Atlantis (2)

•December 17, 2012 • 2 Comments

Image

Atlantis – Island of Atlas

When one looks into the texts of all the cultures of the ancient world, the picture painted is strangely similar. This is because they were all focused on observations of the same close astronomical encounters of Mars, which orbited the Earth at a distance of only about 33,800 km surface to surface, between 3717 and 687 BC, in a geostationary orbit.  The view of that planet was similar to the image or Mars above with two exceptions:

(1) The mountainous Tharsis Bulge, at the upper left, was greatly distended due to prior close encounters with proto-Venus.  Astrophysicists believe that this enormous feature was ‘pushed up from the inside’ (which is impossible), because the currently accepted paradigm, uniformitarianism,  cannot imagine two planets having any kind of close encounters. This distorted shape of Mars led to its description as the ‘dog-faced star’ in Egyptian texts and the corresponding deity Anubis. In the Rg Veda Mars was Indra, described as an ‘ugly child’ when it first approached the Earth around 3717 BC.

(2) During the encounters, a vast ocean (the Egyptian Nun, Rg Vedic Apas or Purisha), the land form or residue of which can be easily recognized in the image, surrounded the raised land at the north pole called the firmament and the ‘risen land’ or duat in Egyptian myth.  This ‘northern ocean’ has been recognized by planetary scientists, even given the name ‘Oceanus Borealis’, but as with the Tharsis Bulge, they cannot explain the ocean’s existence or to where all the water has disappeared.

The various layers in the geologic section of Mars were ‘peeled’ open by the continual tidal effect of the Earth while the planet was spinning with its axis pointed downward. As a result the resulting distortions of the planet were symmetrical with respect to the approximate line of centers between the two. In his famous dialog of Critias and Timeaus Atlantis Plato describes Atlantis as a circular island surrounded by seven circular continents between each of which were circular bodies of water.  Most westerners  are unaware that these are described in much greater detail in the Rg Veda/Hindu Puranas which give the Vedic names of the ‘continents’ and the differences in the seas between them. Vestiges of these rings are shown in some NASA low sun-angle images of the northern hemisphere of Mars shown in another post.

“These seven continents were called Jambu dvipa, Plaksha dvipa, Salmali dvipa, Kusa dvipa, Krauncha dvipa, Sake dvipa, and Pushkara dvipa. They are surrounded severally by seven great seas, of salt water, sugar cane juice, wine, clarified butter, curds, milk, and fresh water” (V.P. ii.2,4)…Jambu dvipa is in the centre of all these continents…In the centre of Jambu dvipa is the golden mountain Meru, 84,000 yolangas high, and crowned by the great city of Brahmā. There are in this continent six cross-ranges of boundary mountains, those of Himavat (Himalaya), Hemakuta, and Nishadha lying south of Meru; and those of Nila, Sveta, and Sringin, situated to the northward. Of these, Nishadha and Nila are nearest to Meru

Jambu dvipa is surrounded by a sea of salt water; and that sea again is bounded on its outer side by the dvipa or continent of Plasksha running all round it. According to this scheme the several continents and seas form concentric circles, Jambu dvipa being a circular island occupying the centre of this system. Plaksha dvipa is of twice the extent of Jambu dvipa…Thus each continent (ring) is of twice the extent of the one immediately inside it…Pushkara is surrounded by a sea of fresh water equal to itself in compass…On the other side of the sea is beheld a golden land of twice its extent, but without inhabitants.”

Actually the Tharsis Bulge explains the presence of the ‘Oceanus Borealis’. When Mars orbited the Earth this great bulge forced the rotation axis of the planet’s  lithosphere, i.e. its north pole, to remain facing the Earth, just as depicted in the NASA mosaic shown in Figure 1.  As a result, all the water in its northern hemisphere was drawn toward the north pole by the continuous tidal effect of the more massive Earth.  Deposits from this sea are still present in the NASA image surrounding the island.

In Greek myth the three planets which repeatedly approached or orbited the Earth were the Olympian Gods, which ‘reigned for 3000 years’.  The original solid core of Mars, now thought to be a separate planet (Mercury) was the Olympian god Hermes, the Egyptian Hathor and the Roman deity Mercury and many of the volcanic features that resulted from the tidal effect of the Earth, were also named – the seven largest were the Greek Pleiades, the Egyptian ‘seven ureaus deities’ and the Vedic ‘seven holy rishis (priests)’.

Fig. 2 Osiris, with hardened lava tubes depicted as white linen wrappings

Fig. 2 Osiris, with hardened lava tubes depicted as white linen wrappings

But by far the holiest of deities in all cultures was a column of vertical lava tubes drawn upward over 2,000 km from the northern island by the unrelenting tidal effect of the nearby Earth during each encounter.  This was a spindly formation, supported primarily by the tidal effect of the Earth. It was the primary deity in all ancient cultures because of the brightness of the four layers of material that spread horizontally at its top and the large hot, glowing rock bodies which were periodically shot out through it, causing it to collapse temporarily.  More physically the Egyptians called it the djed pillar ot Tet.  In many cultures it was often described as a reed, lotus or sometimes as a tree.  In Hindu myth it was Brahma, described as the lotus that grew from the navel of Vishnu, where the northern island itself was Vishnu’s belly and the volcanic vent from which the lava flowed was seen as his navel.  These plant-like anologies stemmed from the fact that the column spread out into four layers at the top, which resembled foliage or branches. The hardened vertical lava columns comprising it were represented in Egyptian pictographs of Osiris as being wrapped in a white shroud (Figure 2).  The best physical description of this feature was the biblical  “column of smoke and fire”.

Atlas

In Greek it was called the deity Zeus, but as in many other cultures this feature had more than one name.   Because Mars remained stationary in the heavens close to the Earth for 14.4 years of every 30-year cycle, while all the other heavenly bodies moved across the sky daily, it seemed necessary to have mechanism (a deity) to keep it from falling to the Earth.  Due to its brightness, activity and position directly pointed down toward the Earth, this fiery column, the Greek Atlas, was imagined in every ancient culture to be the one that held up this world, but it was not our world, it was Mars. Similarly in addition to being the all-powerful Osiris in Egyptian texts, in this role it was the Egyptian deity Shu si-ra, the ‘uplifter’ of Ra (Mars). 

Atlantis

Because Atlas rose from the northern island on Mars, the Greeks called the island Atlantis, which has been translated  ‘daughter of Atlas‘.  The legends of the great civilization that lived in Atlantis, were also imagined in many cultures.  The Vedas considered areas on the island where there were more volcanoes, to be locations where the holiest people lived, who were thought to be burning more oblations to the gods.  People even selected certain areas on the northern island where they planned to go when they passed away. Similarly, the Egyptians imagined it to be the place (the Egyptian duat or firmament) to which the souls of the deceased ascended, and then, each time the planet left its orbit, they would be carried  ‘to the gods (the stars)’.

Atlantic Ocean

But what was the logical name for the ocean surrounding Atlantis?  Obviously it was the Atlantic Ocean. The myth of Atlantis includes the disappearance of this great civilization beneath the ocean.  At the end of each geostationary orbit period of 14.4 years, Mars was released into an orbit of the Sun where it remained for the next 15.6 years.  Each release of Mars from its geostationary orbit was intimately related to the northern ocean overflowing the northern island. Thus not only did Atlantis disappear beneath the ocean once, but one hundred times and this event was witnessed by  one hundred generations of mankind around the world. Thus the myths of all cultures, including that of Atlantis, were reinforced throughout the first one hundred generations (3000 years) of mankind.  Is it any wonder why the myth haunts us to this day?

