I havs written many times about Jupiter. but in preparation for a formal presentation at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union, I have come up with a much more complete analysis of Jupiter than any previous post. In fact, as I thought about it, I was amazed how, every day, new ideas came to mind and published ones became more clear. In this paper I have suggested several observations that the NASA Juno probe might make to prove that Jupiter is a solid, Methane Gas Hydrate planet, although the mission is designed only to prove it is a gas giant. A particularly interesting new aspect of Jupiter is the danger to Juno, particularly the radiometer suite, in approaching the Great Red Spot. Enjoy the best most revolutionary paper ever written about Jupiter HERE
The Top Gun
Cyclic Catastrophism, based on ancient texts, reveals that Mars became captured in a geostationary orbit of the Earth and released into a orbit which crossed that of the Earth. This cycle was repeated one hundred times between 3687 and 687 BC. As a result, all of the resources of the previously living planet Mars were transferred to the Earth, terraforming it. This process, which was completed in 687 BC resulted in the world and the solar system we know today. When Mars orbited the Earth, it appeared ~600 times the area of the full Moon. The transfers were the result of convulsions within Mars caused when the Moon, or the Sun and Moon combined, passed through alignments (behind) with it. When Mars orbited the Earth, its northpole remained oriented toward the Earth, appearing like a giant wheel slowly revolving and the many features (deities) on its surface were known by name by people in every culture in the world. It was like the TV for the whole world, but there was only one channel.
The primary male deity was named Prajapati, Purusha, Brahma, Osiris, Zeus, Saturn, EA, Atlas, Shu, Anu, Thor, Nimrod and the Heavenly August Pillar. No feature like this has been seen in the last 2,700 years. During Cyclic Catastrophism it was the most dynamic and spectacular feature on Mars, which arose in the first year of each 14.4-year geostationary encounter with the Earth. It is best described by the sum of its epithets in all cultures. Surprisingly, the Bible describes it best, as ‘the column of smoke and fire’. The most descriptive texts are the Rg Veda and Purusha Suktam, Egyptian pictographs and modern-day NASA photographs of Mars northern hemisphere pole provide corroborate them. Figure 1 is a NASA mosaic of Mars’ north pole area, which I have modified to remove the snow and added a feature resembling the primary deity, a vertical lava column over 2000 km high with flames at the top.
Figure 2 is a drawing of one panel of the ceiling of Senmut’s (Pharaoh Hatsepus architect) tomb, with the primary deity, the column of smoke and fire extending high in the center. The horns which led to its description as a the Bull of heaven, were probably formed by flames issuing from the top of the column, but the phallic shape may have been a factor. I have used it in an attempt to similate its appearance.
The twelve circles are meant to show the positions of the circumpolar ‘stars’ at different dates or times of the day. These were actually volcanoes on the surface of the wheeling Mars, described in epithets for the Egyptian deity Apt, called ‘the mother of movement in a circle’, ‘the mother of the starry revolutions or cycles of time’. Unfortunately the image is not clear enough to see the individual ‘stars’. The Hippopotomus represents the island at the north pole of Mars, ‘the risen land’. The staff in his right hand points to the exact center of rotation of the planet as seen from the earth.
In the Cyclic Catastrophism scenario, this feature was vital to the releases of Mars after each 14.4 year geosynchronous encounter with the Earth. As discussed in other posts, such as the Martian drainpipe and in my Hour 3 discussion, these releases were absolutely necessary for complete transfer of all of Mars’ resources (rock, soil, atmosphere, flora and fauna) but particularly its oceans to the Earth. Since the north pole of Mars remained facing the Earth during each encounter, the tidal force of the more massive Earth first drew all the water in its northern hemisphere to the north pole, this was the Egyptian Nun. More slowly the same force melted subsurface rocks. This lava was then drawn to the surface, creating an island in the tidal ocean at Mars’ north pole. But the flow became stronger throughout the entire encounter, forming the unique column of hardened vertical lava tubes. The hardened lava tubes are expressed in Egyptian paintings of Osiris as white linen wrappings. His headdress represents the horns of the bull shown in Figures 1. and 2. The column was also symbolized by the tet or djed pillar, resembling a chess piece, shown in Figure 4, (the true aspect ratio, closer to a stelae, was not convenient on a small scale). The four rings around the top of the tet symbolizing the four heads of Osiris, consistent with the four heads of Brahma in Hindu myth. Physically this was due to four specific layers of material spreading out at the top of the column, separated by gravitational and heat fractionation. This same spreading led to descriptions of the column as the ‘world tree’, the ‘upside-down tree of the shamans’ and the Nordic Yggdrasil. This narrow, flaming
column, was relatively fragile, supported primarily by the tidal attraction of the earth, attaining a height above Mars’ north pole greater than 2,000 km. In comparison, the planet itself was about 33,500 km above the surface of the Earth. This structure could only form in the unique low gravity corridor between two terrestrial planets in geostationary orbits. A commonly misinterpreted description of Purusha in the Purusha Suktam of the Rg Veda, actually describes the column in terms of a standing man-like figure, whose head was the skin color of the Brahmin, whose chest was the color of the Kshattria, whose loins were the color of the Viasas and whose feet the color of the Sudras. This has been studied for several hundred years, with the mistaken idea that it described the origin of the Indian castes.
The most significant physical and religious aspects of this feature were brought about by alignments of Mars with the Moon, or the Sun and Moon combined. They caused great convulsions in the interior of Mars, resulting in rapid-fire sequences of hot rocks as large as 20 km being blasted at high speeds into space, the many of which came through the same volcanic vent from which the Purusha column was continually fed lava throughout each 14 .4 year encounter. These convulsions and the massive ejected hot rocks caused the hardened lava tubes supporting the column to collapse temporarily. This led to the impression that Prajapati (Purusha) or Brahma sacrificed himself in order to create new ’embodied spirits’. So many bodies were ejected through this feature that the Purusha Suktam states: Three quarters of Purusha went upward, one quarter of him remained here. From this he spread in all directions into what eats and what does not eat.
