The Incredible History of Venus
A Mar. 2 space.com article titled “Venus mysteries blamed on colossal collision” cites a paper in Earth and Planetary Science Letters by John Huw Davies (Cardiff University) which suggests that a collision of two large bodies in the late stages of planet formation is responsible for Venus’ hot, dry climate. This wild speculation is yet another desperate attempt to explain a number of as yet mysterious observations of Venus within the uniformitarian (the standard model) assumption – that all the terrestrial planets formed in their current orbits at the inception of the solar system. The article recounts a number of currently held notions about Venus, all of which are incorrect. Examples are that: the high surface temperature (over 800 F) is due to a ‘runaway greenhouse effect,’ originally proposed by Carl Sagan and proven incorrect by the Pioneer Venus (PV) radiation profiles; the greenhouse effect is due to an atmosphere comprising 30,000 times the amount of carbon dioxide found in the atmosphere of the Earth; the same carbon dioxide results in a surface pressure ninety times that on the Earth. Davies suggests that this collision might have caused Venus’ unusually slow, retrograde rotation, an attribute that the establishment has struggled with ever since it was discovered. But this hypothetical collision can certainly not explain the fact that Venus’ rotates so that the exact same surface features are pointing toward the Earth every time it attains inferior conjunction with Earth – this is called a spin-orbit resonance. It implies a very close relationship existed in the not-too-distant past, between Venus and the Earth.
The cyclic catastrophism (CC) scenario, based on the compiled observations of one hundred generations of humans, results in a completely new understanding of all the planets. The CC was triggered roughly 6,000 years ago when a body impacted Jupiter and the rebounded plasma cloud, initially thousands of times the size of Jupiter itself, contracted, losing the lighter elements (hydrogen, carbon, oxygen, sodium, etc. that will eventually comprise its oceans, crust and biosphere) by thermal escape (Jeanes), to form proto-Venus. The plasma cloud was over 10,000 K, essentially an atomic soup, negating Velikovsky’s suggestion that hydrocarbons (or organic molecules) might carry over from Jupiter’s atmosphere. Jupiter’s Great Red Spot and the resulting temperature excess of its atmosphere are residuals of that impact.
Much more important than just explaining the characteristics of Venus, that impact completely revolutionizes our knowledge of all the planets. It implies that Jupiter (and the other giant planets) are solid frozen methane gas hydrate bodies comprising primarily water, not ‘gas giants’, the big difference being that Jupiter incorporates most of the heavy elements, which is evidenced by its much higher density 1.33 g/cm^3. Thus each terrestrial planet is the result of such an impact on Jupiter and has a unique age. After each proto-planet cools it recaptures much of the vast amount of volatile elements that will comprise its crust, including water still orbiting invisibly in the inner solar system. as do the extant terrestrial planets. This explains how the salty ocean of the Earth was obtained, from the volatile elements H, O, Na, and Cl, not from volcanic gases. This process is only beginning on Venus, with water being collected in the ‘normal’ atmosphere above the lowe cloud layer at 50 km, but the Earth is sweeping up some of this water every day (Louis Frank’s house-sized comets seen by the ultraviolet imagers on the Polar satellite).
Proto-Venus triggered a sequence of resonant, ‘chaotic’ events which completely changed the entire solar system resulting in the configuration we observe today, prepared the Earth for the advent of mankind and reinvigorated the Earth for 3,000 years as civilizations propagated. While still a molten sphere of boiling rock/iron, proto-Venus passed close ot the Earth, first scorching a path from the Sahara to the Tibetan-Himalayan complex and then overturning the lithosphere as a unit, causing the oceans to flow across the continents, killing most of the animal life on the planet. The destruction wrought is best described by Ovid in the ‘myth’ of Phaethon driving the chariot of the Sun off-course. The scorched path, shown in the figure above, was described by astronaut Jay Apt as the most striking feature on the Earth when viewed from space. Proto-Venus’ closest point of approach is marked by a large area of Saharan glass (Google LDG) in northwestern Egypt (~lat. 30, lon 26). Genesis 1:2 describes the state of the Earth just after this destruction as follows: “And the Earth became void and without form (tohu and bohu) and darkness was on the face of the Earth …” This actually corresponded to the beginning of the Bronze Age (BA I), i.e. 3250 BC becomes about 3800 BC when tree ring corrections are applied to the standard radiocarbon date, which corresponds closely to the zeroth year of the Hebrew calendar.
