Cosmic Order in Vedas and Avesta – Part 3
Churning of the Sea of Milk
Ancient texts are rife with images of the physical events which were observed on the surface of priori-Mars (Indra) because it appeared 500 times the area of the full Moon, standing stationary in the heavens for fifteen years at a time. These images reveal physical processes which astrophysicists have never even imagined. The most unique feature of these encounters was that its north pole remained facing the Earth during each encounter. This was due to the enormous raised mass, now called the Tharsis Bulge on its equator (the dog-star’s snout), which the laws of physics dictated had to remain equidistant from the Earth during each encounter. This can be understood in terms of a minimum energy orientation or by the laws of gyroscopic motion. As in the case of the Earth’s changed rotation during each encounter (Part 2), in which the crust/mantle rotated independently of its solid core, so the crust/mantle of priori-Mars moved independently of its solid core, but in this case its north pole remained facing the Earth. Because the bulge was only on one side its rotation was wobbly – a top-like precession. This motion is described in a number of ancient texts as a churn, wheel or mill. In Hamlet’s Mill, after concluding the legend was based on the precession of the equinox, Santillana and von Dechend rightly puzzle over the common theme of many old legends implying that each time the ‘mill’ came off its axis, a new world age would begin. This actually originated with the captures and releases of Indra, and the resulting changes on Earth due to the bandhu. The enormous priori-Mars was also the origin of the many mandalas from ancient cultures. Less well known, but quite significant is the ancient Welsh Arainrhod meaning the huge, humped silver wheel. The best known Vedic representation of Indra’s rotation is ‘the churning of the sea of milk’, where Hari, himself, present in tortoise form was the pivot and the churning stick was the mountain Mandara. The ‘milk’ was due to the steaming of the sea as the volcanic northern island rose.
In addition to the largest seven volcanoes in the northern hemisphere of priori-Mars (below), there were many lesser ones which were visible as star-like points of light when on the dark side. These were called the circum-polar stars in many cultures because of the planet’s wheel-like roattion. The Vedic people imagined groups of these ‘stars’ forming recognizable shapes as we do today with stellar constellations. These they called asterisms (bhagana), and in the text, mused “How does the circle of asterisms revolve?” These asterisms were divided into 27 pie-shaped zones (Nakshatras), now imagined to be ‘lunar mansions’. In the Hindu astronomy text, Surya Siddhanta, one chapter is devoted to a mysterious mechanical model, called the Armillary Sphere, thought to represent the Earth, but which was actually a moving model of priori-Mars. This showed the asterisms (bhu) on the ‘stellar sphere’ (bhubhuhagola) Notes attached to the published version include the following quote indicating that this chapter might contain something special: “This chapter has a peculiar title, jyotishopanishadhyaya … its application to this chapter is equivalent to an assumption for it of especial sanctity and authority”. The sphere contains Meru, which was the mountain at the base of Prajapati or Brahma, formed from the immediate debris of many collapses and was definitely at the north pole of priori-Mars.
This giant sphere, Mars, was the TV of the Vedic Period – everyone watched it and it gave light to the world at night. Although stationary in the heavens, it not only turned slowly like a wheel but also went through a complete phase, like that of the Moon, once per day due to its rotation with the Earth. This allowed people to see the surface details better than NASA can today due to the continually changing illumination angles. It attained full illumination at midnight and half illumination at sunset and sunrise as viewed from Mt. Kailash, so the Earth was never dark in the Aryan lands during the encounters.
The Seven holy Rishis
As soon as priori-Mars became captured and the orientation of its north pole toward the Earth was established, all the water in its northern hemisphere was drawn to its north pole by the tidal force of the Earth. Thus, the ocean tides on both bodies remained stationary, except for the swirling or churning on priori-Mars. Seven large volcanoes flared in its northern hemisphere, many extending up through the northern ocean, which were called the ‘seven holy rishis’ in the Vedas, the ‘seven sisters’ of Zeus, and the Japanese subaru.
The Mundane Egg
The tidal force of the Earth also began melting the subsurface rocks at its north pole which, once melted, slowly began to flow up toward the surface through many cracks and first appeared as the glowing ‘mundane egg‘ within the sea. The amazing growth of the mundane egg is described in the legend of Manu (a man) who found a tiny fish which kept growing and he kept giving it a larger bowl until he finally realized it was a god, who then saved the man from a flood.
As the lava sphere grew larger and larger it eventually rose above the waters. After as much as a year into each 14.4-year kalpa, or manvantura, the land that first appeared was given a name based on its resemblance to a known animal, such as a boar, tortoise or fish. These were originally called the ‘Incarnations of Prajapati or Purusha in the Vedas, Brahma’ and later, when Brahma lost favor, the ‘Avatara’s of Vishnu’.
Purusha, Prajapati and Brahma
As the lava continued to flow it began to shoot into the air, i.e. downward toward the Earth in many streams, which hardened on the outside forming rigid lava tubes which intertwined to form an enormous, somewhat spindly vertical structure. It eventually rose to an amazing height of 2,300 km, the point of zero gravity between the planets, essentially supported by the upward tidal force of the Earth. This was the great Vedic deity Purusha, Prajapati and later the Hindu Brahma. As a result, an epithet of Prajapati is Narayana ‘he who originated from the waters’.