Once the period of Cyclic Catastrophism ended, the names of all the ancient deities associated with the planets no longer were understood, so their names gradually became re-assigned to the presently-existing features – either on the Earth or in the heavens.  For example, Therefore the origin of the name of the ocean between Europe and America came from the Greek myth of Atlantis.  One Egyptian epithet for (the orbiting) Mars was the ‘dog star’, which is now mistakenly identified as the star Sirius in the constellation Canis Major,  Similarly, the seven Pleiades, or the seven sisters of Zeus, which were the seven largest volcanoes in the northern hemisphere of Mars, became assigned to the tiny star cluster (of only six stars, one is supposedly hiding).  The strong influence of Rome on the western world is exemplified by the fact that the Roman names of the planets Mars, Venus and Mercury assigned during the Vedic Period are still used in English, but withno comprehension of their origin or history, until explained by Cyclic Catastrophism.

“There are more things in heaven and earth than are dreamed of in your philosophy”, Horatio

Mercury Then and Now

•April 15, 2015 • Comments Off
Fig. 1 Buddhist thanka of Mars over Mt. Kailas

Fig. 1 Buddhist thanka of Mars over Mt. Kailas

Creation of Present Earth

In the Cyclic Catastrophism scenario, the ancient Mars, full of life, was captured in a geostationary orbit above Mt.Kailas (Indra’s home on Earth) for 14.4 year intervals (a day of Brahma or kalpa) and released for 15.6 years (a night of Brahma) into an orbit of the Sun that intersected the orbit of the Earth. It was subsequently recaptured, and this 30-year cycle of capture and release was repeated one hundred times.  During this 3,000-year Vedic Period all of the atmosphere, water, rocks from both the interior and crust and all the flora (as manna, Soma) and fauna we know today were transferred to the Earth during the 3,030 years from 2717 and 687 BC.

Captures of Mars

The captures were the result of Mars locking onto the Himalayas, thereby forcing the spin axis of the entire lithosphere, as a unit, to be reoriented to what is now central Canada in order that the Himalayas remain rotating in the plane of Mars orbit of the Earth. In addition to the apparent rotation of the heavens witnessed by mankind, each capture resulted in the rapid, smooth flooding in the eastern hemisphere every 30 years as a huge permanent tidal bulge quickly formed surrounding the Himalayas. These captures and releases resulted in sudden changes in the orientation of the geomagnetic field everywhere on Earth. Therefore many molten rocks, such as the Deccan Traps (19 deg. N. Lat.), each layer of which solidified during one capture period,all have reversed magnetic fields which are currently interpreted as representing the position of the Indian continent in the Southern Hemisphere 66 million years ago.

Fig. 1 Mars Tharsis Bulge and Valles Marineris in bas relief from Akhenaton's reign

Fig. 2 Mars in Egyptian bas-relief of Akhenaten as Sphinx revealing Valles Marineris as an enormous gash.

Releases of Mars

Even more spectacular were the releases of Mars from its geostationary orbit. They occurred when the solid iron core of Mars appeared (as the Eye of Ra or Horus), then exited the planet (as the Egyptian diety Hathor and the Greek Hermes, zoomed to the East around the Earth in a low, fast, slingshot orbit and caught up to the planet Mars drifting slowly westward and re-entered it through the gaping hole (Figure 2), only eight days later, according to the Egyptian funerary text of Pepi I. In Worlds in Collision, Immanuel Velikovsky noted ” It appears that a heavenly body passed very close to the Earth, moving as it seems, in the same direction as the Earth on its nocturnal side“.  Unfortunately he did not realize that this was the zooming Mercury. The Roman name for the solid iron core was Mercury, known for its great speed as a messenger from the Roman deity Mars (the Egyptian Ra or Horus, the Greek Ares). After the one-hundredth encounter with the Earth, the solid iron core Mercury was somehow deflected by the Moon or Venus and failed to reconnect with Mars.

Fig.3 Mercury and Venus 'cavorting' in a 5th century BC bas relief.

Fig.3 Mercury and Venus ‘cavorting’ in a 5th century BC bas relief.

Brief Affair of Mercury and Venus

It contined to interact with Venus for several centuries (Fig. 3) before both Mercury and Venus settled into their current orbits. At the same time, Mars sans Mercury, shooting a fiery jet of material from the great wound, now called the Valles Marineris, drifted out to its current freezing orbit. Interestingly, the modern world retains the Roman deity names for both of these bodies, but tails to remember their true origin.

Mercurian Grid

Fig. 4. The Mercurian Grid as imaged by Mariner 10.

Mantle of Mercury

Mercury left Mars in 687 BC as a pristine, sun-like body -, the solid iron core with a layer of hot glowing mantle material, comprising primarily sulphur, clinging to it. In fact, the Hebrew word for Mercury is “sun star”. This pristine origin is still evident in the smooth plains that lie between the many craters, in contrast to the Moon on which craters fill every bit of the surface.

Mercurian Grid

The rigid sharp rocks bordering the Valles Marineris gouged deep linear incisions in the softer mantle material each time it exited Mars. This is best related in the Greek myth which states that Hermes stretched strings across a turtle’s shell (the surface of the solid core), and is thereby credited with inventing the lyre. Several sets of these parallel gouges were noted in the first images of Mercury returned to Earth from Mariner 10 (Figure 4), and called the Mercurian Grid. Scientists have struggled to explain these lineaments which, because they do not cut across the enormous Caloris Basin must be older than that impact. They are less evident in the more recent images from MESSENGER, probably due to the great number of impacts that have occurred in the last ten years. All of the craters now visible on the surface of Mercury were made in the last 2703 years and are the result of the great mass of rocks ejected from Mars during its geostationary orbits of the Earth, between 3717 and 687 BC. Planetary scientists, who still determine the ages of planetary surfaces based on the number of craters per square mile, believe they prove that Mercury is 4 billion years old!

It is the nature of every person to err, but only the fool perseveres in error.  

                                                                                                                                                  Cicero

 

 

Himalayan Salt

•April 7, 2015 • Comments Off
Fig. 1  A Texas-sized Salt Lake During the Mars Encounters

Fig. 1 A Texas-sized Salt Lake During the Mars Encounters

The Himalayas abound with salt deposits, charaterized visibly by their pink coloration. An interesting article  online gives the amounts of eighty-eight (88) elements in one sample.  The pink color of the salt is the result of a (relatively) high concentration of iron, 38.9 ppm (parts per million).

The Samudra or Tidal Confluence

Cyclic Catastrophism provides the interesting origin of Himalayan salt with its rich elemental variety. During the period 3717 to 687 BC the living planet Mars spent one hundred periods of 14.4 years each, over Mt. Kailas, the gravitational focus of the Himalayas. In this geostationary orbit only 33,500 km above the Earth, the gravitational effect of Mars on the Earth resulted in the formation of an enormous tidal bulge formed by ocean waters from the Indian, Pacific, Mediterranean and Red Seas flooding across land and collecting up to 5,000 ft in the Himalayan forelands (See Siwalik deposits in post). These 14.4-year confluences of sea water allowed the Aryan people, who lived in what is now the land-bound Punjab, to be a seafaring people, since the tidal bulge extended to their shores. This “confluence” was called the samudra in the Rg Veda, a word (of many) whose meaning is not understood to this day. Thus the oceans of the Earth contributed to the Himalayan salt, but only up to an altitude of 5,000 ft., just short of Mt. Kailas. Its highest level is marked by the Siwalik deposits, imagined in modern geology to be some 18 Ma (million years old).