The rocks blasted from deep in Mars interior deposited many precious elements near the surface of the Earth normally expected to be deep in the its interior. such as iron and the heavier elements and the rare earths, without which we would still be in caves. Planetary scientists have relatively recently began to puzzle over this mystery, but the one real God has understood all the needs of this modern world since the beginning of time.
- “Great spirits have always found violent opposition from mediocrities. The latter cannot understand it when a man does not thoughtlessly submit to hereditary prejudices but honestly and courageously uses his intelligence.” Albert Einstein
Venus is a new terrestrial planet, the crustal elements of which have still not been able to settle on its surface because of its great internal heat. Its surface temperature is 444 degrees C – hot enough to melt lead and zinc, due to its fiery ejection from an impact on Jupiter only 6,000 years ago. Evidence of the internal source of this heat lies in the fact that the temperature is exactly the same over the entire planet, both the day and night sides, in spite of the fact that the length of a day is 243 earth days. Scientists claim this is due to its very dense atmosphere. The major atmospheric feature is the ‘Lower Cloud Layer’ (LCL) which, consistent with the constant temperature profile, extends completely around the entire planet. Global warming alarmists make the ridiculous claim that the great heat of Venus is the ultimate result of too much CO2 on an ancient planet, indeed that the planet, after the evaporation of its oceans, overturned its entire surface from pole to pole. This fiction is the result of the scientific establishment’s last gasp attempt to justify its uniformitarian paradigm, for which the data from Pioneer Venus, properly interpreted, provides the death-knell.
NASA Pioneer Venus Data
In Dec. 1978 the main NASA Pioneer Venus probe descended slowly through the planet’s atmosphere, its mass spectrometer measuring all of the compounds up to 208 amu (atomic mass units). Unfortunately, the most significant atmospheric data was thrown out, because it did not show what the project scientists ‘expected’ to see. Based on the currently accepted uniformitarian paradigm Venus is imagined to be an ancient planet, like Mars and the Earth with an atmosphere primarily of Carbon dioxide (CO2). The atmospheres of ancient planets are well mixed, that is, there cannot be completely different molecules in one elevation range as opposed to another. When the data showed that the favored CO2 was virtually absent as the probe descended from 50 km (157,000 ft) down to 31 km, it was promptly declared that both inlet ‘leaks’ of the mass spectrometer had been occluded by droplets of sulfuric acid which subsequently evaporated at 31 km altitude, at which altitude, what was believed to be CO2 reappeared. Although other compounds were measured in that elevation range, they were attributed to ‘contamination’ of a cleaning solution that had been used on the probe prior to launch. The same excuse has been invoked to hide the carbon isotope data from the Martian Curiosity lander.
Sulfur Gas (S8) Dominates Lower Atmosphere
In the Cyclic Catastrophism scenario, Venus is a hot, super heated, roiling, molten sphere covered with a thin basalt crust floating on its surface and raw lava exposed in many surface cracks on its surface. This could have easily been proven by ordinary photography, but no cameras were carried by the Pioneer probes and the Soviet landers only took photographs of their immediate surroundings once on the ground. The planet is cooling by a combination of radiating heat (250 times as much as the Earth), but more importantly, by a mechanism completely unknown on the ancient planets, Mars and Earth. This is the continuous high
velocity jetting of sulfur 8 (S8) gas through over 200,000 ‘small domes’ imaged by Soviet and NASA Magellan radar. This S8 gas, the normal form of sulfur at the temperature in the lower atmosphere, jets at high speed until it reaches the altitude (temperature) at which it crystallizes to form a monoclinic crystal and slightly higher to where it changes to a rhombic crystal. Changes in molecular species with elevation can occur in such a ‘mass flow’ environment. Evidence of this was unknowingly supplied in a figure in the Pioneer Venus final report, which is shown in Figure 1, above. The original Pioneer figure shows the physical layers and temperatures detected in the atmosphere as a function of altitude, but the chemical composition of both the LCL and lower atmosphere could not be determined, so it was assumed to be CO2. I have merely looked up the crystallization temperatures of S8 and noted them at the right of the NASA figure. As can be seen, the crystals form at exactly the altitudes which delineate the Lower Cloud Layer. Why did the mass spectrometer not detect the S8 ? The simple answer is that the mass of the S8 molecule, 256.47 amu is far beyond the range of the mass spectrometer instrument, 208 amu.
Carbon Sulfide, CS
As a result of this finding, it becomes clear that the entire lower atmosphere of Venus is almost completely dominated by S8. Moreover, Figure 1 also strongly suggests that what the project scientists ‘expected’ to be CO2 below 31 km is actually another high-temperature compound, CS (carbon sulfide), ‘masquerading’ as CO2. It turns out that CS and CO2 have very similar masses – 44.0686 and 44.0096 amu, respectively. The evidence indicating the presence of CS in the lower atmosphere is present in the form of the red haze observed from 31 km up to the LCL. Again a simple look-up of the temperature at which rising hot CS gas would form small red crystals (200 C) coincides exactly with the lower level of the red haze as annotated in Figure 1.
More Pioneer Data Thrown Out
There are many anomalies in the interpretation of the Pioneer data, which are discussed in my paper, “An Alternate View of Venus” (P21A-10), presented (but ignored) at the 2002 Spring AGU meeting in Washington DC. However, one is so blatent that I mention it here in conclusion. As the main probe descended through the Lower Cloud Layer, enabling it to view the surface, the intense radiation from the ‘unexpected’ raw lava on the surface was detected by the sensitive radiometer, designed precisely to detect short wavelength infrared and red radiation. In keeping with the notion that Venus is an ancient planet, project scientists threw out the radiometer data because, as stated in the Pioneer Venus Final Report “signals in all channels increased unreasonably”. Actually,the scattered light from this lava was noted by the Soviet landers, which found that the lights they carried in order to photograph the surface around the vehicles were not necessary.
Why is Venus’ Rotation Slowing?
The Cyclic Catastrophism view of Venus, exemplified by the data in Figure 1, suggests that the lower atmosphere of Venus is dominated by S8 gas jetting to 50 km. This high speed ejection from 200,000 ‘small domes’ is carrying off so much angular momentum that the ESA Venus Express probe has recently determined that Venus’ yearly rotation period has increased by 6.5 minutes ín just the last sixteen years. Only Cyclic Catastrophism can explain this slowing.
