H2 TV Catastrophes That Changed the Planets?
The History 2 TV channel recently (2011) aired a one-hour show with the above title. The title is a bit surprising in light of the standard uniformitarian paradigm that governs planetary science, but this is dealt with by the caveat that the proposed cataclisms all took place over 4.1 billion years ago. Although all catastrophes discussed are highly improbable, they do reveal problems which are troubling to the accepted model. It almost seems that ‘they’ are attempting to counter my cyclic catastrophism. If so, their unimaginative scenarios, which are based primarily on cosmic collisions, are ludicrous. Although the TV show enumerated ten ‘catastrophes’ I will condense the list in the interests of brevity. The bold sections are brief explanations of the ‘mysterious observations’ in the context of recent Cyclic Catastrophism.
H2: The first, and most surprising, is the (new?) notion that Mercury is the former core of a ‘normal’ terrestrial planet. The hypothesis offered is that a big body collided with this ancient planet and knocked the mantle completely off, leaving only the solid core. The debris spread throughout the solar system, with as much as 16 million billion tons striking the Earth! They do acknowledge a slight problem – that there is no big dent in Mercury marking the impact.
CC: The cyclic catastrophism explanation is that Mercury is the former solid core of Mars, which exited the planet when in the vicinity of Earth only some 2,700 years ago, through the feature on Mars called the Valles Marineris.
H2: The second catastrophe addresses the fact that the rings of Saturn contain 33 million billion tons of water ice, whereas the planet is thought to be hydrogen and a little helium – a ‘gas giant’. So where did the water come from? Their scientific guess (hypothesis) is that over 4 billion years ago, a large moon approached too close to Saturn and the icy mantle was stripped off to form the rings, while the rest of the moon fell into Saturn. This is a bit surprising, given that many scientists believe that the present rings would decay in less than a million years.
CC: The rings comprise material ejected from Saturn by a number of impacts, which are still occurring today, the rising mushroom clouds from which, scientists call ‘storms’, because they believe Saturn is completely gaseous. The recently ejected material casts shadows, photographed by Voyager and Cassini probes, on the rings. This recently ejected ice will take thousands of years to settle into the flat equatorial plane. The ice is water ejected from Saturn’s surface, which is a low density, solid, methane gas hydrate, the natural form taken by water in the presence of abundant methane at low temperature and high pressure. Once released into the atmosphere the same becomes ordinary ice.
H2: A ‘late heavy bombardment’ of the entire solar system was supposedly triggered by the wandering of all the giant planets in and out within the solar system, interchanging orbits and possibly even venturing into the inner solar system. This is thought to have been caused by the gravitational pull of material in the inner solar system that had not yet become incorporated into the terrestrial planets. The only actual evidence for the late heavy bombardment are the large lunar maria, i.e. fourteen large impact basins on the near side of the Moon, the calculated ages of which were obtained by dating Apollo lunar rocks.
CC: These impact basins on the Moon were formed within the last 4,000 years by a rapid sequence of fourteen bodies ejected from the same volcanic vent on priori-Mars (p-Mars) as it orbited the Earth. This unique event was recorded in the Egyptian story of Osiris and Isis, down to the very number of bodies. It is consistent with the fact that the impact craters are all on the near side of the Moon. The different ages of the material in each impact basin was due to the argon-argon dating methods. Each body came from deeper and deeper in p-Mars and were therefor hotter and hotter, causing differing amounts of the argon gas to escape from each one. In spite of the obvious contradiction due to all the impacts being on the near side of the Moon and the low velocities of the impacts, astronomers have inflated this event out of all proportion. In fact, based on these fourteen impact basins a multi-million year late heavy bombardment of the entire solar system has been fabricated, Moreover, an entire geologic era called the Hadean, has been ‘invented’ although no Earth rocks from this era are present, because the Earth had not even been created at the calculated dates. Compounding this misinterpretation, the calculated crater densities versus their dates are currently used to determine the ages of all planetary surfaces in the solar system.
H2: The surface of Mars northern third, called the Borealis Basin was supposedly blasted off the planet by the grazing impact of another planet-sized body at the date of the ‘late heavy bombardment’. This did not leave the typical crater signature, the edges having been somehow “rounded-off”.
CC: It is interesting to finally hear the uniformitarian hypothesis for the loss of mass from Mars’ northern hemisphere, which the ‘scientific community’ has been avoiding for years. The northern third of Mars is some 7 km lower than the rest of the planet – an obvious distortion of the ‘figure’ of the planet, but unfortunately there is no sign of a great single impact. An impact of the type proposed would have completely changed the rotation of the planet, but it obviously did not. In Cyclic Catastrophism, priori-Mars (Mars still with its solid core, Mercury) repeatedly orbited Earth between 3700 and 700 BC. The most unique aspect of these encounters was that its north pole remained pointing toward the Earth. This orientation was the result of the very large uplifted area, the Tharsis Bulge, on its equator, which had to remain equidistant from the Earth to satisfy minimum energy and gyroscopic laws. Because Tharsis does not have a ‘balancing’ uplifted mass on the opposite side of the equator, p-Mars rotation was somewhat wobbly (precessing) but nonetheless remained roughly oriented toward Earth. When p-Mars passed through alignments with the Moon or the Sun and Moon combined, great convulsions occurred within the planet resulting in the expulsion of large hot bodies from the northern third of the planet which faced the Earth, striking Earth, Moon, and Sun. But many still orbit in Earth approaching orbits and are called the Near Earth Asteroids and short period comets. The recent loss of this great amount of mass blasted from the northern interior of Mars is what has resulted in the 7 km deep basin called Oceanus Borealis. The Rig Veda states: ” All existences are a quarter of him; and three-fourths of him are that which is immortal in the sky.”