Deluges of Heavenly Waters

During the same 14.4-year periods, Mars was subjected to great interior convulsions when the Moon passed directly behind it, i.e. through alignments, which, over a total of 3,000 years blasted all of its ancient oceans, atmosphere, crustal and interior rocks, biosphere and fauna to the Earth. Because of its geostationary orbital position, vast deluges of its salty oceans, called heavenly oceans (apas or Purisha) in the Rg Veda, fell in the Himalayan area. Geologists call these unexplained waters the Tethys Sea). Because of the enormous volcanic activity on Mars rocks and dust from every part of the planet was blasted to the Earth and became mixed with the ocean water. Since the Himalayas were the focus of these “patas” or falls, the richest variety of elements from all parts of Mars are concentrated there. Since the deluges occurred during the 14.4-year encounters and then ceased for 15.6 years, while Mars orbited the Sun, the lakes that had formed in the Himalayan area, the largest of which was the Tarim Basin, alternately flooded then dried up and evaporated leaving layered salt deposits, enriched by the elements blasted from all over the planet Mars.  Two thirds of the Tarim Basin are covered with salt deposits. This basin, as large as the state of Texas, and many smaller ones, were lakes up to about 2,500 years ago, as attested by the stories and thanka (paintings) in old Buddhist monasterys, which geologists claim must have happened 25,000 years ago.

The Recent Origin of Our World

This all occurred between 3717 and 687 BC. In fact, as explained in the many posts on this site, the entire world we know today was formed by the resources, including our flora and fauna, which came from Mars during that short period. Geologists, fooled by changes in the geomagnetic field (chrons) during these encounters and by the ages determined from more ancient rock fragments from Mars, which cover the Earth, believe all these changes took place over a period of 66 million years, called the Cenezoic Era. So when you sprinkle Himalayan salt on your food, be reminded that not only the salt, but the great variety of foods you are enjoying also originated from Mars in the last 6,000 years.

Water, Xenon Lost from Mars

•April 2, 2015 • Comments Off
Fig. 1 One of many Martian outflow channels

Fig. 1 One of many Martian outflow channels

The Cyclic Catastrophism scenario began around 3700 BC.  It reveals one hundred 14.4 year close encounters of the living, green, planet Mars, when it still had its ancient atmosphere.  During these encounters its entire crust, oceans, atmosphere and biosphere were transferred to the Earth.  In order to maintain the stability of the pairing, it was necessary to sustain fixed tidal bulges on both planets. Mars was tidally captured in a geostationary orbit above the Himalayas (Mt. Kailash), where its added moment forced the reorietation of spin axis of the Earth’s lithosphere to what is now central Canada during each encounter.  This meant that the entire lithosphere was able to slide as a unit on the asthenosphere, while the interior, the mantle and core remained oriented normally.

Outflow Channels

In a similar manner, the Tharsis Bulge on Mars forced the spin axis of its lithosphere to remain oriented toward the Earth.  As Mars approached the Earth, the water in the northern hemisphere of Mars  was rapidly drawn toward its north pole by the tidal effect of the Earth, through what are known as ‘outflow channels’ . These were typically thousands of km long, hundreds of km wide and several kilometers deep.  As shown in Figure  1, they appear fully-sized as water suddenly flooding out of subsurface aquifers at the left. They flood in relatively straight courses with very little meandering. Their calculated volumes exceed, by several orders of magnitude, the largest rivers on Earth.

Oceanus Borealis

At the beginning of the Vedic period (3717 BC), the northern hemisphere of Mars was the same elevation as the rest of the planet except for the Tharsis Bulge on the equator. Today the entire northern third of Mars is some 7 km below the planet’s datum due to the enormous mass of rock and iron ejected during its geostationary encounters during the Vedic Period.  Having no other explanation, scientists today believe that the northern ocean (Oceanus Borealis) formed due to the water running ‘down slope’ toward the north, but cyclic catastrophism explains that these enormous floods were the result of the tidal force of the more massive Earth each time Mars approached and was captured in geostationary orbit. This process is described in the Rg Veda, where the ‘world’, Mars, is incorrectly translated “universe” :

At first this (universe) was not anything. There was neither sky, nor Earth nor air. Being non-existent, it resolved ‘let me be.’ It became heated. From that heat smoke was produced. It again became heated. From that heat fire was produced. It again became heated. From that heat light was produced. It again became heated. From that heat rays were produced. It again became heated. From that heat blazes (or fogs) were produced. It again became heated. It became condensed like a cloud. It clove its bladder. That became the sea.

Fig. 2 The island (Firmament) at the north pole of Mars

This rapid tidal flow resulted in the northern ocean (Oceanus Borealis) on Mars, the outlines of which can be clearly seen in NASA photo mosaics of its northern hemisphere (Figure 2).

Mars’ Lost Crust

More slowly, the tidal effect of the Earth melted subsurface rock at Mars north pole and once mobile drew the magma upward, first appearing as the mythological ‘golden or world egg’ in many ancient mythologies. It eventually expanded to become an island at the north pole of Mars which is quite promenent to this day, rising some 3 km above the surrounding terrain, topped by the northern ice cap.

Sudden convulsions occurred within Mars as it orbited the Earth. These were caused by alignments with the Moon and with eclipses, each of which lasted some 30 to 40 minutes, blasting enormous

Fig. 2 Correction curve for 14C datng is evidence for a complete change of the Earth's atmosphere during the Vedic Period

Fig. 3. Correction curve for 14C datng is evidence for a complete change of the Earth’s atmosphere during the Vedic Perio

masses of rock into space, resulting in the northern third of the planet now being 7 km below the datum.  Most of this rock and soil was blasted to the Earth.  The rocks and red  soil ejected during one hundred 14.4-year geostationary encounters cover our continents with hundreds of meters of Martian crustal material. Geologists estimating ages for these rocks are completely thrown off by magnetic field reversals due to the reorienting of the lithosphere during the Mars encounters, believing these are the result of very ancient continental drift or even actual reversals of the Earths geomagnetic field.

Mars’ Lost Atmosphere

Further dating errors result from using K (potassium)-Ar (argon) or U (uranium)-Pb (lead) dating.  The former method suffers from the influx of most of the  Martian atmosphere during the Vedic period (Figure 3). Uranium dating is done with rocks which fell from the much more ancient planet Mars, probably ~700 Ma (million years) older than Earth, based on the ages of meteorites from Mars and the oldest native rocks on Earth. The unique ages of each terrestrial planet was demonstrated when proto-Venus was created by an enormously energetic impact on Jupiter – witnessed in the ancient texts of many cultures.

Mars’ Xenon Loss

The NASA rovers on Mars have been attempting to prove that it lost its atmosphere, including all of its water very gradually over the last 3 to 4 billion years, by escaping into space. The latest means of studying the atmospheric loss has been the study of Xenon by the Curiosity rover’s SAM (Sample Analysis at Mars) instrument. Xenon, because it is a noble gas that does not chemically combine with any other elements, is ideal for a study of the atmosphere.  Moreover it has a number of isotopes, that is, Xenon atoms with slightly different weights (different numbers of neutrons in its nucleus).  As the atmosphere is lost to space the lighter weight Xenon isotopes should escape faster than the heavier ones.  Another unique aspect of Xenon is that it is very heavy, with an atomic weight twice that of iron.  In fact it is a wonder that any of this heavy gas would rise at all.  The xenon experiment required months of careful testing at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center.  The results indicated exactly the opposite of the previously hypothesized, billion-year gradual loss of the Martian atmosphere, although not stated quite so strongly in NASA RELEASE 15-055, March 31, 2015 :

“The SAM measurement of the ratios of the nine xenon isotopes traces a very early period in the history of Mars when a vigorous atmospheric escape process was pulling away even the heavy xenon gas. The lighter isotopes were escaping just a bit faster than the heavy isotopes.”

In the current uniformitarian view of the solar system, a “vigorous atmospheric escape process”, such as occurred during the Vedic Period, can only be imagined to have taken place when the planet was in its formative stages.