The High Surface Pressure on Venus
The surface pressure on Venus is 91 times greater than on Earth. This enormous pressure is not due to 30,000 times as much CO2 as in the Earth’s atmosphere, as currently believed. It is due to the weight of the heavy gases and crystals of S8 and CS in the lower 50 km of the atmosphere. This ‘Hadesphere’ will gradually settle as the planet cools, resulting in a lowering of the LCL. Once it reaches the surface, the planet will enter the next stage of its formation, in which the volatile elements blasted from Jupiter 6,000 years ago (oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, sodium, chlorine, which will comprise its atmosphere, crust and salty ocean), will be able to settle on its surface. Note that, even now, the temperature and pressure just above the LCL are quite earth-like. The great mystery is – How will the planet ever increase its rotation to make its days comparable to those of the Earth and Mars?
The Next Step
The data from Pioneer Venus is all good and is well preserved. It is time to revisit this treasure trove of data which reveals how terrestrial planets form and give us some ‘baby pictures’ of the infant Earth. In addition, a simple probe that would measure the current altitude of the Lower Cloud Layer, descend below it to detect S8 and take photographs of the surface would prove that Venus is really Proto-Venus.
“Nescire autem quid antequam natus sis acciderit, id est semper esse puerum. (To be ignorant of what occurred before you were born is to remain always a child.)”
― Marcus Tullius Cicero
The planet Mars is full of unexplained mysteries, several of which are graphically illustrated in “The Gravity and Topography of the Terrestrial Planets” by Mark A. Wieczorek, using a high order spherical harmonic function fitted to the actual data. The images are in a Mollweide Progection which displays the entire surface with the data color-coded.
Figure 1 shows the overwhelming dominance of the Tharsis Bulge on the Martian geoid (gravity). Comprising an enormous positive gravity anomaly surrounded by a wide, low gravity ‘moat’. This anomalous mass is the residual of what was the ‘nose’ of the ‘Dog Star’ represented by the deity Anubis, in ancient Egyptian texts, last seen orbiting only 33,800 km from the Earth in 687 BC. The Tharsis uplift was created by the tidal effect of a very close encounter with proto-Venus around 3700 BC and had remained greatly elevated until Mars left the vicinity of the Earth, at which time it began to settle isostatically to its present elevation. The current data is not sufficiently accurate to determine that it is still settling, the understanding of which might provide a clue to its recent formation.
At the time of the encounter between priori-Mars and proto-Venus, both were distorted into ‘tear-drop’ shapes due to the tidal effect of the other, but the more massive proto-Venus was (and still is) essentially a sphere of molten rock with a thin crust ‘floating’ on it, and therefore immediately settled back into its current, almost perfectly spherical shape. On the other hand, priori-Mars, the most ancient terrestrial planet, which was full of life at the time, had a very thick mantle, and the resulting uplift remained throughout Cyclic Catastrophism, having only begun to settle to its current shape since the last encounter (687 BC). In spite of the recognition of this anomalous uplifted mass, not a single astrophysicists has proposed this obvious explanation of this feature because they are blinded to any notion of close encounters between planets by the ‘grand assumption’, otherwise known as the uniformitarian paradigm, that the planets are all 4.6 billion years old and have remained in their current orbits for that entire time.
Another unexplained feature of Mars, its topography, is shown in Figure 3, with the color scale indicating km above and below a median value, from the same paper. It shows that the entire northern third of the planet is ‘deflated’ by about 7 km relative to the rest of the planet. The elevation difference is so significant that the line, or narrow zone, between the sunken ‘Northern Plains’ and the ‘Southern Highlands’ is called the ‘dichotomy boundary’. No astrophysicist in the world can explain this shape! Interestingly, the topographic coefficient representing this global dichotomy, called the J2 term, has been mathematically removed (set to 0.0) from the Figure 1 data, in order to show the admittedly enormous significance of the Tharsis anomaly on the geoid.
Amazingly, ancient texts, which focused largely on observations of the ‘dog-faced star’, 530 times the area of the full Moon as it orbited the Earth, explain how it’s bulging nose, present before priori-Mars’ first encounter with the Earth, contributed to the gradual ‘flattening’ of the northern third of Mars over 3,000 years, when it orbited the Earth. This is a perfect example of the superior astrophysical knowledge of the first hundred generations of all of mankind over modern academics. Each time (there were 100) Mars approached the Earth and became locked in a geostationary orbit over Mt. Kailas, the tidal effect of the Earth on the ‘nose of the dog’ (technically, the anomalous mass on Mars equator), caused the spin axis of the outer shell (the crust and mantle) of Mars to remain oriented toward the Earth, i.e. to keep the anomalous mass always perpendicular to its orbital radius, like a huge spinning top. This resulted in the concentration of the tidal effect of the Earth to be concentrated at the north pole of Mars.
The first event of each capture was the drawing of all the water in the northern hemisphere of the originally living planet toward the northern ocean, creating the enormous outflow channels and a permanent tide – a minimum energy configuration. Months later, melted subsurface rock was drawn to the surface, creating the northern island, primarily through a huge vent at its exact north pole. Subsequently an enormous lava fountain shot some 2000 km into the air (down toward the Earth) as illustrated by the bas reliefs of Akhenaten worshipping Aten (Mars), aided by the formation of a myriad of entwined vertical lava tubes and supported primarily by the tidal effect of the Earth.
During the 3,000 period when the planet orbited the Earth the convulsions within it blasted enormous masses of rock from all depths within the northern third of the planet, including nickel-iron from the outer core to the Earth and into space. This material forms the regolith and maria on the Moon, is the source of all meteorites, meteor showers and deposits of rare earth on the Earth, is the source of all earth approaching bodies, and has formed the thin outer layer of Mercury. Also a great amount has fallen into the atmosphere of the Sun, creating the illusion, based on its absorption spectra that the Sun and the carbonaceous meteorites have similar compositions and are therefore primordial. The loss of this material and the resulting weakening of the northern mantle has been a factor in the flattening of the northern third of Mars shown in Figure 2. The Rg Veda describes the enormous mass of material observed being blasted everywhere, primarily from the north pole lava column (Purusha) as follows:
All existences are a quarter of him and three quarters of him are that which is immortal in the sky (Mars). He was then diffused everywhere over things which eat and things which do not (the regolith on the Moon and planets).
