Small Ruminations About Giant Planets
Based on the following article on the National Geographic website,
planetary scientists continue to be concerned about the inadequacy of their current theories concerning the giant planets, Jupiter and Saturn.
Unfortunately, their attempts to improve it are sadly inadequate. They just can’t get beyond the outdated ‘gas giant’ concept.
I have refined my ideas concerning Jupiter and Saturn in the last few months based primarily on the difference in mean density of the two. They both comprise methane gas hydrates, a solid material resembling packed ice which forms only at high pressures and low temperatures in the presence of large amounts of hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon (as methane), which on Earth has a density of 0.8 g/cm^3. This fits quite well with the relative abundances of the elements in the solar system: H(1) 700,000, He(4) 275,000, O(16) 5920, C(12) 3032, (surprisingly) Fe(56) 1169, N(14) 1105 (see below). An enormous quantity of hydrogen was obviously lost early in the nascent planetary nebula.
Gas hydrates comprise ‘cages’ of water molecules which encapsulate foreign moledules, primarily methane. The abundances are consistent with the formation of methane gas hydrate. But the ‘cages’ of Jupiter’s gas hydrates also encapsulate most of the heavy elements in the solar system. Saturn’s mean density is only 0.6873 g/cm^3, less than pure gas hydrate, implying that its body is almost pure methane gas hydrate, with a thick atmosphere which inflates its apparent volume. The density of Jupiter is a ‘whopping’ 1.33 g/cm^3 – the difference representing the presence of the heavy elements present within it. This and the ancient texts about the birth of Venus imply that all terrestrial planets were born out of Jupiter. The rings and large satellites of Saturn probably resulted from impacts as did Jupiter’s. Their composition, i.e. primarily water ice, is further evidence of the lesser concentration of heavy elements on Saturn. It has always amazed me that modern scientists don’t realize that the satellites of these bodies consist of material splashed from the primaries by impacts. For example, one recently suggested that the rings of Saturn are the result of the collision of two comets in proximity to the planet.
When a large impact occurs on Jupiter sufficient heavy elements are blasted into space in a cloud of plasma to form the solid body of a terrestrial planet. It appears that the large fraction of iron plays a major role in this process, immediately forming a fluid gravitational core which holds many heavier elements, while its powerful radiation helps drive the lighter elements away into inter planetary space. Much greater abundances of lighter elements are also incorporated initially in the plasma cloud but most with < 20 amu are evaporated into the inner solar system, where they remain for milennia until they are recaptured into the atmosphere and eventually to the surface of the proto-planet as it cools (and by extant terrestrial planets, like the Earth a la Louis Frank’s ‘comets’). Thus the great abundance of the lighter elements, particularly water, eventually provide the oceans on the new planet and the fact the sodium and chlorine also have densities less than 20 amu, explains why the oceans are salty from the get-go. The large abundance of nitrogen goes into the atmosphere to mediate the oxygen content. Everything seems to fit a great sceme – I wonder who designed it?
‘Scientists’ today cannot even explain the origin of the oceans and why they are salty. The notion that all of the water was delivered by trillions of comets is now all the more ridiculous based on findings that comets are essentially rocky bodies containing aquifers with a small amount of water. (These were ejected from priori-Mars within the last 6000 years and are not primordial.) Open your minds and embrace the infinitely more complex and exciting solar system revealed in my books Firmament, Chaos and Peleh: Hidden Knowledge and on my website: http://www.firmament-chaos.com