Howbeit we speak wisdom among them that are perfect: yet not the wisdom of this world, nor the princes of this world, that come to nought: But we speak the wisdom of God, even the hidden wisdom, which God ordained before the world unto our glory: 

Suddenly, It Seems, Water Is Everywhere in Solar System

•March 14, 2015 • Comments Off
Fig. 1 Galilean moon Ganymede

Fig. 1 Galilean moon Ganymede

Water In Ganymede

This astute observation in the title has been slow in coming. All these bodies containing water surrounding the giant planets – Where can the water be coming from?  Astrophysics has been too busy hypothesizing about such remote subjects as exoplanets, the big bang and multiple universes, which can never be verified, to understand the history and composition of the planets in our own system. They wonder where the water in all the satellites of Saturn and Jupiter, sixty-one and sixty-seven respectively, came from? Also the glorious rings of Saturn, taunting us for our ignorance.  Of all the great minds, the PhDs, the named chairs in the revered institutions of the world, nobody has figured this out. Albert Einstein confirmed this when he stated: “It is a miracle that curiosity survives formal education.”

Ours is a Water System

Phase Diagram of Methane Gas Hydrates

Phase Diagram of Methane Gas Hydrates

The simple, logical answer to this question is that the water comes from the giant planets themselves. Jupiter and Saturn are essentially solid frozen bodies of water in a form well known on Earth, called Methane Gas Hydrates (MGH). It forms under unique conditions of low temperature, high pressure and an abundance of methane. This has been a fundamental aspect of Cyclic Catastrophism for twenty years. Of course the length of time a hypothesis has been in existence has nothing to do with its correctness, as indicated by the fact that the currently accepted ‘gas giant’ hypothesis in every textbook in the world, originated with the work of Rupert Wildt at Gottengen in 1930, based on spectral ‘combination bands’ involving methane and ammonia. The MGH makeup of Jupiter and Saturn finally gives the correct abundances of the elements in the solar system and provide answers to many questions, such as the origin of the oceans of the terrestrial planets.

Terrestrial Planets from Jupiter

Although impacts on Jupiter or Saturn blast essentially water into space, forming small satellites and rings of water, the profound beauty of the design lies in the fact that as Jupiter formed, it incorporated within its MGH all of the heavy elements in the original solar system.  As a result, rare high energy impacts, that momentarily produce temperatures above 10 million K and compact the local MGH to incrediblely high pressures, trigger enormous nuclear fusion explosions blasting out sufficient heavy elements to form the terrestrial planets, e.g. proto-Venus only 6,000 years ago. The portion of this ejected material which was not imparted escape velocity formed the four proto-Galilean Moons of Jupiter, which quickly settled into their current resonant orbits.

A 9th century AD drawing of the planets, with Jupiter and plume at upper left.

A 9th century AD drawing of the planets, with Jupiter and plume at upper left.

However, a great gaseous jet continued to shoot from the deep impact crater due to a continuous nuclear fusion/fission reaction in it. This  jet was observed and drawn in an Arabic document in the 9th century AD. That jet coated the Galilean Moons over millennia. At great distances the jet material formed the unique bodies of the main belt asteroids of which 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko is an example. Some crashed on Callisto and Ganymede, resulting in craters, but due to Jupiter’s rapid spin most escaped to become main belt asteroids, trans Neptunian objects and Kreutz sungrazers. Because they crystallized within the magnetic field of Jupiter the iron/nickel in them became permanently magnetized, an example of which astrophysicists have been unable to accept or explain for 67P. As the jet slowly declined, the outer moons became less and less heated. As a result Callisto has sharp edged craters, Ganymede softened craters, Europa remained too hot for water to condense on it for millennia, then the solid body was covered with the water that had been patiently waiting in its orbit. Io remianed so hot that it resembles its big brother, proto-Venus, who left him behind. The textbook cliches claim that the temperatures of the inner Galilean moons are due to a ‘tidal tug-of-war’. The  reaction in the crater slowly diminished over the last 6,000 years, but still burns and drives all the visible features on Jupiter to this day: the temperature excess, the Great Red Spot, the multiple zonal ‘wind bands’ – all atmospheric features, while the body of Jupiter remains frozen solid.

Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impacts Produced Nuclear Explosions

Fig. 2 Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impacts on Jupiter

Fig. 2 Shoemaker-Levy 9 Impacts on Jupiter

Actually several of the larger Shoemaker-Levy 9 comet fragments (e.g. G) struck the frozen surface of Jupiter and caused ‘small’ nuclear fusion explosions which produced spectra of a number of heavy elements never before observed on Jupiter.  The primary observed aspects of these impacts, termed the ‘main events’, attained a maximum IR emission 12 to 15 minutes after they first entered the atmosphere and formed a dome well above the cloud deck.  The emission from fragment G was brighter than the total emission from the entire planet  (Jupiter). The explanation accepted by the desperate  ‘gas giant’ (consensus) believers was that the main events were the result of the (gaseous?) products of the initial, much less energetic entry fireballs “falling back onto the atmosphere”.  One very involved scientist, Eugene Shoemaker, had the nerve to voice the his true opinion of this hypothesis, “ridiculous”.  Any true scientist should agree. Cyclic Catastrophism explains that the delay of the ‘main events’ was due to the time for the mushroom clouds to rise from the surface above the top of the cloud deck, where they could be detected.

Albert Einsteinon on Epistemology

Concepts that have proven useful in ordering things easily achieve such authority over us that we forget their earthly origins and accept them as unalterable givens. [Begriffe, welche sich bei der Ordnung der Dinge als nützlich erwiesen haben, erlangen über uns leicht eine solche Autorität, dass wir ihres irdischen Ursprungs vergessen und sie als unabänderliche Gegebenheiten hinnehmen.] Thus they might come to be stamped as “necessities of thought,” “a priori givens,” etc. The path of scientific progress is often made impassable for a long time by such errors. [Der Weg des wissenschaftlichen Fortschritts wird durch solche Irrtümer oft für längere Zeit ungangbar gemacht.] Therefore it is by no means an idle game if we become practiced in analysing long-held commonplace concepts and showing the circumstances on which their justification and usefulness depend, and how they have grown up, individually, out of the givens of experience. Thus their excessive authority will be broken. They will be removed if they cannot be properly legitimated, corrected if their correlation with given things be far too superfluous, or replaced if a new system can be established that we prefer for whatever reason.

 

 

 

 

The Granite Bomb (Update)

•March 10, 2015 • Comments Off
Fig. 1 Granite rock

Fig. 1 Granite rock

The Mystery of Granite

Granite is a familiar rock to everyone on Earth, not nesessarily by name, but by its light color and texture. Granite weathers to form sand and clay, and is therefore indispensable to life on Earth. It is unique in that it is not found on the surface of the other terrestrial planets, Mercury, Venus or Mars, which have basalt surfaces.

Surprisingly, granite is found only on the continents – the seafloor is basalt.  Granite is classified as an Intrusive/Plutonic-Igneous rock thought to form when magma rises in large plutons through layers beneath the earth but solidifies deep underground. As a result, its formation has never actually been observed.  Under a microscope, the mineral grains of igneous rocks tend to display an interlocking texture that represents the growth of minerals from a melt. It is classified as a felsic rock, which are most easily identified because the minerals comprising it are rich in light-colored minerals (quartz, alkali feldspar, and some plagioclase feldspar). They are compositionally rich in Si, Na, Al, and K and poor in Fe and Mg. (Figure 1). One would expect mineralogists and geologists to understand the origin of granite, but that is not the case because no one has ever actually observed its formation.