The ubiquitous presence (meteorites,Moon, Sun) of the material blasted from the northern hemisphere of Mars, as described in this passage, has led scientists to the assumption that the entire solar system is 4.6 billion years old, when, in fact, this is just the age of Mars. Since proto-Venus was created by an impact on Jupiter some 5,700 years BP , the event which triggered 3,000 years of Cyclic Catastrophism, it is clear that each terrestrial planet has a unique age, and consequently that the age of the solar system is unknown, actually indeterminable.
Mercury – The Former Solid Core of Mars-
In addition to the large mass of rock and iron blasted from the northern hemisphere during the Cyclic Catastrophism, there was a single, much larger mass lost from priori-Mars at its conclusion about 687 BC. The surface feature on Mars which was associated with this huge mass ejection is noted in the paper cited above simply as a ‘rift valley’ (Valles Marineris) with a negative gravitational anomaly, seen as a narrow dark gash just east of the Tharsis Bulge. In most papers on Mars, it is not considered important, in spite of the fact that it extends a distance along the equator which is one fifth the circumference of the entire planet.
It was certainly considered important to the ancient Egyptians. Just before the solid core exited the planet, it protruded through the crust and was called ‘the eye of Ra (priori-Mars)’. A comparison of the ‘eye of ra’ hieroglyph with the Tharsis Bulge leaves no doubt as to this association. Actually, the Valles Marineris is an enormous fault that was created at the time of priori-Mars’ close encounter with proto-Venus, as a result of the tidal stretching out of the nose of the dog, the uplifting of the Tharsis Bulge. There are actually a series of faults that originate at Tharsis and extend around the planet toward its antipode. This slighter uplift on the side opposite the Tharsis Bulge is also present in Figure 1. as the yellow areas at both the east and west extremes, and reinforces the tidal uplift idea presented above.
The great sudden loss of mass in 687 BC, observed by everyone on Earth at the time, was the final ejection of the solid core of priori-Mars through the Valles Marineris fault. This was the means by which priori-Mars left its geosynchronous orbit at the end of the first ninety-nine encounters with the Earth. According to Egyptian texts the solid core (Hathor) zoomed low around the Earth to the east as the outer shell drifted slowly away from the Earth to the west. This ‘slingshot maneuver’ (NASA was obviously not the originator) was the origin of the ‘mythical’ speed of Mercury (Roman), Hermes (Greek), Hathor (Egyptian) and Sarama (Vedic). The two recombined eight days later and priori-Mars re-entered its orbit around the Sun. The íncomplete planet, Mars, we observe today resulted from the failure of the outer shell and solid core to re-combine because of a deflection by the Moon or proto-Venus. As a result, the original outer shell collapsed in on itself and drifted to the outer solar system, and is the planet shown in the figures above. The solid core, under the laws of conservation of orbital angular momentum and kinetic energy, drifted into the inner solar system and after interacting with proto-Venus for several centuries the two settled into their current orbits.
This scenario leads to the conclusion that the reduced elevation of the northern plains is due to a combination of 3,000 years of mass ejections which compromised the northern third of the mantle so that when the solid core left the planet it collapsed inward to a greater degree than the more rigid southern highlands. Further support is provided by the complete absence of a solid inner core on Mars in spite of its great age (see Mars: A New Core-Crystallation Regime Science 1 June 2007: 1323-1325). The loss of the solid core also coincided with the loss of Mars’ global magnetic field, which, contrary to current belief originates from a supercurrent in the solid core, not from a ‘dynamo effect’ in the liquid outer core. The fact that the solid iron Mercury has a still exhibits a global magnetic field proves this point, and explains the origin of the geomagnetic field of the Earth.
A recent post discussed zircon crystals in Earth soils and rocks, noting they are Zircon silicate. Someone at NASA must have read the post because they immediately reported “Rocks Rich in Silica Present Puzzles for Mars Rover Team”. NASA’s Curiosity rover has found much higher concentrations of silica at some sites it has investigated in the past seven months on Mount Sharp, a series of sedimentary layers within Gale Crater (Fig. 1). Silica makes up nine-tenths of the composition of some of the rocks. “Adding to the puzzle, some silica at one rock Curiosity drilled, called “Buckskin,” is in a mineral named tridymite, rare on Earth and never seen before on Mars. The usual origin of tridymite on Earth involves high temperatures in igneous or metamorphic rocks, but the finely layered sedimentary rocks examined by Curiosity have been interpreted as lakebed deposits.”
During the period 3687 – 687 BC, each time Mars repeatedly orbited close to the Earth, (a day of Brahma) hundreds of volcanoes in the northern hemisphere of the Red Planet blasted some of the vital materials which when totaled, terraformed the Earth: rock, soil, water, seeds etc. These blasts produced the tridymite. In the first stage of each encounter, the water in Mars’ northern hemisphere was tidally drawn toward its north pole which remained facing the Earth (outflow channels). The tidal attraction of the Earth was particularly efficient in drawing water from the equatorial regions like Gale Crater, which exhibits flow features exclusively toward the north. Once each 14.4-year encounter ended, Mars entered an orbit around the Sun (a night of Brahma) and the water that remained became equally distributed by rain and natural flow. Therefore places like Mt. Sharp accumulated water mixed with some of the volcanic material that had not been blasted into space, and in those 15.6 year intervals a new layer of material was accumulated in Gale Crater. Mt Sharp was obviously a volcano which was activated at the earlier date when close passes of proto-Venus created the Tharsis Bulge, but did not erupt during the Mars encounters with the Earth because it did not face the Earth.
