Images of Mars
In a Feb. 14 2008 article on space.com titled “See Mars in 3D” Gerhard Neukim (Freie Universitat, Berlin), the lead scientist for the high resolution Camera on the ESA orbiter stated: “Understanding the topography of Mars is essential to understanding its geology … This data is essential for understanding how water or lava flowed across Mars.” Digital terrain models created from stereo images allow researchers to instantly guage the slope of hillsides or the height of cliffs, as well as the altitude and slope of lava flows or desert plains.
One of the early observations of Mars which has stimulated the continual and more detailed imaging can be seen at mars.jpl.nasa.gov/…/7_1_99_uphill/index.html . These images were taken by the Mars Orbital Camera on the NASA Mars Global Surveyor Mars way back on 1 July, 1999. The cited article is titled: “Martian Mystery: Do Some materials Flow Uphill? ”
No matter how many photographs and digital terrain models are created, they will not overturn or explain the uphill flow found in many images on the surface of Mars. As long as astrophysicists (astrogeologists?) fail to understand that recent planetary chaos, i.e. close encounters of Mars and Venus with the Earth, formed the solar system we see today they will never be able to explain a number of features on the surface of Mars.
As recently as 687 BC an ancient planet, whose outer shell (mantle) comprised what is now known as Mars, geosynchronously orbited the Earth. Thus, although that planet is no longer intact, the flows on Mars are those that took place on the ancient planet, priori-Mars. In this configuration the tidal force of the more massive Earth strongly influenced the flow of liquids, both water and lava, on its surface and even in its interior. The uphill flow was only one example of this influence.
Because the north pole of the ancient planet, which I call priori-Mars, remained oriented toward the Earth during these encounters, the flows on its surface are uniquely characteristic of tidal forces. The liquids in the northern hemisphere of priori-Mars were drawn toward its north pole. The evidence for this is overwhelming, due to the enormous northward flow of water, called Outflow Channels, some of the earliest surface features imaged on Mars surface. The resulting Oceanis Borealis (Northern Ocean) was where these flows ended up, before its contents were blasted into space by tidally induced internal convulsions and subsequently fell to Earth.
Consistent with the tidal force, there is also striking evidence of the weaker southward flow of water in the southern hemisphere. This evidence comprises gullies imaged on the northern slopes of craters in the southern hemisphere. An example is given at http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/39779000/jpg/_39779131_marsgullies2.203..jpg . Because of their pristine appearance, some scientists have suggested that they are evidence of water below the surface, but due to the predominant uniformitarian paradigm, most believe they are only as ‘young’ as a few million years. These gullies also present an enigma. If there were still water beneath the surface, it would be expected to have flowed down the southern slopes of the southern hemisphere craters, on which the sun shines, but this is not the case. Thus, both types of flow are an enigma for modern science, and are clearly evidence in favor of my catastrophism scenario.