The naturally radioactive elements potassium, uranium and thorium are concentrated in granite intrusions, but are not present in the rock matrix itself because of their large ionic radius and high valency. They are instead segregated into accessory mineral phases that are dominated by the more abundant zirconium and cerium. In fact, most radiometric dating using uranium in granitic rocks is done on zircon crystals, sometimes referred to as ‘zircon dating’.  Zircons are believed to ‘reject’ the element lead during crystallization, allowing the assumption that the lead found in each crystal is exclusively from the radioactive decay of Uranium originally in it. The inclusion of such an ‘exclusive’ crystal implies that it formed from the melt, and therefore its age would be the age of the asthenosphere, i.e. the Earth’s mantle.

Cyclic Catastrophism

About 6,000 years BP proto-Venus made two close passes to the Earth, first melting subsurface rock and uplifting mountains along its path from the Sahara to the Himalayas, resulting in the Alpine Orogony, and then exerting a tidal impulse on the Tibetan-Himalayan Complex which inverted the entire lithosphere of the Earth as a single unit,  Two such overturnings certainly resulted in an extinction, primarily by causing the oceans of the world to flow across the continents at a thousand km per hour.  Two similar events had occurred, delineating the Younger Dryas (12,800 and 11,500 years BP) initiating the Holocene era.  Ancient texts suggest that this period involved cosmic encounters which resulted in the capture of the Moon, which is stated in theTorah as the “pairing of the Sun and the Moon”, implying their similar angular radii, which was an important factor in causing convulsions within Mars during each kalpa.  The possibility of such a movement of the entire lithosphere has never been imagined, certainly never published in astrophysical literature, although it was implied in ancient texts, such as Plato’s dialogs, Timaeus and Critias.

Granite in Cyclic Catastrophism

Within several centuries proto-Venus impelled and accompanied the living planet Mars from its ancient orbit to one which intersected the orbit of the Earth, thus beginning the cyclic capture and release of Mars in a geostationary orbit tidally linked to the Himalays directly above Mt. Kailas, Indra’s ‘Home on Earth’. During each capture period (14.4 years, a manvantara in the Rg Veda) all of it atmosphere, oceans, flora and fauna were transferred to the Earth.  Geostationary orbit over Mt. Kailais (the Himalayas) could only be accomplished by the reorientation of the lithosphere to a temporary equatoer during each 14.4 year encounter.  This called into play the independent rotation of the lithosphere as a unit, established previously by proto-Venus, in which the low viscosity asthenosphere, only some 80 km below the surface, acted as a bearing. This motion continually subjected the continents to frictional stretching and fresh magma, allowing low viscosity plutons of magma from the asthenosphere to intrude easily into the lower continent layers.  The hot radioactive elements K, U, and Th along with their compatible elements (paragraph 1) flowed up into the plutons and  crystallized slowly (not in the geological sense) due to the heat of the radioactive decay and the friction.  The enormous changing supply of magma allowed the plutons to rise so that their tops are now weathering and forming new land. As a result, the continents are warm.  The same intrusives rising from the oceanic rifts and spreading out on the sea bottom would have immediately cooled and therefore no granite would have formed. This would also explain the depletion of the radioactive elements that are currently being extruded (NMORBs) from the mid-ocean rifts, because the top, hot layer of the granitc elements are now used up.

Fig. 2  Comparison of Venus K-U-Th with Earth NMORB

Fig. 2 Comparison of Venus K-U-Th with Earth NMORB

Comparison with Proto-Venus

This is consistemt with the enrichment of K-U -Th in the basalts that comprise the crust of proto-Venus today compared to the modern  N-MORB s on Earth.  In cyclic catastrophism Venus is still proto-Venus. The materials which will comprise its mantle are all that has been able to settle on the planet because of the high temperature due to the enormous explosion from which it formed only 6,000 BP.  The elements which will form its oceans, crust and biosphere are still orbiting invisibly in the inner solar system, awaiting its cooling. See Venus paper.

Deposits from Proto-Venus

The presence of K-U-Th in the outer layer of proto-Venus measured by the Soviet landers means that 6,000 years ago, when it was a flaming, out-gassing liquid sphere passing very close to the Earth, it left considerable amounts of these elements in our atmosphere. These settled over the entire Earth. The iridium layers that mark the K-T extinction prove this, and considering the rarety of iridium, implies that greater amounts of all other elements fell at the same time because they all have greater nucleogenesis abundances.  Because of their more common occurrence on Earth, they are not recognized as being part of the proto-Venus deposits. The dating of the proto-Venus material should be very recent due to its origin in the enormous fusion explosion which set their isotopic clocks back to zero 6,000 years BP.  An abstract of interest in this regard titled “What Lead Paradox?”  by a cosmochemist F. Tera discussing problems with uranium-lead dating, concludes with an interesting statement:
“For an enriched source like that determined by Stacey and kramers (3), with mu = 9.7 for the last stage, the data are compatible with a two-stage model. This may be due to a homogenizing event in which ancient isotopic herterogeneities were erased, thus allowing a simplified model. Alternatively, the effect could arise from “recent” U enrichement, adding mostly 206Pb to these sources.” 

Deposits from Mars

Cyclic Catastrophism further clouds the cosmochemical dating picture due to the infinitely greater mass of very old material blasted to the Earth from Mars, the age of which is 4.6 Ba, during the one hundred geostationary encounters which immediately followed the proto-Venus encounters, each of which lasted 14.4 years (a kalpa). One hymn in the Rg Veda attempts to explain the great mass of bodies observed by the author being ejected into space through enormous lava vent/column at the north pole of Mars, the deity Purusha:

“…All existences are a quarter of him; and three-fourths of him are that which is immortal in the sky. With three quarters Purusha mounted upwards. A quarter of him was again produced here.  He was then diffused everywhere over things which eat and things which do not eat. with the half he produced the whole world; what became of the other half of him?”

Considering that the Vedic Period comprised one hundred kalpas, roughly one hundred generations of human kind, any particular observer would only have seen a tiny fraction of the material being ejected. A clue to the total mass lost from Mars as a result of hundreds of convulsions during each kalpa is evident in the flattening of the entire northern third of the planet, which is some seven km below the planetary datum. Further evidence of this material is present throughout the solar system today, as the lunar regolith and maria, all of the impact craters on Mercury, the high temperature of the solar corona and the absorption spectra of the Sun – all of which remain mysteries to modern science.

Carbonaeceous chondrites

Carbonaeceous chondrites, in fact all meteorites on Earth, were blasted from Mars during the Vedic Period. Because many more were blasted into space, they have impacted the near side of the Moon forming the regolith, One stream of large, hot bodies was ejected in rapid-fire sequence from Purusha (the Egyptian Osiris) and impacted the near side of the Moon, forming the lunar Maria.  These have each been dated at different ages between 3.1–3.8 billion years by the potassium/argon or argon/argon method.  It is obvious to any thinking person that they all struck at the same date,becaue they are all on the side facing the Earth, not over a period of 700 million years.  The different calculated dates were due to the fact that the bodies were blasted from succesively deeper within Mars and therefore had different temperatures and outgassed different amounts of argon, giving dates ranging over hundreds of millions of years.  But entire scenario was witnessed by the Egyptians and told in the legend of Osiris and Isis.  Set killing Osiris (the lava column at the north pole collapsed), cutting his body into fourteen pieces and spreading them around so that he could not be ressurected. But his lover, Isis (the Moon), went around and found each piece of his body and at each constructed a monument. Without knowing of any connection, scientists have determined that there are indeed fourteen maria. Indeed there is a holiday still celebrated in Egypt to this day called ‘The day that Osiris entered into the Moon’.

Composition of the Sun?