Each of the one hundred encounters and escapes of Mars with the Earth took 30 years. As a result, the sedimentary layers comprising Mt. Sharp are of equal thickness. The same material that was being blasted to the Earth was also being deposited in this formation. Therefore it is not surprising that silicates are found on the surface of the Earth and in Mt. Sharp. The failure of planetary scientists to understand this has resulted in the zirconium silicates (zircons) U-Pb ages being interpreted as Earth ages. The recent creation of proto-Venus makes clear that each planet has a unique age. Mars rocks, i.e. meteorites still falling and lunar rocks, which were also blasted from Mars when close to the Earth, show dates as high as 4.6 billion years, but native Earth rocks are limited to 3.9 billion years. Therefore the zircon ages are only indications of the ages of Mars rocks blasted to the Earth. This has resulted in the greatly exaggerated age of the K-T extinction at 66 million years, whereas the actual age is 6,000 years, as marked by the iridium spike deposited around the world by the close passes of proto-Venus just prior to the Mars encounters discussed above.
Ancient texts tell of ‘sky gods’ that ruled the world. Prior to 4000 BC there were only two terrestrial planets, a swollen Mars in an orbit similar to that of Venus today and the Earth. Both were full of life. Mars’ life forms were the same as ours today, but Earth’s life was reptilian, dominated by dinosaurs, a dead-end for intelligent life. Through a sequence of astronomical events, involving the creation of Venus via an impact on Jupiter and its destruction of all life on Earth, Mars was repeatedly placed in a geostationary orbit, only 44,400 km from the center of the Earth. In this position, above Mt. Kailas, it wrenched the entire lithosphere of the Earth as a entity, loose from the interior, forming a weak layer, the asthenosphere, which allowed the entire lithosphere to rotate about a new axis in central Canada, enabling Mt. Kailas (31° N latitude) to revolve in the plane of the solar system, not around the direction of Polaris. In this orbit, Mars was subjected to enormous tidal stresses every time the Moon or worse yet, the Sun and Moon combined, passed behind it and hundreds of volcanoes on its surface blasted all of its vital resources: rock, soil, minerals, ocean, atmosphere, vegetation (as manna) to the Earth. Animal life was carried here by arcs, pictured in most cultures as disk-shaped. This took place between 3687 and 687 BC, exactly in coincidence with the Biblical timeline.
The primary purpose of this post is to give an idea of how Mars appeared in the heavens during that period. Just as the lithosphere of the Earth was affected by the close presence of Mars, the lithosphere of Mars was forced to spin about an axis which remained pointed toward the Earth due to an enormous uplifted mass, still identifiable as the Tharsis Bulge, although it has settled considerably since 687 BC, when it left the Earth to enter its current orbit. As a result, Mars appeared as a spinning wheel covered with star-like points of light – its volcanoes. Although all the space probes sent to Mars have not begun to reveal its recent history, they have sent many images back to the Earth which corroborate the ancient texts. Mars was slightly larger during the close encounters because it still had its solid iron core, but the ejection and loss of the core, which became the planet Mercury, was the means by which it was released from the Earth into its current freezing orbit. The size of Mars depicted in Figure 1 was calculated by mathematically putting Mercury back inside Mars and calculating its orbit based on their combined mass.
The constellation Orion is shown as a reference for the size of the ‘heavier’ Mars, but even that is not sufficient, because although the average person can identify Orion in the heavens, it is harder to ‘remember’ its vast extent in the sky. So with Figure 1 in mind or in hand please go outside on a winter night and be amazed at the view the Vedic (Aryans) enjoyed. Because of its enormity, many of the features that were present on Mars were familiar to ancient peoples: the sacred island at its north pole; the northern ocean surrounding it; hundreds of volcanoes on land and in the ocean, identified as asterisms (nakshatras in the Rg Veda) just as today we group stars into constellations, also callled the circum-polar ‘stars’ due to the planet’s rotation; green vegetation on the land beyond the northern ocean; the more prominent Tharsis Bulge on its equator distorted the circular shape so much that Indra (Mars in the Vedas) was described as an ‘ugly child’ when it first appraoched the Earth and as the dog-star in Egyptian hieroglyphs, also Anubis. It was Arianrhod, a humped silver wheel in Celtic myth, Canopus or Suhail el-wezn in Arabic cultures.
The remnent of the northern island is still quite prominant, although it became more extensive during each visit to the Earth. The northern polar ice-cap exactly corroborates the mechanism by which Mars escaped its geostationary orbit. All of the convulsions during each visit (the Vedic kalpa) gradually enlarged the volcanic vent exactly at the north pole from which a multiplicity of hardened lava tubes arose (Purusha in the Vedas). On the vernal equinox of the forteenth year of each kalpa, the combined indirect tidal force of the Sun, Moon and Venus at its closest approach, caused a stream of enormous bodies from deep within the planet to shoot through the north-pole vent, collapsing the lava column. This was considered the sacrifice of Purusha, and the vent was called the ‘navel of the sacrifice’ (Vedic rtásya nabhi). The same tidal effect caused the northern ocean to rise above the northern island and flow into the exposed vent, cascading into the core of Mars and flashing to steam, expelling the solid iron core through the side of the planet, the Valles Marineris, thereby releasing the outer portion of the planet to drift away from the Earth. The north pole ice-cap is an exact record of the last such event which ejected Mercury into its current orbit, showing the water rising 3 km above the surrounding terrain to the top of the island and retaining the whirlpool flow down into the vent. The rush of the water up the sides of the island obvviously reduced its extent (Figure 2), but the evidence could not be clearer.
Considering Mars’ enormous size, imagine the reaction of every person on Earth who observed it in different part of their sky, when it remained fixed in the heavens, day and night, never moving while the rest of the heavens, the Sun, Moon and stars moved across the sky, albeit in different directions than when Mars left this orbit and the lithosphere of the Earth reverted to its normal rotation. In addition to Mars’ spinning like a humped wheel, it passed through complete phases of solar illumination, like the Moon, but once per day.
What an exciting time in which to live – much more engrossing than man-made satellites, i-phones and TV.