Venus then interacted with the most ancient terrestrial planet, priori-Mars, which was full of life at the time, resulting in its orbiting the Earth for about fifteen years at a time and then breaking away for an equal amount of time – a process that was repeated one hundred times. When orbiting the Earth in a geostationary orbit priori-Mars appeared more than six hundred times the size of the full Moon and a large island at its north pole, which remained facing the Earth during each encounter, was referred to as the firmament in Genesis 1:7, and the planet was pagan god Baal mentioned many times but also as an archangel in when involved in biblical miracles. Ancient peoples reported great deluges from ‘heaven’ and manna, soma, ambrosia was organic material from Mars which fell to earth. Once all of priori-Mars’ precious volatiles – its oceans, atmosphere. crustal rocks and soil, seeds of vegetable life were exhausted to the Earth, it split into two, its solid core interacted with Venus for several centuries, resulting in the two, Mercury and Venus, entering their current orbits around 600 BC. At the same time the deconstructed priori-Mars’ drifted outward, collapsing into the ‘planet’ Mars, thereby permanently leaving the vicinity of the Earth. The end of this cosmic ‘chaos’ was signaled by Jehovah, speaking through the prophet Isaiah who lived at the end of the Vedic Period (687 BC): “For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I make, shall remain before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain.”
It was during this 3000-year ‘Vedic Period’ when Venus was in an eccentric interior orbit that the tidal force of the earth on its ‘continents’ induced its retrograde, resonant spin orbit rotation, the vestiges of which are still observable today. The great heat within Venus, due to its recent catastrophic birth, is the reason for its high surface temperature – which is exactly the same on the day and night sides in spite of the amazing fact that a day on Venus lasts 243 earth days! The NASA Pioneer Venus probes which plumbed its atmosphere detected virtually no carbon dioxide between 50 and 31 km altitudes. Assuming this was impossible (an ancient planet is assumed to have a well-mixed atmosphere), project scientists announced that a droplet of sulfuric acid must have clogged the input leak of the mass spectrometer, in spite of the fact that there were two leaks, one five times larger than the other. (I offer a more extensive explanation of the atmospheric chemistry in my paper “An Alternate View of Venus” . Pioneer Venus discovered a ubiquitous lower cloud layer between 48 and 50 km above the entire planet comprised of crystals, which were not identified. Radar images of the surface later revealed over two hundred thousand ‘small domes’ (Soviet) or ‘shield volcanos’ (NASA), which have little or no lava flows associated with them. Given my hypothesis that Venus is a new, hot planet, the interior of which is entirely molten, I suggested ten years ago that it is cooling by jetting sulfur gas at high velocities from the small domes directly to the elevation of the lower cloud layer. This is obviously the case, because the temperature at the lower cloud layer coincides exactly with the crystallization temperature(s) of S8. Thus the entire lower atmosphere, up to 50 km, comprises heavy S8 molecules and crystals which unfortunately, were not detectable by the PV mass spectrometer. The molecules in the 44 amu channels between 31 km and the surface identified as CO2, were actually CS. which crystallized as it rose above 31 km forming a red haze noted, but not identified by the Pioneer Venus team. It is the loading of the lower atmosphere with these heavy compounds resulting from the S8 gas still shooting from the 200,000 vents in the surface that produces the high surface pressure, not carbon dioxide. The fast-rising S8 also transmits the angular momentum of the slowly rotating planet very efficiently to the upper atmosphere, producing its observed (but so-far unexplained) super-rotation. Venus has no magnetic field because its molten interior is far too hot. Because of this great heat, raw lava lies in many cracks in the surface, unfortunately PV did not include a simple camera which would have shown this. The radiation from this lava was actually measured by the sensitive radiometer as it descended through the lower cloud layer, but the project scientists threw out the data, stating that “signals in all channels increased unreasonably.” The red light at the surface that enabled the Soviet Venera landers to take photographs without their lights was due to the scattered light from lava on the surface. The hot creation of proto-Venus obviously explains the high D/H ratio and the volcanic nature of the entire surface. This will be brought into the same range as on Earth only after the vast amount of water still in interplanetary space is collected to form the oceans on Venus.
In spite of the many mysteries which are unexplainable in the ‘standard model’, the scientific ‘community’ obviously sees no reason for any further investigation of Venus. Due to budgetary limitations, the European Space Agency sent Venus Express probe to Venus designed only to orbit the planet, from which viewpoint nothing new could be observed. It did find that Venus’ rotation had slowed significantly in the twenty-five years since the Pioneer Venus and and Soviet Venera landers. This is easily explained in Cyclic Catastrophism due to the jetting of sulfur gases into space.
All that would be necessary to prove the true nature of Venus is to send a single sounder through the atmosphere capable of measuring S8 and a camera to image the surface once it passes through the lower cloud layer. It would not even have to be designed to withstand the surface temperature. Since it has been thirty years since PV a new determination of the altitude of the lower cloud layer should give information on how fast it is settling toward the surface as the planet cools. Interestingly, the temperature and pressure just above the lower cloud layers is very similar to that on the Earth’s surface. Thus, there is promise that future generations of mankind may actually be able to land there, certainly much sooner than if the pressure were due to carbon dioxide. Venus would be the perfect laboratory for understanding how the Earth evolved in its earliest days, some 3.9 billion years ago.
The arrogant, know-it all ‘establishment’ refuses to allow the publication of my papers, all of which see recent catastrophies shaping the Earth and the planets. As a result they are wasting the time, energy and intellect of an entire generation of young scientists, not to mention the tax revenues of our citizens.