amounts of these elements in our atmosphere. These settled over the entire Earth. The iridium layers that mark the K-T extinction prove this, and considering the rarety of iridium, implies that greater amounts of all other elements fell at the same time because they all have greater nucleogenesis abundances. Because of their more common occurrence on Earth, they are not recognized as being part of the proto-Venus deposits. The dating of the proto-Venus material should be very recent due to its origin in the enormous fusion explosion which set their isotopic clocks back to zero 6,000 years BP. An abstract of interest in this regard titled “What Lead Paradox?” by a cosmochemist F. Tera which reveals the problems in uranium-lead dating suggested in the title, concludes with an interesting statement:
“For an enriched source like that determined by Stacey and kramers (3), with mu = 9.7 for the last stage, the data are compatible with a two-stage model. This may be due to a homogenizing event in which ancient isotopic herterogeneities were erased, thus allowing a simplified model. Alternatively, the effect could arise from “recent” U enrichement, adding mostly 206Pb to these sources.”
Deposits from Mars
Cyclic Catastrophism further clouds the cosmochemical dating picture due to the infinitely greater mass of very old material blasted to the Earth from Mars, the age of which is 4.6 Ba, during the one hundred geostationary encounters which immediately followed the proto-Venus encounters, each of which lasted 14.4 years (a kalpa). One hymn in the Rg Veda attempts to explain the great mass of bodies observed by the author being ejected into space through enormous lava vent/column at the north pole of Mars, the deity Purusha:
“…All existences are a quarter of him; and three-fourths of him are that which is immortal in the sky. With three quarters Purusha mounted upwards. A quarter of him was again produced here. He was then diffused everywhere over things which eat and things which do not eat. with the half he produced the whole world; what became of the other half of him?”
Considering that the Vedic Period comprised one hundred kalpas, roughly one hundred generations of human kind, any particular observer would only have seen a tiny fraction of the material being ejected. A clue to the total mass lost from Mars as a result of hundreds of convulsions during each kalpa is evident in the flattening of the entire northern third of the planet, which is some seven km below the planetary datum. Further evidence of this material is present throughout the solar system today, as the lunar regolith and maria, all of the impact craters on Mercury, the high temperature of the solar corona and the absorption spectra of the Sun – all of which remain mysteries to modern science.
Carbonaeceous chondrites, in fact all meteorites on Earth, were blasted from Mars during the Vedic Period. Because many more were blasted into space, they have impacted the near side of the Moon forming the regolith, One stream of large, hot bodies was ejected in rapid-fire sequence from Purusha (the Egyptian Osiris) and impacted the near side of the Moon, forming the lunar Maria. These have each been dated at different ages between 3.1–3.8 billion years by the potassium/argon or argon/argon method. It is obvious to any thinking person that they all struck at the same date, becaue they are all on the side facing the Earth, not over a period of 700 million years. The different calculated dates were due to the fact that the bodies were blasted from succesively deeper within Mars and therefore had different temperatures and outgassed different amounts of argon, giving dates ranging over hundreds of millions of years. But entire scenario was witnessed by the Egyptians and told in the legend of Osiris and Isis. Set killing Osiris (the lava column at the north pole collapsed), cutting his body into fourteen pieces and spreading them around so that he could not be ressurected. But his lover, Isis (the Moon), went around and found each piece of his body and at each constructed a monument. Without knowing of any connection, scientists have determined that there are indeed fourteen maria. Indeed there is a holiday still celebrated in Egypt to this day called ‘The day that Osiris entered into the Moon’.
Composition of the Sun?
The material ejected from Mars during the Vedic Period (3717-687 BC) has been falling toward the Sun. The great amount can be appreciated by the regolith on the surface of Mercury, which used to be the solid iron core of Mars up until 687 BC. Infinitely more has fallen and continues to fall into the solar atmosphere. Scientist believe that the absorption spectra are indicative of the Sun’s composition, and because that matches the composition of the carbonaceous chondrite meteorites on Earth, conclude that these are the stuff from which the terrestrial planets formed! Believe it or not, it is from a few meteorites and the solar absorption spectra that the elemental abundances of the entire solar system are estimated! Since the oldest ages of the fragments in these meteorites are 4.6 billion years, scientists agree that is the age of the entire solar system, Cyclic Catastrophism claims this is merely the age of the oldest terrestrial planet, Mars.
Age of the Solar System?
Cyclic Catastrophism posits that each terrestrial planet is formed by an impact on Jupiter which triggers an enormous nuclear fusion explosion, as exemplified by the creation of proto-Venus only 6,000 years ago. Therefore each terrestrial planet has a unique age. The dating of the oldest native rocks on Earth is only 3.9 billion years. Since consensus scientists conform to the notion that everything has always been as it is now, they have invented an entire fictitious Hadean era for the Earth, to occupy the missing 700 million year period when the Earth did not exist. The true age of the solar system is unknown because the original system comprised the giant planets. The question is whether it can ever be determined. First we have to get a sample from Jupiter, and even then our dating methods have to be put on a firmer basis.