The material ejected from Mars during the Vedic Period (3717-687 BC) has been falling toward the Sun.  The great amount can be appreciated by the regolith on the surface of Mercury, which used to be the solid iron core of Mars up until 687 BC.  Infinitely more has fallen and continues to fall into the solar atmosphere. Scientist believe that the absorption spectra are  indicative of the Sun’s composition, and because that matches the composition of the carbonaceous chondrite meteorites on Earth, conclude that these are the stuff from which the terrestrial planets formed!  Believe it or not, it is from a few meteorites and the solar absorption spectra that the elemental abundances of the entire solar system are estimated!  Since the oldest ages of the fragments in these meteorites are 4.6 billion years, scientists agree that is the age of the entire solar system, Cyclic Catastrophism claims this is merely the age of the oldest terrestrial planet, Mars.

Age of the Solar System?

Cyclic Catastrophism posits that each terrestrial planet is formed by an impact on Jupiter which triggers an enormous nuclear fusion explosion, as exemplified by the creation of proto-Venus only 6,000 years ago. Therefore each terrestrial planet has a unique age.  The dating of the oldest native rocks on Earth is only 3.9 billion years.  Since consensus scientists conform to the notion that everything has always been as it is now, they have invented an entire fictitious Hadean era for the Earth, to occupy the missing  700 million year period when the Earth did not exist. The true age of the solar system is unknown because the original system comprised the giant planets.  The question is whether it can ever be determined. First we have to get a sample from Jupiter, and even then our dating methods have to be put on a firmer basis.

einsteinfreedomquote

 

Dating Venus and Mars Encounters

•March 1, 2015 • Comments Off
Fig. 1 Central Canada rapid isostatic recovery

Fig. 1 Central Canada rapid isostatic recovery

Terrestrial Planet Creation

Terrestrial planets are created by high energy impacts on Jupiter, which comprises the full complement of heavy elements in the original, nascent solar system encapsulated within the rigid, low density matrix formed by Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH).  This is a clathrate in which twelve or more water molecules form cells which encapsulate a methane molecule.  The much lower abundances of  the heavy elements, as calculated by nucleogenesis, are distributed throughout the planet, resulting in an average density of 1.33 as opposed to a pure MGH, like Saturn with density 0.7.

Enormous Nuclear Fusion Explosion

The kinetic energy of the planet-producing impacts need not be sufficient to eject the mass of a planet like Earth or Venus. All that is necessary is that the impacts momentarily produce a temperature over 100-million K and compresses an area of perhaps hundreds of square km, establishing a huge critical mass. This triggers a nuclear fusion explosion many orders of magnitude (infinitely?)greater, utilizing the densely-packed hydrogen, deuterium, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, Perhaps even lithium comprising Jupiter as fuel. The unlimited abundance of fuel is demonstrated on Jupiter today where a fusion reaction from the Venus-producing explosion 6,000 years ago still burns in the crater, marked by the Great Red Spot and the ‘temperature excess’, which are limited to the atmosphere of the frozen planet.

Proto-Venus Extinction

The explosion out of which proto-Venus was born was so enormous that the entire Earth emitted a sound due to the gravitational radiation.  Within a century or two proto-Venus made two close passes of the Earth, scorching a path from the Sahara to the Himalayas and temporarity locking onto the Tibetan-Himalayan complex thereby overturning the lithosphere of the Earth without changing its angular momentum.  Even more destructive was the resulting flow of the oceans of the world across the continents at a thousand miles per hour. Proto-Venus was a flaming, molten mass, trailing a twin tail millions of miles long, leaving the entire Earth covered with a thick haze of primordial elements, even very heavy elements because of its high temperature, > 5,000 K, maybe even 10,000 K.  The most convincing evidence of these proto-Venus encounters is the global layer of iridium, whose boiling temperature is 4773.1 K, the rarest, most dense element known, traces of which are usually found in iron meteorites from deep in the core of Mars.  The global layer containing this ‘noble’ metal, delineates the extinction of most previous (Cretaceous) life forms on Earth, including the dinosaurs. Paleontologist designate this iridium layer  as marking the K-T extinction (Cretaceous-Tertiary) extinction.

Archaeologists have actually noted the evidence of these destructions, but do not recognize their magnitude. They designate the proto-Venus destructions as Bronze Age I – a period of 300 years during which no artefacts whatsoever have been found and date it at 3350 (radiocarbon) which when corrected by dendrochronology is about 3700 BC, agreeing exactly with Cyclic Catastrophism.

The New World from Mars

The extinction was followed within a few centuries by one-hundred 30-year cycles, 14.4-years of each cycle during which the ancient, living planet Mars orbited above the HImalayas.  During these encounters all of the life on Mars was transferred to the Earth over a period of 3,000 years (3717 to 687 BC). The former Martian atmosphere, oceans, crust, including its flora and fauna were all transferred to Earth during this period, resulting in the world we experience today. The 300 year BA I was the period during which Mars first approached and orbited the Earth, beginning the transfer of its valuable resources and the creation of Adam and Eve couples all around the world by modifying the DNA of the few survivors of the proto-Venus destruction found in all parts of the Earth.  The advanced mind of Homo Sapiens Sapiens, is characterized by the amazing language center – making possible the expression of a wide range of abstract concepts in thousands of languages.  that suddenly appeared around the world. This timetable is supported by the sudden appearance of the great civilizations, Anatolia, Indus Valley, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Mayan in BA II.  Three hundred years does not sound like a sufficient time, but if the original population was 100 couples and the growth rate was 10% every 20 years it could grow to over six million in 300 years, barring great disasters, which obviously did occur.  Althouh it is difficult to believe, the events which the archaeologists date at 3700 BC are dated by geologists and paleontologists focused on the iridium layer at 66 million years!

Orbiting Mars Tilted Earth

The original factor behind this enormous mistaken inflation of the K-T extinction age and all the subsequent events comprising the Cenezoic, have been many isolated findings of volcanic and sedimentary rock sections around the world, with sequences of different, often reversed, remnant magnetization.  As explained in numerous other posts on this site, Mars remained over Mt. Kailas (Indra’s Home on Earth) during each geostationary encounter. Since Kailas is at 31 degrees north latitude, the entire thin lithosphere of the Earth was forced to an orientation in which Kailas, more significantly the Himalayas, remained on a temporary equator during each 14.4 -year encounter, fixing the spin axis of the lithosphere, or north pole, in what is now central Canada, without seasonal changes.  Evidence of these reorientation periods between 3717 and 687 BC is still glaringly present in the rapid isostatic recovery still occurring in central Canada due to the great continental glacier which repeatedly formed at the temporoary north pole up to 687 BC shown in Figure 1.  Until now, geologists have always considered that complete isostatic recovery takes about ten thousand years, but this conflicts with their imagined dating of what is now known as the Laurentide continental glacier in the last ice age which ended 12,000 years ago.

The  sliding  of the entire lithosphere, as a unit, over the thin asthenosphere, had just previously enabled the proto-Venus overturnings.  Since the interior of the earth, thus its magnetic field, remained in its normal orientation during the Mars encounters, the magnetic field in any rocks, both volcanic (e.g. Deccan Traps) and sedimentary (e.g. benthic foraminaforan), which solidified during these periods acquired different or even reversed magnetic field orientations if within +/- 31 degrees latitude.   Between encounters (15.6 years) the lithosphere reverted to normal orientation. Geologists, completely unaware of cyclic catastrophism, believe the sequences of magnetic field reorientations in rocks were due to actual reversals of the magnetic field of the Earth, each requiring millions of years.  Based on the cyclic catastrophism scenario, the actual reversals of the Earth’s geomagnetic field have probably never occurred.  One apparent violation of this was the period between the two proto-Venus encounters which completely overturned the lithosphere and returned it, probably within a few decades.

