The Origin of the Solar System
The recent events discussed in my previous blog, “The Enduring Mysteries of the Outer Solar System,” were actually witnessed and recorded by the earliest humans living in the Bronze Age, roughly 4000 BC. These observations provide sufficient clues to understanding much more ancient events – the very origin of the solar system itself, which is completely different than what is taught by planetary scientists today. It is truly amazing to me, that tens of thousands of scientists have all bought into the current beliefs. This is a fatal indictment of ‘the scientific method’, as currently practiced.
The solar system originated when all the elements in the planetary disk around our infant Sun were pushed out to the current orbit of Jupiter and beyond by explosive blow-offs of the infant Sun. Evidently the initial spinning-up of the Sun acts as a centrifuge, propelling the heavier elements preferentailly. The surfaces of the refractory (dust) particles at the radius of Juptiters orbit acted as catalysts for the formation of molecular hydrogen and oxygen from single atoms and the subsequent formation of molecules NH3OH, CO2, CH4 and the most abundant, H2O. The hydrogen which was not captured in this way was quickly lost from the solar system in its first million years. Water ice dominated because oxygen is by far the most abundant element after hydrogen and helium. As a result, water ice encapsulated every dust grain and grew into snowflakes. Believe it or not, the solar system began accreting in the form so beloved on Earth – the snowflake. The important characteristic of the snowflakes was one we have all experienced – its strong tendency to stick to other snowflakes. This characteristic of ice led to the accretion and eventually to the formation of the giant planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.
Dust alone, without ice, could never accrete, therefore the terrestrial planets were not formed by accretion in the inner solar system as currently believed by the entire ‘scientific community’. All the encapsulated dust within the giant planets, particularly Jupiter, comprised the seeds of the terrestrial planets, the formation of which I will discuss in a later article. All four giant planets comprise, primarily, good old water, but in a form that is not currently understood by astrophysicists. This was a slow cold process because the frozen material distributed around the Sun at their orbital distances had the same velocity and took a long time (70 to 200million years) to be collected in the form of snowballs and icy planetesimals, most of which melted in the proto-planet’s atmosphere and fell as snow. As the giant planets accreted and the internal pressures rose, the water molecules, in the presence of large amounts of methane, morphed into a new form, a new structure, a solid known as methane gas hydrate, a clathrate. Gas hydrates are well known on Earth, comprising a potential energy source (methane), but are widely dispersed, trapped beneath the oceans where the pressure is also high. In the gas hydrate structure the water molecules form ‘cages’ which often encapsulate individual atoms or molecules, the most common of which on Earth as well as in the giant planets is methane. The empiracle formula for MGH is 8(CH4)46(H2O). This indicates that the giant planets are not hydrogen and helium, but solid planets comprising some 400 earth-masses of water and 22 earth-masses of methane. Not 400 times the water on Earth. but 400 earth masses of water. Saturn’s density 0.7g/cm^3 is roughly that of pure MGH, but because Jupiter incorporated all the heavy elements in the periodic table in their primordial (not solar) concentrations, its density is 1.33 g/cm^3. Planetary science textbooks claim that oxygen is the third most abundant element in the solar sytem, but have no knowledge of the vast amount in the MGH giant planets. See also Mysterious Oxygen.
The earliest humans were fortunate to have observed and recorded the creation of a new terrestrial planet, proto-Venus, as a result of an enormous impact on Jupiter less than 6000 years ago. The details of this single event lead to an understanding of the origin (cosmogony) of the nascent solar system, i.e. the giant planets, as well as the process by which each individual terrestrial planet was formed. The impact energy was exponentially magnified due to the triggering of an enormous nuclear fusion explosion, the gravitational radiation from which caused the entire Earth, more than 5 AU distant, to cry out. The rebounded plasma explosion, called Aditi (the first) in the Rg Veda, was thousands of times the size of Jupiter. It triggered a great jet shooting out into space. This resulted in Jupiter being described as an elephant Mrtnnda in the Rg Veda, in which the jet was its trunk. The fact that the rebounded plasma cloud contracted into the solid proto-Venus proves that Jupiter contains a full complement of heavy elements dispersed throughout. These obvious conclusions derive immediately from the process described above for the origin of the solar system.
A number of modern observations corroborate this picture of Jupiter, but every one has been misinterpreted by the ‘astrophysical community’ in order to fit into their uniformitarian paradigm, the most damning assumption – that the solar system has been essentially the same since its inception. For example: Observations of very young sun-like stars have shown that the hydrogen gas escapes from their disks within about a million years, while the formation of the giant planets required at least 50 million years; In Jan. 1, 2007 Astrophysical Journal, James Graham, U.C. Berkeley, reported that the dust disc surrounding AU Mic “has a fluffyness comparable to that of powdered snow”; The putative ‘three cloud layers’ in the atmosphere of Jupiter touted in every single textbook on the solar system, were not found by the Galileo atmospheric probe; the Great Red Spot (GRS), which has remained at the same latitude for the last 350 years it has been observed is claimed to be a giant storm in the atmosphere of Jupiter, in spite of the fact that it is an atmospheric high not a low; The large ‘temperature excess’ of Jupiter, an energy almost as great as that due to the reradiation of solar energy, is hypothesized to be due to an undefined internal (primordial) source, such as the raining of helium deep in the interior; No one as yet has been able to explain the multiple zonal jets, the colored wind bands and zones which circle the planet at all latitudes; The wide range of heavy elements detected six to nine minutes after the impacts of the largest Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet fragments; The Galileo atmospheric probe reported very little water in the atmosphere – completely at odds with astrophysicists own current estimates of the abundance of oxygen in the solar system.
Cyclic catastrophism explains all of these observations and many more. The AU Mic disk contains fluffy snow, exactly the form from which I propose the four giant planets accreted. The GRS is due to the refractory compounds still being carried to the top of the atmosphere from the impact crater out of which proto-Venus was born some 6000 years ago. The temperature excess is due to a slowly decreasing nuclear conflagration still occurring in that impact crater, which is continually supplied with new fuel as more and more hydrogen is released from the surrounding gas hydrates. (I originally attributed this to the chemical combustion of released hydrogen and oxygen (duh), but eventually realized that is was a sustained (>6000 year) nuclear conflagration). The vast amounts of solid refractory materials in the atmosphere create a thermal blanket which disguises the fact that the excess energy is coming from the crater and gives the impression that the entire planet is hot, thus the primordial hypothesis of the temperature excess. The multiple zonal jets, similar to the trade winds on the Earth, are also driven by the energy of the rising column of hot gases from the crater, but the fact that there are multiple bands and zones at all latitudes can only be explained in terms of a solid surface at the bottom of the atmosphere. The ‘lost’ three cloud layers predicted in the text books, are based on the assumption that the excess energy is coming from the deep interior of a convective, gaseous planet with a core temperature greater than 25,000k. Lastly, the low water concentration in the atmosphere is due to the fact that most of it is frozen in the solid gas hydrate body of the planet.