If no use is made of the labors of past ages, the world must remain always in the infancy of knowledge. Marcus Tulius Cicero
Zircons are tiny gemstones (Figure 1.) found in soil and rock, which geochemists use to estimate ages of geological formations and fossils found near the surface of the Earth. Dates are calculated by measuring the amount of uranium vs the amount of lead in the zircons. A recent article titled “Scientists Just Figured Out How the Oldest Things on Earth Might Have Formed”. actually reveals that scientists have never figured out how these zircons formed. The article refers to a paper published in the journal Nature which proposes they formed in a hypothetical geological period known as the Hadean Eon, which purports to cover a period when the Earth was 4-4.5 billion years old. The paper begins by explaining that the “…Hadean period is poorly understood because few known Earth rocks are older than 3.8 billion years old.” Actually the Hadean period was fabricated because particles in meteorites and on the near side of the Moon have been dated as old as 4.6 billion years, and based on the unfounded assumption that this defines the age of every planet in the solar system, they had to give that period on the Earth a name. Thus the Hadean Eon is supposed to include a 700 million-year period called the ‘late heavy bombardment’, some impacts of which supposedly formed the lunar maria. This idea is ridiculous as evidenced by the fact that the fourteen maria, currently dated over a period of 700 million years, are all on the near side of the Moon. The cited paper suggests that the zircons, which are found everywhere on Earth, were formed by the impacts of the many bodies in the same late heavy bombardment which struck the Earth. Since none of the impact sites have been found, the whole paper is based on a computer model of the formation of the Earth.
Cyclic catastrophism, the subject of this blog site, reveals an increbible sequence of one hundred geostationary encounters of Mars, which up to 6,000 years ago, was a living planet in an orbit similar to that of Venus today. At that date, the Earth was a reptilian world dominated by dinosaurs and a biosphere completely different than the one we enjoy and take for granted today. Proto-Venus was then born, as all terrestrial planets were born, from an impact on Jupiter.
Planetary science has not yet come to the realization that Jupiter is a solid, frozen, highly deuterated Methane Gas hydrate giant incorporating all the heavy elements in the nascent solar system. Impacts on Jupiter trigger enormous fusion explosions in the deuterium, sufficiently energetic to eject a plasma cloud that cools to become a terrestrial planet. Proto-Venus was born in this way only 6,000 years ago.
While still a fiery hot mass at 10,000 K, proto-Venus made two close passes to the Earth and by tidal impulses on the Tibetan-Himalayan complex, inverted the spin axis of the lithosphere and a few decades later returned it to its present orientation without significantly changing its rotation period. Proto-Venus was so hot and close on the first pass that it scorched a path from the Sahara to the Himalayas and the out-gassed material, which was seen as a pair of dark comet-like tails in the distant sky, settled over the entire Earth creating what is now known as the iridium spike (Figure 2), found in hundreds of locations around the globe. This very thin layer in which a concentration of an extremely rare element, iridium, is found, is often mixed with soot due to the coincident burning of the surface. The two close passes caused the oceans to rush across the continents, destroying most animal and vegetable life. As a result, this iridium layer is used to define the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary, which coincides with the extinction of the dinosaurs. This K-T extinction took place only 6,000 years ago, but is currently dated at 65 million years, because of the pesky little zicons.
Within a few centuries, proto-Venus had many close encounters with Mars, which was thriving with life. These encounters resulted in the ejection of the smaller Mars from its interior orbit, and the ‘sheparding’ of Mars’ orbit to one that crossed that of the Earth, with the three planets in orbits similar to those shown in Figure 3. Once in these orbits, Mars was captured in a geostationary orbit only 44,400 km above the Earth around November 1, where it remained for ~14.4 years until it arrived at the other crossing point, the vernal equinox, when Venus was closest to that point. This caused Mars to be released into the orbit shown for a period of 15.6 years, at which date, Nov. 1, Mars was again captured, and the entire 30 year cycle was repeated one hundred times. This 3,000 year period has been dubbed Cyclic Catastrophism.
The Terraforming of the Earth
About every 15 days, as Mars orbited in sync with the Earth over the Himalayas, the huge disk of Mars, called the mandala in the Rg Veda, more than 500 times the area of the full Moon or roughly the size of the constellation Orion today, would pass through alignments with the Moon. The closer the Moon passed to the center of the mandala, the greater would be the convulsions within Mars. These convulsions caused the hundreds of volcanoes in the northern hemisphere of Mars, which remained facing the Earth, to erupt and aided by the gravitational force of the Earth, blasted hot rocks of all sizes into space, most of which fell to Earth. Along with them came some of the atmosphere, red dust, water from its northern ocean and plant life carried with the blasts in the form of milky deposits which condensed on the ground as a white, frothy, sweet, intoxicating food, known to the Jews as manna, and to the Vedic people (Aryans) as Soma, within which were sprouts used to grow all the variety of plants we now take for granted. The material that fell to Earth from Mars between 3687 and 687 BC, which corresponded with the first one hundred generations of Homo Sapiens, comprises the surface of the Earth on which we live. In fact, the meteorites still falling to Earth today are all rocks that were ejected from Mars during this period. Similarly, all the regolith and the rocks which created the lunar maria were blasted from Mars during the same period. Thus these rocks contain fragments revealing the age of Mars, 4.6 billion years, not the age of the solar system.
Zircons require a temperature of 1850° C to form, but they are found all over the Earth, with no particular association with known volcanoes. They were blasted from Martian volcanoes to the Earth between 3687 and 687 BC when it orbited close to the Earth along with the entire top layer of the crust. Every geologic layer and fossil is currently dated using zircons from the much more ancient planet Mars, in the belief that they represent an Earth date. This has resulted in the dating of the K-T extinction at 66 million years, whereas in fact the dinosaurs were destroyed only 6,000 years ago. See post.
The introduction of the flora and fauna described in the Bible, actually took place during biblical times comprises material from Mars. In fact, the origin of the concept of an arc carrying male-females pairs of every species, originated from the witnesses of people around the world who saw them being brought to the Earth. Once the terraforming of the Earth was completed, Mercury, the solid iron core of Mars exited the planet through the Valles Marineris and along with Venus moved into the inner solar system while Mars collapsed in on itself and drifted into the outer solar system. Their current orbits are described as tartarus in the Greek New Testament, which means ‘places of restraint’. These final changes occurred in the time of the prophet Isaiah, and the Lord spoke through him, making claim to the new Earth and the changed heavens:
Isaiah 65:17 For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.
The first sentence makes clear that changes in the heavens were associated with the terraforming of the Earth. The second prophecies the current complete lack of understanding of the recent changes in the solar system in the entire evolutionist academic world, which reveal the true nature of the solar system.