Day of Brahma
Hindu myth explains that each kalpa was a ‘day of Brahma’ and that a night of Brahma was equal in duration to a ‘day of Brahma’. This implies that when released into its planetary orbit, it remained there about 15.6 years. Texts of other cultures tell that the captures took place in October and the releases, 14.4 years later, occurred at a vernal equinox. This establishes the two points at which the two orbits crossed. Hindu myth also says that Brahma lived one-hundred days. This implies that there were one hundred encounters, which is slightly different than the ninety-nine Indras. This remains a mystery. At the end of each day of Brahma he lay down on ‘coils of the serpent sesha’. Each kalpa (fifteen years) was divided into four yugas of decreasing length, which were characterized by the nature, brightness and velocity of the ’embodied spirits’ shot into the air, which were obviously consistent from encounter to encounter. A day and a night of Brahma totaled thirty years and one hundred cycles added up to 3,000 years. This is consistent with Greek myth which states ‘the Olympic Gods reigned for 3,000 years’.
The Four Heads of Brahma
The enormous hardened lava column was seen in some cultures as the ‘axis mundi‘ – the axis of the worlds (plural), thought to join priori-Mars and the Earth. Near the very top it spread out at four slightly different levels due to a sort of fractionation of the liquids rising within the tubes, forming distintly different layers, the textures and colors of which are described in the Vedas. These were the ‘four heads of Brahma‘, each of which was imagined have knowledge of one book of the Vedas. These layers were also imagined to be spreading vegetation, leading to the notion that Brahma was a lotus growing from the navel of Vishnu, which was the land above the waters at priori-Mars’ north pole. It was also called the ‘tree of life‘, the upside-down tree of the shamans, parijata (the wish-granting tree), Osiris (Egyptian), Zeus and Atlas (Greek), and most descriptive, ‘the column of smoke and fire‘ (Bible). A well-known Egyptian hieroglyph, the tet or djed pillar, closely related to Osiris, is a column with four horizontal layers at the top. Also some Egyptian funerary texts describe a ‘rope ladder’ (the four layers being the rungs) lowered from the duat, the land at the north pole of priori-Mars, to aid the deceased pharaoh to reach heaven. The final step in this process occurred when priori-Mars was released and carried the ‘souls’ collected while the duat was close to the Earth, ‘to the gods’. The column is also the inspiration for the stupa towers, Chinese pagoda, Egyptian stela and Amerind ‘totem poles’.
Alignments of priori-Mars with the Moon, or worse yet, the Sun and Moon combined, caused great convulsions within the planet. These were responsible for blasting large hot bodies, some the size of Mt. Everest into space. They also gradually ejected all the water, atmosphere and samples of plant matter to the Earth. At these times the hardened lava column sometimes collapsed, covering large areas of the northern hemisphere of the planet with small chunks of lava containing vesicles due to escaping gases. They surround both Viking lander sites which are thousands of kilometers from one another. Because the lava flow was not interrupted the lava tubes quickly reformed. In the Rig Veda this process was likened to ‘a serpent shedding its skin’. These collapses were seen as Purusha, Prajapati, later Brahma ‘sacrificing’ himself in order to create ’embodies spirits’ – the large ejected bodies. One version described the seven large volcanoes as posts used to hold Prajapati or Purusha for the sacrifice. These ‘creations’ led to the epithet ‘the creator’.
Many of the large rock bodies shot into space still revolve about the Sun in orbits close to the Earth and are called Near Earth Asteroids (NEAs), which astrophysicists believe are billions of years old and came from the main asteroid belt. So much rock was blasted from priori-Mars during the Vedic Period that the entire northern third of Mars today is seven kilometers lower than the rest of the planet. This is evidence for the orientation of the planet during the encounters. The Rig Veda states: ‘ … all existences are a quarter of him and three quarters remained … and is immortal in the sky.
rta – Cosmic Order
When the two planets approached the Earth, the more massive proto-Venus exercised a stronger tidal force (actually on the Tibetan-Himalayan complex) than priori-Mars. This could be felt by the people as variations or ‘locking-up’ of the rotation of the Earth. Thus the asura (ahura) Mitra–Varuna (Ahuramazda) was said to posess a greater rta than Indra. Thus rta referred to the tidal force of nearby planets. This word evolved to become dharma and karma in later Hindu texts and arta and asha in the proto-Iranian texts and the Avesta. Scholars have long interpreted this incorrectly as ‘truth’, but also ‘cosmic order’. The term ‘cosmic order’ is much more appropriate, since the rta of proto-Venus completely changed the number and orbits of the terrestrial planets to their present configuration. So in one sense Zarathustra was correct in designating Ahuramazda as the supreme deity.
After surrendering all of its volatile resources – oceans, atmosphere and biosphere to enhance a sickly Earth, priori-Mars split into two parts, known today as Mercury, its former solid core, and Mars, its rigid outer shell which has collapsed in on itself. Such a splitting, with one body moving inward and the other outward in the solar system is consistent with the laws of physics. One must ask the question whether or not one hundred encounters, sufficient to capture all the resources of the ancient planet and safely, perhaps cleverly, dispose of the debris, were due to yet a higher power than even Ahuramazda.