In cyclic catastrophism the magnetic field reversals would have been very regular – because the Mars cycles were like clockwork.  However the sequences of magnetic field reversals found in rocks appear to be random.  This is because the samples which constitute the data are from all over the world and the dating methods used to relate them are flawed, i.e. are based on the uniformitarian assumption that the abundances and isotope ratios of the chemical elements on Earth have remained constant billions of years.  Given the two close passes of the outgassing proto-Venus and the enormous mass of elements blasted from the crust and deep interior of Mars over 3,000 years, there is no element that has remained the same on Earth over the last6,000 years. Therefore dating by the Potassium-Argon (40K-40Ar) and the Uranium-Lead (U – Pb) methods are completely invalid.

Radio- Carbon (14C) Dating

Fig. 2 Correction curve for 14C datng shows a steep change during the Vedic Period

Fig. 2 Correction curve for 14C datng shows a steep change during the Vedic Period

Although radio-carbon dating cannot be used to determine the ages of rocks, it does make possible the exact dating during the period of of the proto-Venus and Mars encounters. It is normally used to determine the ages of once living sources, such as plants and animals.  Carbon 14 is a radioactive isotope continually created by the incidence of cosmic radiation, which produces floods of neutrons in the upper atmosphere, some of which are absorbed by nitrogen nuclei producing carbon 14. This combines with oxygen to form CO2 which, in turn, is absorbed by plants, becoming a part of the food chain for all living plants and animals.  When the animal or plant dies, it no longer ingests carbon 14.  The carbon 14 in them then begins to decay and the time since death is determined by studying the  carbon 14/carbon 12 ratio. Techniques have been developed to measure this ratio to 10^-15 accuracy. Carbon dating of ancient (buried) bristlecone pine trees of ages up to 8,000 years have provided general corroboration of carbon dating but also uncovered substantial deviations,  Sequences of many trees with matching growth ring patterns have provided consistent, continuous corrections of the theoretical (calculated) carbon-14 dates.  These have have been determined by a dozen independent labs studying bristlecones, corals and foraminafera, producing an accurate correction curve for dates back to 8,000 years. Figure 2 is a version of this data in which straight-line slopes have been fitted to this data.  It shows the rate of change of the carbon 14 ages versus the corrected ages.  If there were no corrections needed this would be a straight horizontal line as seen from 2700 BP (Before the Present) to the present. However, the difference between the corrected values linearly increases with time before the present during the exact period proposed in the cyclic catastrophism scenario.

Atmospheric Change During Cyclic Catastrophism

This does not help date the magnetic field orientations, but produces a very direct corroboration of cyclic catastrophism.  This slope can only be interpreted in terms of a complete change in the elemental composition of the entire atmosphere of the Earth,  The belief that the Earth has remained constant is not just the primary assumption for carbon dating, it is the also the basis for all other dating schemes, because all are based on the uniformitarian paradigm – that nothing ever changes. Figure 2. is a smoothed version showing the slope of the original data.

Fig. 3 Correction data at proto-Venus and start of Mars Encounters

Fig. 3 Correction data at proto-Venus and start of Mars Encounters

Fig. 4  Correction Data at End of Mars Encounters

Fig. 4 Correction Data at End of Mars Encounters

Figure 3 and 4 are two pages of the original data which together cover the Vedic Period. The proposed start and end dates of the Mars encounters are based on 100 cycles of 30.3 years each.  The datasets from a dozen laboratories are amazingly consistent and show significant fluctuations.  Figure 3 also includes large fluctuations in the several centuries preceding the Mars cycles, which fall in the period proposed for the proto-Venus extinctions.

This may actually be a record of the K-T extinction currently dated at 66 Ma followed by the PETM dated at 55 Ma and the hyperthermals and/or influxes of carbon 12 thought to have occurred in the following million years, all in one dataset covering only 6000 years!

Isaiah55:8-9  “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways,” declares the Lord. “As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.

 

 

Creation vs Evolution in a New Light

•February 18, 2015 • Comments Off
The 3600 square meter Ark used to carry animals from Mars to Earth

The 3600 square meter Ark used to carry animals from Mars to Earth

6,000 years before the present (BP), there were only two terrestrial planets, Mars and Earth. Mars, the more ancient (4.6 billion years), was closer to the Sun than the Earth (3.9 billion years) and was covered with life very similar to life on Earth today.  At that date, life on Earth was cold-blooded, reptilian, and dinosaurs dominated the land. The Rg Veda tells of one hundred encounters (kalpas) in which Indra (Mars) was in a geostationary orbit of the Earth. The precision and complexity of these encounters, involving Venus, Mars and Mercury close to the Earth, is the subject matter of this blog site. The Deccan Traps, at the same longitude as Mt. Kailas, Indra’s home on Earth, recorded these one hundred events, with each layer of flood basalts produced by Mars’ tidal effect during each 14.4 year within each 30 year cycle. The shift of the spin axis of the lithosphere, forced by the locking of Mars onto the Tibetan-Himalayan Complex during each encounter, resulted in the main section of the Deccan Traps, which lie 900 nautical miles south of Kailas, solidifying with reversed magnetic polarity. Conventional geology interprets the reversed magnetic field resulting from 100 distinct basalt flows as being due to continental drift of the Indian plate (chron 24 R) and therefore dates the base of the Deccan Traps at 66 Ma (million years). The lowest layer of the Deccan Traps also exhibits the Iridium layer which delineates the K-T (Cretaceaus-Tertiary) extinction, marking the destruction of the dinosaurs.and also some dinosaur fossils. Thus, an event which took place about 6,000 years ago is dated at 66 million years!