Several other verses refer to the ancient myths which incorporate the true knowledge:
1 Cor 1:27-29 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and god hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the … mighty; And base things of the world, and things that are despised, and things that are not, to bring to nought things that are: That no flesh should glory (boast) in his presence.
Warning: The term CMB is used herein for brevity, meaning only the measured microwave radiation, not that it is actually of ‘cosmic’ origin or even ‘background’.
Problems In the CMB Data
Until recently, cosmologists have had little concern with the solar system, being focused primarily on the CMB temperature distribution to explain the origin of the universe. Subtracting the average temperature from the entire CMB reveals a dipole, shown in Figure 1. Although the data comprises only radiation temperatures in the microwave range, cosmologists subtract the dipole from the data in the belief that the motion of the solar system relative to the (assumed) CMB causes a higher temperature in the direction of motion (a blue shift) and a lower temperature in the opposite direction (a red shift). However, studies of the WMAP sky data have revealed a number of large scale alignments.(On the large-scale anomalies of the microwave sky, C.J. Cobi et al.) states: “In particular, we show that the planes of the quadrupole and the octopole are unexpectedly aligned. …
Moreover, the combined quadrupole plus octopole is surprisingly aligned with the geometry and direction of motion of the Solar system: the plane they define is perpendicular to the ecliptic plane and to the plane defined by the dipole direction, and the ecliptic plane carefully separates stronger from weaker extrema, running within a couple of degrees of the null-contour between a maximum and a minimum over more than 120◦ of the sky (Figure 2). Even given the alignment of the quadrupole and octopole with each other, we find that their alignment with the ecliptic is unlikely at >98 per cent confidence level, and argue that it is in fact unlikely at >99.9 per cent confidence level. … While the observed correlations seem to hint that there is contamination by a foreground … [but] closer inspection reveals that there is no obvious way to explain the observed correlations.”
Radiation From an Impact on Jupiter
As detailed in a recent paper, a number of ancient texts state that proto-Venus (Aditi, Pallas Athene) was born from the head of Jupiter. That is, rebounded from an enormous fusion-enhanced impact on the highly deuterated, solid, Methane Gas Hydrate (MGH) surface of Jupiter 6,000 years ago. The author maintains that the heat and gravitational wave from that explosion has been expanding outward since that date heating galactic dust which is currently re-radiating what is thought to be the CMB from ~ 3,000 light-years distant.
A Foreground Event
As a result, the troubling alignments which cosmologists have discovered in the CMB data suggest that the temperature dipole (Figure 1.) is due to the heat from a highly directional blast which rebounded from the impact on Jupiter ~6,000 years ago and is not a measure of the velocity of the solar system relative to the CMB. The impacting body drove deep into the low density Methane Gas Hydrate, causing the rebounded explosion to be ‘collimated’. Thus the multipoles found in the CMB to be aligned with the dipole are merely the result of slight, normal deviations of the blast from a perfect shape.
This explains very simply why the radiation is observed in all directions, while the cosmological explanation of this simple fact hinges on a most outrageous, non-physical hypothesis termed ‘inflation’, which has never been proved.
Heat Below Ecliptic from Great Red Spot
The greater temperature just below the ecliptic is due to material that has been continually ejected from the Great Red Spot located 22 º SOUTH LATITUDE, i.e. directed slightly below the ecliptic over the last 6,000 years since the blast, which obscures the anisotropies slightly from the original blast but increases the temperature.
Unexplained Decrease in Power?
Cosmologists are quietly discussing a new problem. It seems the power of the anisotropies in the WMAP data are systematically greater than in the Planck data. If the CMB is truly from the Big Bang, the power and even the shape of the anisotropies cannot change since a 1° anisotropy is ~10^8 light years in extent. If the measured field is re-radiated from 3000 light year distance, a measurble decline in the power would be expected as the blast moves rapidly away from the Earth, also changes in the shapes of the anisotropies as different clouds of galactic dust are heated. It is truly amazing that thousands of astrophycists have suddenly become ‘cosmologists’, acquiesing to the evolutionist, Godless hypothesis that the origin, age and makeup of the universe can be derived from the anisotropies in this radiation, even dark matter and dark energy. See complete paper “On the Local Origin of the CMB“.
Corinthians 1:27-29 But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound those who think they are mighty; and the base things of the world that are despised … to bring to nought things that are. That no flesh should glory in his presence.
Having just posted an epistle, the most complete paper ever published on Jupiter, I was reminded of one observed feature which I had not addressed. An article on Eos , a geological blog site, by Mark Zastro, refers to several papers in the Journal of Geophysical Research, based on observations of Jupiter’s auroras by the Extreme UltraViolet Spectroscope on the Hisaki satellite. Although it is known that Jupiter has almost continuous auroral rings at both its north and south poles. The new observations indicate short brightnings of the auroras, “less than 10 hours”, extending well into the mid-latitudes. Professors Kimura, Tao, et al. maintain that these short brightenings are driven by internal events, e.g. plasma injection. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2015JA021272
In the paper Jupiter – Solid or Gaseous? Ask Juno © John Ackerman 10/2015, I maintain that Jupiter and all the giant planets are solid, frozen, highly deuterated Methane Gas Hydrate bodies, and that an impact on Jupiter 6,000 years BP triggered an enormous fusion explosion, the residual of which is still burning in the crater at 22 deg. South Latitude, with an high energy which is producing the atmospheric temperature excess and the multiple zonal vortices. The heat and radioactive particles from which are swept westward as a vortex beneath the cloud-tops due to Jupiters rapid rotation, appearing some 110,000 km to the west as the Great Red Spot. In its final stages the reaction is D+p->3He+gamma. An enormous number of helium ions, with half-lives of 400 years, are carried through the primary vortex and exit the planet through the GRS, forming a vast tilted radiation belt around Jupiter. These particles were detected by Ulysses, Cassini and knocked out the circuits of the Galileo orbiter some 20 times even though it never got closer than 11 Jupiter radii.
The mention of the auroral brightening brought to mind the vast accompanying ionizing gamma flux from the same reaction. Due to the speed of the gammas, they would not necessarily be constrained to the primary vortex, but originating some 700 km beneath the cloud tops, where the pressure is very high, they would ionize one hundred percent of the gaseous elements encountered, which would then be subjected to the magnetic field of the planet and those with appropriate velocities would effect the auroras. As a resilt, brightenings of the auroras observed from Earth would likely occur with the rotation period of Jupiter.