H2: The Mars Magnetic Disaster is meant to explain why many rocks on the surface of Mars obviously formed in a magnetic field comparable to that on Earth, while the planet now has no global magnetic field. This, again, is attributed to another impact that heated the mantle so much that convection of liquid iron in the core ceased, and since the magnetic field of planets is thought to originate in their outer core, it was lost. The loss of protection provided by the magnetic field allowed the atmosphere to also be swept away leaving the barren, dry planet Mars we observe today.
CC: Proof that planetary magnetic fields originate in their solid cores has been proven by two NASA probes which report that Mercury, the former solid core of p-Mars, does have a dipole magnetic field. The final ejection of Mars’ solid core, about 700 BC, through the Valles Marineris, removed the source of its global magnetic field, which arise not in the liquid outer cores, but in superconducting currents in high-pressure superconducting FeH in their solid cores. As recently as 3700 BC p-Mars was a living planet with oceans, atmosphere and covered with vegetable life. It was called ‘the great green (body) in ancient Egyptian texts. Its oceans and atmosphere were blasted off the planet by internal convulsions and captured by the Earth as it orbited within 32,000 km. The vegetable matter was cooked in the blasts, freeze-dried in space and eventually fell from orbit to the Earth in the form of manna, Soma, Ambrosia and Haoma, which carried the seeds of tens of thousands of new vegetable life to the Earth. Upon the final separation of its solid core, which became the planet Mercury, the outer shell collapsed in on itself and drifted out to become the dessicated, barren planet we see today. Because of the great convulsions and hot lava, the magnetism of the remaining rocks is localized and chaotic.
H2: The Mars Super Eruptions produced giant ‘shield volcanoes such as Olympus Mons, which is ten times larger than any on Earth. This is attributed to Mars’ lack of tectonic plates, resulting in volcanic eruptions remaining in one place rather than being distributed on the surface by the motion of tectonic plates as on Earth.
CC: The Tharsis Bulge on Mars and the Tibetan-Himalayan complex on were both caused by close passes of proto-Venus which rampaged through the solar system just after its birth some 6,000 years ago. These close passes caused such enormous tidal bulges on both ancient rocky planets that distorted them into teardrop shapes, the vestiges of which remain today. No such permanent uplifted areas are present on Venus because at the time of the close encounters it was a roiling mass of liquid rock, which quickly regained its spherical shape after each encounter. What is extremely interesting is the fact that the uplifted areas on both p-Mars and the Earth played absolutely vital roles in the entire Cyclic Catastrophism scenario, which resulted in the immeasurable revitalizing of the Earth.
H2: The ‘Great Venus Meltdown’ suggests that Venus is as old as the Earth and began similarly with oceans, atmosphere and possibly microbial life. Then as the Suns radiation increased about 3 billion years ago it triggered a ‘runaway-greenhouse effect’ (a Carl Sagan invention) which ended up evaporating the entire ocean and continued heating the planet to 900 degrees Fahrenheit. Another hypothesis is (again?) an impact which stripped off the volatile elements and left the planet with material of much higher vaporization temperature. Neither of these hypotheses explains the high surface pressure of Venus, which is 91 time that on Earth – equivalent to the pressure at an ocean depth of 3000 feet.
CC: Venus is a new planet only 6,000 years old, which formed, as do all terrestrial planets, as the result of an enormous impact on Jupiter, still evidenced by the Great Red Spot. After its explosive creation it was a seething plasma sphere in which the heavy elements collected at the center while lighter elements could not condense. It is now a roiling sphere of liquid iron and rock with a thin basaltic crust. Unrecognized by astronomers, it is cooling by jetting sulfur 8 (S8 a crown-shaped ring molecule) from over two-hundred-thousand small domes spread around the planet. It is the S8 gas and crystals, which from the lower cloud layer, suspended in the lower atmosphere that cause of the high surface pressure, over 91 atmospheres.
The initial impact on Jupiter released primarily oxygen, hydrogen, carbon etc light elements- which form the many volatile compounds which characterize the surface of the Earth. These compounds still remain floating invisibly in the inner solar system because they cannot yet condense on the high temperature surface of Venus, which properly speaking, is still proto-Venus.
H2: Skipping the Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet impacts on Jupiter, we come to the most far-fetched of all ‘catastrophes’, which was probably included to make an even ten. This states that Jupiter and Mercury will someday attain an orbital resonance that will eject Mercury outward in the solar system, possibly as far as Venus’ orbit.
CC: This is obviously not based on any evidence. Thought I would include it for its humorous content.
The disadvantage of men not knowing the past is that they do not know the present. Cicero