I maintain that the only logical explanation of the precision, number (100) and obvious effectivness of these cosmic encounters based on Mars today, is the intervention of the Kingdom of God, who set into motion the entire incredible sequence of cosmic encounters within the solar system. The purpose of this plan was to replace the reptilian life on Earth with the much more beautiful life forms, both animal (fauna) and vegetable (flora), which flourished on Mars at that date. More significantly, to replace the neolithic hominids like Neanderthals, with an intelligent species (Homo Sapiens Sapiens) made “in their own image”. This blog site, devoted to this Cyclic Catastrophism reveals extensive details of the hundreds of cosmic encounters which were necessary to execute this great plan. These events took place in the actual time frame of the Bible, between 3717 and 687 BC.
The plan was set in motion by a high energy impact on Jupiter, out of which proto-Venus was born. The Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) composition of Jupiter provided the fuel for the resulting thermonuclear blast, which caused the entire Earth to vibrate or ring like a low frequency bell and may actually be the source of what is currently believed to be the Cosmic Microwave Background. The molten composition and high orbital energy of the newly born proto-Venus provided the power and unique properties required to execute the great plan. Within a few decades the flaming, out-gassing, molten proto-Venus made its first close pass to the Earth, leaving behind a layer of exotic, newly created atoms (primordial isotopes) manufactured in the 15-million K blast from which it formed, which have obfuscated current dating schemes based on evolutionist beliefs.  Included in this out-gassed material were many heavy elements such as Uranium, Thorium, and Iridium, and other Rare-Earth-Element (REE). The unrecognized presence of these elements has invalidated the dating based on their decay products.
A near destruction of the existing forms of life on Earth resulted from two close passes of the newly formed proto-Venus, the first of which scorched a swath from the Sahara, through the Middle East and Central Asia to the Himalayas and beyond, producing the largest, most prominent feature on Earth as viewed from space.  It instantaneously uplifted a number of mountain ranges along this path.  This event is recognized in geology as the Alpine Orogeny.  But this single event was responsible for the uplifting of the present Alps, the Atlas range in North Africa, and plateaus in the Balkan Peninsula, Corsica and Sardinia. Volcanic activity in England, France, Iceland, and parts of Italy also occurred during the Alpine orogeny.  It further increased the elevation of the Tibetan-Himalayan Complex, some 2600 square miles in extent. currently imagined to be the result of the collision of the Indian and Asian tectonic plates. The Alpine Orogony is currently believed to have occurred during the entire Paleogene and Neogene periods (65.5 million to 2.6 million years ago).
Toward the end of these two passes, proto-Venus transiently locked-on to the Tibetan-Himalayan complex, inverting the entire lithosphere without changing its angular momentum (spin rate) and then restored the spin axis of the lithosphere to its normal orientation within a century. Tectonic plates on which the crust is located are acknowledged to slide or drift on the thin, very viscous asthenosphere, but in the proto-Venus encounters, the entire lithosphere of the Earth moved as a single unit. These inversions caused the oceans of the world to leave their beds and rush across the continents at a thousand miles per hour with enormous tumbling boulders acting as the teeth of a deadly monster.  The sand, mud and gravel carried by these waves further  ‘flattened’ the landscape of the Earth. Geologists have located the global layer of concentrated Iridium deposited by proto-Venus, and have appropriately named it the K-T (Cretaceous-Tertiary) extinction. although they have no idea that the extinction was the result of close astronomical encounters. Of course many in-vogue scientists attribute the destruction to global warming or climate change. The K-T extinction is currently dated at 66 Ma (million years).
These two inversions resulted in the extinction of all the large vertebrates on Earth, on land, at sea, and in the air (all dinosaurs, plesiosaurs, mosasaurs, and pterosaurs).  Because this was God’s first step in the ‘creation’ of the Earth we know today, the Bible begins with a description of the resulting face of the Earth and His presence on Earth before anything else was created:  Genesis 1:2 And the Earth became flat (tohu) and without form (bohu) and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
Soon after this, proto-Venus ejected the living planet Mars from its ancient (Venus-like) orbit and essentially ‘accompanied’ it to an orbit which intersected that of the Earth. Then the captures of Mars in a geostationary orbit, along with subsequent releases began. This also is mentioned without fanfare in Genesis 1:6-8 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.  And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven.

The firmament at the north pole of Mars surrounded by evidence of the Oceanus Bolealis

The firmament at the north pole of Mars surrounded by evidence of the Oceanus Bolealis

This passage refers to  Mars in its geostationary orbit, but much more specifically, describes the island at its north pole as the “firmament”, surrounded (in the midst of) by the northern ocean, Oceanis Borealis, the existence, or evidence of which have been photographed in great detail by NASA probes.  During each encounter the island remained facing the Earth, therefore the ocean surrounding it was farther from the Earth (the waters which were above the firmament).  Because of the nature of the tidal effect, only half the water on Mars was available to be blasted toward the Earth during each encounter, but only a fraction was acquired as indicated by the need for a total of one-hundred encounters.  The number 100  (10X10) is used in the Bible to signify ‘completion’.  Also, Mars suffered great stress during each encounter, so it was necessary to allow it a recovery of 15.6 years after each 14.4-year encounter, making possible the number of internal convulsions, induced by alignments with the Moon and Sun with Mars, needed for the complete transfer of all life enhancing elementa.
The internal convulsions and the consequent eruptions of hundreds of Martian volcanoes in its northern hemisphere was the means for the transfer of its atmosphere, oceans and crust to Earth, also an enormous mass of minerals from deep in its interior.  Live vegetation, in the form of manna (Soma, ambrosia, Haoma), containing sprouts of tens of thousands of deciduous and flowering plants fell from orbit all over the Earth. This 3,000 year period  (3717 to 687 BC) of encounters with Mars is interpreted by paleontologists to have begun at the PETM (Paleo-Eocene Temperature Maximum). dated 10 million years after the K-T extinction, whereas it actually began less than a century after the Venus destructions.  A number of ‘hyperthermals’ (warm periods) following the PETM, which actually took place in the following 3,000 years, are currently dated over the next million years (53.7-52.8 Ma). Geologists claim that the Antarctic continent did not become glaciated until 33 Ma. Glaciation did not occur until the encounters with Mars ended in 687 BC because during the encounters the spin axis of the lithosphere was shifted to Hudson Bay for 14.4 years of each 30 year cycle, placing the Anctartic 30 degrees from the south pole. This accounts for the accuracy of the Antarctic coastline by Piri Reis, who had access to the ancient Library of Constantinope.

Transfer of Mammalian Life to Earth
But how about the animal life? Paleontologists have found that mammals of all kind suddenly flourished around the Earth after the PETM. Curiously, all the mammals were exceptionally small, but according to an evolutionist, underwent “a nearly exponential increase in body size as they diversified to occupy ecological niches left vacant after the extinction”. Starting from a few kg maximum size, some reached 50 kg “only a few million years later” (only from an evolutionist!). Even whales were initially small. Paleontologists have no idea how fast this growth actually was!  Using the Cyclic Catastrophism age of the K-T extinctions, 6000 years, compared to the corresponding paleontologists/stratigraphers 66 million years, we can apply a correction factor to the time quoted above for this increase in size. it is 0.0001 or 10 ^-4.  Assuming their “few million” = 2 million years, the exponential increase actually only took  200 years!  The question is: Why would God ‘design’ the new Earth mammals to initially be small but rapidly increase to their current sizes?
The Ark
There is a reason why the story of an Ark, carrying two of each species, is present in every ancient culture. It is not because one culture experienced a flood and every other culture ‘stole’ the story. It is because suitable mammals from Mars had to be carried to every part of the Earth. The smaller the animals, the more could be carried in the Ark, but once safely on the Earth they were programmed to increase to their full sizes. Certainly, if God could create Adam (mankind), he could also program the quick growth of mammals. The arks described in many ancient texts are merely descriptions of the vehicles used to cross the space between Mars and the Earth, which is why they all mention two of every kind of animal.  The biblical story of Noah’s ark has many difficult aspects, both in the design and construction of the ark and in gathering the many pairs of male and female animals,  In contrast, mankind’s  mere observing of the arrival of arks around the world, and the many pairs of creatures leaving them, although miraculous, could only have been an accomplishment of God and not of a man and his extended family. Is Noah”s ark also a clue to the means of transferring  animals from Mars to Earth, provided for a future time (the present?) when the true nature of His ‘creation’ of the Earth we know, is finally revealed.

The concept of a maritime ark is present in the form of a metaphor in ancient myths.  For example, in the Rg Veda the path from Indra (the Vedic Mars) to the Earth traversed by Sarama or Sarameya, the solid core of Mars (now Mercury), which zoomed in a slingshot maneuver around the Earth at the end of each encounter (kalpa), was described as ‘Rasa’s waters’.

Ark Design

Researching Arks in ancient cultures, I came across a website which lends credence to this idea. Irving Finkel, a translator of ancient Assyrian cuneiform, recently (Jan. 2014) found a tablet containing a detailed plan for ‘building’ an ark quite different from the Biblical design. The tablet is possibly a more accurate description of the shape and dimensions of the arks observed around the world about 3700 BC  It is a large disc shaped  craft (Figure at top, animals not to scale) with two levels (not shown) and an area of 3600 square meters, about two-thirds of a football field.  a design capable of carrying some 7,000 small mammals, representing several thousand species, on each trip.  The transporting of such a number on each trip between Mars and the Earth, only about 33,500 km surface to surface, traveling ‘downhill’ through the low gravity corridor which existed between Mars and the Earth, would not have been difficult, but obviously required thousands of trips to every corner of the Earth.  This mammalian diaspora took place around the biblical period of Genesis, less than 5,800 years before the present.

These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;  I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.

 
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