This is just one more clue that Jupiter is a solid, frozen, high deuterized Methane Gas Hydrate giant planet.
The Rg Veda, together with ancient Egyptian, Greek and Biblical texts have made possible the deciphering of a long period of close astronomical encounters with the Earth over a period of 3,000 years. This began with the destruction of practically all life that existed prior to 4000 BC. The Earth was wiped clean by four overturnings or inversions of the lithosphere, the rigid outer shell, 40 to 200 km thick, the upper 20 to 30 km of which comprise the crust on which we live. These overturnings caused the oceans to flow across the continents at a thousand miles per hour, covering the continents with ocean-bottom material which obscured all the previous terrain. The first two verses of the Bible state that the Earth we know today was formed by God but that in order to do this it had become void and without form:
Genesis 1:1-2 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Then the earth became void and without form and darkness was over the surface of the deep …
This word “became” has presented translators of the Hebrew great difficulty and is usually translated ‘was’ because they have no knowledge of cyclic catastrophism.
The Iridium Layer – K-T Boundary
Paleoscientists have actually found evidence of this great destruction in the form of a spike or very thin layer of the rare element iridium in exposed sedimentary rocks and ocean deposits in over one hundred locations around the world. This event, titled the Cretaceous-Tertiary (K-T) boundary, delineates fossils of Cretaceous and Tertiary organisms marking the demise of the previous reptilian world dominated by dinosaurs. The K-T boundary is currently dated at 66 million years BP (Before the Present). The destruction has been attributed to the Chicxulub asteroid crater in Central America, the hypothesis by Luis Alverez, prematurely resulting in the award of a Nobel prize. More recently, gases produced by the formation of the Deccan Traps has come into contention as the cause, because the iridium layer also passes through its deepest layer.
Cyclic Catastrophism suggests that both of these imagined ’causes’ were actually results of the much more powerful astronomical close passes of proto-Venus, within a few decades after its creation from a enormous fusion-amplified impact on Jupiter. The close passes of proto-Venus to the Earth are revealed in the Rg Veda as Agni (Fire) and in Greek myth as Phaethon , the son of Helios who scorched the Earth. Venus was a blazing, molten sphere of liquid rock as large as the Earth at that date, outgassing two dark tails of smoke like a comet that were millions of km long as seen in the heavens. On its two close passes to the Earth, this outgassed material condensed and solidified in tiny droplets as it fell into the atmosphere of the Earth, leaving the global iridium layer.
Within a century of its creation, proto-Venus also deflected Mars, the Vedic Indra, into an orbit that intersected the orbit of the Earth. It was captured in a geostationary orbit and released one hundred times during the Vedic Period (3717 to 687 BC), at the points where these orbits intersected. Mars, during its 14.4-year geostationary encounters above Mt. Kailas, called kalpas in the Rg Veda, exerted a continuous tidal effect, melting then extrusion, on the Deccan Traps volcanism, the lowest layer, or ‘step’ of which, had been initiated by proto-Venus. The intervals between kalpas, when Mars escaped from its geostationary orbit lasted 15.6 years, thus each complete cycle occupied 30 years. Each kalpa produced an additional layer in the Deccan formation, which can easily seen to be of equal depth, approximately 30 meters and the total depth is 3000 meters.
Therefore the Rg Veda covers all of ancient history in the Deccan Traps from the destruction of the dinosaurs up to 687 BC, when Mars was released into its current orbit – only 3,000 years. As the traps (steps) were being extruded, massive amounts of rocks and soil were continually blasted to the Earth from hundreds of Martian volcanoes. Along with them the oceans, atmosphere and biosphere (as Soma or manna), covered and terraformed the Earth. These rocks and soil, the maruts and vayu in the Vedas, fell from Mars between 3717 and 687 BC and now comprise the upper 10 to 20 km of the Earth’s crust.
The direct radiometric dating of the iridium layer is not possible since the isotopes of iridium have very short half-lives. Because of the influx from Mars, each layer or step was covered with a small amount of Martian material. Imbedded within this rock and soil, are zircons, tiny spherical minerals known to be blasted from volcanoes. These are the primary source used for dating buried objects because they simplify the measurement of the decay of uranium to lead (U – Pb). These also have been used to date the iridium layer (K-T boundary) at 66 million years.
Dating the entire formation of the Deccan Traps is physically impossible because they comprise 3000 meters of hard basalt. Instead, ten different provinces, where sections of the traps are exposed have been dated. This has proven difficult for several other reasons. Most significantly, the actual Deccan rocks do not give the ancient dates that geologists ‘expect’. To overcome this apparent obstacle they have reverted to using material between layers, sometimes called ‘separates’, assuming they are also from the Earth. This is stated in the cited paper: “Because zircon is rare in basaltic rocks, our sampling strategy targeted volcanic airfall deposits between basalt flows and high-silica and/or coarse-grained segregations within individual flows.”
The dating in the paper agrees roughly with the dating of the iridium layer because it was also dated using rocks which had fallen from Mars. The problem in dating the ‘separates’ is that each sample gives a large range of ages because the material on each layer fell from volcanoes all over Mars. In the cited paper, an effort was been made to narrow the range of ages by being very selective, choosing zircons from samples with similar associated elements, and in some cases reversing dates based upon decreasing ages for layers higher on the section. Although the spread has been reduced, the data essentially reinforces previous geological studies, the lexicon of which favors great lengths of time, producing the same embarrasing result. Due to the fact that all the rocks fell from Mars, which is much more ancient than Earth, and that the most ancient zircon dates were selected, the data indicates that the Deccan Traps formed in a geologically short period of only 753,000 years, beginning at 66.288 and ending at 65.535 million years BP. The authors admit that the cause of the K-T extinction remains unknown.
The ‘mythology’ of ancient cultures combined with the Bible reveal that the creation or the bringing of flowering plants and fruit trees and the first mammals described in the Bible actually took place within the dates attributed to the age of the Bible itself.
29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.
30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.